Wikisource:WikiProject Open Access/Programmatic import from PubMed Central/The type material of Mantodea (praying mantises) deposited in the National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution USA

The type material of Mantodea (praying mantises) deposited in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, USA by Gavin J. Svenson
ZooKeys , iss. , pp.31-75

AbstractEdit

AbstractThe collection of Mantodea of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, includes 26 holotypes, 7 allotypes, 4 lectotypes, 23 paratypes, and 1 paralectotype. Four type specimens were designated as lectotypes within this work. Highly accurate measurement data, high resolution images of specimens and labels, verbatim label data, georeferenced coordinates, original and newly assigned database codes, and bibliographic data are presented for all primary types. Label data for all paratype specimens in the collection are provide in tabular form. The location of the USNM collection has been moved to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History as a loan under the Off-site Enhancement Program.

IntroductionEdit

The collection of Mantodea of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, includes 26 holotypes, 7 allotypes, 4 lectotypes, 23 paratypes, and 1 paralectotype. The primary type material is mostly from the Afrotropical or Indomalayan regions (62%) while the remaining species are Neotropical. The paratypes largely stem from the revision of Liturgusa, which is a Neotropical group ([1]).

The four species with types considered as syntype material based on the original description were investigated with a literature search. It was found that they lacked a designated holotype or an indication of a sole name-bearing specimen, but rather a group of types, cotypes, or syntypes (see Article 73.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, 4th Edition [the Code]). In addition, there was no record of a lectotype designation previous to the current work. Consequently, under Article 74.1 of the Code, lectotypes were designated for Galapagia solitaria Scudder, 1893, Popa batesi Saussure & Zehntner, 1895, Stagmomantis hoorie Caudell, 1910, and Vates annectens Rehn, 1900, from syntypes held within the collection of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution to increase taxonomic stability and reduce confusion by creating sole name-bearing specimens for the species above.

In 2012, the collection of Mantodea of the National Museum of Natural History was relocated from Washington, D.C. to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History in Cleveland, Ohio. The collection and the type material are on loan to GJ Svenson under the Off-site Enhancement Program. Svenson oversees curation of the collection and the management of loans related to the collection. All inquiries, loan requests, and visits should be directed to GJ Svenson at the above listed email address.

This paper aims to provide label data, images, georeferenced coordinates, measurements, and references for type material. In addition, this paper aims to resolve confusion regarding the repository of many of these types, which have been incorrectly listed in previous works (see below) as being located in the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, and the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität, Berlin.

MethodsEdit

Specimen data: A bibliography for each type was compiled to track use of the species binomen in the taxonomic literature since the original description. The type classification or designation of lectotype is presented followed by all label data directly transcribed using “–” to indicate a line break within a label and “/” to indicate a label break between labels. Codes from the USNM (National Museum of Natural History) were assigned to most of the type material and placed on the specimens, but in some cases these codes are incongruent with those presented in the original descriptions. A possible explanation may be that the codes in the original descriptions were not placed on the specimens. Subsequently, an effort to assign specimen codes across the collection or type collection resulted in the incongruities. Currently, all specimens at the USNM are being labeled with scannable collection codes for databasing, which are reported here as an eight digit numerical code following USNM ENT (National Museum of Natural History, Department of Entomology).

Georeferencing: All locality data for type specimens was collected from the primary literature as well as directly transcribed off the labels attached to the specimen. A table is included that contains the type designation, the specimen sex, revised location data that may include additional details not include on the labels sourced from the literature, and georeferenced GPS coordinates in decimal degrees.

Measurements: Each type specimen was measured using a Leica M165C stereo-microscope and an IC80 HD coaxial video camera using the live measurements module of the Leica Application Suite (LAS v4.2). Measurements captured in this study are extremely precise using this digital system, which provides a high level of accuracy to users wishing to compare types with other specimens in their study. All measurements presented in this study are in millimeters. A total of 23 measurement classes were captured and defined as:# Body length = length of body from central ocelli to posterior tip of wing or abdomen (intraspecifically variable measurement, primarily for general size estimation).# Forewing length = from proximal margin of axillary sclerites to distal tip of the discoidal region.# Hindwing length = from proximal margin of axillary sclerites to distal tip of the discoidal region.# Pronotum length = from anterior margin to posterior margin.# Prozone length = anterior margin of pronotum to center of supra-coxal sulcus.# Pronotum width = from lateral margins at the widest point including any lamellar expansions, the supra-coxal bulge.# Pronotum narrow width = from lateral margins of the pronotum at narrowest region of metazone.# Head width = from lateral margins of the eyes at widest point.# Head vertex to clypeus = from the vertex of the head at center to the lower margin of the frons and upper margin of clypeus.# Frons width = from lateral margins of frons, inferior to the antennal insertions, at the widest point.# Frons height = from upper margin abutting central ocellus to lower margin abutting clypeus.# Prothoracic femur length = from proximal margin abutting trochanter to distal margin of genicular lobe.# Mesothoracic femur length = from most proximal margin abutting trochanter to the distal side of the terminal spine insertion site.# Mesothoracic tibia length = from most proximal groove near joint with the femur to the distal side of the terminal spine insertion site.# Mesothoracic tarsus length = from proximal joint to the apex of the ungues curve.# Metathoracic femur length = from most proximal margin abutting trochanter to the distal side of the terminal spine insertion site.# Metathoracic tibia length = from most proximal groove near joint with the femur to the distal side of the terminal spine insertion site.# Metathoracic tarsus length = from proximal joint to the apex of the ungues curve.# Discoidal femoral spine count = all centrally position spines between anteroventral and posteroventral femoral spines (Right/Left).# Anteroventral femoral spine count = all inner marginal ridge spines and two proximal near marginal spines, but excluding the genicular spine (Right/Left).# Posteroventral femoral spine count = all outer marginal ridge spines, but excluding the genicular spine (Right/Left).# Anteroventral tibial spine count = all inner marginal ridge spines, but excluding the distal terminal spur (Right/Left).# Posteroventral tibial spine count = all outer marginal ridge spines, but excluding the distal terminal spur (Right/Left).

Imaging: High resolution images of type specimens were captured using a Passport Storm© system (Visionary Digital™, 2012), which includes a Stackshot z-stepper, a Canon 5D SLR, macro lenses (50mm, 100mm, and MP-E 65mm), three Speedlight 580EX II flash units, and an associated computer running Canon utility and Adobe Lightroom 3.6 software. The z-stepper was controlled through Zerene Stacker 1.04 and images were processed using the P-Max protocol. All images were captured over an 18% grey card background for white balance standards. Images were processed in Adobe Photoshop CS6 Extended to adjust levels, contrast, exposure, sharpness, and add scale bars (10 mm). Minor adjustments were made using the stamp tool to correct background aberrations and to remove distracting debris. Plates were constructed using Adobe Illustrator CS6. Dorsal, ventral and sometimes lateral habitus images were captured depending on specimen mount position and visibility of important features. Images of all labels were captured as well as slide mounted genitalia when available.

Additionally, images were batch processed with Bigshot 2.0 (https://code.google.com/p/bigshot/) to create zoomable image pyramids in HTML5 for deposition on the Project Mantodea server for public access through the project website (found at: http://specimens.mantodearesearch.com under Type specimens).

