63 STAT.] 81ST CONG. , 1ST SESS.-CH. 226 -JUNE 20, 1949 203 [CHAPTER 226] AN ACT Tune 20, 1949 To provide for the reorganization of Government agencies, and for other purposes. [H. R. 2361] [Public Law 109] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, TITLE I SHORT TITLE SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the "Reorganization Act of 1949". NEED FOR REORGANIZATIONS SEC. 2 . (a) The President shall examine and from time to time reexamine the organization of all agencies of the Government and shall determine what changes therein are necessary to accomplish the following purposes: (1) to promote the better execution of the laws, the more effec- tive management of the executive branch of the Government and of its agencies and functions, and the expeditious administration of the public business; (2) to reduce expenditures and promote economy, to the fullest extent consistent with the efficient operation of the Government; (3) to increase the efficiency of the operations of the Govern- ment to the fullest extent practicable; (4) to group, coordinate, and consolidate agencies and func- tions of the Government, as nearly as may be, according to major purposes; (5) to reduce the number of agencies by consolidating those having similar functions under a single head, and to abolish such agencies or functions thereof as may not be necessary for the efficient conduct of the Government; and (6) to eliminate overlapping and duplication of effort. (b) The Congress declares that the public interest demands the carrying out of the purposes specified in subsection (a) and that such purposes may be accomplished in great measure by proceeding under the provisions of this Act, and can be accomplished more speedily thereby than by the enactment of specific legislation. REORGANIZATION PLANS SEC. 3 . Whenever the President, after investigation, finds that- (1) the transfer of the whole or any part of any agency, or of the whole or any part of the functions thereof, to the jurisdiction and control of any other agency; or (2) the abolition of all or any part of the functions of any agency; or (3) the consolidation or coordination of the whole or any part of any agency, or of the whole or any part of the functions thereof, with the whole or any part of any other agency or the functions thereof- or (4) the consolidation or coordination of any part of any agency or the functions thereof with any other part of the same agency or the functions thereof; or (5) the authorization of any officer to delegate any of his functions; or Reorganization Act of 1949. Findings by the Preident.