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The Zoologist, 4th series, vol 3 (1899)

 

THE ZOOLOGIST:

 

A MONTHLY JOURNAL

OF

NATURAL HISTORY.

 

 

FOURTH SERIES.—VOL. III.

 

 

EDITED BY

W.L. DISTANT

 

LONDON:

WEST, NEWMAN, & CO., 54, HATTON GARDEN.
SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO., Ltd.


1899.

 
 

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PREFACE.

The completion of another volume of 'The Zoologist' shows no diminution in the ranks of students of our British Fauna. The numbers of our contributors are practically an exact equivalent of those who produced the previous volume. Some we shall not hear from again, and we cannot help recurring to the loss of our old and valued contributor—John Cordeaux.

The Mammalia have not been neglected, and many original facts and observations have been published during the present year. Mr. Oldham's description of "The Mode in which Bats secure their Prey" is of permanent value. We have been enabled to give a good figure of the "Sea-Elephant" (Macrorhinus elephantinus), while the description of the Trek-bokke (Gazella euchore) refers to an animal which, owing to the destructiveness of man, will never be seen in its vast herds again.

Ornithology is the strength of the volume. It is unnecessary to detail any particulars among the many observations which have made 'The Zoologist' for 1899, as in all previous volumes, a special storehouse for facts in avian bionomics. We cannot, however, ignore Mr. Edmund Selous' "Observational Diary of the Habits of Nightjars." This is a unique publication, which seems to alone recall Prof. Mills' method in his "Psychic Development of Young Animals," published originally in the 'Transactions' of the Royal Society of Canada. The many necessary discussions which have appeared in our "Notes and Queries" maybe instanced by that on the "Nesting Habits of the Moor-hen."

In Reptilia, Mr. G.T. Rope has given us the results of his observations on the Common Toad (Bufo vulgaris), and Mr. Monk has written an excellent account of the spawning of Bombinator pachypus after two years of captivity in England. We have also published many other interesting notes on the Order.

Pisces still claim more recognition in our pages. We have, however, been able to figure a great Eagle Ray (Dicerobatis sp.?), taken at Port Natal; while Mr. Patterson's notes from Great Yarmouth help to accentuate the dearth of news from other sea-ports.

In this volume more attention has been paid to the many interesting questions relative to the progress of organic evolution. Such titles as "Fecundity in each Avine Species, varying according to Accident of Locality"; "Varying Fecundity in Birds"; "The Coloration of British Birds and their Eggs"; "Mimicry," &c, tell their own tale, and prove that 'The Zoologist,' though conservative as to fact, cannot be pronounced as illiberal to theory.

We shall not write the centuries by the numerals "18" again; may the new figures bring prosperity to our Science and its votaries.

 

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Contents of Issues

Contents of The Zoologist, 4th series, vol. 3 (1899)
PAGE
 
Issue 691 (January, 1899)
H.S. Davenport Original Sketches of British Birds 1
Clarke, W.G. Early Man in Britain: Spurious Flint Implements 18
W. Storrs Fox Varying Fecundity in Birds 23
Notes and Queries 27
Notices of New Books 33
Editorial Gleanings 40
 
Issue 692 (February, 1899)
Oldham, Charles Whiskered Bat (Myotis mystacinus) in captivity 49
Salter, John Henry Ornithological Notes from Northern Norway 54
Graves, Frank Stanley &
Ralfe, Pilcher George
Notes on Shetland Birds 72
Notes and Queries 78
Notices of New Books 89
Editorial Gleanings 95
 
Issue 693 (March, 1899)
G.T. Rope Observations on the Common Toad (Bufo vulgaris) 97
Southwell, Thomas Notes on the Seal and Whale Fishery, 1898 103
Gurney Jr., John Henry Ornithological Record from Norfolk for 1898 113
Hartert, Ernst On the First Primary in Passerine Birds 129
Notes and Queries 131
Editorial Gleanings 144
 
Issue 694 (April, 1899)
Alfred D. Millar Zoological Notes from Natal (with Plate I) 145
Aplin, Oliver Vernon Notes on the Birds of Belgium 149
Basil Davies Fecundity in Each Avine Species, Varying According to Accidents of Locality 164
W. Storrs Fox The Coloration of British Birds and Their Eggs 168
Dr. E. Rey What is the Reason of the Great Variation in Cuckoos' Eggs 176
Notes and Queries 179
Notices of New Books 185
Editorial Gleanings 191
 
Issue 695 (May, 1899)
John Cordeaux Early Spring Migrations 193
H.S. Davenport Original Sketches of British Birds 198
S.C. Cronwright-Schreiner The Trek-bokke (Gazella euchore) of the Cape Colony 213
Notes and Queries 220
Notices of New Books 227
Editorial Gleanings 234
 
Issue 696 (June, 1899)
Count Ettore Arrigoni Degli Oddi The Nesting of the Black Kite (Milvus migrans) in the Territory of Verona 241
Hugh Mackay Ornithological Notes from Malta 254
Howard, H.E. Notes on Some Birds from North Worcestershire 259
Friend, Hilderic New British Annelids 262
Notes and Queries 266
Notices of New Books 276
Editorial Gleanings 280
 
Issue 697 (July, 1899)
Distant, W.L. Biological Suggestions. Mimicry (Part I) 289
Graham Renshaw Notes on the Zoological Collections of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Antwerp 316
Notes and Queries 320
Notices of New Books 327
Editorial Gleanings 332
 
Issue 698 (August, 1899)
P.L.S. The Late Sir William Henry Flower (with Plate II) 337
Distant, W.L. Biological Suggestions. Mimicry (Part II) 341
Robert Warren Ornithological Notes from North-western Ireland 364
Last C. Farman Notes from the Haddiscoe Marshes (Norfolk) 366
Notes and Queries 368
Notices of New Books 373
Editorial Gleanings 378
 
Issue 699 (September, 1899)
[Distant, W.L. (Ed.)] The "Sea-Elephant" (Macrorhinus elephantinus) (with Plate III) 385
Selous, Edmund An Observational Diary of the Habits of Nightjars (Caprimulgus europæus), Mostly of a Sitting Pair. Notes Taken at Time and on Spot. (part I) 388
C. Trollope The haunt of the Ring-Ouzel (Turdus torquatus) 403
David G. Stead A Ramble near Sydney 407
[Distant, W.L. (Ed.)] Obituary for John Cordeaux 415
Notes and Queries 417
Notices of New Books 423
Editorial Gleanings 429
 
Issue 700 (October, 1899)
Aplin, Oliver Vernon Notes on the Ornithology of Oxfordshire, 1896-1898 (to be continued in vol 4) 433
Distant, W.L. Biological Suggestions. Mimicry (Part III) 443
Charles Oldham The Mode in which Bats secure their Prey 471
Notes and Queries 475
Editorial Gleanings 478
 
Issue 701 (November, 1899)
Howard, H.E. Ornithological Notes from the North-West of Ireland 481
Selous, Edmund An Observational Diary of the Habits of Nightjars (Caprimulgus europæus), Mostly of a Sitting Pair. Notes Taken at Time and on Spot. (part II) 486
H.S. Davenport Original Sketches of British Birds 506
Ornithological Meeting at Serajevo, Bosnia 511
J.L. Monk On the Spawning of Bombinator pachypus after Two Years of Captivity in England 513
Notes and Queries 516
Notices of New Books 520
Editorial Gleanings 526
 
Issue 702 (December, 1899)
Distant, W.L. Biological Suggestions. Mimicry (Part IV) 529
Notes and Queries 554
Editorial Gleanings 559

 

CONTENTS.

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS.

