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The Mythology of All Races/Volume 3 (Celtic and Slavic)

The Mythology of All Races Vol 3 (Celtic and Slavic) 006.jpg

PLATE I

Brug na Boinne

The tumulus at New Grange is the largest of a group of three at Dowth, New Grange, and Knowth, County Meath, on the banks of the Boyne in the plain known to Irish tales as Brug na Boinne, the traditional burial-place of the Tuatha De Danann and of the Kings of Tara. It was also associated with the Tuatha De Danann as their immortal dwelling-place, e. g. of Oengus of the Brug (see pp. 50–51, 66–67, 176–77). The tumuli are perhaps of the neolithic age (for plans see Plate VI, A and B).

THE MYTHOLOGY OF ALL RACES

IN THIRTEEN VOLUMES

LOUIS HERBERT GRAY, A.M., PH.D., Editor

GEORGE FOOT MOORE, A.M., D.D., LL.D., Consulting Editor


CELTIC
BY
JOHN ARNOTT MACCULLOCH,
HON. D.D. (ST. ANDREWS)
  SLAVIC
BY
JAN MÁCHAL, PH.D.
WITH A CHAPTER ON BALTIC MYTHOLOGY BY THE EDITOR

VOLUME III

Logo of Marshall Jones Company.jpg


BOSTON
MARSHALL JONES COMPANY
M DCCCC XVIII

Copyright, 1918
By Marshall Jones Company


Entered at Stationers' Hall, London


All rights reserved

Printed June, 1918


PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA BY THE UNIVERSITY PRESS CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS

BOUND BY THE BOSTON BOOKBINDING COMPANY

CONTENTS

  1. PAGE
  2. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    5
  3. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    7
  4. Chapter I.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    23
  5. II.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    42
  6. III.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    49
  7. IV.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    54
  8. V.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    62
  9. VI.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    68
  10. VII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    78
  11. VIII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    92
  12. IX.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    114
  13. X.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    124
  14. XI.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    135
  15. XII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    139
  16. XIII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    160
  17. XIV.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    184
  18. XV.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    206
  19. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    365
    1. PAGE
    2. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      217
    3. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      219
    4. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      221
    5. Part I. The Genii
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      225
    6. Chapter I.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      227
    7. II.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      233
    8. III.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      240
    9. IV.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      249
    10. V.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      253
    11. VI.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      256
    12. VII.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      261
    13. VIII.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      267
    14. IX.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      270
    15. X.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      273
    16. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      275
    17. Chapter I.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      279
    18. II.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      284
    19. III.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      286
    20. IV.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      288
    21. V.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      289
    22. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      291
    23. Chapter I.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      293
    24. II.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      297
    25. III.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      298
    26. IV.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      299
    27. V.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      300
    28. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      303
    29. Chapter I.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      305
    30. II.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      307
    31. III.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      311
    32. IV.
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      313
    33. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      315
    34. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      389

    ILLUSTRATIONS


    1. PLATE FACING PAGE
    2. I
      Brug na Boinne — Coloured
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      Frontispiece
    3. II
      Gaulish Coins
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      8
    4.  
      1. Horse and Wheel-Symbol
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    5.  
      2. Horse, Conjoined Circles and S-Symbol
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    6.  
      3. Man-Headed Horse and Wheel
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    7.  
      4. Bull and S-Symbol
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    8.  
      5. Bull
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    9.  
      6. Sword and Warrior Dancing Before it
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    10.  
      7-8. Swastika Composed of Two S-Symbols (?)
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    11.  
      9-10. Bull's Head and two S-Symbols; Bear Eating a Serpent
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    12.  
      11. Wolf and S-Symbols
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    13. III
      Gaulish Coins
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      14
    14.  
      1. Animals Opposed, and Boar and Wolf (?)
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    15.  
      2. Man-Headed Horse and Bird, and Bull Ensign
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    16.  
      3. Squatting Divinity, and Boar and S-Symbol or Snake
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    17.  
      4. Horse and Bird
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    18.  
      5. Bull and Bird
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    19.  
      6. Boar
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    20.  
      7. Animals Opposed
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
       
    21. IV
      God with the Wheel
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      20
    22. V
      Smertullos
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      40
    23. VI
      A. Plan of the Brug na Boinne
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      50
    24.  
      B. Plan of the Brug na Boinne
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      50
    25. VII
      Three-Headed God
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      56
    26. VIII
      Squatting God
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      72
    27. IX
      A. Altar from Saintes
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      86
    28.  
      B. Reverse Side of the same Altar
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      86
    29. X
      Incised Stones from Scotland
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      94
    30.  
      1. The"Picardy Stone"
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    31.  
      2. The "Newton Stone"
      ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      1. XI
        Gauls and Romans in Combat
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        106
      2. XII
        Three-Headed God
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        112
      3. XIII
        Sucellos
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        116
      4. XIV
        Dispater and Aeracura (?)
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        120
      5. XV
        Epona
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        124
      6. XVI
        Cernunnos
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        128
      7. XVII
        Incised Stones from Scotland
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        134
      8. 1. The "Crichie Stone"
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      9. 2. An Incised Scottish Stone
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      10. XVIII
        Menhir of Kernuz
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        140
      11. XIX
        Bulls and S-Symbols
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        152
      12. 1, 6. Carvings of Bulls from Burghhead
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      13. 2-5. S-Symbols
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
      14. XX
        A. Altar from Notre Dame. Esus
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        158
      15. B. Altar from Notre Dame. Tarvos Trigaranos
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        158
      16. XXI
        Altar from Trèves
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        166
      17. XXII
        Page of an Irish Manuscript
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        176
      18. XXIII
        Artio
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        186
      19. XXIV
        Boars
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        188
      20. XXV
        Horned God
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        204
      21. XXVI
        Sucellos
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        208
      22. XXVII
        Zadusnica
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        237
      23. XXVIII
        Djadek
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        244
      24. XXIX
        Setek
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        244
      25. XXX
        Lesni Zenka
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        261
      26. XXXI
        Svantovit
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        279
      27. XXXII
        Festival of Svantovit
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        281
      28. XXXIII
        Radigast
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        286
      29. XXXIV
        Idealizations of Slavic Divinities
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        288
      30.  
        1. Svantovit
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        &nbp;
      31.  
        2. Ziva
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        &nbp;
      32.  
        3. Cernobog and Tribog
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        &nbp;
      33. XXXV
        Veles
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        300
      34. XXXVI
        Ancient Slavic Sacrifice
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        305
      35. XXXVII
        The Sacred Oak of Romowe
        ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
        305


    This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1924.


    The author died in 1950, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.