The Indian Biographical Dictionary (1915)/Jaipur, Maharaja of

Jaipur, Maharaja of; Col. H.H., Siramad-i-Rajhai-Hindustan Raj Rajendra Shree Maharajadhiraj, Sir Sawai Madho Singh Bahadur, K.G.C.S.I, (1888), G.G.I.E., (1901), G.G.V.O., (1903), LL.D. Edin. (1908), Hon. Col. of 13th Rajputs (Sheghawati) Regiment, (1901); b. 1861; S. 1880; head of Kuchhwaha clan of Rajputs who trace their descent from Rama, the celebrated king of Ayodhya (morden Oudh); the modern capital, Jaipur, was built in 1728 A.D. by Maharaja Jai Singh the ancient capital being Amber, founded in. 1150 A.D.; the administration is carried on by a Council consisting of ten members, the Maharaja exercising the supreme civil and criminal authority within his territories; area of the State, 15579, square miles; population, 2,658,666; maintains an Imperial Transport Corps, of 695 non-commissioned ofhcers and men; takes a deep interest in all matters affecting the welfare of the British Empire; among his many princely liberalities may be mentioned his subscription of Rs. 1,600,000 for founding a permanent Famine fund for India, Rs, 100,000 for the Transval War Fund, Rs. 400,000 to the Famine fund in memory of the Queen-Empress Victoria, Rs. 250,000 for the All-India Victoria Memorial, Rs,300,000 for the promotion of the Imperial Institutute, London and Rs. 76,000 for King Edward’s Hospital Fund in commemoration of the Prince of Wales visit to Jaipur, 1905; an additional sum Rs. 300,000 to the Famine Fund on the occasion of the Delhi Durbar of 1903; his Senior Mahranee, subscribed Rs. 100,000 to the Famine Fund, and another Rs. 100,000 in honour of the visit of the Princess of Wales, 1905; engaged a whole ship for proceeding to England to attend the Coronation of late Emperor Edward VII; is entitled to a salute of 21 Guns. Address: Jaipur, Rajputana, India.