 

Adams, Lionel E.
Grey Seal (Halichærus gryphus) at the Isle of Man, 131

Aplin, O.V., F.L.S., M.B.O.U.
Notes on the birds of Belgium, 149 Blackbird and ivy-seeds, 267 Black-breasted Partridges, 270; Cirl Bunting in Carnarvonshire, 322; Notes on the Ornithology of Oxfordshire (1896-98), 433

Archibald, Charles F.
Food of the Eel, 558

Arnold, E.C.
Icterine Warbler and Buff-breasted Sandpiper in Norfolk, 475

Austen, H.H. Godwin-, Lieut.-Col.
Observations on the habits of a Cuckoo during the breeding season, 135

Bankes, A.
Nesting habits of the Moor-hen, 82

Bartlett, Edward
How does the new-born Kangaroo get into the mother's pouch? 368

Baylis, E.
Avocet in Dorset, 32

Blagg, E.W.H.
Variation in Cuckoos' eggs, 223

Bradshaw, George W.
Notes from Reading (1898), 136

Brown, J. A. Harvie-
Songs of birds affected by weather, 225

Bucknill, John A.
Nesting of the Common Snipe (Gallinago cœlestis) near London, 225

Butler, A.G., Ph.D., F.L.S., F.Z.S.
A stray visitor to Kent, 221; Aviculture and its scientific status, 273; The colour of the iris in the Jay, 477; Chiffchaff building on the top of small yew and box trees, 517

Butler, E.A., Lieut.-Col.
Black-game in Suffolk, 557

Butterfield, E.P.
Hawfinches near Bradford, 321; Economy of the Cuckoo, 322; Arrival of spring migrants in Yorkshire, 323; Is the Whinchat a mimic? 369; Arrivals of Spotted Flycatcher and Nightjar, 369; The delinquencies of Starlings, 370; Abundance of the Song-Thrush near Bradford, 554

Butterfield, W. Ruskin
The Serotine (Vespertilio serotinus) near Hastings, 266

Carter, Thomas
Notes from Point Cloates, Northwest Australia (December, 1898), 139; Corrections to notes from North-west Australia, 371

Chamberlain, Walter
Longevity of the Red-headed Cardinal, 275

Charbonnier, H.J.
Some interesting variations in the plumage of certain birds, 138

Clarke, W.G.
Early Man in Britain—spurious flint implements, 18

Clarke, W.J.
Great Grey Shrike at Scarborough, 80; Late stay of Land-Rail, 81; Iceland Gull at Scarborough, 84; White Stoat, 131

Coburn, F.
Early appearance of Chiffchaff in Warwickshire, and late stay of Whitethroat, 132

Coombe, Percy E.
The Grey Seal on the coast of Sussex, 320

Corbin, G.B.
Nesting habits of the Moor-hen, 81; Variety of the Song-Thrush in the New Forest, 417; Swallows and Hobbies, 517

Cordeaux, John, F.R.G.S., M.B.O.U.
Early spring migrations, 193

Coward, T.A.
Leisler's Bat in Cheshire, 266; Birds of Cheshire, 518

Crawshay, William T.
White Wagtails in Co. Cork, 418

Davenport, H.S.
Original sketches of British birds, 1, 198, 506; Songs of birds affected by weather, 183

Davies, Basil
Fecundity in birds, 86; Fecundity in each avine species varying according to accidents of locality, 164

Delves, William
White eggs of Redbreast (Erithacus rubecula), 221

Distant, W.L.
Notes on gigantic specimens of the Eagle Ray or Devil-fish, 146; The Meer-Kat, 179; White eggs of Redbreast, 221; Cape Monitor, 226; Biological suggestions—Mimicry, 289, 341, 443, 529; "A proposed correction," 372; The "Sea-Elephant" (Macrorhinus elephantinus), 385; Memoir of John Cordeaux, 415; Cape Scops Owl (Scops capensis) in captivity, 420

Duthie, W.H.M.
Toad in nest of Titlark, 87

Elliott, J. Steele-
Great Grey Shrike in Warwickshire, 79; Early appearance of Chiffchaff in Warwickshire, 134; Common Crossbill in Worcestershire, 222

Farman, Last C.
Notes from the Haddiscoe Marshes (Norfolk), 366

Finn, F., B.A., F.Z.S.,Dep. Sup. Ind. Mus.
Swifts fighting, 418; Is the Whinchat a mimic? 475

Fitch, Edward A., F.L.S., F.E.S.
Gattoruginous Blenny in Essex, 326

Fowler, W. Warde, M.A.
Regularity of the Greenfinch in beginning his song, 135; Thrush's nest piled up with ivy-berries, 320; Songs of birds affected by temperature, 324; Swallows and Hobbies, 476

Fox, W. Storrs, M.A., F.Z.S.
Varying fecundity in birds, 23; Nesting habits of the Moor-hen, 31; The coloration of British birds and their eggs, 168; The delinquencies of Starlings, 268

Friend, Rev. Hilderic
New British Annelids, 262

Godfrey, Robert
Is the Whinchat a mimic? 267

Grabham, Oxley, M.A., M.B.O.U.
Food of Grebes, 32; Polecats in Wales, 79; White Stoat, 79; Some habits of Bats, 131; Albino Squirrel in Wiltshire, 132; Abnormal nesting-sites of the Willow Wren, 555

Graves, F.S.
Notes on Shetland birds, 72

Gurney, J.H., F.L.S., F.Z.S.
Ornithological record from Norfolk for 1898, 113

Haagner, Alwin C.
Habitat of the Thick-tailed Mungoose (Cynictis penicillata), 179; Note on the Cape Monitor (Varanus albigularis), 226, 421; Cape Scops Owl (Scops capensis) in captivity, 420; The Suricate in the Transvaal, 516

Haigh, G.H. Caton
Flamingo in Merionethshire, 29

Hartert, Ernst, Dir. Z. Mus. Tring
On the first primary in Passerine birds, 129

Headley, Alec Goldney
Scoters in South Hants (?), 30

Horsbrugh, Charles Bethune
Curious variety of the Green Woodpecker, 419; Great Wood-boring Wasp (Sirex gigas) in Ireland, 421

Howard, H.E.
Notes on some birds from North Worcestershire, 259; Ornithological notes from the northwest of Ireland, 481

Jones, K. Hurlstone, M.B., R.N., F.L.S.
The eggs and nest of the Moor-hen, 182; Albino of the Beaver, 267; Curlew (Numenius arquata) at sea, 419; Vanessa atalanta twenty miles from land, 422; The Storm Petrel (Procellaria pelagica) flying at light, 557

Jourdain, Francis C.R.
Breeding of the Tufted Duck in south-west Derbyshire, 476

Langdale, Rev. H. Marmaduke

Scoters in Hants and Isle of Wight, 80

Lewis, Stanley

Flock of Crossbills at Yeovil, Somerset, 27; Nesting habits of the Moorhen, 30; Male Blackbird storing seeds at nest, 181; Starlings nesting in fir trees, 370; Abnormal nesting place of Spotted Flycatcher, 556; The Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) nesting in trees, 557

Mackay, Sergeant Hugh

Ornithological notes from Malta, 254

Macpherson, Rev. H.A., M.A.

Blue-headed Wagtail in Cumberland, 267; Distribution of a private collection, 420; Hobby in Westmoreland, 556

Marsden, H.W.

White Stoat, 179; Destruction of Norfolk birds—a rejoinder, 183; Grey Phalarope in Co. Armagh, Ireland, 477

Martin, Basil W.

Nesting habits of the Moor-hen, 82

Meiklejohn, A.H.

Appearance of the Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopus major) in Yorkshire, 322

Millar, Alfred D.

Zoological notes from Natal, 145

Monk, J.L.

On the spawning of Bombinator pachypus after two years of captivity in England, 513

Monro, H.C.

The covering of eggs by nesting birds, 183

Nelson, T.H.

Large clutch of Wheatear's eggs, 321; Birds of Cheshire, 518

Newstead, Robert, F.E.S.

Crossbill in North Wales, 28

Noble, Heatly

"Chaffinch building on the top of small yew and box trees," 555

Oddi, Count Ettore Arrigoni degli

The nesting of the Black Kite (Milvus migrans) in the territory of Verona, 241

Oldham, Charles

Climbing powers of the Long-tailed Field Mouse, 27; Whiskered Bat (Myotis mystacinus) in captivity, 49; Pied Flycatcher in North Wales, 134; The mode in which Bats secure their prey, 471; Death of a Whiskered Bat by misadventure, 475; Birds of Cheshire, 518

Parana, Baron de

Zebra-horse hybrids, 180

Patterson, Arthur

Spoonbills near Great Yarmouth, 270; Notes from Great Yarmouth (Pisces), 272; Anchovy at Yarmouth, 558

Pentland, G.H.

