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The Origin of Species (1872)/Index

INDEX.


A.

Aberrant groups, 379.

Abyssinia, plants of, 340.

Acclimatisation, 112.

Adoxa, 173.

Affinities of extinct species, 301.

—— of organic beings, 378.

Agassiz, on Andblyopsis, 112.

——, on groups of species suddenly appearing, 289.

——, on prophetic forms, 301.

——, on embryological succession, 310.

——, on the Glacial period, 330.

——, on embryological characters, 368.

——, on the latest tertiary forms, 278.

——, on parallelism of embryological development and geological succession, 396.

——, Alex., on pedicellarise, 191.

Algæ of New Zealand, 338.

Alligators, males, fighting, 69.

Alternate generations, 387.

Amblyopsis, blind fish, 112.

America, North, productions allied to those of Europe, 333.

——, ——, boulders and glaciers of, 335.

——, South, no modern formations on west coast, 272.

Ammonites, sudden extinction of, 297.

Anagallis, sterility of, 236.

Analogy of variations, 127.

Ancylus, 345.

Andaman Islands inhabited by a toad, 350.

Animals, not domesticated from being variable, 13.

——, domestic, descended from several stocks, 14.

——, ——, acclimatisation of, 112.

—— of Australia, 90.

—— with thicker fur in cold climates, 107.

Animals, blind, in caves, 110.

——, extinct, of Australia, 310.

Anomma, 232.

Antarctic islands, ancient fiora of, 355.

Antechinus, 373.

Ants attending aphides, 207.

——, slave-making instinct, 217.

——, neuters, structure of, 230.

Apes, not having acquired intellectual powers, 181.

Aphides, attended by ants, 207.

Aphis, development of, 390.

Apteryx, 140.

Arab horses, 26.

Aralo-Caspian Sea, 311.

Archeopteryx, 284.

Archiac, M. de, on the succession of species, 299.

Ai*tichoke, Jerusalem, 114.

Ascension, plants of, 347.

Asclepias, pollen of, 151.

Asparagus, 325.

Aspicarpa, 367.

Asses, striped, 127.

——, improved by selection, 30.

Ateuchus, 109.

Aucapitaine, on land-shells, 353.

Audubon, on habits of frigate-bird, 142.

——, on variation in birds' nests, 208.

——, on heron eating seeds, 346.

Australia, animals of, 90.

——, dogs of, 211.

——, extinct animals of, 310.

——, European plants in, 337.

——, glaciers of, 335.

Azara, on flies destroying cattle, 56.

Azores, flora of, 328.

B.

Babington, Mr., on British plants, 37.

Bafer, Von, standard of Highness, 97.

——, comparison of bee and fish 308. Baer, Yon, embryonic similarity of the Yertebrata, 387.

Baker, Sir S., on the giraffe, 178.

Balancement of growth, 117.

Baleen, 182.

Barberry, flowers of, 77.

Barrande, M., on Silurian colonies, 291.

——, on the succession of species, 299.

——, on parallelism of palseozoic formations, 301.

——, on affinities of ancient species, 302.

Barriers, importance of, 317.

Bates, Mr., on mimetic butterflies, 375, 376.

Batrachians on islands, 350.

Bats, how structure acquired, 140.

——, distribution of, 351.

Bear, catching water-insects, 141.

Beauty, how acquired, 159, 414.

Bee, sting of, 163.

——, queen, killing rivals, 164.

——, Australian, extermination of, 59.

Bees fertilising flowers, 57.

——, hive, not sucking the red clover, 75.

——, Ligurian, 75.

——, hive, cell-making instinct, 220.

——, variation in habits, 208.

——, parasitic, 216.

——, humble, cells of, 220.

Beetles, wingless, in Madeira, 109.

—— with deficient tarsi, 109.

Bentham, Mr., on British plants, 37.

——, on classification, 369.

Berkeley, Mr., on seeds in salt water, 324.

Bermuda, birds of, 348.

Birds acquiring fear, 208.

——, beauty of, 161.

—— annually cross the Atlantic, 329.

——, colour of, on continents, 107.

——, footsteps, and remains of, in secondary rocks, 284.

——, fossil, in caves of Brazil, 310.

——, of Madeira, Bermuda, and Galapagos, 348, 349.

——, song of males, 70.

—— transporting seeds, 328.

——, waders, 345.

——, wingless, 108, 140.

Bizcacha, 318.

——, affinities of, 379.

Bladder for swimming, in fish, 147.

Blindness of cave animals, 110.

Blyth, Mr., on distinctness of Indian cattle, 14.

——, on striped hemionus, 128.

——, on crossed geese, 240.

