Popular Science Monthly/Volume 26/April 1885/Literary Notices


The Rise of Intellectual Liberty, from Thales to Copernicus. By Frederick May Holland, author of the "Reign of the Stoics." New York: Henry Holt & Co. Pp. 458. Trice, $3.50.

The author of this book has chosen a magnificent subject, and, although it is formidable in extent and much of it involved in obscurity, and all of it complicated with great questions of history and human progress, he has yet been able to throw much new light upon that liberalization of thought which went very unsteadily forward during twenty-two hundred years, before the great modern movement of the development for intellectual liberty. The work is a delineation of tendencies, a series of sketches of the great minds who at different times and under varied circumstances, and with unequal effect, have struck for independence of thought, a presentation of the counter-forces that have antagonized intellectual liberty, and an account of the working of all those larger agencies which have in different degrees hindered or promoted freedom and independence of thought. Without having subjected the work to critical scrutiny, we are much impressed by the evidence it shows of extensive and conscientious labor, the freshness and interest of its chief subject-matter, the untrammeled treatment of the subject, and the vigor of the portrayal of that long and agonizing conflict with bigotry and intolerance, religious and political, public and private, which is the price of our modern liberty of thinking. It is a noteworthy fact that the work has not been executed under the bias of any preconceived theory. The author says: "I did not start with the intention of proving anything; and it was only when I was ready to write the last chapter that I found myself justified in drawing the conclusions set forth." This state of mind is undoubtedly favorable to impartiality of statement, and can hardly fail to inspire the reader with a considerable measure of confidence in the trustworthiness of the author's representations.

The author indicates the manner of execution of his volume in the remark: "I have tried to collect the important facts, especially such as had not been stated in English, to arrange them in their historic relations not yet fully delineated in any language, and then to let them tell their own story without needless comment."

Second Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1880-81. By J. W. Powell, Director. Washington: Government Printing-Office. Pp. 514.

The researches of this bureau are bringing to light an abundance of information in regard to the arts, institutions, languages, and opinions of the American Indians.

Mr. Frank H. Cushing's work especially has attracted wide attention, though the accounts as yet published cover only a small part of his observations. He contributes to this volume a paper on "Zuñi Fetiches." The Zuñi worships in general the mysterious powers of Nature, and especially the beasts, which he regards as most nearly related to himself, and hence in position to mediate between him and the more remote powers, lie believes that the hearts of the beasts of prey have the power to take away the strength of the game-animals, thus making them easy to capture. Without recourse to the proper fetiches, so as to obtain the aid of this influence, the Zuñi deems it useless to attempt the chase of game-animals. The favorite fetiches arc mineral concretions, or eroded pebbles having some resemblance to the forms of animals, which is usually heightened artificially. The priests assert that these are the actual bodies, petrified and shrunken, of the animals which they resemble, and that their hearts still live in the fetiches, although their bodies are turned to stone. A flint arrow-head is usually bound to the back or side of the figure, and strings of beads are sometimes hung around it. The fetiches of the beasts of prey are the most esteemed, and the name of this class, Wé-ma-we, is used for all fetiches.

Mrs. Erminnie A. Smith has embodied La a paper a large number of Iroquoian traditions relating to mythical gods and other supernatural beings, the practice of sorcery, and the origins of various phenomena, together with descriptions of religious festivals, and miscellaneous tales of adventure. Echo was the Mars of the Iroquois. In their wars with other tribes, by repeating among the hills their cries of "Go-weh!" he secured for them almost certain victory. The Thunder-god has been regarded as a special protector of this people. Among the supernatural beings were the Stone Giants, mortal enemies of men; the Pygmies, a friendly race; and the Great Heads, which were borne by their long hair, as by wings, on missions of mercy or of destruction. The aim of the essay on "Animal Carvings from Mounds in the Mississippi Valley," by Henry W, Henshaw, is to show that, of these carvings which can be identified, none represent animals which are not indigenous to the Mississippi Valley, and that the art-culture of the mound-builders has been greatly overestimated. Dr. Washington Matthews, U. S. A., describes briefly the tools and processes with which Navajo silversmiths produce a variety of quite elaborate articles. "Art in Shell of the Ancient Americans" is treated at considerable length by William H. Holmes. Fifty-seven plates accompany the paper, showing forms and patterns of dishes, implements, beads, wampum-belts, engraved gorgets, etc. Many extracts from early writers are given, describing the use of wampum-belts as ornaments, currency, and as tokens of treaties. Two catalogues of articles obtained from Zuñi and other Pueblos of New Mexico and Arizona, by James Stephenson, occupy the last 150 pages of the volume. These collections contain 3,905 specimens, consisting largely of pottery, but including basketry, implements, clothing, images, etc. The decoration of much of the pottery, as shown by the figures, is elaborate and often graceful. The whole volume, especially these catalogues, is lavishly illustrated, containing 154 full-page plates, many of them colored, besides thirty-five figures in the text.