Nesting of the Mistle-Thrush, 180; Blackbird's mimicking notes, 181; Crossbill in North Wales, 182; Little Tern (Sterna minuta) in Ireland, 182; Great Woodboring Wasp (Sirex gigas) in Ireland, 184

Popham, H. Leyborne

Colour of the bill of the Grey Lag-goose, 224; Pelamid in Cornwall, 421

Potter, E.G.

A habit of the Roseate Tern, 83

Price, David T.

Winter occurrence of Wheatear, 132

Ralfe, P.

Terns in the Isle of Man, 32; Notes on Shetland birds, 72

Ramsbotham, R.H.

Russian Partridges, 224

Renshaw, Graham

Nesting habits of the Moor-hen, 30; Cirl Bunting (Emberiza cirlus) in North Cheshire, 222; Notes on the zoological collections of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Antwerp, 318; Cirl Bunting probably often overlooked, 418

Rey, Dr. E.

What is the reason of the great variation in Cuckoos' eggs? 176

Ridsdale, E.L.J.

A proposed correction, 372

Riviere, Bernard B.

Fecundity in birds, 137

Rope, G.T.

Observations on the Common Toad (Bufo vulgaris), 97; Helix cartusiana in Suffolk, 143

Ross, Alexander

Strange nest of a South African Bush Shrike, 80

Roué, W. Barrett

How does the new-born Kangaroo get into the mother's pouch? 368

Russell, Harold

Birds in Kensington Gardens in 1897-8, 84

Salter, J.H., D.Sc.

Ornithological notes from Northern Norway, 54

Schreiner, S.C. Cronwright-

The Trek-Bokke (Gazella euchore) of the Cape Colony, 213

Selous, Edmund

An observational diary of the habits of Nightjars (Caprimulgus europæus), mostly of a sitting pair, notes taken at time and on spot, 388, 486

Service, Robert

An albino of the Beaver (Castor canadensis), 220

Slade, Frank

Green Woodpecker near London, 518

Small, L.

A monstrous Dinosaur, 87

Southwell, Thomas, F.Z.S.

Nesting of the Goshawk in Yorkshire, 28; Little Bustard and Great Shearwater at Lowestoft, 31; Notes on the Seal and Whale Fishery (1898), 103

Stead, David G.

A ramble near Sydney, 407

Swainson, Capt. E.A.

The Grasshopper Warbler in Breconshire, 221

Tanner, Charles H.J.

The Cape Monitor, 272

Terry, F.W.

A Viper feeding in confinement, 518; Viper killed by a Mouse, 519

Trollope, Miss C.

The haunt of the Ring Ouzel (Turdus torquatus), 403

Tuck, Rev. Julian G., M.A.

Cuckoos' eggs in nest of Red-backed Shrike, 223, 323; Seals in the Wash, 417; Demoiselle Crane on the Norfolk coast, 419

Ussher, R.J.

Green Woodpecker in Ireland—correction, 181

Ward, Rowland

Grey Plover in summer plumage in Yorks, 419

Warner, H.W.

The vertebrates of Berkshire, 143

Warren, Robert

Ornithological notes from Northwestern Ireland, 364

Westell, W. Percivall-

Scoters in Hants? 80

Whitaker, J.

Tree Creeper nesting in roof, 556; Notes from Rainworth, 557

Williams, George

Observations on the habits of a Cuckoo during breeding season, 135

Wilson, William

Heavy death-rate of Lapwings, 225; Abnormal occurrence of the Pied Wagtail (Motacilla lugubris) through the winter in Aberdeenshire, 268; Ornithological notes from Aberdeen, 271; Peculiar conduct of the Woodcock (Scolopax rusticula), 370; Aiding a young Cuckoo, 371; Sky-Lark singing in October, 517

Young, J.

Rooks in West-End of London, 370
 


 

New Species of British Animals described in this Volume.

 

Vermes.

Fridericia magna, Friend (Cumberland), p. 262.

Enchytræus pellucidus, Friend (Lancashire), p. 264.

 
 

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SUBJECTS.

 

Aberdeen, new Regius Prof, of Natural History, 236; ornithological notes from, 271

Abraxas grossulariata, 541

Accentor modularis, 61, 157, 161

Accipiter nisus, 460

Achetidæ, 301

Acipenser sturio, 317

Acipenseridæ, 347

Acrocephalus palustris?, 161; phragmites, 157; streperus, 155, 156; turdoides, 155, 161

Addax nasomaculatus, 318

Ægialitis hiaticula, 67, 74, 160

Ægotheles leucogaster, 140

African, South, beetles, 237; list of birds, 478; fauna, 478, 559

Ageronia, 532; feronica, 350

Agrotis ashworthii, 539; cursoria, 310

Ajuga chamæpitys, 446

Alauda arvensis, 73, 159, 163, 271, 517; cristata, 163

Albino Stoat, 79, 179; Squirrel, 132; Beaver, 220, 267; eggs of Redbreast, 221

Alca impennis, 382; torda, 68, 76

Alcedo ispida, 160

Alcidæ, 174, 175

Altai Mountains, Zoology and Botany of, 334

Amiidæ, 304

Amsterdam, zoological collections, 316

Anarrhichas lupus, 317

Anas boscas, 70, 73; intermedia, 128; punctata, 142; superciliosa, 139

Anchorella uncinata, 344

Anchovy at Great Yarmouth, 558

Animals, wild, our obligations to, 430

Annelids, new British, 262

Anser cinereus, 70, 224

Antelope protecting its young, 146

Anthropopithecus niger, 316

Anthus obscurus, 72; obscurus rupestris, 61; pratensis, 61, 72, 87; trivialis, 158, 162

Ants in Ceylon, 144

Antwerp zoological collection, 318

Apteryx mantelli, 317; oweni, 317

Araschnia, 460 m

Archæopteryx, 295, 297

Ardea cinerea, 247; garzetta, 171; goliath, 217; purpurea, 247

Ardeola ralloides, 247

Ardetta involucris, 542

Arsilonche venosa, 539

Asio accipitrinus, 73, 115; americanus, 544

Aspro vulgaris, 469

Astur palumbarius, 28

Athene noctua, 160

Auk, Great, sale of egg, 382

Australia, South, destruction of birds in, 46; North-West, corrections to notes from, 371

Australian Ornithology (1898), 383

Aviculture and its scientific status, 273

Avocet in Dorset, 32

 

Badgers and Foxes, 191

Bat, Leisler's, in Cheshire, 266; Serotine, near Hastings, 266; Whiskered, in captivity, 49,—death by misadventure, 475

Bats, some habits of, 131; the mode in which their prey is secured, 471

Beaver, albino, 220, 267

Bee-eater in Malta, 255, 257

Beetles, South African, 237

Belgium, notes on the birds of, 149

Bill of Grey Lag-Goose, colour of, 224

Biological scholasticism, 332; suggestions—mimicry, 289, 341, 446, 529

Bird-life, some peculiarities of the season in, 271

Bird, stray, in Kent, 221

Birds, British, original sketches of, 1, 198, 506; varying fecundity in, 23, 86, 137, 164; song, and storms, 43; destruction of, in S. Australia, 46, -in Norfolk, 83; of Shetland, notes on, 72; in Kensington Gardens, 84; and their eggs, coloration of, 108, 168; Passerine, on first primary in, 129; songs of, affected by weather, 135, 183, 225, 324; variations in plumage of certain, 138; of Belgium, notes on, 149; nesting, covering of eggs by, 183; of Cheshire, 518

Birds' Protection Society, 92, 192

Bittern, Common, in Malta, 255, 256

Blackbird, male, storing seeds at nest, 181; mimicking notes of, 181; in Malta, 257; and ivy-seeds, 267

Black-game in Suffolk, 557

Blattidæ, 301; regeneration of legs, 45

Blennius gattorugine, 273, 326

Blenny, Gattoruginous, at Great Yarmouth, 273; in Essex, 326

Bombinator igneus, 100; pachypus, 318,—spawning, after two years of captivity in England, 513