Museum codes are as followsEdit

ANSP Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

BPBM Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawai’i, USA

CAS California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA, USA

MCZ Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

USNM National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA

ZMHB Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany

Type materialEdit

AcromantispalauanaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaHymenopodidae

Beier, 1972# Acromantis palauana : [2]: 174–175; [3]: 53 [Holotype and Allotype listed as deposited in BPBM]; [4]: 69.

Types.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 1A–C; USNM ENT 00873993). Allotype Female (Fig. 1D–F; USNM ENT 00873992).

 
Acromantis palauana Beier, 1972 (scale bars = 1 cm). Holotype male (USNM ENT 00873993): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Allotype female (USNM ENT 00873992): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

Koro I. – Palau Islands – 10 Feb. 1948 / Pacific Sci.Board – Ent. Surv. of – Micronesia – H.S.Dybas leg. / Chic. / Holotype / Acromantis – palauana n.sp. – det. Beier / Type No 69422 USNM.

Allotype labels.Edit

Palau Group – Koror NEcor – VII-22-46 – Townes 1260 / USNM / Allotype.

HolotypeMalePalau Islands, Koror10 Feb 19487.341023, 134.478913
AllotypeFemalePalau Islands, Koror22 Jul 19467.341023, 134.478913

Measurements.Edit

Holotype male. Body length 23.05; forewing length 15.85; pronotum length 6.05; prozone length 1.80; pronotum width 1.87; pronotum narrow width 1.11; head width 3.83; head vertex to clypeus 1.39; frons width 1.34; frons height 0.42; prothoracic femur length 5.35; mesothoracic femur length 4.22; mesothoracic tibia length 3.25; mesothoracic tarsus length 2.71; metathoracic femur length 4.57; metathoracic tibia length 4.75; metathoracic tarsus length 3.33; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R13/L13; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R12/L13; posteroventral tibial spine count R12/L11.

Allotype female. Body length 24.81; forewing length 14.56; hindwing length 12.46; pronotum length 7.67; prozone length 2.30; pronotum width 2.34; pronotum narrow width 1.41; head width 4.50; head vertex to clypeus 1.79; frons width 1.62; frons height 0.64; prothoracic femur length 6.94; mesothoracic femur length 4.82; mesothoracic tibia length 3.66; mesothoracic tarsus length 2.69; metathoracic femur length 4.14; metathoracic tibia length 5.87; metathoracic tarsus length 3.73; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R13/L13; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R12/L12; posteroventral tibial spine count R11/L11.

AmelesmalaccanaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Rehn, 1903# Ameles malaccana : [5]: 703–704.# Bimantis malaccana : [6]: 157; [7]: 177; [8]: 30; [3]: 77 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 147.

Type.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 2A; USNM ENT 00873051). The female specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [5] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing female specimen is the holotype.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Ameles malaccana Rehn, 1903 holotype female (USNM ENT 00873051): A dorsal habitus and labels in Riker mount. Amorphoscelis chinensis Tinkham, 1937 allotype male (USNM ENT 00873994): B dorsal habitus C ventral habitus D labels and genitalic slide mount E genital complex and terminal abdominal segments F gential complex.

Holotype labels.Edit

Trong Lower Siam – Dr WL Abbott / right medial leg. / Ameles – malaccana – TYPE Rehn. / Type – No. 7069 – U.S.N.M. [Cat. No. 6955 USNM; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeFemaleThailand, Trangdate unknown7.596958, 99.725938

Measurements.Edit

Body length 22.41; forewing length 4.62; hindwing length 2.54; pronotum length 6.08; prozone length 2.57; pronotum width 3.23; pronotum narrow width 2.21; head width 4.62; head vertex to clypeus 1.69; frons width 1.39; frons height 0.93; prothoracic femur length 6.73; mesothoracic femur length 5.90; mesothoracic tibia length 4.71; mesothoracic tarsus length 3.29; anteroventral femoral spine count R13; posteroventral femoral spine count R4; anteroventral tibial spine count R9; posteroventral tibial spine count R10.

AmorphoscelischinensisEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaAmorphoscelidae

Tinkham, 1937# Amorphoscelis chinensis : [9]: 484-485; [10]: 263; [11]: 81; [12]: 197; [13]: 270; [3]: 61; [4]: 22; [14]: 70.

Type.Edit

Allotype Male (Fig. 2B–F; USNM ENT 00873994).

Allotype labels.Edit

nr. Tsao Tong – VII.12, ‘34 / Yunnan – China / DCGraham – coll / Amorphoscelis – chinensis – 1937 Tinkham – ALLOTYPE ♂ / genitalia – 543 – R.Roy / Allotype No. – 52046 – U.S.N.M.

AllotypeMaleChina, Yunnan, Zhaotong12 Jul 193427.382511, 103.804815

Measurements.Edit

Body length 21.88; forewing length 18.00; pronotum length 2.18; prozone length 0.88; pronotum width 2.64; pronotum narrow width 2.34; head width 4.79; head vertex to clypeus 1.86; frons width 2.04; frons height 0.39; prothoracic femur length 3.63; mesothoracic femur length 5.22; mesothoracic tibia length 3.55; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.39; metathoracic femur length 5.38; metathoracic tibia length 5.79; metathoracic tarsus length 6.41; discoidal femoral spines R1/L1; anteroventral femoral spine count R0/L0; posteroventral femoral spine count R0/L0; anteroventral tibial spine count R0/L0; posteroventral tibial spine count R0/L0.

AmorphoscelispantherinaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaAmorphoscelidae

Roy, 1966# Amorphoscelis pantherina : [15]: 268–270; [11]: 84; [3]: 62 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 25.

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 3A–E; USNM ENT 00873999).

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Amorphoscelis pantherina Roy, 1966 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873999): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels and genitalic slide mount D genital complex and terminal abdominal segments E genital complex. Galapagia solitaria Scudder, 1893 lectotype female (USNM ENT 00873977): F dorsal habitus and labels in Riker mount.

Holotype labels.Edit

Iraq / Arbil Liwa – Aug. 1962 / genitalia – 544 – R. Roy / Amorphoscelis – pantherina, n. sp. – ♂ HOLOTYPE – R.ROY 1966.

HolotypeMaleIraq, ArbilAug 196236.220434, 43.988001

Measurements.Edit

Body length 20.21; forewing length 16.60; hindwing length 15.25; pronotum length 1.95; prozone length 0.79; pronotum width 2.26; pronotum narrow width 1.93; head width 4.30; head vertex to clypeus 1.71; frons width 1.81; frons height 0.26; prothoracic femur length 3.07; mesothoracic femur length 4.46; mesothoracic tibia length 3.18; mesothoracic tarsus length 3.91; metathoracic femur length 4.62; metathoracic tibia length 4.83; metathoracic tarsus length 4.58; discoidal femoral spines R1/L1; anteroventral femoral spine count R0/L0; posteroventral femoral spine count R0/L0; anteroventral tibial spine count R0/L0; posteroventral tibial spine count R0/L0.

CalidomantishosiaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Rehn, 1912# Calidomantis hosia : [16]: 464-466.# Miomantis hosia : [7]: 369; [8]: 105; [17]: 185; [18]: 32 [Junior SYN of Calidomantis brunni Giglio-Tos, 1911]; [3]: 227 [SYN]; [4]: 216 [SYN].

