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WADE, JOHN (1788–1875), author, born in 1788, was an industrious writer connected with the press throughout his career. He contributed to many periodicals, and was an esteemed leader-writer on the ‘Spectator’ when that paper was under Robert Stephen Rintoul's editorship between 1828 and 1858.

As an author his greatest success was ‘The Black Book, or Corruption Unmasked! Being an Account of Persons, Places, and Sinecures,’ 1820–3, 2 vols. Published by Effingham Wilson, and brought out when the reform excitement was commencing, it produced a considerable sensation, and fifty thousand copies were sold. With some alterations in the title, it was reproduced in 1831, 1832, and 1835. In 1826 he wrote for Longmans ‘The Cabinet Lawyer: a Popular Digest of the Laws of England,’ the twenty-fifth edition of which appeared in 1829. Another popular work was ‘British History, chronologically arranged,’ 1839; supplement 1841; 3rd edit. 1844; 5th edit. 1847. Effingham Wilson paid Wade so much a week for years while he was compiling the ‘British History,’ and supplied him with all the necessary works of reference (Athenæum, 1875, ii. 576). Wade also edited an annotated ‘Junius, including Letters by the same Writer under other signatures,’ (1850, in Bohn's ‘Standard Library,’ 2 vols.). Here he was out of his depth, and the imperfections of his edition, and especially of his introduction, were pointed out by Charles W. Dilke in the ‘Athenæum’ of 2 Feb. et seq. (reprinted in Dilke's ‘Papers of a Critic,’ 1875, ii. 47–124). Literature he did not find a profitable employment, and his main dependence in his later years was a civil-list pension of 50l., granted to him on 19 June 1862 by Lord Palmerston, chiefly on the representations of Effingham Wilson. He was a vice-president of the historical section of the Institution d'Afrique of Paris.

He died at Chelsea on 29 Sept. 1875, and was buried in Kensal Green cemetery on 2 Oct. Besides the works already mentioned he wrote:

  1. ‘Digest of Facts and Principles on Banking,’ 1826.
  2. ‘An Account of Public Charities in England and Wales,’ 1828.
  3. ‘Annual Abstract of New Acts and Law Cases,’ 1828.
  4. ‘A Treatise on the Police and the Crimes of the Metropolis,’ 1829.
  5. ‘History of the Middle and Working Classes. Also an Appendix of Prices,’ 1833; 3rd edit. 1835.
  6. ‘Glances at the Times and Reform Government,’ 1840; five editions.
  7. ‘Unreformed Abuses in Church and State,’ 1849.
  8. ‘England's Greatness, its Rise and Progress from the earliest period to the Peace of Paris,’ 1856.
  9. ‘Women, Past and Present, exhibiting their Social Vicissitudes, Single and Matrimonial Relations, Rights, Privileges, and Wrongs,’ 1859.
  10. ‘The Cabinet Gazetteer: a Popular Exposition of the Countries of the World,’ 1853.

[J. C. Francis's John Francis, Publisher, 1888, ii. 354; Times, 28 Oct. 1875; Athenæum, 1875, ii. 544; Notes and Queries, 8th ser. viii. 106.]

G. C. B.