26 USC 246.
26 USC 34.
Post, p. 1009.
26 USC 851.
PUBLIC LAW 86-779-SEPT. 14, 1960
[74 S T A T.
" (A) under subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3) a shareholder of, or a holder of a beneficial interest in, a real estate investment trust is required, with respect to any share or beneficial interest, to treat any amount as a long-term capital gain, and " (B) such share or interest is held by the taxpayer for less than 31 days, then any loss on the sale or exchange of such share or interest shall, to the extent of the amount described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, be treated as loss from the sale or exchange of a capital asset held for more than 6 months. For purposes of this paragraph, the rules of section 246(c)(3) shall apply in determining whether any share of stock or beneficial interest has been held for less than 31 days; except that '30 days' shall be substituted for the number of days specified in subparagraph (B) of section 246(c)(3). " (c) RESTRKJTIONS APPI.ICABLE TO DIVIDENDS RECEIVED FROM REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS.—For purposes of section 34(a) (relating
to credit for dividends received by individuals), section 116 (relating ^ g^jj exclusion for dividends received by individuals), and section 243 (relating to deductions for dividends received by corporations), a dividend received from a real estate investment trust which meets the requirements of this part shall not be considered as a dividend. " (d) EARNINGS AND PROFITS.—The earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust for any taxable year (but not its accumulated earnings and profits) shall not be reduced by any amount which is riot allowable as a deduction in computing its taxable income for such taxable year. For purposes of this subsection, the term 'real estate investment trust' includes a domestic unincorporated trust or association which is a real estate investment trust determined without regard to the requirements of subsection (a). "SEC. 858. DIVIDENDS PAID BY REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST AFTER CLOSE OF TAXABLE YEAR. " (a) GENERAL RULE. — For purposes of this part, if a real estate investment trust— "(1) declares a dividend before the time prescribed by law for the filing of its return for a taxable year (including the period of any extension of time granted for filing such return), and "(2) distributes the amount of such dividend to shareholders or holders of beneficial interests in the 12-month period following the close of such taxable year and not later than the date of the first regular dividend payment made after such declaration, the amount so declared and distributed shall, to the extent the trust elects in such return in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate, be considered as having been paid during such taxable year, except as provided in subsections (b) and (c). " (b) RECEIPT BY SHAREHOLDER.—Amounts to which subsection (a) applies shall be treated as received by the shareholder or holder of a beneficial interest in the taxable year in which the distribution is made. "(c) NOTICE TO SHAREHOLDERS.—In the case of amounts to which subsection (a) applies, any notice to shareholders or holders of beneficial interests required under this part with respect to such amounts shall be made not later than 30 days after the close of the taxabfe year in which the distribution is made." (b) Subchapter M of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 is amended— (1) by striking out the heading thereof and inserting in lieu thereof the following: