Syria, the Land of Lebanon
Evening in the harbor of Beirut
THE LAND OF
LEWIS GASTON LEARY, Ph.D.
FORMERLY INSTRUCTOR IN THE AMERICAN
Author of The Real Palestine of To-day,
McBRIDE, NAST & COMPANY
Copyright, 1913, by
McBride, Nast & Co.
Published, November, 1913
TO HIM WHO FIRST TURNED MY THOUGHTS
MY FORMER PRECEPTOR AND ALWAYS
GEORGE L. ROBINSON
Although Syria possesses a rare natural beauty and boasts a wealth of historic and religious interest, its fame has been so overshadowed by that of the neighboring Land of Israel that most travelers are content to take the easy railway journey to Baalbek and Damascus, and know nothing of the wild mountain valleys and snow-capped summits of Lebanon or the many ancient shrines of a country whose history reaches far back of the classic days of Greece.
It is therefore with great pleasure that I accede to the request of the publishers of my "Real Palestine of To-day" and supplement the earlier work by the present companion-volume on Syria; so that, though the books may be read independently, the two together may give a complete view of the lands of the Bible.
The chapter on Palmyra is from the pen of Professor Harvey Porter, Ph.D., of the Syrian Protestant College; and for many of the hitherto unpublished photographs I am indebted to other members of the faculty of that institution. Grateful acknowledgment is also made to The World To-day, The New Era, The Sunday School Times, The Newark (N. J.) News, and especially to Travel and Scribner's Magazine, for permission to include material which originally appeared in these publications.
In the writing of Arabic words, my aim has been smooth reading, rather than a systematic transliteration of the numerous sounds which are not found in English. As an aid to pronunciation, it should be noted that the stress always falls upon a syllable bearing a circumflex accent.
It will be seen that this book is written from a more intimate and personal viewpoint than the volume on Palestine. I could not write otherwise of the country which was for years my own home and where to-day I have many cherished friends among both Syrians and Franks. In fact, I must write very slowly; for every now and then I lay down my pen and, with a homesick lump in my throat, dream over again the happy days in that land of wondrous beauty which I still love with all my heart.
Lewis Gaston Leary
|Evening in the harbor of Beirut||Frontispiece|
|Along the coast north of Beirut||4|
|Looking up the western slopes of Lebanon||5|
|Village of Deir el-Kamr||17|
|Bay of Beirut and Mount Sunnin||26|
|Pine groves of Beirut||27|
|Bridge over the Dog River||36|
|Procession in Beirut||37|
|Students of the American College||48|
|Cape of Beirut viewed from Lebanon||49|
|Old Bridge over the Barada River||70|
|Cascade in the Yarmuk Valley||71|
|Damascus — a distant view||83|
|Damascus — one of the more modern avenues||100|
|A Syrian café||101|
|Damascus — court of a private residence||112|
|Damascus — Moslem cemetery||113|
|Damascus — The Street called Straight||120|
|Damascus — The Omayyade Mosque||121
|Palmyra — General view of the ruins||134|
|Palmyra — the Triple Gate||135|
|Funeral procession of the patriarch||160|
|A summer camp in Lebanon||161|
|The Cedar Mountain||170|
|Source of the Kadisha River||171|
|The oldest Cedar of Lebanon||182|
|Baalbek — the six great columns||183|
|Baalbek — the stone in the quarry||198|
|Hama — the Orontes River||199|
|Maps and Plans|
|The railway from Beirut to Damascus||62|
|Cross-section of Syria||64|
|The temples of Baalbek||194|