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Portal:Indo-Iranian languages and literature

Indo-Iranian languages and literature
Class
The Indo-Iranian language group constitutes the easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European family of languages. It consists of three language groups: the Indo-Aryan, Iranian and Nuristani. The term Aryan languages is occasionally still used to refer to the Indo-Iranian languages.— Excerpted from Indo-Iranian languages on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The classification of the Indo-Iranian languages within the Indo-European language family.

Contents

BengaliEdit

GujaratiEdit

See also Gujarati Wikisource

Gujarati (ગુજરાતી Gujrātī?) is an Indo-Aryan language, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. It is derived from a language called Old Western Rajasthani (1100 - 1500 AD) which is the ancestor language of the modern Gujarati and Rajasthani languages. It is native to the Indian state of Gujarat, and is its chief language, as well as of the adjacent union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.— Excerpted from Gujarati on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

HindustaniEdit

 
Hindustani

Standard HindiEdit

See also the Hindi portal on central Wikisource

Standard Hindi, or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi, also known as Manak Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी), High Hindi, Nagari Hindi, and Literary Hindi, is a standardized and sanskritised register of the Hindustani language derived from the Khariboli dialect of Delhi and Uttar Pradesh region. It is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used as the primary official language of the Republic of India.— Excerpted from Standard Hindi on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Standard UrduEdit

See also the Urdu portal on central Wikisource

Standard Urdu is another standard register of the Hindustani language that retains more of the Persian, Arabic and Chagatai vocabulary in Hindustani and written in the Perso-Arabic script. Is is the official language of Pakistan and an official language in five Indian states.

PàliEdit

See also the Pali portal on central Wikisource

Pāli (also Pāḷi) is a Middle Indo-Aryan language (or prakrit) of the Indian subcontinent. It is best known as the language of many of the earliest extant Buddhist scriptures, as collected in the Pāḷi Canon or Tipitaka, and as the liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism.— Excerpted from Pali on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

PersianEdit

 
Persian
See also Persian Wikisource

Persian (local name: فارسی, Fārsi IPA: [fɒːɾˈsi], sometimes used in English) is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is widely spoken in Iran (and in the Iranian diaspora), Afghanistan (as Dari), Tajikistan (as Tajik), Pakistan (by Afghan immigrants), Uzbekistan and to some extent in Armenia, Iraq, Lebanon, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Bahrain.— Excerpted from Persian language on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

PrakritEdit

Prakrit (also transliterated as Pracrit) (Sanskrit: prākṛta प्राकृत (from pra-kṛti प्रकृति)) is the name for a group of Middle Indic, Indo-Aryan languages, derived from Old Indic dialects. The word, derived from its Indian root "Parikrit", itself has a flexible definition, being defined sometimes as, "original, natural, artless, normal, ordinary, usual", or "vernacular", in contrast to the literary and religious orthodoxy of saṃskṛtā. Prakrit is foremost a native term, designating "vernaculars" as opposed to Sanskrit.— Excerpted from Prakrit on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

SanskritEdit

See alsoEdit