Type.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 4A–C; USNM ENT 00873975). The female specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [16] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing female specimen is the holotype.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Calidomantis hosia Rehn, 1912 holotype female (USNM ENT 00873975): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Danuria angolensis Rehn, 1912 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873976): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

Luebo Congo – D. W. Snyder / Miomantis / Calidomantis – hosia – TYPE Rehn. / Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [USNM Type No. 14606; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeFemaleDemocratic Republic of Congo, Luebodate unknown-5.349802, 21.416844

Measurements.Edit

Body length 27.26; forewing length 14.21; hindwing length 12.61; pronotum length 10.78; prozone length 3.23; pronotum width 2.75; pronotum narrow width 1.59; head width 5.86; head vertex to clypeus 2.38; frons width 2.25; frons height 0.83; prothoracic femur length 9.15; mesothoracic femur length 7.89; mesothoracic tibia length 7.23; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.18; metathoracic femur length 10.20; metathoracic tibia length 11.09; metathoracic tarsus length 5.71; discoidal femoral spines R5/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R13/L13; posteroventral femoral spine count R6 (highly unusual arrangement not including the genicular spine, which suggests a deformation)/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R11/L11; posteroventral tibial spine count R7/L7. Right forefemur appears to be malformed, which may explain the unusual spine counts.

DanuriaangolensisEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Rehn, 1912# Danuria angolensis : [16]: 470–472; [19]: 286 [Junior SYN of Danuria barbozae Bolivar, 1889]; [3]: 115 [SYN]; [4]: 303 [SYN].

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 4D–F; USNM ENT 00873976). The male specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [16] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing male specimen is the holotype.

Holotype labels.Edit

Loanda / Danuria – angolensis – TYPE Rehn. / Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [USNM Type No. 14609; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeMaleAngola, Luandadate unknown-8.959811, 13.295593

Measurements.Edit

Body length 64.22; forewing length 43.68; pronotum length 19.67; prozone length 5.19; pronotum width 3.86; pronotum narrow width 2.62; head width 5.56; head vertex to clypeus 2.58; frons width 1.94; frons height 0.79; prothoracic femur length 14.79; mesothoracic femur length 13.54; mesothoracic tibia length 11.13; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.76; metathoracic femur length 17.13; metathoracic tibia length 18.01; metathoracic tarsus length 9.46; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R13/L13; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R11/L11; posteroventral tibial spine count R9/L8.

GalapagiasolitariaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaThespidae

Scudder, 1893# Galapagia solitaria : [20]: 8; [21]: 276; [22]: 317; [7]: 221; [8]: 22; [23]: 280; [24]: 40; [3]: 149 [Holotype and Allotype listed as deposited in MCZ]; [4]: 385 [Syntypes listed as deposited in CAS]; [25]: 121.

Type.Edit

Lectotype Female (Fig. 3F; USNM ENT 00873977). One male and one female were described by [20], neither being designated as the sole name-bearing type specimen. Therefore, they are syntypes under Article 72.1.1 of the Code. Herewithin, the female specimen is designated as the lectotype, the male the paralectotype under Article 74.1.1 of the Code. No prior fixation of a sole name-bearing type specimen was found in the literature.

Lectotype labels.Edit

S. Albemarle I. – Galapagos Is. / U.S.N.M. – Acc. 26662. / Galapagia – solitaria ♀ – Type! Scudd. / Type. – No. – U.S.N.M.

LectotypeFemaleGalapagos Islands, South Isabela Islanddate unknown-0.916141, -90.985463

Measurements.Edit

Body length 35.94; pronotum length 9.79; prozone length 3.29; pronotum width 2.29; pronotum narrow width 1.39; head width 3.39; head vertex to clypeus 1.63; frons width 1.19; frons height 0.46; prothoracic femur length 6.24; mesothoracic femur length 7.90; mesothoracic tibia length 7.37; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.47; metathoracic femur length 10.63; metathoracic tibia length 11.12; metathoracic tarsus length 6.94; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R9/L8; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R5/L6; posteroventral tibial spine count R3/L2.

GalepsuscongicusEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaTarachodidae

Rehn, 1912# Galepsus congicus : [16]: 455–457; [7]: 102 [Junior SYN of Galepsus pentheri Giglio-Tos, 1911]; [3]: 154 [SYN]; [4]: 330 [NON-SYN].

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 5A–C; USNM ENT 00873978). The male specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [16] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing male specimen is the holotype.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Galepsus congicus Rehn, 1912 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873978): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Gonatista major Caudell, 1912 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873059): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

Luebo Congo – D. W. Snyder / Galepsus – congicus – TYPE Rehn / Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [USNM Type No. 14603; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeMaleDemocratic Republic of Congo, Luebodate unknown-5.349802, 21.416844

Measurements.Edit

Body length 28.96; forewing length 19.54; hindwing length 18.80; pronotum length 6.70; prozone length 2.03; pronotum width 2.39; pronotum narrow width 1.98; head width 3.24; head vertex to clypeus 2.28; frons width 1.36; frons height 1.20; prothoracic femur length 5.02; mesothoracic femur length 4.10; mesothoracic tibia length 3.74; mesothoracic tarsus length 2.87; metathoracic femur length 6.19; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R13/L13; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L#; anteroventral tibial spine count R11/L12; posteroventral tibial spine count R11/L10.

GonatistamajorEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaLiturgusidae

Caudell, 1912# Gonatista major : [26]: 161–162; [7]: 290; [8]: 10; [27]: 306; [24]: 56; [3]: 157; [28]: 35; [4]: 128.

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 5D–F; USNM ENT 00873059).

Holotype labels.Edit

Dr. W. Zulisky – U.S.S. Newport – from San Domingo / Gonatista – major – TYPE. Caud. / Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [USNM Cat. No. 15088; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeMaleDominican Republic, Santo Domingodate unknown18.485982, -69.867603

Measurements.Edit

Body length 63.36; forewing length 49.10; hindwing length 44.93; pronotum length 13.50; prozone length 4.16; pronotum width 5.12; pronotum narrow width 3.50; head width 7.94; head vertex to clypeus 2.97; frons width 2.52; frons height 0.78; prothoracic femur length 13.51; mesothoracic femur length 12.56; mesothoracic tibia length 10.03; mesothoracic tarsus length 7.34; metathoracic femur length 13.83; metathoracic tibia length 16.13; metathoracic tarsus length 9.92; discoidal femoral spines L4; anteroventral femoral spine count L14; posteroventral femoral spine count L4; anteroventral tibial spine count L12; posteroventral tibial spine count L6.

HarpagonyxcarlottaeEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaThespidae

Rehn, 1904# Harpagonyx carlottae : [29]: 568-569; [21]: 279; [7]: 263 [Junior SYN of Mionyx saevus Saussure & Zehntner, 1894]; [24]: 47 [Junior SYN of Mionyx fera Saussure & Zehntner, 1894]; [3]: 297 [SYN of Mionyx fera];# Pseudomusonia carlottae : [4]: 373.

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 6A–C; USNM ENT 00873979). The male specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [29] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing male specimen is the holotype.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Harpagonyx carlottae Rehn, 1904 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873979): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Hoplocorypha perplexa Rehn, 1912 holotype female (USNM ENT 00873981): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Note.Edit

Status uncertain since it has been listed as a junior synonym of Mionyx saevus and Mionyx fera, both described by [30]. Mionyx is now included within Pseudomusonia Werner, 1909. Mionyx saevus is currently considered a junior synonym to Mionyx lineativentris (Stål, 1877). [4] list H. carlottae as a valid species, but it looks to be mostly accepted as a synonym of Mionyx fera.

