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The Empire and the century

THE EMPIRE AND

THE CENTURY


A SERIES OF ESSAYS ON IMPERIAL PROBLEMS AND

POSSIBILITIES BY VARIOUS WRITERS


WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY CHARLES SYDNEY

GOLDMAN, AUTHOR OF 'WITH GENERAL FRENCH

AND THE CAVALRY IN SOUTH AFRICA,' AND A

POEM BY RUDYARD KIPLING, ENTITLED 'THE

HERITAGE'


WITH SEVEN MAPS


LONDON
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET
1905



CONTENTS

page
Introduction xi
By C. S. Goldman
The Heritage 1
By Rudyard Kipling

PART I
THE IMPERIAL ORGANISM

I.—PRINCIPLES OF EMPIRE

The Imperial Ideal 5
By W. F. Monypenny
The Crown and the Empire 29
By Bernard Holland, C.B.
The Law and the Constitution 37
By John Buchan

II.—MECHANISM OF EMPIRE
Imperial Trade 52
By Henry Birchenough, C.M.G.
The Maintenance of Empire: A Study of the Economic Basis of Political Power 69
By J. L. Garvin,
Editor of The Outlook
Free Trade and the Empire  144
By J. S. Loe Strachey,
Editor of The Spectator
Education and Imperial Policy 160
By the Right Hon. R. B. Haldane, K.C., M.P.
The Empire and the Church 166
By the Right Hon. the Bishop of Stepney
Imperial Defence and National Policy 174
By L. S. Amery,
Editor of 'The Tímes History of the War in South Africa'
The Navy and the Empire 197
By Carlyon Bellairs, R.N.
The Navy and the Colonies 213
By the Right Hon. Sir John Colomb, K.C.M.G., M.P.
The Bond of Military Unity 227
By Major-General Sir Edward Hutton, K.C.M.G.,
Late Commanding the Military Forces of Canada (1898-1900), and of Australia (1901-1904)
The Nerves of Empire 249
By the Hon. George Peel
Author of 'The Friends of England'
Imperial Postal Services 288
By J. Henniker Heaton, M.P.
The Mercantile Marine 318
By Evelyn Cecil, M.P.
Imperial Organization 332
By Richard Jebb

PART II
CONSTITUENTS OF EMPIRE
I.—NATIONS IN MAKING CANADA
The Making of Canada 351
By the Hon. Clifford Sifton, K.C.,
Minister of the Interior and Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs for the Dominion of Canada
The Future of Canada 363
By W. Peterson,
Principal of the McGill University
Canadian Agriculture and Rural Education 385
By James W. Robertson,
Professor at the McGill University
Imperialism in Canadian Politics 403
By John W. Hills
Canada and the Pacific 409
By G. R. Parkin LL.D., C.M.G,
Organizing Representative of the Rhodes Scholarship Trust
The French-Canadians and the Empire 420
By Benjamin Sulte,
President of the Royal Society of Canada

AUSTRALASIA
Australia and its Critics 424
By the Hon. B. R. Wise. K.C.,
Member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales
Imperialism and Australian Conditions 446
By the Hon. Sir John A. Cockburn, K.C.M.G.,
Formerly Premier, and subsequently Agent-General for South Australia
New Zealand To-day 462
By the Hon. W. P. Reeves,
Agent-General for New Zealand

SOUTH AFRICA
Rhodes and Milner 478
By F. Edmund Garrett
The Prospects of a United South Africa 521
By G. G. Robinson,

Formerly Private Secretary to Lord Milner in South Africa

The Native Question in South Africa 539
By Sir Godfrey Lagden, K.G.M.G.,
Commissioner for Native Affairs in the Transvaal
Land Settlement and Colonization in South Africa 557
By Colonel Owen Thomas
Education in South Africa 575
By E. B. Sargant,
Formerly Educational Adviser to Lord Milner
Some Aspects of the Mining Industry in South Africa 587
By Lionel Phillips,
Formerly President of the Chamber of Mines in the Transvaal

II.—REALMS IN TRUST
INDIA
Our True Relationship with India 599
By Colonel Sir Francis Younghusband, K.C.I.E.,
Head of the British Mission to Tibet
India: Past, Present, and Future 621
By Sir Charles Crosthwaite, K.C.S.I.,

Late Lieut.-Governor of the N.-W. Provinces and Ondh, and Member of the Council of India

The Frontier Question 651
By Colonel Sir Thomas Holdich, K.C.M.G., K.C.I.E.,
Formerly Superintendent of the Frontiers Surveys, India
The Indian Army 663
By Lieut.-General Sir Edwin H. H. Collen, G.C.I.E., C.B.,
Formerly Military Member of the Council of the Governor-General of India
The States of India 682
By Lieut.-Colonel Sir David Barr, K.C.S.I.,
Formerly Agent to the Governor-General in Central India
Indian Education 696
By Theodore Morison,
Late Principal of the Mohammedan College at Aligarh

CEYLON AND BURMA
Ceylon 707
By Sir Henry A. Blake, G.C.M.G.,
Governor of Ceylon
Burma 716
By Sir F. W. R. Fryer, K.C.S.I.,
Late Lieut.-Governor of Burma

THE FAR EAST
Our Imperial Interests in Nearer and Further Asia 728
By Valentine Chirol,
Director of the Foreign Department of The Times

EGYPT AND THE SUDAN
Lord Cromer in Egypt 760
By Sir Eldon Gorst, K.C.B.,
Assistant Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
The Longest River in the World 773
By Sir William E. Garstin, G.C.M.G.,
Under-Secretary of State for Public Works in Egypt
British Rule in the Sudan 800
By the Hon. Sidney Peel
The Nile as I saw it 809
By Ewart S. Grogan,
Author of From the Cape to Cairo

THE TROPICS
The Tropics of the Empire 817
By Lady Lugard

THE STRAITS SETTLEMENTS
The Straits Settlements and Beyond 827
By Sir Frank Swettenham, K.C.M.G.,
Formerly Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Straits Settlements

WEST AND EAST AFRICA
West African Possessions and Administration 835
By Sir Frederick Lugard, K.C.M.G., C.B.,
High Commissioner of Northern Nigeria
The East African Protectorate 861
By Sir Charles Eliot, K.C.M.G., C.B.,
Late Commissioner for the British East Africa Protectorate

THE WEST INDIES
The West Indies 877
By Sir Alfred Lewis Jones, K.C.M.G.,
President of the Liverpool Chamber of Commerce
The Administration of the Crown Colonies 883
By Sir Frank Swettenham, K.C.M.G.


LIST OF MAPS
facing page
I. Cables between Great Britain and Canada 252
II. Britain to India. Cable and Landline Routes 260
III. Cables between Great Britain and the West Indies 262
IV. Cables between Great Britain and Africa 268
V. Cables between Great Britain and Australia 272
VI. The Cables of the Far East 280
VII. The Nile 798


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923. It may be copyrighted outside the U.S. (see Help:Public domain).