Translation:Mishnah/Seder Zeraim/Tractate Peah/Chapter 5
- A stack of grain from which everything underneath it that touched the ground was not collected,
- Indeed, this is for the poor.
- If wind scatters the sheaves,
- He sees how much there was to collect and gives to the poor appropriately.
- Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel says, “Give to the poor the amount that (normally) falls.”
- If, during harvesting, a grain’s ear touches the standing crop,
- If it can be harvested with the standing crop,
- Indeed, it belongs to the master of the house.
- And if not, indeed, it belongs to the poor.
- If a grain’s ear is intermixed in the stack,
- It must be tithed and one shall be given to the poor.
- R’ Eliezer said, “And how does this poor person exchange this thing that did not come to be permitted to him?
- Rather, grant him the entire stack and tithe one ear to be given to him."
- There may be no irrigating wheel;
- These are the words of R’ Meir.
- And the Sages say,
- “It is permitted from that which is possible.”
- If the master of the house was passing from one place to another place,
- And if he needs to take the gleanings, the forgotten sheaves,
- The corner, and the tithes of the poor, he may take,
- And when he returns to his house, he pays for them;
- These are the words of R’ Eliezer.
- And the Sages say, “He was poor in his time (of need).”
- If he exchanges with the poor, on his, he is exempt, and on the poor person's item, he is obligated.
- If two received a field to farm together, this one gives a tithe of his portion to the poor,
- And that one gives a tithe of his portion to the poor.
- If the receiver of the field harvests it,
- The gleanings, the forgotten sheaves, and the poor tithe are forbidden to him.
- R’ Yehuda said, “When?
- In the time that he receives from it a half, a third, or a fourth.
- But if he said to him, you may harvest a third for yourself,
- He is permitted to the gleanings, the forgotten sheaves, and the corner,
- And forbidden to the tithe of the poor.”
- If he sells his field, the seller is permitted, and the buyer is not.
- He may not hire a man to work on his portion to have his son collect after him.
- One who does not allow the poor to glean, or he allows one, and not another, or he helps one,
- Indeed, he openly steals from the poor, as it is said,
- “Do not withdraw the eternal boarder.” (Proverbs 22:28)
- If the sheaves are forgotten by workers,
- And the master of the house did not forget it,
- Or the master of the house forgot and the workers did not forget it,
- Or if the poor stood before him, or if the straw was covered,
- Indeed, this is not forgotten.
- One who covers sheaves for a temporary pile, these cannot be forgotten,
- But if they are taken from there to the granary, they can be forgotten.
- If the sheaves are in a stack, they can be forgotten.
- If these are taken to the granary, they cannot be forgotten.
- This is the general rule:
- Anytime the sheaves are in a place that work is completed with them,
- They can be forgotten,
- But if they are taken to the granary, they cannot be forgotten.
- If it is a place where the work is not completed, they cannot be forgotten,
- If they are taken to the granary, they can be forgotten.