Sixth Annual Report of the State Board of Health of Illinois, John H. Rauch, M. D., Secretary. Pp. 324.

Among the peculiar functions of this board, with the operation of which the present report largely deals, is that of the execution of the act to regulate the practice of medicine in the State. The medical profession is thus brought within the scope of sanitary laws, and under responsibility to a body with power. It is the duty of the board to issue certificates authorizing practice in the State to "all who furnish satisfactory proof of having received diplomas or licenses from legally chartered medical institutions in good standing." It became necessary to determine what was "good standing," and what institutions came under it. To define the term, the consensus of leading members of the profession and the faculties of medical colleges, in answer to letters soliciting their opinions, was taken. Then test questions were sent out to the colleges, the answers to which determined whether they came up to the standard. In evidence of the improvement in the standards of medical education, it is stated that, whereas in 1880 fourteen medical schools in the United States required of candidates for admission evidences of preliminary education, ninety schools now require them; eighty schools give instruction in hygiene, to seventeen in 1880; and twenty-three make attendance on three or more courses of lectures a condition of graduation, to eight in 1880, while fifty-six others arc making tentative efforts toward the same point. The board is issuing a series of "Preventible Disease Publications," to which have been added during the year circulars on the prevention and control of scarlet fever and of diphtheria, and upon the sanitary features of typhoid fever and the prevention of its spread. These publications are in demand, and are often reprinted in the newspapers. Some of them have also been issued in German and in the Scandinavian languages. Nearly half the volume of the report is occupied with the lists of licensed physicians and midwives.

Notes on the Opium-Habit. By Asa P. Meylert, M. D. Third edition. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Pp. 47.

The purpose of this publication is to make a plea for more humane methods of treating the opium-habit than have heretofore prevailed. The author believes that no disease known to man demands such varied treatment as this of opium. "The habit was formed to relieve a single symptom of diverse disorders, namely, pain. . . . The original disease often remains in abeyance, ready to break forth when the drug is discontinued, and, if this disease be not cured, the habit is not cured." Again, the habit itself provokes disease, and this must be treated variously. There is, therefore, no specific for the opium-habit. There is, likewise, no quick cure for it. The present edition of the book has been thoroughly revised and largely rewritten. Since the first publication of the "Notes" the author has found the opium-habit more widely prevalent than was first surmised.

Comparative Physiology and Psychology. By S. V. Clevenger, M. D. Chicago: Jansen, McClurg & Co. Pp. 258. Price, $2.

The secondary title of this book characterizes it as "a discussion of the evolution and relations of the mind and body of men and animals." Its intention is to elaborate, as far as possible, a practical mental science which will reconcile the observations of anatomists, psychologists, and pathologists, with direct reference to the more intelligent treatment of insanity. Insanity, the author believes, will be better understood, and its treatment will become more scientific in proportion to the development of psychology, based upon comparative microscopic anatomy, and a physiology into which molecular physics shall enter more in the future. The system under which the metaphysicians have studied mental workings is regarded as having been so insufficient and one-sided, and their deductions often go absurd, as to discourage honest investigators and throw discredit on the pursuit. But a more sensible psychology has been evolved under the influence of such thinkers as Herbert Spencer and Darwin, and of the investigators who have worked in their spirit. The author proposes to apply an extension of Mr. Spencer's principles to the study, and starts out with the proposition that mental phenomena are modes of chemical energy.