Holotype labels.Edit

San Carlos – Costa Rica / Coll Schild – & Burgdorf / Harpagonyx – carlottae – TYPE Rehn / Type – No. 7053 – U.S.N.M. [USNM Type No. 6953; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeMaleCosta Rica, San Carlosdate unknown10.676301, -84.330176

Measurements.Edit

Body length 34.69; forewing length 20.13; hindwing length 19.60; pronotum length 8.74; prozone length 2.26; pronotum width 1.94; pronotum narrow width 1.00; head width 2.80; head vertex to clypeus 1.43; frons width 0.83; frons height 0.37; prothoracic femur length 6.90; mesothoracic femur length 8.03; mesothoracic tibia length 6.74; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.30; metathoracic femur length 9.52; metathoracic tibia length 10.12; metathoracic tarsus length 5.77; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R10/L10; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count L7; posteroventral tibial spine count L4.

HoplocoryphaboviformisEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaThespidae

Rehn, 1912# Hoplocorypha boviformis : [16]: 462–464; [7]: 232; [8]: 26; [31]: 5; [3]: 186 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 361.

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 7A–B; USNM ENT 00873980). The male specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [16] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing male specimen is the holotype.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Hoplocorypha boviformis Rehn, 1912 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873980): A dorsal habitus B labels. Liturgusa dominica Svenson, 2014 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873995): C dorsal habitus D ventral habitus E labels and genitalic slide mount F genital complex.

Holotype labels.Edit

St. Paul – de Loanda / U.S.N.M. – Acc. / 75. / Hoplocorypha – boviformis – TYPE Rehn / Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [USNM Type No. 14605; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeMaleAngola, Luandadate unknown-8.959811, 13.295593

Measurements.Edit

Body length 32.36; pronotum length 11.25; prozone length 3.29; pronotum width 1.70; pronotum narrow width 1.06; head width 3.25; head vertex to clypeus 1.19; frons width 1.07; frons height 0.30; prothoracic femur length 7.64; mesothoracic femur length 8.92; mesothoracic tibia length 7.59; mesothoracic tarsus length 3.96; metathoracic femur length 10.97; metathoracic tibia length 11.82; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4 (small, but distinct spine present proximal to distal 3); anteroventral femoral spine count R12/L12; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R10; posteroventral tibial spine count R4/L4.

HoplocoryphaperplexaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaThespidae

Rehn, 1912# Hoplocorypha perplexa : [16]: 460–461; [7]: 232; [8]: 26; [32]: 318; [3]: 187 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 363.

Type.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 6D–F; USNM ENT 00873981). The female specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [16] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing female specimen is the holotype.

Holotype labels.Edit

Luebo Congo – D. W. Snyder / Hoplocorypha – perplexa – TYPE Rehn / Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [USNM Type No. 14604; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeFemaleDemocratic Republic of Congo, Luebodate unknown-5.349802, 21.416844

Measurements.Edit

Body length 60.73; pronotum length 24.49; prozone length 7.47; pronotum width 3.68; pronotum narrow width 2.87; head width 5.58; head vertex to clypeus 2.62; frons width 2.10; frons height 0.75; prothoracic femur length 16.70; mesothoracic femur length 16.47; mesothoracic tibia length 15.52; mesothoracic tarsus length 7.21; metathoracic femur length 18.88; metathoracic tibia length 19.45; metathoracic tarsus length 7.10; discoidal femoral spines R3/L3; anteroventral femoral spine count R11/L12; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R10/L8; posteroventral tibial spine count R4/L4.

LiturgusadominicaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaLiturgusidae

Svenson, 2014# Liturgusa dominica : [1]: 110.

Types.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 7C–F; USNM ENT 00873995). Allotype Female (Fig. 8A–C; USNM ENT 00873996). 6 Paratypes (USNM ENT 00873019-24).

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Liturgusa dominica Svenson, 2014 allotype female (USNM ENT 00873996): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Liturgusa manausensis Svenson, 2014 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873997): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

DOMINICA – Grand Bay – IV-13-1964 – O.S. Flint, Jr. / Bredin-Archibold- – Smithsonian – Bio. Surv. Dominica / USNM Liturgusa 36 / Liturgusa dominica – Holotype Male USNM – Svenson, 2014.

Allotype labels.Edit

DOMINICA – Grand Bay – IV-13-1964 – O.S. Flint, Jr. / Bredin-Archibold- – Smithsonian – Bio. Surv. Dominica / USNM Liturgusa 34 / Liturgusa dominica – Allotype Female USNM – Svenson, 2014.

HolotypeMaleDominica, Grand Bay13 Apr 196415.239545, -61.320099
AllotypeFemaleDominica, Grand Bay13 Apr 196415.239545, -61.320099
ParatypeMaleDominica, Grand Bay13 Apr 196415.239545, -61.320099
ParatypeFemaleDominica, Fond Figues16 Mar 1964
ParatypeMaleDominica, Grand Bay13 Apr 196415.239545, -61.320099
ParatypeMaleDominica, Grand Bay13 Apr 196415.239545, -61.320099
ParatypeNymphDominica, Grand Bay13 Apr 196415.239545, -61.320099
ParatypeNymphDominica22–31 Oct 1966

Measurements.Edit

Holotype male. Body length 21.18; forewing length 10.74; hindwing length 8.12; pronotum length 6.91; prozone length 2.02; pronotum width 2.01; pronotum narrow width 1.33; head width 4.36; head vertex to clypeus 1.55; frons width 1.51; frons height 0.60; prothoracic femur length 6.02; mesothoracic femur length 8.42; mesothoracic tibia length 6.21; mesothoracic tarsus length 5.83; metathoracic femur length 8.62; metathoracic tibia length 8.70; metathoracic tarsus length 8.57; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L15; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R10/L10; posteroventral tibial spine count R6/L7.

Allotype female. Body length 27.47; forewing length 12.52; hindwing length 9.29; pronotum length 9.04; prozone length 2.66; pronotum width 2.65; pronotum narrow width 1.72; head width 5.22; frons width 2.10; frons height 0.63; prothoracic femur length 7.69; mesothoracic femur length 9.92; mesothoracic tibia length 7.69; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.78; metathoracic femur length 10.01; metathoracic tibia length 10.57; metathoracic tarsus length 9.77; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R14/L14; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R10/L10; posteroventral tibial spine count R7/L7.

LiturgusamanausensisEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaLiturgusidae

Svenson, 2014# Liturgusa manausensis : [1]: 73.

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 8D–F; USNM ENT 00873997).

Holotype labels.Edit

BRAZIL: AMAZONAS – 18.1 km e Campinas – field sta. Km 60 – n Manaus 22Feb1979 – 02°30'S, 060°15'W / Terra firme forest – canopy fogged with – Pyrethrum – Sample # 12 / Montgomery, Erwin, – Schimmel, Krischik, – Date, Bacon colls. / USNM Liturgusa 1 / Liturgusa manausensis – Holotype Male USNM – Svenson, 2014.

