98 STAT. 1988
PUBLIC LAW 98-473—OCT. 12, 1984
"SUBCHAPTER A—GENERAL PROVISIONS "Sec. "3551. Authorized sentences. "3552. Presentence reports. "3553. Imposition of a sentence. "3554. Order of criminal forfeiture. "3555. Order of notice to victims. "3556. Order of restitution. "3557. Review of a sentence. "3558. Implementation of a sentence. "3559. Sentencing classification of offenses.
"SUBCHAPTER A—GENERAL PROVISIONS 18 USC 3551.
Post, p. 1992. Post, p. 1995. Post, p. 1998.
"§ 3551. Authorized sentences "(a) IN GENERAL.—Except as otherwise specifically provided, a defendant who has been found guilty of an offense described in any Federal statute, other than an Act of Congress applicable exclusively in the District of Columbia or the Uniform Code of Military Justice, shall be sentenced in accordance with the provisions of this chapter so as to achieve the purposes set forth in subparagraphs (A) through (D) of section 3553(a)(2) to the extent that they are applicable in light of all the circumstances of the case. "(b) INDIVIDUALS.—An individual found guilty of an offense shall be sentenced, in accordance with the provisions of section 3553, to— "(1) a term of probation as authorized by subchapter B; "(2) a fine as authorized by subchapter C; or "(3) a term of imprisonment as authorized by subchapter D. A sentence to pay a fine may be imposed in addition to any other sentence. A sanction authorized by section 3554, 3555, or 3556 may be imposed in addition to the sentence required by this subsection. "(c) ORGANIZATIONS.—An organization found guilty of an offense shall be sentenced, in accordance with the provisions of section 3553, to— "(1) a term of probation as authorized by subchapter B; or "(2) a fine as authorized by subchapter C. A sentence to pay a fine may be imposed in addition to a sentence to probation. A sanction authorized by section 3554, 3555, or 3556 may be imposed in addition to the sentence required by this subsection.
18 USC 3552.
"§ 3552. Presentence reports
18 USC app.
CER.—A United States probation officer shall make a presentence investigation of a defendant that is required pursuant to the provisions of Rule 32(c) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, and shall, before the imposition of sentence, report the results of the investigation to the court,
"(a) PRESENTENCE INVESTIGATION AND REPORT BY PROBATION OFFI-
"(b) PRESENTENCE STUDY AND REPORT BY BUREAU OF PRISONS.—If
the court, before or after its receipt of a report specified in subsection (a) or (c), desires more information than is otherwise available to it as a basis for determining the sentence to be imposed on a defendant found guilty of a misdemeanor or felony, it may order a study of the defendant. The study shall be conducted in the local community by qualified consultants unless the sentencing judge finds that there is a compelling reason for the study to be done by the Bureau of Prisons or there are no adequate professional resources available in the local community to perform the study. The period of the study shall take no more than sixty days. The order shall specify the additional information that the court needs before