Annual Report of the Chief Signal-Officer to the Secretary of War for the Year 1883. Washington: Government Printing-office. Pp. 1,164, with forty-eight Plates.

Thirty enlisted men were instructed in signal-service duties at Fort Myer. Efforts were made to add to the number of officers who can be depended upon for weather predictions. The stimulus which the work of the bureau has given to the study of meteorology is noticed with gratification. The preparation of a text-book containing an elementary course of meteorology has been begun, and a new treatise from a philosophical, mechanical, and deductive point of view is in hand. From 84·4 to 88·3 per cent of the "indications" published during the previous ten years to 1883 were verified, and from VS to 83·9 per cent of the cautionary signals displayed since 1874. The scientific work of the bureau was pursued in applications too numerous to be named specifically here. The number of stations had to be decreased on account of insufficiency of appropriations; but 376 were in operation in June, 1883, and work for the service was done by 19 officers and 500 enlisted men. Reports were received from 335 foreign stations, 59 steamship lines, 605 vessels, and 339 voluntary observers. The publications of the service include the "Monthly Weather Review," the "Monthly Summary and Review," the "International Bulletin," the "Meteorological Record," and several special papers.

Osteology of Numenius Longirostris. By R. W. Shufeldt, U. S. A. Pp. 32, with Plates.

Numenius Longirostris is the long-billed curlew, which Captain Shufeldt observed alive at Egmont Cay, Florida, and studied anatomically in Wyoming. Besides minute descriptions of this bird, his monograph includes notes upon the skeletons of other American Limicolæ.

The Asiatic Cholera, as it appeared at Suspension Bridge in July, 1854, and its Lessons. By Frank H. Hamilton, M. D. Pp. 26.

The outbreak described was sudden, violent, and narrowly limited in its spread to ground of a peculiar physical condition. The disease appears to have been introduced by a company of German immigrants, who were "dumped" upon the banks of the river from the cars, and was propagated with wonderful speed among the people, mostly employed on the suspension-bridge, living in the favorable locality. Dr. Hamilton's conclusions appear to agree, generally, with the view of Dr. Pettenkofer, that, while the implanting of a germ may be essential to the inception of cholera, the violence of the attack and the rapidity of propagation are largely dependent on soil-conditions.

Comparative Study of the New High German Language, Theoretical and Practical. By William W. Valentine. Richmond, Va. Seventy specimen pages.

Professor Valentine believes that the modern languages, especially German, are as capable of philosophical study as any of the ancient tongues which have been avowedly treated in that manner, and whose capacity for such treatment has been extolled, and that such study of them is most valuable as a means of intellectual training. The present pamphlet is intended to present an outline or suggestions, indicating the principles on which the study should be based, and the manner in which it can be pursued, and is offered tentatively in anticipation, provided the plan finds favor, of the preparation of a full treatise.

Description of Carcharodon Carcharias. By W. G. Stevenson, M. D. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Pp. 8, with Plate.

The various descriptions given of this fish, which is otherwise known as the "man-eater shark," are so very imperfect and confusing that the author says, with Professor D. S. Jordan, that "there is no good description of the animal extant." A shark of this species was taken in August, 1883, near Nantucket, and specially examined by Dr. Stevenson. The present monograph is the fruit of this study.

Black and White: Land, Labor, and Politics in the South. By T. Thomas Fortune, Editor of "The New York Globe." New York: Fords, Howard & Hulbert. Pp. 310. Price, $1.

The author is a thinking man, and a molder of opinion among the colored people. He views the situation in the South, as the war and reconstruction have left it, and the present finds it, from the point of sympathy with his race; yet, with the mental breadth of a man educated in public affairs, he is able to discern that there are other sides to the question. He urges national compulsory education as a means of mitigating the dangers threatened by the existing situation; but the main purpose of his book is to show that the social problems in the South are, in the main, the same as those which afflict every other civilized country; that the future conflict in that section will not be racial or political, but between capital and labor; that poverty and misfortune make no invidious distinctions of race, color, or previous condition, but that wealth unduly centralized afflicts all alike; and that some unity of organization and action should be secured between the labor elements of the whole United States.