Borrow, Mr., on the Spanish pointer, 26.

Bory St.Yincent, on Batrachians, 350.

Bosquet, M., on fossil Chthamalus, 284.

Boulders, erratic, on the Azores, 328.

Branchiae, 148, 149.

—— of crustaceans, 152.

Braun, Prof., on the seeds of Fumariacese, 174.

Brent, Mr., on house-tumblers, 216.

Britain, mammals of, 352.

Broca, Prof., on Natural Selection, 170.

Bronn, Prof., on duration of specific forms, 275.

——, various objections by, 170.

Brown, Robert, on classification, 366.

——, Séquard, on inherited mutilations, 108.

Busk, Mr., on the Polyzoa, 193.

Butterflies, mimetic, 375], 376.

Buzareingues, on sterility of varieties, 258.


C.

Cabbage, varieties of, crossed, 78.

Calceolaria, 239.

Canary-birds, sterility of hybrids, 240.

Cape de Yerde blands, productions of, 354.

——, plants of, on mountains, 337.

Cape of Good Hope, plants of, 101, 347.

Carpenter, Dr., on foraminifera, 308.

Carthamus, 173.

Catasetum, 155, 372.

Cats, with blue eyes, deaf, 9.

——, variation in habits of, 209.

—— curling tail when going to spring, 162.

Cattle destroying fir-trees, 56.

—— destroyed by flies in Paraguay, 56. Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/467 446 CUVIER. im)EX. EXTINCTION. Cuvier, on fossil monkeys, 283, 284. , Fred., on instinct, 205. Cyclostoma, resisting salt water, 353. D. Dana, Prof., on blind cave-animals. 111. , on relations of crustaceans of Japan, 334. , on crustaceans of New Zea- land, 338. Dawson, Dr., on eozoon, 287. De Candolle, Aug. Pyr., on struggle for existence, 49. , on umbelliferae, 116, , on general affinities, 379. De Candolle, Alph., on the variability of oaks, 40. , on low plants, widely dispersed, . y on widely-ranging plants being variable, 43. , on naturalisation, 89. , on winged seeds, 117. , on Alpine species suddenly be- coming rare, 135. y on distribution of plants with large seeds, 326. , on vegetation of Australia, 340. , on fresh-water plants, 345. -, on insular plants, 347. Degradation of rocks, 266. Denudation, rate of, 268. • of oldest rocks, 287. of granitic areas, 274. Development of ancient forms, 307. Devonian system, 305. Dianthus, fertility of crosses, 243. Dimorphism in plants, 35, 252. Dirt on feet of birds, 328. Dispersal, means of, 323. during Glacial period, 330. Distribution, geographical, 316. , means of, 323. Disuse, effects of, under nature, 108. Divergence of character, 86. Diversification of means for same general purpose, 153. Division, physiological, of labour, 89. Dog, resemblance of jaw to that of the Thylacinus, 374. Dogs, hairless, with imperfect teeth, 9. descended from several wild stocks, 15. , domestic instincts of, 210. Dogs, inherited civilisation of, 210. , fertility of breeds together, 241. , of crosses, 256. -, proportions of body in different breeds, when young, 392. Domestication, variation under, 5. Double flowers, 230. Downing, Mr., on fruit-trees in Ame- rica, 66, Dragon-flies, intestines of, 147. Drift-timber, 326. Driver-ant, 232. Drones killed by other bees, 164. Duck, domestic, wings of, reduced, S. , beak of, 183, , logger-headed, 140. Duckweed, 344. Dugong, affinities of, 365. Dung-beetles with deficient tarsi, 108. Dytiscus, 345. . Earl, Mr. W., on the Malay Archipe- lago, 351. Ears, drooping, in domestic animals, 8. y rudimentary, 400. Earth, seeds in roots of trees, 326. charged with seeds, 328. Echinodermata, their pedicellaria;, 191. Eciton, 230. Economy of organisation, 117. Edentata, teeth and hair, 115. , fossil species of, 417. Edwards, Milne, on physiological division of labour, 89. , on gradations of stnicture, 156. , on embryological characters, . Eggs, young birds escaping from, 6S. Egypt, productions of, not modified. 169. Electric organs, 150. Elephant, rate of increase, 51. , of Glacial period, 113. Embryology, 386. Eozoon Canadense, 287. Epilepsy inherited, 108. Existence, struggle for, 48. — — , conditions of, 167. Extinction, as bearing on natural selection, 96. of domestic varieties, 93. , 293. Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/469 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/470 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/471 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/472 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/473 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/474 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/475 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/476 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/477 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/478 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/479 Page:Origin of Species 1872.djvu/480