PUBLIC LAW 87-293-SEPT. 22, 1961
tion of the programs authorized by this Act, to the end that such programs are effectively integrated Doth at home and abroad and the foreign policy of the United States is best served thereby. (d) Except with the approval of the Secretary of State, the Peace Corps shall not be assigned to perform services which could more usefully be performed by other available agencies of the United States Government in the country concerned. PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS
SEC. 5. (a) The President may enroll in the Peace Corps for service abroad qualified citizens and nationals of the United States (referred to in this Act as "volunteers"). The terms and conditions of the enrollment, training, compensation, hours of work, benefits, leave, termination, and all other terms and conditions of the service of volunteers shall be exclusively those set forth in this x\ct and those consistent therewith which the President may prescribe; and, except as provided in this Act, volunteers shall not be deemed officers or employees or otherwise in the service or employment of, or holding office under, the Ignited States for any purpose. In carrying out this subsection no political test shall be required or taken into consideration, nor shall there be any discrimination against any person on account of race, creed, or color. (b) Volunteers shall be provided with such living, travel, and leave allowances, and such housing, transportation, supplies, equipment, subsistence, and clothing as the President may determine to be necessary for their maintenance and to insure their health and their capacity to serve effectively. Transportation and travel allowances may also be provided, in such circumstances as the President may determine, for applicants for enrollment to or from places of training and places of enrollment, and for former volunteers from places of termination to their homes in the United States. (c) Volunteers shall be entitled to receive termination payments at a rate not to exceed $75 for each month of satisfactory service as determined by the President. The termination payment of each volunteer shall be payable at the termination of his service, or may be paid during the course of his service to the volunteer, to members of his family or to others, under such circumstances as the President may determine. In the event of the volunteer's death during the ]:>eriod of his service, the amount of any unpaid termination payment shall be paid in accordance with the provisions of section 61f of title 5 of the United States Code. (d) Volunteers shall be deemed to be employees of the United States Government for the purposes of the Federal Employees' Compensation Act (39 Stat. 742), as amended: Provided, however, That entitlement to disability compensation payments under that Act shall commence on the day after the date of termination of service. F'or the purposes of that Act— (1) volunteers shall be deemed to be receiving monthly pay at the lowest rate provided for grade 7 of the general schedule established by the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, and volunteer leaders (referred to in section 6 of this Act) shall be deemed to be receiving monthly pay at the lowest rate provided for grade 11 of such general schedule; and (2) any injury suffered by a volunteer during any time when he is located abroad shall be deemed to have been sustained while in the performance of his duty and any disease contracted during such time shall be deemed to have been proximately caused by his employment, unless such injury or disease is
64 Stat. 39s. s use 7si note.