Degeneration the Law of Disease. By L. A. Merriam, M. D. Omaha, Neb. Pp. 8.

This is the substance of a paper read before the Medical Society of Omaha in September last, the import of which is to apply the theory of evolution to the study of disease. It regards disease as consisting in a reversed evolution, or degenerative changes; as induced by processes of degeneration of the tissues and functions, and in turn inducing such processes.

Protection and Communism. "Questions of the Day," No. 15. By William Rathbone. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Pp. 42. Price, paper, 25 cents.

This pamphlet aims to show that the protective tariff has caused the sudden alternations between hard times and good times in the United States, has caused communism to increase in this country, while it has been decreasing in England, and has made our rich men richer and our poor poorer. The writer believes that, if the United States had not adopted protection twenty years ago, they would lead England in commercial prosperity to-day, and could gain the same position with free trade in another twenty years.

Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club. "Transactions," No. 5. 1883-'84. Ottawa, Canada: Citizen Printing and Publishing Company. Pp. 152.

The club has been active during the year covered by this number of its "Transactions." During the summer, it made four regular excursions, and numerous minor excursions were made by its branches; in the winter, seven soirées were held, at which papers were read and reports presented. The membership has increased from 108 to 128. The "Transactions" contains the inaugural address of the president, H. B. Small, with papers describing observations made in the immediate vicinity, to which the work of the club is confined, and reports of the six branches into which the club is divided.

The Sun. Vol. I, No. I, January and February, 1885. Kansas City, Mo.: C. T. Fowler. Pp. 28. Price, 20 cents, or $1 per annum.

"The Sun" is a bi-monthly paper devoted to co-operation. The present number has a portrait of Herbert Spencer, and discusses as its special subject, "Co-operation; its Laws and Principles," which is considered under twenty-five sub-heads. The next number will be devoted to "The Reorganization of Business" on a labor instead of a usury basis.

Journal of the New York Microscopical Society. Edited by Benjamin Braman. Vol. I, No. I, January, 1885. New York: 12 College Place. Pp. 32. Price, $1 a year (nine numbers).

The title indicates the object, and to some extent the character of the publication. The present number contains the proceedings of the society named, for October, November, and December last; a paper on "Electrical Illumination in Microscopy," by E. A. Schultze; discussions bearing on pollen-tubes; "Miscellanea"; and an index to articles in various publications of interest to microscopists.

Original Researches in Mineralogy and Chemistry. By J. Lawrence Smith, Membre Correspondant de l'Institut de France (Académie des Sciences), etc. Printed for presentation only. Edited by J. B. Marvin, B. S., M. D. Pp. 630. Louisville, Ky.: John P. Morton & Co.

The title of this work indicates the chief line of research pursued by the author of its papers in his long and active career as an original scientific inquirer. We printed in the "Monthly" for December, 18'74, an interesting sketch of his busy life, and an account of his more important investigations. He issued a volume of "Scientific Researches" in 1873, which contained the most valuable of his contributions up to that date. The present volume is a reprint with but very little editorial change of his principal papers published since that time. It is a valuable record of recent results in mineralogical chemistry; and especially with reference to meteorites, which was a prominent subject of study with Dr. Smith.

Poems of Sidney Lanier. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Pp. 246. Price, $2.50,

From "The Independent," "Scribner's," "Lippincott's," "Appletons'," and other magazines, these occasional poems have been collected by the widow of the poet Most of them are characterized by a tender sadness, as might be expected from a writer who had known more pain than Joy. "The Symphony" and "Psalm of the West" are of a more vigorous type, and a humorous vein appears in several dialect poems. The poems are preceded by a memorial sketch by William H. Ward, who rates Sidney Lanier as "much more than a clever artisan in rhyme and meter."

Man in the Tertiaries. By Edward S. Morse. Salem, Mass.: The Salem PressPp. 15.