HolotypeMaleBrazil, Manaus22 Feb 1979-2.5000000, -60.250000

Measurements.Edit

Body length 19.40; forewing length 12.93; hindwing length 9.66; pronotum length 5.68; prozone length 1.62; pronotum width 2.07; pronotum narrow width 1.47; head width 4.66; frons width 1.59; frons height 0.54; prothoracic femur length 5.54; mesothoracic femur length 7.27; mesothoracic tibia length 5.72; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.97; metathoracic femur length 7.52; metathoracic tibia length 7.95; metathoracic tarsus length 7.83; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L15; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R10/L10; posteroventral tibial spine count R7/L7.

LiturgusaneblinaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaLiturgusidae

Svenson, 2014# Liturgusa neblina : [1]: 52.

Type.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 9A–C; USNM ENT 00873998).

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Liturgusa neblina Svenson, 2014 holotype female (USNM ENT 00873998): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Liturgusa zoae Svenson, 2014 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873990): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

VENEZUELA, T.F. Amaz. – Cerro de la Neblina – Basecamp, 140 m. – 0 50'N, 66 10'W – 19 February 1985 / Pyrethrin fogging of – vine tangle; canopy – of flood plain forest – along Rio Baria; – R. Cocroft & W. Steiner / USNM Liturgusa 6 / Liturgusa neblina – Holotype Female USNM – Svenson, 2014.

HolotypeFemaleVenezuela, Cerro de la Neblina19 Feb 19850.833333, -66.166667

Measurements.Edit

Body length 29.75; forewing length 19.54; hindwing length 16.35; pronotum length 8.15; prozone length 2.46; pronotum width 3.68; pronotum narrow width 2.46; head width 6.90; head vertex to clypeus 2.88; frons width 2.78; frons height 1.12; prothoracic femur length 8.45; mesothoracic femur length 9.50; mesothoracic tibia length 7.50; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.48; metathoracic femur length 9.42; metathoracic tibia length 10.72; metathoracic tarsus length 9.13; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R14/L14; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R10/L10; posteroventral tibial spine count R7/L7.

LiturgusazoaeEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaLiturgusidae

Svenson, 2014# Liturgusa zoae : [1]: 100.

Types.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 9D–F; USNM ENT 00873990). Allotype Female (Fig. 10A–C; USNM ENT 00873991). Paratype Female (USNM ENT 00873017).

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Liturgusa zoae Svenson, 2014 allotype female (USNM ENT 00873991): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Mantis viridis Saussure, 1872 holotype female (USNM ENT 00873982): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

Alta V. Paz. – Guatemala / Cacao – Trece Aguas / G.P. Goll. – VI - 07 / USNM Liturgusa 62 / Liturgusa zoae – Holotype Male USNM – Svenson, 2014.

Allotype labels.Edit

Alta V. Paz. – Guatemala / 2.4 Cacao – Trece Aguas / Schwarz & – Barber Coll. / USNM Liturgusa 45 / Liturgusa zoae – Allotype Female USNM – Svenson, 2014.

HolotypeMaleGuatemala, Alta V. PazJun 190715.592321, -90.146392
AllotypeFemaleGuatemala, Alta V. PazJun 190715.592321, -90.146392
ParatypeFemaleBelize, Blue Creek Village22 Jun 198116.195801, -89.043072

Measurements.Edit

Holotype male. Body length 23.28; forewing length 15.09; pronotum length 6.61; prozone length 1.89; pronotum width 2.47; pronotum narrow width 1.89; head width 4.95; head vertex to clypeus 1.98; frons width 1.66; frons height 0.66; prothoracic femur length 6.90; mesothoracic femur length 8.61; mesothoracic tibia length 6.49; mesothoracic tarsus length 5.82; metathoracic femur length 8.62; metathoracic tibia length 8.84; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R14/L15; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R9/L9; posteroventral tibial spine count R7/L7.

Allotype female. Body length 27.92; forewing length 17.63; hindwing length 13.94; pronotum length 7.65; prozone length 2.22; pronotum width 3.26; pronotum narrow width 2.44; head width 6.00; head vertex to clypeus 2.44; frons width 2.23; frons height 0.90; prothoracic femur length 7.98; mesothoracic femur length 9.54; mesothoracic tibia length 7.09; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.68; metathoracic femur length 9.15; metathoracic tibia length 9.93; metathoracic tarsus length 9.93; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L16; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R9/L9; posteroventral tibial spine count R7/L7.

MantisviridisEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Saussure, 1872# Mantis viridis : [33]: 47–48; Saussure and Zehntner 1895: 201; [34]: 19; [35]: 16; [7]: 409; [8]: 92.# Paramantis viridis : [36]: 144; [32]: 320; [3]: 265; [4]: 266.

Type.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 10D–F; USNM ENT 00873982). A single female was used in the original description, but not referred to as the type. Under Article 73.1.2 of the Code the female is the holotype by monotypy.

Holotype labels.Edit

Madagasc – Annanarivo / SAUSSURE / Mantis – viridis – Sauss / Co-Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [The original publication referenced the following locality: Habite: L’Afrique méridionale. Natal.]

HolotypeFemaleMadagascar, Antananarivodate unknown-18.921998, 47.495993

Measurements.Edit

Body length 48.57; forewing length 31.78; pronotum length 12.60; prozone length 4.23; pronotum width 5.25; pronotum narrow width 3.55; head width 6.83; head vertex to clypeus 3.28; frons width 2.42; frons height 1.58; prothoracic femur length 12.25; mesothoracic femur length 9.76; mesothoracic tibia length 7.77; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.10; metathoracic femur length 12.53; metathoracic tibia length 12.36; metathoracic tarsus length 8.81; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L15; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R12/L12; posteroventral tibial spine count R8/L8.

Note.Edit

The type status of this specimen is questionable. Saussure did not provide a repository and this specimen is among the type collection of the USNM. However, the locality labels on the specimen do not match the locality mentioned in the original publication. This specimen and the type status needs more investigation.

OxyopsisoculeaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Rehn, 1920# Oxyopsis oculea : [37]: 231-235; [7]: 585; [24]: 66; [3]: 293 [Holotype and Allotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 293; [25]: 124.

Types.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 11A–C; USNM ENT 00873984). Allotype Male (Fig. 11D–F; USNM ENT 00873983).

 
Oxyopsis oculea Rehn, 1920 (scale bars = 1 cm). Holotype female (USNM ENT 00873984): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Allotype male (USNM ENT 00873983): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

53 / Bnito Prov. – Pernmbuco – Brazil 7-15/.82 / Oxyopsis – oculea – Rehn – Type / U.S.N.M. – Type 61284

Allotype labels.Edit

53 / Bnito Prov. – Pernmbuco – Brazil 2-15/.82 / Oxyopsis – oculea – Rehn – Allotype / Oxyopsis – oculea – Rehn. / Allotype – 61284 / TypeNo. – U.S.N.M.

HolotypeFemaleBrazil, Pernambuco, Bonito15 Jul 1883-8.465728, -35.727823
AllotypeMaleBrazil, Pernambuco, Bonito15 Jul 1883-8.465728, -35.727823

Measurements.Edit

Holotype female. Body length 62.70; forewing length 30.57; hindwing length 32.56; pronotum length 23.40; prozone length 5.26; pronotum width 4.31; pronotum narrow width 2.59; head width 8.68; head vertex to clypeus 3.17; frons width 2.83; frons height 1.28; prothoracic femur length 15.56; mesothoracic femur length 13.43; mesothoracic tibia length 12.40; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.73; metathoracic femur length 17.71; metathoracic tibia length 17.99; metathoracic tarsus length 9.13; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L14; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R#/L#; posteroventral tibial spine count R10/L10.