Books Noticed:—

Colour in Nature—a Study in Biology, by Marion J. Newbigin, 33
Flashlights on Nature, by Grant Allen, 35
Animals of To-day, their Life and Conversation, by C.J. Cornish, 36
Catalogue of the Syntomidæ in the Collections of the British Museum, by Sir G.F. Hampson, 37
The Last Link, by Ernst Haeckel and Hans Gadow, 89
Zoological Results based on Material from New Britain, New Guinea, Loyalty Islands, and elsewhere, collected by Arthur Willey, 90
Wild Life at Home: How to Study and Photograph it, by R. Kearton, 91
The Fishes of North and Middle America: a Descriptive Catalogue of the species of Fish-like Vertebrates found in the Waters of North America north of the Isthmus of Panama, by D.S. Jordan and B.W. Evermann, 93
Fossil Medusae, by Charles Doolittle Walcott, 93
Birds of the British Isles, drawn and described by John Duncan, 94
In the Australian Bush and on the Coast of the Coral Sea, being the Experiences and Observations of a Naturalist in Australia, New Guinea, and the Moluccas, by Richard Semon, 185
Cambridge Natural History: Birds, by A.H. Evans, 186; Insects, by David Sharp, 425
The Resources of the Sea, as shown in the Scientific Experiments to test the effect of Trawling and of the Closure of certain Areas of the Scottish Shores, by W.C. Mcintosh, 188
Des Hybrides à l'état sauvage—Règne Animal (Classe des Oiseaux), par André Suchetet, 189
A Dictionary of Bird Notes, to which is appended a Glossary of Popular, Local, and Old-fashioned Synonyms of British Birds, by Charles Louis Hett, 190
The Foundations of Zoology, by Wm. Keith Brooks, 227
The Penycuik Experiments, by J.C. Ewart, 229
Wild Animals I have Known, by Ernest Seton Thompson, 230
Report of Observations of Injurious Insects and Common Farm Pests during 1897 and 1898, by Eleanor A. Ormerod, 231
A Text-Book of Agricultural Zoology, by Fred F. Theobald, 232
The Geography of Mammals, by William Lutley Sclater and Philip Lutley Sclater, 276
Outlines of Vertebrate Palæontology for Students of Zoology, by Arthur Smith Woodward, 277
Report of U.S. Department of Agriculture (1898), 44; Year-Book (1898), 283
New Zealand Moths and Butterflies, by G.V. Hudson, 278
Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society, 286
Alfalfa, Grasshoppers, Bees—their relationships, by S.J. Hunter, 287
Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Zoology, 327
An Illustrated Manual of British Birds, by Howard Saunders, 328
Bird-life in a Southern County, being Eight Years' Gleanings among the Birds of Devonshire, by Charles Dixon, 329
Sport in East Central Africa, being an Account of Hunting Trips in Portuguese and other Districts of East Central Africa, by F. Vaughan Kirby, 330
Darwinism and Lamarckism, Old and New, by Frederick Wollaston Hutton, 373
Insects, their Structure and Life—a Primer of Entomology, by Geo. H. Carpenter, 374

The House Sparrow (the Avian Rat) in relation to Agriculture and Gardening, with Practical Suggestions for Lessening its Numbers, by W.B. Tegetmeier, 375
A List of British Birds belonging to the Humber District (having a special reference to their Migrations), by John Cordeaux, 375
Faune de France, contenant la description de toutes les espèces indigènes disposées en tableaux analytiques et illustrée de figures représentant les types caractéristiques des genres et des sous-genres, par A. Acloque, Préface de Ed. Perrier, 376
Cries and Call-Notes of Wild Birds, by C.A. Witchell, 376
All about Birds, by W. Percival-Westell, 377
The Fauna of Shropshire, by H. Edward Forrest, 423
The Birds of Breconshire, by E. Cambridge Phillips, 424
Lancashire Sea Fisheries, by Chas. L. Jackson, 426
A Handy Book of Fishery Management, by J.W. Willis Bund, 427
Bird-life in an Arctic Spring, 428
Naturæ Novitates, 479
A Dictionary of Birds, by Alfred Newton, assisted by Hans Gadow, with contributions from R. Lydekker, C.S. Roy, and R. W. Shufeldt, 520
Man, Past and Present, by A.H. Keane, 521
The Distribution of the Negritos in the Philippine Islands and Elsewhere, by A.B. Meyer, 523
The Natural History of Selborne, by Gilbert White, edited, with notes, by Grant Allen, 523
The North American Slime-Moulds, by Thomas H. Macbride, 524
Bird Stuffing and Mounting, 525

Bos americanus, 316, 318; bonassus, 316, 318; depressicornis, 316

Botaurus minutus, 542; stellaris, 542

Bot-Fly, damage caused by, 336

Brachioptilon hamiltoni, 146

Brachydices, 301

Brachypternus aurantius, 419

Bradyornis silens, 80

Breeding of Tufted Duck in South-west Derbyshire, 476

Bryozoa, 536

Bubalus pumilus, 318

Bufo calamita, 87, 318; vulgaris, 97, 98

Bunting, Cirl, in North Cheshire, 222; in Carnarvonshire, 322; probably often overlooked, 418

Bustard, Little, at Lowestoft, 31

Buteo lagopus, 557; vulgaris, 160, 241, 247, 250

 

Caccabis saxatilis, 177

Cacomantis pallidus, 141

Calidris arenaria, 140, 142

Caligus curtus, 344; mülleri, 344

Callista fastuosa, 325

Camelus bactrianus, 306

Campephaga leucomela, 140

Camponotus ebeninus (foveolatus), 452; lateralis, 452

Canchroma cochlearia, 317

Canis niger, 318; pallipes, 552; vulpes, 192

Caprellidæ, 290

Caprimulgus europæus, 369, 388, 406

Capsella bursa-pastoris, 348

Capsidæ, 357

Carabus stenocephalus, 310

Cardinal, Red-headed, longevity of, 275

Caspian and Baltic Seas, comparison of faunas, 528

Castor canadensis, 220, 267

Casuarius bennetti, 543

Catastomidæ, 304

Catharista atra, 317

Cats in London, 78

Cattle, White, their origin and history, 41; the Chartley, 333

Caulerpa, 464

Ceraloptera vampyrus, 146

Ceratobasis robertsii, 146

Ceratobatrachus guentheri, 542

Cercoleptes caudivolvulus, 448

Cercopithecus brazzæ, 318

Certhia familiaris, 157, 556

Cerura furcula, 538; venula, 468

Cervicapra arundinum, 146

Chaetophorus cretiferus, 538

Charadrius morinellus, 169; orientalis, 142; pluvialis, 66, 74

Chartley White Cattle, 333

Chelidon urbica, 158, 162

Chelys fimbriata, 450

Cheshire, birds of, 518

Chiffchaff, early appearance in Warwickshire, 132, 134; building on small yew and box trees, 517, 555

Chironomus, 352

Chlænopagurus andersoni, 526

Chœrocampa elpenor, 453; porcellus, 453

Choriotis australis, 140

Cicadidæ, 351

Circus æruginosus, 115, 250; cineraceus, 115; cyaneus, 250; jardinii, 141

Cirratulus, 462

Cirrepidesmus asiaticus, 142

Cladocora cæspitosa, 457, 458

Clangula glaucion, 73

Clavariæ, 463

Clupea sprattus, 238, 239

Coccyzus americanus, 178; erythrophthalmus, 178

Collection, private, distribution of a, 420

Collyriocincla rufiventris, 140

Colobus occidentalis, 449

Coloration of British birds and their eggs, 168

Columba livia, 74, 160; œnas, 160; palumbus, 86, 160, 163

Colymbus arcticus, 69; septentrionalis, 69, 77

Commensalism, Hermit-Crab and Sea-Anemone, 526

Congress, ornithological, in Bosnia, 431

Connochætes taurina, 316, 318

Coracias indica, 419

Cordeaux, John, memoir of, 415

Coregonus artedi, 304

Correction, a proposed, 372

Corvus australis, 408; corax, 64, 73, 247; cornix, 64, 73, 247; corone, 85, 159, 163; frugilegus, 85, 370; monecula, 85; monedula, 159, 163