This is the vice-presidential address delivered before the Anthropological Section of the American Association, over which the author presided at the last meeting of the Association in Philadelphia. It reviews the evidence in favor of the high antiquity of man on the earth. An abstract of the address was published in "The Popular Science Monthly" for December.

The Agricultural Grasses of the United States. By Dr. George Vasey. The Chemical Composition of American Grasses. By Clifford Richardson. Washington: Government Printing-Office. Pp. 144.

This report is a contribution toward answering the question whether we can not select, from our wild or native species of grass, such as may be cultivated in those parts of the country unprovided with suitable kinds. The native grasses of the Territories receive most attention, and some information concerning the herbage-crops in the Gulf States is given. A large number of grasses are described, and one hundred and twenty varieties are figured in full-page plates.

United States Publications: Monthly Catalogue. Vol. I, No. I, January, 1885. Washington, D. C: J. 11. Hickox. Pp. 22. Price, $2 per annum.

The Catalogue will include the titles of publications of every description printed by order of Congress, or of any of the departments of Government, during the month preceding the date of its issue.

The Story Hour. For Children and Youth. By Susan H. Wixon. New York: Truth-Seeker Company. Pp. 222.

A collection of articles, with elegant illustrations, from the youth's department of the New York "Truth-Seeker." It has been the author's aim to produce a book "that, while pleasing, will awaken healthy thought, and stimulate to right endeavor." It is claimed to be "pure in tone, entirely free from superstitious taint, and well calculated to broaden, brighten, and strengthen the growing mind."

Proceedings of the American Society of Microscopists. Seventh Annual Meeting, Rochester, N. Y., August, 1884. Buffalo: Bigelow Brothers. Pp. 300.

Several of the papers of the "Proceedings" are given in full, among them an account, by Dr. George E. Fell, of the discovery by the aid of the microscope of an interpolation in a written contract. The opening address of President Jacob D. Cox reviews a part of the work of Robert B. Tolls in the improvement of the microscope, and is followed by a memoir of Mr. Tolles, by George E. Blackham.

Geonomy: Creation of the Continents by the ocean-currents. by J. Stanley Grimes, Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. Pp, 116.

The author of this book is introduced by the Rev. W. R. Coovert as a writer who published a book to advocate theistic evolution—"a volume which was more Darwinian than Darwin himself, excepting that it was decidedly and avowedly theistic"—eight years before the "Origin of Species" was issued. He has also published a work bearing on spiritism and mesmerism. The purpose of the present volume is to expound a theory that all the elevations of the earth's crust have resulted from the sinking of the ocean-basins, or of smaller local basins, beneath the weight of the sediment; that this sediment was collected by elliptical currents working in the waters, of which three pairs are supposed, causing three pairs of sinking basins, corresponding with the North and South Atlantic, the Pacific, and the Indian Ocean basins; that the fluid or plastic lava forced from beneath the sinking basins was driven under the crust in the interoceanic spaces, and, raising them up, created three pairs of continents. The configuration and relative situations of the continents and ocean-basins, etc., are accounted for in other propositions.

Sunlight. By the author of "The Beginnings," "The Biography of Dust," etc. Pp. 70.

A series of letters, by Mr. N. P. Malet, first published in "The Northern Whig," of Belfast, Ireland, in elucidation of a theory that light, not heat, is the primary and potent force, separate from heat. From his premises the author deduces that the heat attributed to the sun is in reality generated by the action of the sun's light on the gases of the earth. Extending his theory to a general cosmogony, he holds that the natural beginnings of this earth and the other planets and asteroids were separate, nebulous gaseous masses gravitating in space, till they were in turn sensible to the light of the sun, and became the worlds of this Solar system. Vegetation is accounted for by supposing that the seeds of the first plants were brought to the earth by vapors or gases from other worlds.

An Account of the Progress of Chemistry in the Year 1883. By Professor H. Carrington Bolton. Washington: Government Printing-Office. Pp. 32.

The "Account" has been prepared for the Smithsonian Report for 1883, and is here given in separate form. It records the more important discoveries in chemistry, and the new processes and applications brought to light during 1883, arranged under the heads of "General and Physical," "Inorganic," and "Organic," a chemical bibliography of the year, and notices of chemists who died during the year.