Allotype male. Body length 45.82; hindwing length 28.27; pronotum length 12.44; prozone length 2.90; pronotum width 2.28; pronotum narrow width 1.40; head width 5.80; head vertex to clypeus 1.79; frons width 1.76; frons height 0.60; prothoracic femur length 8.24; mesothoracic femur length 7.94; mesothoracic tibia length 7.09; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L15; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R17/L16; posteroventral tibial spine count R11/L11.

PalaeothespisoreophilusEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaThespidae

Tinkham, 1937# Palaeothespis oreophilus : [9]: 498–499; [3]: 381 [Holotype and Allotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 381.

Types.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 12A–C; USNM ENT 00873985). Allotype Female (Fig. 12D–F; USNM ENT 00873986).

 
Palaeothespis oreophilus Tinkham, 1937 (scale bars = 1 cm). Holotype male (USNM ENT 00873985): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Allotype female (USNM ENT 00873986): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

China-Tibet – Border – DCGraham / Tatelenlu – 8-9000 ft – VIII.16.30 / Palaeothespis – oreophilus – 1937 Tinkham – HOLOTYPE ♂ / TypeNo. – 52045 – U.S.N.M.

Allotype labels.Edit

VenChuan – Szechuen, China – Coll. DC. Graham. / Aug – 1924. / DCGraham – Coll / Palaeothespis – oreophilus – 1937 Tinkham – ALLOTYPE ♀ / Allotype.No. – 52045 – U.S.N.M.

HolotypeMaleChina, Tibet border16 Aug 193030.734037, 98.965915
AllotypeFemaleChina, Sichuan, WenchuanAug 192431.489086, 103.584293

Measurements.Edit

Holotype male. Body length 38.37; forewing length 29.10; pronotum length 6.92; prozone length 2.63; pronotum width 2.92; pronotum narrow width 1.84; head width 4.03; head vertex to clypeus 1.88; frons width 1.51; frons height 0.72; prothoracic femur length 7.57; mesothoracic femur length 7.23; mesothoracic tibia length 6.34; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.80; metathoracic femur length 8.66; metathoracic tibia length 9.17; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R12/L11; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R9/L8; posteroventral tibial spine count R7/L6.

Allotype female. Body length 25.05; pronotum length 7.69; prozone length 2.82; pronotum width 3.74; pronotum narrow width 1.82; head width 4.45; head vertex to clypeus 2.19; frons width 1.71; frons height 0.68; prothoracic femur length 7.74; mesothoracic femur length 7.10; mesothoracic tibia length 6.21; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.35; metathoracic femur length 8.10; metathoracic tibia length 8.37; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R10/L10; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R8/L8; posteroventral tibial spine count R4/L5.

PanurgicafraterculaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaHymenopodidae

Rehn, 1912# Panurgica fratercula : [16]: 468–469; [7]: 553; [38]: 22; [39]: 735; [40]: 577; [41]: 586; [42]: 1039; [43]: 297; [3]: 260 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 95.

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 13A–C; USNM ENT 00873987). The male specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [16] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing male specimen is the holotype.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Panurgica fratercula Rehn, 1912 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873987): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Panurgica liberiana Rehn, 1912 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873988): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

Mt. Coffee – Liberia / Liberia – GPGoll / Panurgica – fratercula – TYPE Rehn. / Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [USNM Type No. 14608 reported by [16]

HolotypeMaleLiberia, Mount Coffeedate unknown6.488618, -10.647978

Measurements.Edit

Body length 28.80; forewing length 22.51; pronotum length 5.16; prozone length 2.38; pronotum width 3.54; pronotum narrow width 1.86; head width 4.69; head vertex to clypeus 2..06; frons width 1.56; frons height 0.67; prothoracic femur length 7.19; mesothoracic femur length 5.78; mesothoracic tibia length 4.48; mesothoracic tarsus length 3.91; metathoracic femur length 6.55; metathoracic tibia length 6.48; metathoracic tarsus length 5.13; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R12/L12; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R13/L13; posteroventral tibial spine count R13/L13.

PanurgicaliberianaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaHymenopodidae

Rehn, 1912# Panurgica liberiana : [16]: 466-468; [7]: 553; [38]: 22; [3]: 260 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 95.

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 13D–F; USNM ENT 00873988). The male specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [16] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing male specimen is the holotype.

Holotype labels.Edit

Mt. Coffee – Liberia / Liberia – GPGoll / Panurgica – liberiana – TYPE Rehn / Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [USNM Type No. 14607 reported by [16]

HolotypeMaleLiberia, Mount Coffeedate unknown6.488618, -10.647978

Measurements.Edit

Body length 34.60; forewing length 26.28; hindwing length 24.65; pronotum length 5.77; prozone length 2.69; pronotum width 4.60; pronotum narrow width 2.26; head width 5.28; head vertex to clypeus 2.42; frons width 1.74; frons height 0.96; prothoracic femur length 8.16; mesothoracic femur length 6.18; mesothoracic tibia length 5.34; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.54; metathoracic femur length 6.90; metathoracic tibia length 6.64; metathoracic tarsus length 5.57; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R12/L12; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R11/L11; posteroventral tibial spine count R12/L12.

PhyllothelysmitratumEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Rehn, 1903# Phyllothelys mitratum : [5]: 715–716; [7]: 533; [8]: 128; [3]: 280 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 290.

Type.Edit

Holotype Female, immature (Fig. 18D; USNM ENT 00873989). The female specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [5] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing female specimen is the holotype.

Holotype labels.Edit

Trong Lower Siam – Dr WL Abbott / Type – No. 7072 – USNM / Cat. no. – Phyllothelys – mitratum – TYPE Rehn. [Cat. No. 6972, U.S.N.M.; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeFemaleThailand, Trangdate unknown7.596958, 99.725938

Measurements.Edit

Body length 27.03; pronotum length 10.15; prozone length 2.29; head width 2.26; head vertex to clypeus 4.41; frons width 0.81; frons height 0.57; prothoracic femur length 6.40; mesothoracic femur length 2.56; mesothoracic tibia length 2.09; mesothoracic tarsus length 2.60; metathoracic femur length 3.38; metathoracic tibia length 3.26; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L16; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R16/L15; posteroventral tibial spine count R14/L16.

PopabatesiEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Saussure & Zehntner, 1895# Popa batesi : Saussure and Zehntner 1895: 230–233; [21]: 309; [44]: 26; [7]: 631; [45]: 93; [46]: 260 [Junior SYN of Popa spurca spurca]; [3]: 287 [SYN]; [4]: 306 [NON-SYN].

Type.Edit

Lectotype Female (Fig. 14A–C; USNM ENT 00873970). One female and one male were described by Saussure and Zehntner (1895), neither being designated as the sole name-bearing type specimen. Therefore, they are syntypes under Article 72.1.1 of the Code. Herewithin, the female specimen is designated as the lectotype, the male the paralectotype under Article 74.1.1 of the Code. No prior fixation of a sole name-bearing type specimen was found in the literature.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Popa batesi Saussure & Zehntner, 1895 lectotype female (USNM ENT 00873970): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Rhombodera megaera Rehn, 1903 holotype female (USNM ENT 00873050): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Lectotype labels.Edit

Madagase – Annanariv / SAUSSURE / Popa – Batesi Sauss. / Co-Type – No. 3694 – U.S.N.M.

