The Indian Biographical Dictionary (1915)/Kitchener, Horatio Herbert

Kitchener of Khartum, 1st Viscount (1902) Horatio Herbert Kitchner, Baron (1898), G.C.I.E. (1908), G.C.S.I. 1909), G.C.B. (1898), O.M.; G.C.M.G. (1902). K.P. (1911), Commanding H.M’s Forces; s. of late St. Col. H. H. Kitchener, Cossington, Leicestershire; b in Crotter House, Ballylongford, 1850; educ. R.M. Academy, Woolwich; joined Royal Engineers, 1871; Palestine Survey, 1874-78; Cyprus Survey, 1878-82; Commanded Egyptian Cavalry, 1882-84; Nile Expedition, 1884-85 (despatches, brevet Lt. Col. Medal with clasp, 2nd class Medjidie, Khedives star); Governor of Sankim, 1886-88 (despatches. Clasp); Soudan Frontier including engagement at Toski (despatches, C.B., and clasp), 1889; Adjutant General, Egyptian army, 1888-92 Sirdar, 1890; Commanded Dongila Expeditionary Force, 1896 (promoted Major-General K.C.B. 1st. class Oswanieh British medal, Khedives medal with 2 clasps), Commanded Khartum Expedition, 1898 (thanks of Parliament, raised to Peerage, grant of £30,000, G.C.B., 2 clasps to Khedives medal). Chief of staff of Forces in South Africa, 1899-1900; Commander-in Chief, 1900-02; despatches, promoted Lt. General and General, received Viscounty grant of £50,000, thanks of Parliament); Commander-in-chief, India, 1902-9; Member of Committee of Imperial Defence, 1910; Colonel commandant Corps R.E., 1906, Field-Marshall, 1909; Agent and Consul General, Egypt, 1911; in command of H.M.’s Force since the commencement of the War. Heir Lt. Col H. E. C. Kitchener, Q.V. Address: Broome Park, Canterbury. Clubs: United service, Junior United Service.