83 STAT. ]
PUBLIC LAW 91-151-DEC. 23, 1969
institutions as defined in section 401(a) of the National Housing Act, go^stat^^osl;^^' and by nonmember building and loan, savings and loan, and homestead 12 USC 17V4. associations, and cooperative banks. The Board may prescribe different rate limitations for different classes of deposits, shares, or withdrawable accounts, for deposits, shares, or withdrawable accounts of different amounts or with different maturities or subject to different conditions regarding withdrawal or repayment, according to the nature or location of such members, institutions, or nonmembers or their depositors, shareholders or withdrawable account holders, or according to such other reasonable bases as the Board may deem desirable in the public interest. The authority conferred by this subsection shall apply to nonmember building and loan, savings and loan, and homestead associations, and cooperative banks in any State if (1) the total amount of deposits, shares, and withdrawable accounts held in all such nonmember associations and banks in the State, plus the total amount of time and savings deposits held in all banks in the State which are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, is more than '20 per centum of the total amount of such deposits, shares, and withdrawable accounts held in all banks, and building and loan, savings and loan, and homestead associations (including cooperative banks) in the State, and (2) there does not exist under the laws of such State a bank supervisory agency with authority comparable to that conferred by the first two sentences of this subsection, including specifically the authority to regulate the rates of interest and dividends paid by any such association or bank on deposits, shares, or withdrawable accounts, or if such agency exists it has not issued regulations in the exercise of that authority. Such authority shall only be exercised by the Board with respect to such nonmember associations and banks prior to July 81, 1970, to limit the rates of interest or dividends which such associations or banks may pay on deposits, shares, or withdrawable accounts to maximum rates not lower than 5^/^ per centum per annum. " (b) In addition to any other penalty provided by this or any other law, any institution subject to this section which violates a rule promulgated pursuant to this section shall be subject to such civil penalties, which shall not exceed $100 for each violation, as may be prescribed by said Board by rule and such rule may provide with respect to any or all such violations that each day on which the violation continues shall constitute a separate violation. The Board may recover any such civil penalty for its own use, through action or otherwise, including recovery thereof in any other action or proceeding under this section. The Board may, at any time before collection of any such penalty, whether before or after the bringing of an action or other legal proceeding, the obtaining of any judgment or other recovery, or the issuance or levy of any execution or other legal process therefor, and with or without consideration, compromise, remit, or mitigate in whole or in part any such penalty or any such recovery.