LectotypeFemaleMadagascar, Antanananrivodate unknown-18.480912, 47.569213

Measurements.Edit

Body length 56.03; forewing length 24.63; hindwing length 20.51; pronotum length 16.94; prozone length 4.61; pronotum width 5.27; pronotum narrow width 3.49; head width 6.48; head vertex to clypeus 3.18; frons width 2.47; frons height 1.23; prothoracic femur length 11.46; mesothoracic femur length 7.93; mesothoracic tibia length 6.99; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.09; metathoracic femur length 9.77; metathoracic tibia length 10.69; metathoracic tarsus length 6.76; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R13/L14; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R10/L10; posteroventral tibial spine count R8/L8.

PogonogasterlatensEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaThespidae

Hebard, 1919# Pogonogaster latens : [47]: 136–137; [7]: 274; [8]: 16; [24]: 50; [48]: 10; [3]: 284 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 377; [25]: 118.

Type.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 18E; USNM ENT 00873971). The female specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [47] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing female specimen is the holotype.

Holotype labels.Edit

Rio Aguatal – Colombia. November – 1908. 1800 m. – Coll. A.H. Fasst / Pogonogaster – latens – Hebard – TYPE.

HolotypeFemaleColombia, Rio AguacatalNovember, 19083.454539, -76.547476

Measurements.Edit

Body length 31.57; pronotum length 10.01; prozone length 3.08; prothoracic femur length 8.56; mesothoracic femur length 7.93; mesothoracic tibia length 8.33; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.53; metathoracic femur length 9.27; metathoracic tibia length 9.94; metathoracic tarsus length 8.42; discoidal femoral spines R3/L3; anteroventral femoral spine count R9/L9; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R3/L3; posteroventral tibial spine count R1/L1.

RhomboderamegaeraEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Rehn, 1903# Rhombodera megaera : [5]: 710–712; [34]: 98; [7]: 449; [8]: 85; [3]: 308 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 269.

Type.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 14D–F; USNM ENT 00873050). The female specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [5] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing female specimen is the holotype.

Holotype labels.Edit

79 / 216 / 79 / 216 / Trong Lower Siam – Dr. WL Abbott / U.S.N.M. 6956 – Rhombodera – megaera – TYPE. Rehn / Type – No. 7071 – U.S.N.M. [Cat. No. 6956, U.S.N.M.; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeFemaleThailand, Trangdate unknown7.596958, 99.725938

Measurements.Edit

Body length 94.49; forewing length 53.17; hindwing length 46.19; pronotum length 30.67; prozone length 10.65; pronotum width 10.92; pronotum narrow width 6.84; head width 11.78; head vertex to clypeus 6.35; frons width 4.31; frons height 3.35; prothoracic femur length 23.61; mesothoracic femur length 19.58; mesothoracic tibia length 16.20; mesothoracic tarsus length 9.35; metathoracic femur length 22.03; metathoracic tibia length 22.98; metathoracic tarsus length 12.67; anteroventral femoral spine count R13/L15; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R14/L14; posteroventral tibial spine count R12/L11.

StagmatopterainsatiabilisEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Rehn, 1904# Stagmatoptera insatiabilis : [29]: 572–573; [21]: 301; [44]: 13; [49]: 36; [50]: 340 [Junior synonym of Stagmomantis theophila Rehn, 1904]; [7]: 384 [SYN]; Hebard 1933: 29 [SYN]; [8]: 96 [SYN]; [24]: 70 [SYN]; [3]: 333 [SYN]; [4]: 212 [SYN]; [25]: 150 [SYN].

Type.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 15A–C; USNM ENT 00873972). The female specimen was referred to as the “Type” by Hebard (1904) and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing female specimen is the holotype.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Stagmatoptera insatiabilis Rehn, 1904 holotype female (USNM ENT 00873972): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Stagmomantis hoorie Caudell, 1910 lectotype male (USNM ENT 00873973): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

Turrialba – Costa Rica / Coll Schild – & Burgdorf / Stagmatoptera – insatiabilis – TYPE Rehn. / Type – No. 7052 – U.S.N.M. [Cat. No. 6954, U.S.N.M.; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeFemaleCosta Rica, Turrialbadate unknown9.904942, -83.688056

Measurements.Edit

Body length 71.73; forewing length 34.77; hindwing length 31.46; pronotum length 29.17; prozone length 6.77; pronotum width 6.20; pronotum narrow width 3.39; head width 8.95; head vertex to clypeus 3.71; frons width 3.13; frons height 1.78; prothoracic femur length 19.35; mesothoracic femur length 16.69; mesothoracic tibia length 13.76; mesothoracic tarsus length 7.37; metathoracic femur length 20.45; metathoracic tibia length 19.51; metathoracic tarsus length 10.47; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L16; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R13/L13; posteroventral tibial spine count R11/L12.

StagmomantishoorieEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Caudell, 1910# Stagmomantis hoorie : [51]: 123–124.# Parastagmatoptera hoorie : [7]: 590; [24]: 65; [3]: 270 [types all listed as deposited in ZMHB, but he was apparently referring to the types of the junior synonym, Parastagmatoptera theresopolitana[49]; [4]: 294; [25]: 124; [52] [Junior synonym of Mantis flavoguttata Audinet Serville, 1839].

Types:Edit

Lectotype Male (Fig. 15D–F; USNM ENT 00873973). Paralectotype Female (Fig. 16A–C; USNM ENT 00873974). One male and one female were described by [51], neither being designated as the sole name-bearing type specimen. Therefore, they are syntypes under Article 72.1.1 of the Code. Herewithin, the male specimen is designated as the lectotype, the female the paralectotype under Article 74.1.1 of the Code. No prior fixation of a sole name-bearing type specimen was found in the literature.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Stagmomantis hoorie Caudell, 1910 paralectotype female (USNM ENT 00873974): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Stagmomantis theophila Rehn, 1904 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873965): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Lectotype labels.Edit

Hoorie Creek – Brit. Guyana. – C.W. Beebe, 1909. / Hoorie / Stagmomantis – hoorie ♂ / TYPE. Caud. / Type – No. 12815 – U.S.N.M.

Paralectotype labels.Edit

Hoorie Creek – Brit. Guyana. – C.W. Beebe, 1909. / Hoorie / Stagmomantis – hoorie ♀ / TYPE. Caud. / Type – No. 12815 – U.S.N.M. / Parastamatoptera – hoorie – Caudell. [Cat. No. 12815, U.S.N.M.; referenced in the original description]

LectotypeMaleGuyana, Hoorie Creek19097.538874, -59.418520
ParalectotypeFemaleGuyana, Hoorie Creek19097.538874, -59.418520

Measurements.Edit

Lectotype male. Body length 44.73; forewing length 25.39; hindwing length 25.32; pronotum length 14.62; prozone length 2.78; pronotum width 2.24; pronotum narrow width 1.43; head width 4.81; head vertex to clypeus 1.88; frons width 1.63; frons height 0.66; prothoracic femur length 9.29; mesothoracic femur length 8.19; mesothoracic tibia length 6.61; mesothoracic tarsus length 3.91; metathoracic femur length 9.14; metathoracic tibia length 8.95; metathoracic tarsus length 5.94; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L15; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R15/L15; posteroventral tibial spine count R13/L13.