Rural Schools; Progress in the Past; Means of Improvement in the Future. Washington: U. S. Bureau of Education. Pp. 90.

This is Number 6 of the "Circulars of Information" of the Bureau of Education for 1884. It was prepared by Miss Annie T. Smith, under the direction of the Commissioner of Education, to collate the information accessible on the subject. It embraces a review of the present condition of ungraded schools; comparisons of the courses of study and the daily programme for the distribution of time and subjects in schools of Michigan, Virginia, and Wisconsin, with those employed in France, Switzerland, Prussia, and Austria; papers on "Pedagogic Principles," and suggestions on special points in teaching.

The Composition and Methods of Analysis of Human Milk. By Professor Albert R. Leeds, Ph. D. Pp. 24, with Plates.

Professor Leeds here compiles the analysis of eighty specimens of human milk. Considerable variety is exhibited in the results. Many of the samples appear to contain a body hitherto unknown, and not yet isolated or determined, which gives in the ethereal extract of the copper albuminate an emerald-green solution. While the superficial physical characteristics of the mother are not shown to be related to differences in the composition of the milk, an intimate connection appears with actual physical conditions. The samples obtained from women of over-robust habit were not so rich in albuminoids as those from pronounced anaemic women. Generally speaking, the best milk was obtained from lean women in good physical condition.

"The Journal of Mycology," Vol. I, No. 1, January, 1885, W. A. Kellerman, Ph. D., J. 13. Ellis, and B. M. Everhart, editors. Manhattan, Kansas. Monthly. Pp. 16. Price, $1 a year; single numbers 15 cents.

The "Journal" is devoted exclusively to mycological botany, and, while giving special attention to descriptions of North American species of fungi, will publish accounts of the current literature pertaining to the subject. The present number contains original descriptions of twelve new fungi from Kansas and fifteen from Iowa, with notices of "North American Geasters," and of other fungi of Kansas.

Notes on the Progress or Mineralogy in 1884. By H. Carvill Lewis. Philadelphia:

Professor Lewis is in the habit of preparing, as chief in that editorial department, monthly summaries for "The American Naturalist," of the discoveries and new ideas in mineralogy. The present pamphlet is the collection of all of these summaries that appeared during 1884, and presumably includes all that occurred worthy of special notice, in mineralogical research, during the year.

Mind in Medicine. By Rev. Cyrus A. Bartol, D. D. New York: M. M. Holbrook. Pp. 39. Price, 25 cents.

This pamphlet embodies the substance of two sermons preached by the author on successive Sundays extolling the value of a sound mind as an element of health, and the virtue of mental remedies for disease. "Bodily strength, fresh color in the cheeks, more alert steps, and cheerier tones," says he, "are revelations of mind shining through the body. . . . You sail for Porto Rique! Well, a person not airy, but atmospheric, may be a warmer climate, relieving your ailments better than that island, or Mentone, Pau, or St. Augustine."

"Babyhood," December, 1884. Leroy M. Yale, M. D., and Marion Harland, Editors. 18 Spruce Street, New York. Pp. 32. Price, 15 cents a number; $1.50 a year.

"Babyhood" is devoted exclusively to the care of infants and young children, and the general interests of the nursery. Its purpose is to become a medium for the dissemination of the best thought of the time on all subjects connected with the needs of the child, embracing in its scope the period from the day of birth to the age when the nursery is supplanted by the school-room. There is certainly a place for such a magazine.


Sex In Mind and in Education. By Henry Maudsley, M. D. Syracuse, N. Y.: 0. W. Bardeen. Pp. 86. 15 cents.

Calisthenics and Disciplinary Exercises. By E. V. De Graff. Syracuse, N. Y.: C. W. Bardeen. Pp. 39.

University of Nebraska. Seventh Biennial Report of the Board of Regents. Pp. 32. The Chancellor's Report. Pp. 75. Lincoln, Neb.