Cotile riparia, 85, 158, 271

Cottus gobio, 352; scorpius var. grœnlandicus, 273

Coturnis communis, 160

County Records:

Berkshire—Notes, 136; Vertebrates, 133
Cheshire—Long-tailed Field Mouse, 27; Cirl Bunting, 222, 418; Leisler's Bat, 266; Whiskered Bat, 475; Birds of Cheshire, 518
Cornwall—Pelamid, 421
Cumberland—Blue-headed Wagtail, 267
Derbyshire—Moorhen, 31; Starlings, 268; Tufted Duck, 476
Dorsetshire—Avocet, 32
Essex— Gattoruginous Blenny, 326; Bombinator pachypus, 513
Gloucestershire—Wheatear, 132; plumage of certain birds, 138
Hampshire—Scoter, 30, 80; Moorhen, 81, 82; Song Thrush, 417; Swallows and Hobbies, 517
Herefordshire—Red-headed Cardinal, 275; Ring Ouzel, 403
Kent—A stray bird, 221; Superb Tanager, 325; Chiffchaff, 517
Lancashire—Long-tailed Field Mouse, 27; Moor-hen, 30, 31; Wheatear, 321
Leicestershire—Songs of birds, 183
Lincolnshire—Spring migrations, 193; Seals, 417
Middlesex—Cats in London, 78; birds in Kensington Gardens, 84; Grey Lag-Goose, 224; Rooks, 370; Green Woodpecker near London, 518
Norfolk—Ornithological record (1898), 113; destruction of birds, 114, 183; Spoonbill, 270; notes, 272, 366; Demoiselle Crane, 419; Icterine Warbler, 475; Buff-breasted Sandpiper, 475; Blennius gattorugine, 273; Anchovy at Yarmouth, 558
Nottinghamshire—Tree Creeper, 556; notes, 557
Oxfordshire—Greenfinch, 135; Black-breasted Partridges, 270; songs of birds, 324; ornithological notes, 431; Swallows and Hobbies, 476; Chiffchaff, 555
Somersetshire—Crossbill, 27; Moor-hen, 30, 557; Stoat, 179; Blackbird, 181; Starlings, 370; Green Woodpecker, 419; Spotted Flycatcher, 556
Suffolk—Little Bustard, 31; Great Shearwater, 31; Toad, 97; Helix cartusiana, 143; Cuckoo, 223, 323; Black-game, 557
Surrey—Cuckoo, 135; Common Snipe, 225; Viper feeding in confinement, 518,—killed by a Mouse, 519
Sussex—Redbreast, 221; Serotine Bat, 266; Grey Seal, 320
Warwickshire—Great Grey Shrike, 79; Chiffchaff, 132; Whitethroat, 132
Westmoreland—Hobby, 556
Wiltshire—Squirrel, 132
Worcestershire—Chiffchaff, 134 Common Crossbill, 222; notes 259

Yorkshire—Goshawk, 28; Grebes, 32; Bats, 52; White Stoats, 79, 131; Great Grey Shrike, 80; Land-Rail, 81; Roseate Tern, 83; Iceland Gull, 84, 131; Wheatear's eggs, 321; Hawfinches, 321; Great Spotted Woodpecker, 322; Spring migrants, 323; Whinchat, 369; Spotted Flycatcher, 369; Nightjar, 369; Starlings, 370; Grey Plover, 419; Song-Thrush, 554; Willow-Wren, 555

Crab, Edible, of Sydney, 432; Hermit, 526

Cracticus torquatus, 408

Crane in Malta, 255; Demoiselle, on Norfolk coast, 419

Cranes in Norfolk, 119

Crangon vulgaris, 468

Craterellus, 463

Creeper, Tree, nesting in roof, 556

Crex pratensis, 74, 81

Cricetus frumentarius, 306, 347

Crossbill in North Wales, 28, 182; in Worcestershire, 222

Crossbills, flock, at Yeovil, 27

Cuckoo, habits of, during breeding season, 135; eggs of, the variation in, 176, 223,—in nest of Red-backed Shrike, 223; in Malta, 255; economy of, 322; young, aiding a, 371

Cuculus canorus, 64, 135, 160, 171, 223, 255, 271, 322, 323, 371, 461

Culicidæ, 309, 478

Curlew at sea, 419

Cyanecula suecica, 57; wolfi, 57

Cyanops asiatica, 419

Cychrus cylindricollis, 310

Cygnus atratus, 410

Cymatophora duplaris, 539

Cynictis penicillata, 179; steedmannii, 358

Cypselus affinis, 418; apus, 86, 159, 163, 171, 370; melba, 353; pacificus, 140

 

Danais, 444

Dasypeltis scabra, 451

Dasypus villosus, 305

Daulias luscinia, 153, 161, 507

Dendrocopus minor, 64; major, 322

Dermestes, 309

Diary, observational, of habits of Nightjars, 388, 406

Dicerobatis giornæ, 146; sp.? (with Plate), 145

Didunculus strigerostris, 548

Dinosaur, a monstrous, 87

Dixa, 358

Dog and Fox hybrids, 240

Dove, Turtle, in Malta, 255, 257

Dresser, ornithological collection, sale of, 384

Duck, Tufted, breeding in South-west Derbyshire, 476

Ducks (Garganey, Pintail, Pochard, Scaup, Shoveller, Teal) in Malta, 254

Dytiscus, 541

 

Eagle, Golden, in North Scotland, 42

Echidna aculeata, 316

Eel, food of, 558

Egernia cunninghami, 412; whitei, 411

Egg of Great Auk, sale, 382

Eggs, curious deposit of, 148; of Cuckoo, variation in, 176, 223,—coloration, 168,—in nest of Red-backed Shrike, 223, 323; of Moorhen, 182; covering of by nesting birds, 183; white, of Redbreast, 221; of Wheatear, large clutch, 321

Elephant, Sea (with Plate), 386

Elephas africanus, 551; indicus, 551

Elophorus aquaticus, 538

Emberiza cirlus, 222, 322, 418; citrinella, 63, 159, 162, 223; miliaria, 73; schœniclus, 63, 159, 162, 233

Emblema picta, 140

Emyda sp., 431

Enchytræus argenteus, 265; humicultur, 262; pellucidus, 264

Engraulis encrasicholus, 557

Ephthianura aurifrons, 140; tricolor, 140

Equisetaceæ, 294

Equus burchelli, 317; zebra, 316, 318

Erigeron canadense, 348

Eriogaster lanestris, 538

Eristalis, 356

Erithacus rubecula, 58, 85, 153, 221, 271, 506

Eronia leda, 530

Estrelata cærulescens, 317

Euchloe cardamines, 530

Eudynamis mindanensis, 450

Eunomos erosaria, 445

Euphorbiaceæ, 464

Eupœcilia roseana, 531

Eurystomus pacificus, 143, 371

Exidia, 463

Falco æsalon, 64; barbarus, 246; projana, 241; subbuteo, 476, 517, 556; tinnunculus, 73

Faunas of Caspian and Baltic Seas, 528

Fecundity, varying, in birds, 23, 86, 137, 164

Felis guigna, 316

Fishery, Seal and Whale (1898), 103

Finches (Chaffinch, Goldfinch, Greenfinch, and Hawfinch) in Malta, 256

Fish, a probable species to be added to British lists, 429.

