30 Farm acreage allotments.
PUBLIC LAW 17—APR. 12, 1951
" (d) The s t a t e acreage allotment for 1952 and any subsequent year shall be apportioned \mong farms on which peanuts were produced in any one of the three calendar years immediately preceding the year for which such apportionment is made, on the basis of the following: Past acreage of peanuts, taking into consideration the acreage allotments previously established for the farm; abnormal conditions affecting acreage; land, labor, and equipment available for the production of peanuts; crop-rotation practices; and soil and other physical factors affecting the production of peanuts." 3. Add new subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) as follows: County acreage al"(e) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this section, the lotment. Secretary may, if the State committee recommends such action and the Secretary determines that such action will facilitate the effective administration of the provisions of the Act, provide for the apportionment of the State acreage allotment for 1952 and any subsequent year \mong the counties in the State on the basis of the past acreage of peanuts harvested for nuts (excluding acreage in excess of farm allotments) in the county during the five years immediately preceding the year in which such apportionment is made, with such adjustments as are deemed necessary for abnormal conditions affecting acreage, for trends in acreage, and for additional allotments for types Ante, p. 29. of peanuts in short supply under the provisions of subsection (c). The county acreage allotment shall be apportioned \mong farms on Ante, p. 29. the basis of the factors set forth in subsection (d) of this section. "New" farms. "(f) Not more than one per centum of the national acreage allotment shall be apportioned \mong farms on which peanuts are to be produced during the calendar year for which the allotment is made but on which peanuts were not produced during any one of the past three years, on the basis of the following: Past peanut-producing experience by the producers; land, labor, and equipment available for the production of peanuts; crop-rotation practices; and soil and other physieal factors affecting the production of peanuts. " (g) Any part of the acreage allotted to individual farms under Reapportionment to other farms. the provisions of this section on which peanuts will not be produced and which is voluntarily surrendered to the county committee shall be deducted from the allotments to such farms and may be reapportioned by the county committee to other farms in the same county receiving allotments, in amounts determined by the county committee to be fair and reasonable on the basis of land, labor, and equipment available for the production of peanuts, crop-rotation practices, and soil and other physical factors affecting the production of peanuts. Any transfer of allotments under this provision shall not operate to reduce the allotment for any subsequent year for the farm from which acreage is transferred, except as the farm becomes ineligible for an allotment by failure to produce peanuts during a three-year period, and any such transfer shall not operate to increase the allotment for any subsequent year for the farm to which the acreage is transferred: Provided, That, notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act, any part of any farm acreage allotment may be permanently released in writing to the county committee by the owner and operator of the farm, and reapportioned as provided herein. Allotments for dis" (h) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the allotplaced farm owners. ment determined or which would have been determined for any land which is removed from agricultural production in 1950 or any subsequent year for any purpose because of acquisition by any Federal, State, or other agency having a right of eminent domain shall be placed in a pool and shall be available for use in providing equitable allotments for farms owned or acquired by owners displaced