The World Factbook (1982)/Djibouti

The World Factbook (1982)
by the Central Intelligence Agency
Djibouti

DJIBOUTI
(formerly French Territory of the Afars and Issas)
Edit

World Factbook (1982) Djibouti.jpg
(See reference map VII)

LANDEdit

23,310 km²; 89% desert wasteland, 10% permanent pasture, and less than 1% cultivated

Land boundaries: 517 km

WATEREdit

Limits of territorial waters (claimed): 12 nm (fishing 200 nm; economic zone 200 nm)

Coastline: 314 km (includes offshore islands)

PEOPLEEdit

Population: 306,000 (July 1982) average annual growth rate 4.1%

Nationality: noun—Afar(s), Issa(s); adjective—Afar, Issa

Ethnic divisions: Somalis (Issas) and Afars

Religion: 94% Muslim, 6% Christian

Language: French (official), Somali, Afar, Arabic, all widely used

Literacy: about 5%

Labor force: a small number of semiskilled laborers at port

Organized labor: some 3,000 railway workers organized

GOVERNMENTEdit

Official name: Republic of Djibouti

Type: republic

Capital: Djibouti

Political subdivisions: 5 Cercles (districts)

Legal system: based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and Islamic law

Branches: 65-member Parliament, Cabinet, President, Prime Minister

Government leader: President HASSAN Gouled Aptidon

Suffrage: universal

Elections: Parliament elected May 1977

Political parties and leaders: Peoples Progress Assembly (RPP), Hassan Gouled

Communists: possibly a few sympathizers

Member of: Arab League, FAO, GATT (de facto), IBRD, ICAU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMCO, IMF, ISCO, ITU, NAM, OAU, UN

ECONOMYEdit

GNP: $264.7 million (1978)

Agriculture: livestock; desert conditions limit commercial crops to about 6 hectares, including fruits and vegetables

Industry: ship repairs and services of port and railroad drastically reduced with war of 1977-78 in Ethiopia's Ogaden that cut the railroad line; it has since been reopened

Electric power: 55,000 kW capacity (1980); 220 million kWh produced (1980), 770 kWh per capita

Imports: $92 million (1978); almost all domestically needed goods—foods, machinery, transport equipment

Exports: $86 million (1978); hides and skins, and transit of coffee; values plummeted after railroad line was cut

Monetary conversion rate: 178 Djibouti francs=US$1

Fiscal year: probably same as that for France (calendar year)

COMMUNICATIONSEdit

Railroads: the Franco-Ethiopian railroad extends for 97 km through Djibouti

Highways: 1,387 km total; 279 km bituminous surface, 112 km improved earth; 996 km unimproved earth

Ports: 1 major (Djibouti)

Airfields: 11 total, 11 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runway; 1 with runway 2,440-3,659 m, 4 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Civil air: 2 major transport aircraft, including 1 leased in

Telecommunications: fair system of urban facilities in Djibouti and radiocommunication stations at outlying places; 4,350 telephones (1.2 per 100 popl.); 1 AM station and no FM stations; 1 TV station; 1 INTELSAT satellite station at Ambouli, working with Indian Ocean satellite

DEFENSE FORCESEdit

Military manpower: males 15-49, about 64,000; about 38,000 fit for military service

Defense is responsibility of France

Military budget: for fiscal year ending 31 December 1981, $2.9 million; about 3.4% of central government budget