Fishes, seven senses of, 383

Flamingo in Merionethshire, 29

Flatinæ, 452

Flint implements, spurious, 18; arrow-heads figured, 20; axes figured, 21

Flower, Sir William Henry, memoir of (with portrait), 337

Flycatcher, Pied, in North Wales, 134; Spotted, time of arrival, 369, —abnormal nesting place, 556

Food of Grebes, 32

Forficula, 357

Forficulidæ, 301

Fox and Dog hybrids, 240

Foxes in Halifax, 144; and Badgers, 191

Francolinus levaillantii, 545; subtorquatus, 545

Fratercula arctica, 69, 76

Fredericia agricola, 264; magna, n. s., 262

Fregata minor, 139

Fringilla clebs, 85, 138, 158, 162; montifringilla, 62

Fulica atra, 547; australis, 142

Fuligula cristata, 136, 476; ferinoides (homeyeri), hybrid between F. nyroca and F. ferina, 128

Fulmarus glacialis, 77

 

Gadus morrhua, 272, 343

Gallinago cœlestis, 74, 225

Gallinula chloropus, 30, 31, 81, 86, 182

Garrulus glandarius, 159, 171

Gastrophilus equi, 357

Gastrosteus spina chia, 349

Gazella euchore, 213

Geaster, 463

Gecinus sp.?, 151, 159, 163; viridis, 181, 419, 518

Geese, Wild, in Malta, 258

Gehyra variegata, 411

Geoglossum, 463

Geoplana cærulea, 462; splendens 462

Georyssus areniferus, 538

Glycyphila albifrons, 140

Gobius capito probably to be found in British waters, 429

Goose, Grey Lag, colour of bill, 224

Goshawk nesting in Yorkshire, 28

Grebe, Sclavonian, in Oxfordshire, 441

Grebes, food of, 32; Blacknecked, Little, and Sclavonian, in Malta, 254, 256, 257

Greenfinch, regularity in beginning song, 135

Grus virgo, 419

Gryllidæ, 301

Guepinia, 463

Guinea-fowl, hybrid, 119

Gull, Iceland, at Scarborough, 84

Gymnodactylus platurus, 412

 

Habit, a, of Roseate Tern, 83

Habits, nesting, of Moor-hen, 30, 31, 81, 82; of Roseate Tern, 83; some, of Bats, 131; of Cuckoo during breeding season, 135; of Nightjars, 388, 486

Haddiscoe Marshes, Norfolk, notes from, 366

Hæmatopus ostralegus, 67, 74

Halcyon albiventris, 148

Haliaetus albicilla, 65; leucogaster, 412

Haliastur leucosternus, 142

Halichærus gryphus, 131, 320

Hare, Cape Jumping, anatomy of, 45

Harrier, Montagu's, in Malta, 257

Hawfinches near Bradford, 321

Hecteractitis brevipes, 371

Hedgehogs in Halifax, 144

Heliconiidæ, 444

Helix cartusiana and H. ericetorum in Sukolk, 143

Hemisaga prædatoria, 444

Herons (Common, Night, Purple, Squacco), in Malta, 254

Hevea braziliensis, 464

Hieracidea occidentalis, 142

Hieraëtus morphnoides, 139

Hippolyte fascigera, 535; (virbius) varians, 535

Hippotragus equinus, 318; niger, 318

Hirundo rustica, 72, 85, 158, 162, 271; urbica, 85

Hobby in Westmoreland, 556

Hybrids, Fox and Dog, 240

Hydrochelidon leucoptera?, 140

Hyla, 553

Hylerpeton, 301

Hylodes martinicensis, 361

Hylonomus, 301

Hypoderma bovis, 336

Hypolais icterina, 155, 161, 475

 

Ibis, Glossy, in Malta, 255; spinicollis, 317

Ictonyx zorilla, 449

Inachus scorpioides, 536

'International Review of Fisheries and Fish-culture,' 527

Ireland.—Mistle-Thrush, 180; Blackbird, 181; Green Woodpecker, 181; Little Tern, 182; Great Wood-boring Wasp, 184, 421; ornithological notes, 364, 481; White Wagtail, 418; Grey Phalarope, 477

Isle of Man, Terns in, 32; Grey Seal, 131

"Isle of Wight Parson," 80

Ispidina natalensis, 148

Iynx torquilla, 159

 

Jackdaw in Malta, 257

Jay, colour of the iris, 477

Juida ænea, 317

 

Kallima, 531, 532

Kangaroo, new-born, how does it get into the mother's pouch?, 368

Kensington Gardens, birds in (1897 98), 84

Kestrel in Malta, 256

Ketupa ceylonensis, 317

Kingfisher in Malta, 255, 257

Kite, Black, nesting in Verona, 241

Lacerta muralis, 150

Lagopus albus, 65; scoticus, 271

Lama guanacus, 469

Lamprococcyx basalis, 140

Lamprotornis aurita, 317; chalybea, 317

Lanius collurio, 158, 162, 176; excubitor, 79, 80, 255

Lapwing, heavy death-rate, 225; in Malta, 258

Lark, Short-toed, in Malta, 258; Sky, singing in October, 517

Larus argentatus, 67, 75; canus, 68, 75, 271; fuscus, 67, 75, 136; leucopterus, 84; marinus, 67, 75; nevæ-hollandiæ, 409; ridibundus, 75, 86

Lasiocampa quercifolia, 455

Latrunculus pellucidus, 349

Lepidodendra, 294

Leptalis, 445

Lernea branchialis, 344

Lerneonema monilaris, 239

Leto stacyi, 453

Lichnotentha picata, 140

Ligdus chelifer, 357

Light attractive to fishes, 191

Ligurinus chloris, 135, 158

Limenitis procris, 537

Limnius æneus, 538

Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri, 262

Limosa lapponica, 364; melanuroides, 140

Linnet in Malta, 256

Linota cannabina, 159; flavirostris, 62, 72, 272; linaria, 62

Lion, loss of life, in captivity, 47; African, feeding, in Chicago, 47

Locusta viridissima, 351

Locustella nævia, 541

Locustidæ, 301

Loligo vulgaris, 347

Lophophaps ferruginea, 141

Lophyrus pini, 348

Loxia curvirostra, 27, 28, 182, 222

Lusciniola schwarzi, 124

Lycaon pictus, 215, 449

Lycogala epidendron, 463

Lycopodiaceæ, 294

Lygæidæ, 357

Lygosoma tæniolatum, 411

 

Macacus cynomolgus, 303

Macgillivray, William, the late, proposed memorial to, 42

Machetes pugnax, 115, 171

Macropodus viridi-auratus, 318

Macrorhinus angustirostris, 387; elephantinus, 385; leoninus, 387

Maja verrucosa, 536

Malta, ornithological notes from, 254

Malurus elegans, 141; leucopterus, 141

Man, Early, in Britain, 18

Manta birostris, 146

Mantidæ, 290, 301

Mantis, 300

Marasmius, 463

Mareca penelope, 73

Matricaria chamomilla, 445

Melanitis ledea, 530

Melanoplus differentialis, 287

Meliornis novæ-hollandiæ, 413

Menagerie at Haggerston Castle, 333

Mergulus alba, 76

Mergus merganser, 71; serrator, 71

Merops ornatus, 371

Messmates, strange, 147

Mice of St. Kilda, 191

Microgaster, 454

Migrants in Aberdeen (1899), 271; spring, in Yorkshire, 323

Migrations, early spring, 193

Milport, Maine, Biological Station, 238

Milvus ictinus, 242, 244, 245, 246, 247; Korschun, 241; migrans, 241, 244, 247; milano, 241

Mimicry, 289, 341, 443, 529

Misocalius osculans, 140

Monitor, Cape, 226, 272; correction, 421

Montagu, Col. George, 378

Moor-hen, nesting habits, 30, 31, 81, 82, 557; eggs and nest of, 182

Mosquitoes, how to collect, 428

Motacilla alba, 61, 157, 162, 418; borealis, 61; flava, 157, 267; lugubris, 86, 268, 271; melanope, 162, 271; raii, 286

Mouse, Long-tailed Field, climbing powers of, 27

Müller, Johannes, monument to, zoological sketches of, 560

Mungoose, Thick-tailed, habits of, in South Africa, 179

Mus sylvaticus, 27

Muscicapa atricapilla, 60, 134; grisola, 60, 85, 162, 369, 556

Museum Reports, &c:—

Birmingham Nat. Hist. Collection, 236
Chicago Academy of Sciences, 382
Essex Local and Educational Mus. of Nat. Hist., 288
London School Board, 240
Robertson Museum, 238