State Inspector of Oils, Minnesota. Special Report on Illuminating Quality. By Henry A. Castle, State Inspector. St. Paul. Pp. 24.

Building for the Children in the South. By Rev. A. D. Mayo. Washington: Government Printing-office. Pp. 16.

Cremation scientifically and religiously considered. By Henry Houston Bonnell. Philadelphia: D. C. Chalfant. Pp. 13.

Bulletin of the Washburn College Laboratory of Natural History. Edited by Francis W. Cragin. Vol. I, No. 2. Topeka, Kansas. Pp. 84, with Two Plates. 20 cents.

An Account of the Progress of Anthropology in the Year 1883. By Professor Otis T. Mason. Washington: Government Printing-Office. Pp. 43. Anthropological Notes in the "American Naturalist." By Professor Otis T. Mason.

Commissioners for the Erection of the Public Buildings, Philadelphia. Report for 1884. Pp. 82.

Supplemental Report of the Railroad Commission, Tennessee. John R. Savage, Chairman. Nashville: A. B. Tavel. Pp. 31.

"The Medical Analectic." Monthly. Walter S. Wells, M. D., Editor. January, 1885. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Pp. 48, $2.50 a year.

Illinois State Board of Health. Report of Proceedings. Springfield, 111. Pp. 19.

Catalogue of the New Orleans Exhibit of Economic Entomology. By Charles V. Riley. Washington: Judd & Detweiler. Pp. 95.

Report of the Entomologist, U. S. Department of Agriculture, for 1884. Washington: Government Printing-Office. Pp. 150.

Message of John M. Hamilton, Governor of Illinois. Springfield: H. W. Rokker. Pp. 21.

Evolution. By George D. Armstrong. Norfolk, Va. Pp. 22.

Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Report for 1884. New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, State Printers. Pp. 130.

A Correlation Theory of Color Perception. By Charles A. Oliver. Philadelphia. Pp. 29.

Rose Polytechnic Institute, Terre Haute, Ind. Third Annual Catalogue. Pp. 33.

A Study of the Nutritive Value of Branny Foods. By N. A. Randolph, M. D. and A. E. Roussel, M. D. Philadelphia, Pp. 20.

Contributions from the Chemical Laboratory of Harvard College. By Charles A. Maybery and others. Pp. 16.

The Geology of Bermuda. By William North Rice. Washington: Government Printing-Office. Pp. 82, with Plates.

Report of the Curator of Wesleyan University the Museum. Pp. 8.

On the so-called Bird-Track Sculptures in Ohio. A Glacial Pebble, Fired Stones, and Prehistoric Implements. Impression of the figures on a "Meday stick." All by Daniel G. Brinton, M. 1). Philadelphia.

On the Xinca Indians of Guatemala. By Daniel G. Brinton, M. D. Pp. 9.

Bulletin of the Iowa Agricultural College. By Charles K. Bessey. Pp. 64.

Diccionario Tecnologico (Technological Dictionary). English-Spanish. Part XI. New York: N. Ponce de Leon. Pp. 64. 60 cents.

The Spanish Treaty opposed to Tariff Reform. New York Free Trade Club. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Pp. 31.

Normal Language Lessons. By S. J. Sornberger. Syracuse, N. Y.: C. W. Bardeen. Pp. 81. 50 cents.

Underground Conduits. Report of International Electrical Exhibition. Philadelphia: Franklin Institute. Pp. 56.

Fire and Burglar Alarms and Annunciators. Report of International Electrical Exhibition Philadelphia: Franklin Institute. Pp. 16.

Municipal Administration. By Robert Matthews. Rochester, N. Y. Pp. 16.

Alabama Weather Service. January, 1885. Agricultural and Mechanical College. Auburn. Pp. IT.

Whitestown Centennial Celebration. Historical Discourse. By Charles Tracy. Pp. 16.

Dynamite and Extra-Territorial Crime. By Francis Wharton, LL. D. Philadelphia. Pp. 28.

Symbolism and Science. By Lloyd P. Smith. Philadelphia: Privately printed. Pp. 23.

Aims and Methods of the Teaching of Physics. By Professor Charles K. Wead. Washington: Government Printing-office. Pp. 153.

