Open main menu

MONACOEdit

World Factbook (1982) Monaco.jpg
(See reference map V)

LANDEdit

1.5 km2

Land boundaries: 3.7 km

WATEREdit

Limits of territorial waters (claimed): 12 nm

Coastline: 4.1 km

PEOPLEEdit

Population: 26,000 (July 1982), average annual growth rate 0.8%

Nationality: noun—Monacan(s) or Monegasque(s); adjective—Monacan or Monegasque

Ethnic divisions: Rhaetian stock

Religion: Roman Catholicism is official state religion

Language: French

Literacy: almost complete

GOVERNMENTEdit

Official name: Principality of Monaco

Type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Monaco

Political subdivisions: 4 sections

Legal system: based on French law; new constitution adopted 1962; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

National holiday: 19 November

Branches: National Council (18 members); Communal Council (15 members, headed by a mayor)

Government leader: Prince RAINIER III

Suffrage: universal

Elections: National Council every five years; most recent 1978

Political parties and leaders: National Democratic Entente, Democratic Union Movement, Monegasque Actionist (1973)

Voting strength: figures for 1978: National Democratic Entente, 18 seats

Member of: IAEA, IHO, IPU, ITU, UN (permanent observer), UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO

ECONOMYEdit

GNP: 55% tourism; 25%-30% industry (small and primarily tourist oriented); 10%-15% registration fees and sales of postage stamps; about 4% traceable to the Monte Carlo casino

Major industries: chemicals, food processing, precision instruments, glassmaking, printing

Electric power: 8,000 kW (standby) capacity (1981); 100 million kWh supplied by France (1981)

Trade: full customs integration with France, which collects and rebates Monacan trade duties

Monetary conversion rate: 1 franc=US$0.2216 (1978 average)

COMMUNICATIONSEdit

Railroads: 1.6 km of 1.435 m gauge

Highways: none; city streets

Ports: 1 minor

Civil air: no major transport aircraft

Airfields: none

Telecommunications: served by the French communications system; automatic telephone system with about 28,800 telephones (115.2 per 100 popl.); 2 AM, 4 FM, and 4 TV stations

DEFENSE FORCESEdit

France responsible for defense