Mussels of Mississippi River, 480

Mustela erminea, 79, 131, 179; putorius, 79; vison, 305

Mycteris longicarpus, 412

Mylodon, supposed existing, 380

Myotis daubentoni, 472; mystacinus, 49, 131, 471, 475

Myxicola, 457

Myxine, 350

Myzomela nigra, 141

 

Natal, zoological notes from (with Plate), 145

Nautilograpsus minutus, 536

Nemathelminthes, 348

Nephila, 414

Neptunus pelagicus, 432

Nest, strange, of South African Pied Bush Shrike, 80; of Titlark with Toad in, 87; of male Blackbird with stored seeds, 181; of Moor-hen, 182; of Red-backed Shrike with eggs of Cuckoo, 222, 323; of Thrush piled up with ivy-berries, 320

Nesting of Goshawk in Yorkshire, 28; habits of Moor-hen, 30, 31, 81, 82, 557; of Short-eared Owl, 121; of Mistle-Thrush, 180; birds, covering of eggs by, 183; of Common Snipe near London, 225; of Black Kite in Verona, 241; of Starlings in fir trees, 370; sites, abnormal, of Willow Wren, 555; of Tree Creeper in roof, 556; place, abnormal, of Spotted Flycatcher, 556

Nestor notabilis, 307

Nests of Short-eared Owl, 421

Niagara Falls, loss of avian life, 44

Nicotiana tabacum, 348

Nightjar in Malta, 256; time of arrival, 369; Red-necked, in Malta, 255

Nightjars, diary of habits, 388, 406

Nisus sphenurus, 351

Norfolk, ornithological record from (1898), 113; destruction of birds, 114, 183

Norway, Northern, ornithological notes from, 54

Numenius arquata, 65, 74, 271, 419; phæopus, 65, 74

Nycticorax ardeola, 247; caledonicus, 140

 

Obituary:—

Baur, Georg Hermann Carl Ludwig, 95
Bonheur, Rosa, 281
Büchner, Prof. Ludwig, 280
Cordeaux, John, 384, 415
Everett, Alfred Hart, 96
Flower, Sir William Henry, K.C.B., F.R.S., 337
Hewetson, Henry Hendelack, 280
McCoy, Prof. Sir F., 280
Marsh, Prof. O.C, 234
Nicholson, Prof. Alleyne, 95
Stark, A.C, Dr., 559
Stevens, Samuel, 479
Sykes, Christopher, 47
Whitehead, John, 382
Wolf, Joseph, 234

Ocypoda cordimana, 408

Oddi ornithological collection, 432

Œdemia nigra, 30, 80, 557

Œdicnemus crepitans, 545

Ophiderpeton, 301

Organic colour, origin of, 48

Orgyia antiqua, 455

Oriole, Golden, in Malta, 255, 256

Oriolus galbula, 158, 162, 171

Osteolepus, 802

Otaria gillespii, 552

Othonia gracilis, 536

Otis tetrax, 32,—figured, 120

Otocorys alpestris, 64

Ouzel, Ring, haunt of, 403

Ovis musimon, 549; tragelaphus, 549

Owl, Cape Scops, in captivity, 420; Short-eared, nesting of, 121

Owls (Barn, Long-eared, Scops, Shorteared) in Malta, 254

Oxfordshire, notes on the ornithology of, 433

 

Panurus biarmicus, 115

Papilio cenea, 530; lyæus, 458; machaon, 318

Paroaria cucullata, 275

Parra gallinacea, 467

Parrots, tax on exports from Loango, 287

Partridge, variety, 126

Partridges, black-breasted, 270; Russian, 224

Parus ater, 85, 157, 308; borealis, 60; cæruleus, 85, 157, 162, 313; major, 85, 157, 162, 308; palustris, 85, 157

Passer domesticus, 63, 72, 85, 158, 162; montanus, 158, 162; rufipectus, 422

Pastor roseus, 317

Pearl-button industry of Mississippi River, 480

Pedetes caffer, 45

Pelamid in Cornwall, 421

Pelamya sarda, 421

Penthina gentiana, 531

Perameles nasuta, 413; obesula, 413

Perdix cinerea, 160, 271; daurica, 270; montana, 126

Petasia casinea, 539

Petrels, Storm, in Malta, 255; flying at light, 557

Petrosea goodenovii, 141

Phalacrocorax carbo, 30, 70, 73, 183; graculus, 73, melanoleucus, 409; novæ-hollandiæ, 408

Phalarope, Grey, in Co. Armagh, 477

Phalaropus fulicarius, 477; hyperboreus, 66, 169

Pharnacea serratipes, 290

Phasianus colchicus, 139, 160

Phasma rossia, 290

Phasmidæ, 290-302, 455, 541

Pheropsophus, 468

Philanthus triangulum, 356

Phocœna, 409

Phoenicopterus roseus, 29

Phomacentridæ, 464

Photodilus badius, 317

Phrynosoma, 468

Phyciodes, 460

Phyllium crurifolium, 456

Phyllomorpha paradoxa, 451

Phyllopteryx sp., 540

Phylloscopus bonellii, 154; rufus, 133, 134, 154, 177, 517, 555; sibilatrix, 154; superciliosus, 221; trochilus, 60, 85, 154, 177, 555

Physaliæ, 409, 410

Pica rustica, 64, 159, 162

Picus major, 460

Pieridæ, 444, 445

Pieris brassicæ, 529, 530

Pigments, green, in invertebrates, 430

Pilobolus, 446

Pionus acciptrinus, 317

Pipistrellus noctula, 131, 473; pipistrellus, 473

Pisa armata, 536; tetradon, 536

Platalea leucorodia, 270

Platycercus semitorquatus, 141; zonarius, 371

Plecotus auritus, 471

Plectophanes nivalis, 63

Plotus levaillanti, 461

Plover, Grey, in summer plumage in Yorks, 419

Plovers (Golden and Grey) in Malta, 255

Plumage of certain birds, variations in, 138

Pochard, Paget's, hybrid, 128

Podiceps auritus, 32

Pœcilogale albinucha, 449

Point Cloates, North-west Australia, notes from, 139

Polecats in Wales, 79; in Halifax, 144

Poliaetus leucogaster, 142

Poymitarcys virgo, 348

Polyporus betulinus, 459; fomentarius, 459

Pond-life, microscopical, 281

Porpoise at London Bridge, 96

Pratincola rubetra, 152, 161, 203, 267, 369, 475; rubecula, 133; rubicola, 152, 161, 208

Pratincole in Malta, 255

Primary, first, in passerine birds, 129

Procellaria pelagica, 77, 557

Prolochus longiceps, 357

Prosthemadera novae-zealandiæ, 317

Protophasmidæ, 293

Psalidoprocne holomelæna, 147

Psittacula galgula, 317

Puffinus anglorum, 77; major, 31

Pyrrhula europæa, 139, 159; major, 61

Python sebæ, 519

 

Quail in Malta, 255, 256

Querquedula circia, 115, 136; crecca, 73

 

Rail, Land, late stay, 81

Rainworth, notes from, 557

Rana esculenta, 150, 156, 318; opisthodon, 361; temporaria, 97, 98

Ray, Eagle, or Devil-fish, a monstrous (with Plate), 145

Razorbill in Malta, 255

Reading, notes from (1898), 136

Recurvirostra avocetta, 32

Redbreast, white eggs of, 221; in Malta, 256

Redshank in Malta, 258

Redstart, Black, in Malta, 255, 257; Common, in Malta, 255

Regulus cristatus, 154; ignicapillus, 154

Rhinoceros bicornis, 469; simus, 469; sumatrensis, 318; unicornis, 470

Rhinolophus hipposiderus, 474

Rhomalea speciosa, 452

Rhombus lævis, 273; maximus, 273

Ricinus, 464

Rissa tridactyla, 76, 343

Rook, singular, 118

Rooks for South Africa, 335; in the West-End of London, 370

Rotterdam zoological collection, 318

Ruticilla phœnicurus, 58, 170, 210; titys, 151, 152, 161

 

