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The State and Position of Western Australia


THE


STATE AND POSITION


OF


WESTERN AUSTRALIA;


COMMONLY CALLED


THE SWAN-RIVER SETTLEMENT.


________________

By CAPTAIN FREDK CHIDLEY IRWIN,

OF H. M. 63RD REGIMENT; LATE COMMANDANT OF THE TROOPS, AND

ACTING GOVERNOR OF THE COLONY.

________________

TO GENERAL

 
 

THE RIGHT HON. SIR GEORGE MURRAY,

 

G.C.B., &c &c. &c.

 
 

Sir,

 

In doing myself the honour of dedicating this publication to you, I am influenced not only by feelings of personal respect, but also by considerations of a public nature.

To your discrimination, when presiding over the Colonial Department, the Settlement of Western Australia owes its origin. After years of misrepresentation, the peculiar excellence of the soil and climate is now confessed; and experience is daily proving the singular fitness of that region for supporting a flourishing community.

Among the distinguished services which you have rendered to your country in the Field, the Senate, and the Cabinet, the formation of a Colony which seems destined to rise to no ordinary eminence, will not be regarded by posterity as the least valuable.

With a grateful recollection of the uniform kindness I have experienced at your hands, since the period of my appointment to the command of the troops employed in establishing the Settlement,

I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your very faithful
And obedient servant,
F. C. IRWIN.

London, July 14th, 1835. CONTENTS. CHAPTER I. Introduction — Motives of the Writer — Sources of Information — De scription of the Country, Soil, Climate, Natural Productions, Pasturage, Seasons — Favourable Reports of the Interior — Fisheries — Harbours — Political and Commercial Advantages — Table of Sailing Distances &c ............................. page 1

CHAPTER II. The Aborigines: Food, Clothing, Huts, &c. — Character — Natives of the Murray River — Recent Encounter — Mounted Police — Tend ency of Penal Settlements — Native Claims — A Treaty recom mended — Appeal for Missionaries ...................... 22

CHAPTER III. Misstatements in recent Publications — Mr. Peel's Grant— Causes of early Failures— Origin of many injurious Reports— Instance of a Settler seriously misled by them — Want of Money — High Prices of Provisions — Want of Storehouses — Free Grants, Tend ency of — Remedies in Progress ........................ 32 Page:The State and Position of Western Australia.djvu/10 Page:The State and Position of Western Australia.djvu/11