The Conquest of Mexico Volume 2/List of Illustrations

Table of
Part I
Part II
Notes to Vol II Index

4. A raven croaking. See Vol. I. p. 98.
5. Abdication of the Emperor Montezuma. See the Codex Vaticanus A, p. 82 (Kingsborough).
6. The Spaniards gazed with greedy eyes. See the Codex Tepetlaoztoc, the vase in the Bristol Museum, a small recently found quauhxicalli, a snake-|headed censer and a stone monkey's head in the Mexico Museum, a bowl with a head between the jaws of the earth-monster in the British Museum, and bowls figured in Seler's Gesammelte Abhandlungen, pp. 290, 328, as well as Diaz, Maudslay, Vol. I. p. 144.
12. Short-eared owl (Asia accipitrinus), an evil omen as being the bird of the god of death, Mictlantecutli. See Vol. I. p. 213.
46. Priests making new fire in preparation for war. See the Codex Zouche, p. 78.
55. The brow of Cortés darkened as he said to Alvarado, "Your conduct has been that of a madman."
57. The Prince Cuitlahua, Montezuma's brother, accepted the post of honour and danger.
70. The priests with frantic gestures animating them to avenge their insulted deities. On the left is a priest of Huitzilopotchli, with an effigy of Painal on his back. On the right a priest of Mixcoatl. The central figure may, perhaps, be a priest of Tezcatlipoca. See Sahagun and Mexican archæology, Joyce, Ch. II.
73. Cortés dashed to the assistance of his secretary. The Anonymous Conqueror on p. 23 tells of horses being killed by maquahuitl blows on the head and breast. Such statements, supported by the Codices Telleriano-Remensis, Vaticanus A, Baranda, and the Lienzo di Tlaxcala, prove that horses were by no means always armour-plated.
75. The Aztecs nearly succeeded in scaling the walls.
76. "Why do I see my people here in arms against the palace of my fathers?" The Emperor has donned the tlacaeuatl, the tragic sacrificial vesture of the god Xipe. He is crowned with the turquoise xiuitzontli. See the Codex Cozcatzin, p. 14, and Seler, Gesammelte Abhandlungen, p. 401.
78. The swollen tide of their passions swept away all the barriers of ancient reverence.
87. Fighting for possession of the temple.
95. Death of the Emperor Montezuma.
99. Funeral of the Emperor Montezuma. See the Codices Féjerváry-Mayer, p. 40, and Magliabecchiano, p. 62.
102. Cortes called a council of his officers.
110. The "Noche Triste."
130. Maxixca. See Ixtlilxochitl, p. 207, who speaks of Maxixca as a young, not an old man. In the Lienzo di Tlaxcala (p. 28) he has none of the wrinkles with which in post-conquest drawings old people are usually marked.
136. They pledged themselves to stand by Cortes.
138. On Montezuma's death his brother Cuitlahua succeeded him. See the figure with outstretched arms on the large pottery incense brazier in the British Museum.
157. The Prince Guatemozin crowned Emperor on the death of his Uncle, Cuitlahua. On his left arm is a new maconcatl (see the Codex Duran, p. 18, and Mexican Archaeology, Joyce, p. 1 1 3). At the time of his coronation, Guatemozin was, according to Ixtlilxochitl (p. 262), eighteen years old; Diaz (Maudslay, Vol. IV. p. 184) says twenty-one. His name (more properly, Quauhtemotzin), means Swooping Eagle. "Tzin" at the end of a name indicates "Lord," as Maxixcatzin, Cuitlahuatzin, Cacamatzin.
168. The Prince Ixtlilxochitl. The name means Black Flower.
180. They fought up to their girdles in water.
222. Cortes tore the scroll in pieces.
244. The Emperor Guatemozin frequently selected the hours of darkness. For Guatemozin's eagle uniform see the Codices Zouche, p. 12; and Vienna, p. 4 (Kingsborough); and Mexican Archaeology, Joyce, p. 123.
254. Suddenly the horn of the Emperor Guatemozin, the sacred symbol, heard only in seasons of extraordinary peril, sent forth a long and piercing note.
261. Prisoners for sacrifice had their faces painted, their heads crowned with plumes, and their bodies decorated with tufts of down.
286. This work of butchery.
290. Surrender of the Emperor Guatemozin. He is handing over the Imperial standard of Tenochtitlan, broken.
294. Celebrating the end of their long and laborious campaign.
311. The torturing of the Emperor Guatemozin.
338. Execution of the Emperor Guatemozin. Seler's theory that Guatemozin was hung head downwards is discountenanced by Mr. Joyce, who has weighty evidence against it.
467. Sacrificial Knife. In the British Museum.