"The Inland Monthly." Vol. L No. 2. Columbus, Ohio. Pp. 16. 15 cents a copy; $1.50 a year.

The Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota. N. H. Winchell, State Geologist. First Annual Report, 1872. Pp. 130, with Plates. Tenth Report, 1831. Pp. 260, with Plates. Eleventh Report, 1832. Pp. 220, with Maps. Twelfth Report, 1883. Pp. 384, with Plates.

Mind-Reading and Beyond. By William A. Hovey. Boston: Lee & Shepard. Pp. 201.

American Historical Association. Report of the Organization and Proceedings. By Herbert B. Adams, Secretary. Pp. 44. 50 cents. Studies in General History and the History of Civilization. By Andrew D. White. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Pp. 23. 50 cents.

Resultados del Observatorio Nacional Argentine. (Results of the Argentine National Observatory.) By Benjamin A. Gould, Director. Vol. II, 1872 Pp. 296. Vol. Ill, 1873. Pp. 510. Vol. IV, 1873. Pp. 588. Buenos Ayres: Pablo E. Coni.

Catalogo de Zonas Estelares. (Zone Catalogue of Mean Positions of Stars.) Observed at the Argentine National Observatory. By Benjamin A. Gould. Vol. VII. Pp. 440. Vol. VIII. Pp. 424. Cordoba, Argentine Republic. Published at the Observatory.

"The Sanitary Engineer." Conducted by Henry 0. Meyer. Vol. X. June to November, 1884. 140 William Street, New York. Pp. 612. $3.

Our Bodies, or How we Live. By Albert F. Blaisdell, M. D. Boston: Lee & Shepard. Pp. 285. 60 cents.

The Fallacy of the Present Theory of Sound. By Henry A. Mott, Jr. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Pp. 103. 60 cents.

The Mentor. By Alfred Ayres. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Pp. 211.

The Care of Infants. By Sophia Jex-Blake, M. D. New York: Macmillan &, Co. Pp. 103. 40 cents.

Alice's Adventures In Wonderland, and through the Looking-Glass. By Lewis Carroll. New York: Macmillan & Co. Pp. 192 and 224. 50 cents paper, 75 cents cloth.

Controlling Sex in Generation. By Samuel Hough Terry. New York: Fowler & Wells Company. Pp. 147. $1.

School-Keeping. How to do it. By Hiram Orcutt. Boston: New England Publish mg Company. Pp. 244. $1.

Serapis. A Romance. By George Ebers. New York: William S. Gottsberger. Pp. 367. 90 cents.

Representative American Orations. By Alexander Johnston. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Three vols. Pp. 282, 314, 405. $3.75.

Original Researches in Mineralogy and Chemistry. By J. Lawrence Smith. Edited by J. B. Martin, B.S., M.D. Louisville. Printed by John P. Morton & Co. 1884. Pp. 630.

The Rise of Intellectual Liberty from Thales to Copernicus. By Frederick May Holland. New York: Henry Holt & Co. 1885. Pp. 453. $3.50.

The Correspondence and Diaries of the late Right Hon. John Wilson Croker, LL.D., F.R.S., from 1809 to 1830. Edited by Louis J. Jennings. In two vols., with portrait. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1884. Pp. 534 and 572.

Smithsonian Meteorological and Physical Tables. By Arnold Guyot. Fourth edition. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. Pp. 738.

Mining Camps. By Charles Howard Shinn. New York: Charles Scribner's Sous. Pp. 316. $2.

Diluvium; or, the End of the World. By George S. Pidgeon. St. Louis: Commercial Printing Company. Pp. 175.

The Patriarchal Theory. Based on the Papers of the late John Ferguson McLennan. Edited and completed by Donald McLennan. London: Macmillan & Co. Pp. 355. $4.

Mortality Experience of the Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, 1846 to 1878. Hartford, Conn. Pp. 85, with Plates.

Tertiary Vertebrata. Book I. By E. D. Cope. Washington. U. 8. Geological Survey of the Territories. Pp. 1009, with nearly 100 Plates.