Sabella, 462

Salamandra maculata, 308; maculosa, 318

Salmon in the Tweed and Teviot, 46; Severn, 284; Welsh, 285

Salmonidæ, 304

Salticoidæ, 357

Salvelinus, 304

Sandpiper, Buff-breasted, in Norfolk, 475; Common, in Malta, 258

Saunders, John, testimonial to, 559

Saxicola œnanthe, 58, 72, 132, 152, 170, 200, 321

Scale-insects, 383

'Science Gossip,' 47

Sciurus vulgaris, 132

Scolopax rusticula, 370

Scops capensis, 420

Scoters in South Hants? and Isle of Wight, 30, 80

Scotland.—Lapwings, 225; Songs of birds affected by weather, 225; Whinchat, 267; Pied Wagtail in Aberdeenshire, 268; ornithological notes, 271; Woodcock, 370; Cuckoo, 371; Skylark, 517

Seal and Whale Fishery (1898), 103

Seal, Grey, at Isle of Man, 131; on Sussex coast, 320

Seals, destruction of, 192; in the Wash, 417

Serajevo, Bosnia, ornithological meeting at, 511

Serpentarius secretarius, 460

Sesia bombyliformis, 454; fuciformis, 454

Shag or Green Cormorant in Malta, 257

Shearwater, Great, at Lowestoft, 31

Sheldrake, Ruddy, in Malta, 258

Shetland birds, notes on, 72

Shrike, Great Grey, in Warwickshire, 79,—at Scarborough, 80,—in Malta, 255; South African Bush, strange nest of, 80

Silurus glarus, 317

Sirex gigas, 184, 421

Siskin in Malta, 256

Sisymbrium sophia, 348

Sketches, original, of British birds, 1, 198, 506

Skylark in Malta, 256; singing in October, 517

Snipe, Common, nesting near London, 225; Great, in Malta, 258

Societies.—Royal Microscopical, 281; Zoological, Report (1898), 282,—new President, 382

Sokotra, Island of, Scientific Expedition to, 560

Somateria mollissima, 70, 73

Solea lascaris, 273

Songs of birds affected by weather, 135, 183, 225, 324

Sphongophorus, 452

Spiders, British and Irish, 281

Spiloglaux boobook, 141

Spoonbill near Great Yarmouth, 270

Spreo bicolor, 307

Spirobis, 535

Squatarola helvetica, 142, 419

Squilla mantis, 290

Squirrel, albino, in Wiltshire, 132

Starling in Malta, 255; variety, 255

Starlings, delinquencies of, 268, 370; nesting in fir trees, 370

Stenorrhynchus longirostris, 536

Stercorarius catarrhactes, 76; crepidatus, 68, 76

Sterna arctica, 32; dougallii, 83; macrura, 67, 74; minuta, 32, 182

Stipiturus malachurus, 140; rufipes, 371

Stoat, white, 79, 131, 179

Stonechat in Malta, 257

Storms and song-birds, 43

Stray bird in Kent, 221

Strigops habrobtilus, 307

Strix delicatulus, 141

Stromatopoda, 290

Sturnus unicolor, 256; vulgaris, 64, 73, 85, 159, 162, 268, 370

Sula bassana, 73

Suricata tetradactyla, 516

Suricate in the Transvaal, 516

Swallows and Hobbies, 476, 517

Swan, Whooper, in Malta, 255

Swifts fighting, 418

Sydney, a ramble near, 407

Sylvia atricapilla, 60, 154, 161; cinerea, 72, 132, 154, 161, 508; hortensis, 154, 161; locustella, 221

Syrnium aluco, 86, 160

 

Tabanidæ, 309

Tachonidæ, 454

Tait, Lawson, and animal life, 336

Tanganyika, Lake, fauna of, 42

Tanager, Superb, on sexual differences in, 325

Tapirus indicus, 818

"Taxidermist," derivation? 96

Taxus baccata, 310

Tern, Little, in Ireland, 182; Roseate, habit of, 83

Terns in Isle of Man, 32

Tetrao tetrix, 557

Thomisus, 533; onustus, 538

Thrush in Malta, 257; nest of, piled up with ivy berries, 320; Mistle, nesting of, 180; Song, variety, 417,—abundance near Bradford, 554

Titanophasma fayoli, 292, 293

Toad in nest of Titlark, 87; Common, observations on, 97

Todirhamphus pyrrhopygius, 141; sanctus, 139

Totanus calidris, 65; hypoleucus, 66, 74

Trachypetes aquila, 308

Trek-Bokke of Cape Colony, 213

Tremella, 463

Tremellodon gelatinosum, 463

Tres Marias Islands, Nat. Hist., 286

Trichogaster fasciatus, 318

Tringa alpina, 66, 74, 271; striata, 66; temmincki, 66

Triton alpestris, 318; taeniatus, 318

Troglodytes parvulus, 72, 85, 157, 162

Tryngites rufescens, 475

Tuberculosis among animals in Zoological Society's Gardens, 336

Tubifex rivulorum, 852

Turdus iliacus, 7, 58; merula, 13, 85, 152, 161, 181, 267; musicus, 85, 151, 320, 417, 554; pilaris, 58, 557; torquatus, 59, 198, 271, 403; viscivorus, 1, 180

Turnix velox, 140

Turnstones in Malta, 255

Turtle in dry mud, 431

Turtur communis, 160, 163

Typhlopsylla hexactenus, 58

 

Uria grylle, 68, 76; troile, 76

Ursus torquatus, 316

Utriculariæ, 456

Vanellus cristatus, 74; vulgaris, 225, 271

Vanessa atalanta twenty miles from land, 422

Varanus albigularis, 226, 272, 421; niloticus, 226, 272, 421

Variety of Stoat, 89, 131, 179; Rook, 118; Partridge, 126; Squirrel, 132; Helix ericetorum, 143; Beaver, 220; Starling, 256; Song-Thrush, 417; Green Woodpecker, 419

Vertebrates of Berkshire, 143

Vespertilio serotinus, 131, 266

Vesperugo leisleri, 266

Viper feeding in confinement, 518; killed by a mouse, 519

Vipera verus, 518

 

Wagtail, Blue-headed, in Cumberland, 267; Pied, abnormal occurrence, 268; White, in Co. Cork, 418 Wagtails (Blue-headed, Grey, and White) in Malta, 255, 256

Wales.—Crossbill, 28, 182; Flamingo, 29; Polecat, 79; Pied Flycatcher, 134; Grasshopper Warbler, 221; Cirl Bunting, 322

Walton's 'Compleat Angler,' sale of first editions, 48

Warbler, Grasshopper, in Breconshire, 221; Icterine, in Norfolk, 475

Wasp, Great Wood-boring, in Ireland, 184, 421

Weldon, W.F.R., new Linacre Prof, at Oxford, 144

Whale run down by steamer, 287

Whalebone, nomenclature of, 40

Whale and Seal Fishery (1898), 103

Wheatear, winter occurrence of, 132; eggs, large clutch, 321

Whinchat, is it a mimic?, 267, 369

Whitethroat, late stay, in Warwickshire, 132; in Malta, 258

Woodcock, peculiar conduct of, 370

Woodpecker, Green, in Ireland, 181,—variety, 419,—near London, 518; Great Spotted, in Yorkshire, 322

Worcestershire, North, notes on some birds from, 259

Wren, Willow, abnormal nesting, 555

 

Xantholæma hæmatocephala, 419

 

Yarmouth, Great, Sprat banquet, 238; notes from, 278; Anchovy, 558

 

Zebra-Horse hybrids, 180

Zoarces viviparus, 317

Zoological collections of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Antwerp, 316

'Zoological Record' for 1897, 40

Zoology for pharmacists, 288

Zosterops. 414; luteus, 140

 

ILLUSTRATIONS.

 
PAGE
Plate I. Eagle Ray (Dicerobatis sp.)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
to face 145
II. Sir William Henry Flower, K.C.B., F.R.S
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
337
III. The "Sea Elephant" (Macrorhinus elephantinus)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
385
Spurious Flint Arrow-heads
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
20
Axes
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
21
Little Bustard (Otis tetrax, Linn.)
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120
 

image of cormorants on a rock in the sea