Paralectotype female. Body length 49.69; forewing length 29.16; pronotum length 18.69; prozone length 3.68; pronotum width 3.25; pronotum narrow width 1.82; head width 6.04; head vertex to clypeus 2.52; frons width 2.05; frons height 1.00; prothoracic femur length 12.36; mesothoracic femur length 10.61; mesothoracic tibia length 8.39; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.41; metathoracic femur length 11.55; metathoracic tibia length 11.40; metathoracic tarsus length 6.75; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L15; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R16/L16; posteroventral tibial spine count R14/L14.

StagmomantistheophilaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Rehn, 1904# Stagmomantis theophila : [29]: 563-564; [21]: 252; [50]: 340; [53]: 131; [54]: 29; [55]: 121; [8]: 96; [24]: 70; [48]: 11; [3]: 332 [Holotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [56]: 57; [4]: 212; [25]: 124.# Stauromantis theophila : [57]: 54; [7]: 384; [58]: 126.

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 16D–F; USNM ENT 00873965). The male specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [29] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing male specimen is the holotype.

Holotype labels.Edit

Turrialba – Costa Rica / Coll Schild – & Burgdorf / Stagmomantis – theophila – TYPE Rehn. / Type – No. 7054 – U.S.N.M. [Cat. No. 6952, U.S.N.M.; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeMaleCosta Rica, Turrialbadate unknown9.904942, -83.688056

Measurements.Edit

Body length 64.42; forewing length 41.80; hindwing length 38.21; pronotum length 19.76; prozone length 4.40; pronotum width 3.56; pronotum narrow width 1.70; head width 6.81; head vertex to clypeus 2.32; frons width 2.24; frons height 0.92; prothoracic femur length 12.82; mesothoracic femur length 11.34; mesothoracic tibia length 8.66; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.18; metathoracic femur length 13.12; metathoracic tibia length 11.96; metathoracic tarsus length 8.10; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R15/L15; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R14/L14; posteroventral tibial spine count R11/L11.

TarachodespilosipesEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaTarachodidae

Rehn, 1912# Tarachodes pilosipes : [16]: 453-455; [7]: 88 [Junior SYN of Tarachodes insidiator Wood-Mason, 1882]; [32]: 311; [3]: 341 [SYN]; [4]: 355 [NON-SYN].

Type.Edit

Holotype Male (Fig. 17A–C; USNM ENT 00873966). The male specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [29] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing male specimen is the holotype.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Tarachodes pilosipes Rehn, 1912 holotype male (USNM ENT 00873966): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Thesprotia caribea Rehn & Hebard, 1938 holotype female (USNM ENT 00873967): D dorsal habitus E ventral habitus F labels.

Holotype labels.Edit

Luebo Congo – D. W. Snyder / Tarachodes – pilosipes – Type Rehn / Type – No. – U.S.N.M. [Cat. No. 14602, U.S.N.M.; referenced in the original description]

HolotypeMaleDemocratic Republic of Congo, Luebodate unknown-5.34980, 21.416844

Measurements.Edit

Body length 42.79; forewing length 31.60; hindwing length 26.62; pronotum length 9.60; prozone length 3.19; pronotum width 5.12; pronotum narrow width 4.28; head width 7.13; head vertex to clypeus 3.50; frons width 2.92; frons height 1.57; prothoracic femur length 8.86; mesothoracic femur length 6.32; mesothoracic tibia length 5.39; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.70; metathoracic femur length 7.35; metathoracic tibia length 7.05; metathoracic tarsus length 5.39; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R13/L12; posteroventral femoral spine count R4; anteroventral tibial spine count R14/L14; posteroventral tibial spine count R15/L14.

ThesprotiacaribeaEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaThespidae

Rehn & Hebard, 1938# Thesprotia caribea : [59]: 36-38; [24]: 50; [3]: 355 [Holotype and Allotype listed as deposited in ANSP]; [4]: 378; [25]: 118.

Types.Edit

Holotype Female (Fig. 17D–F; USNM ENT 00873967). Allotype Male (Fig. 18A–C; USNM ENT 00873968). The female specimen was referred to as the “Type” by [59] and under Article 73.1.1 of the Code this sole name-bearing female specimen is the holotype.

 
Types (scale bars = 1 cm). Thesprotia caribea Rehn & Hebard, 1938 allotype male (USNM ENT 00873968): A dorsal habitus B ventral habitus C labels. Phyllothelys mitratum Rehn, 1903 holotype female, immature (USNM ENT 00873989): D dorsal habitus and labels in Riker mount. Pogonogaster latens Hebard, 1919 holotype female (USNM ENT 00873971): E dorsal habitus and labels in Riker mount. Vates annectens Rehn, 1900 lectotype male (USNM ENT 00873969): F dorsal habitus and labels in Riker mount.

Holotype labels.Edit

Antigua. W.I. – June-1918 – D. Stoner / Thesprotia – caribea R+H – TYPE / Type – No. 53226 – U.S.N.M.

Allotype labels.Edit

Antigua. W.I. – June-1918 – D. Stoner / Thesprotia – caribea – R+H – PARATYPE – Allotype ♂

HolotypeFemaleAntigua and BarbudaJun 191817.628958, -61.787811
AllotypeMaleAntigua and BarbudaJun 191817.628958, -61.787811

Measurements.Edit

Holotype female. Body length 38.61; pronotum length 12.31; prozone length 3.00; pronotum width 1.71; pronotum narrow width 1.20; head width 2.66; head vertex to clypeus 1.35; frons width 0.86; frons height 0.30; prothoracic femur length 7.96; mesothoracic femur length 8.08; mesothoracic tibia length 7.92; mesothoracic tarsus length 3.72; metathoracic femur length 8.78; metathoracic tibia length 10.17; metathoracic tarsus length 4.59; discoidal femoral spines R3/L3; anteroventral femoral spine count R6/L6; posteroventral femoral spine count R1/L1; anteroventral tibial spine count R1/L1; posteroventral tibial spine count R1/L1.

Allotype male. Body length 32.33; forewing length 17.58; hindwing length 17.84; pronotum length 10.33; prozone length 2.74; pronotum width 1.34; pronotum narrow width 1.02; head width 2.41; head vertex to clypeus 1.23; frons width 0.80; frons height 0.26; prothoracic femur length 7.40; mesothoracic femur length 9.22; mesothoracic tibia length 9.03; mesothoracic tarsus length 4.94; discoidal femoral spines R3/L3; anteroventral femoral spine count R5/L6; posteroventral femoral spine count R1/L1; anteroventral tibial spine count R1/L1; posteroventral tibial spine count R1/L1.

VatesannectensEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Rehn, 1900# Vates annectens : [60]: 85-86; [21]: 306; [44]: 18.# Pseudovates annectens : [49]: 48; [7]: 609; [61]: 213 [Junior synonym of Theoclytes tolteca Saussure, 1859]; [62]: 77; [3]: 299 [SYN]; [4]: 314 [SYN]; [25]: 154 [SYN].

Type.Edit

Lectotype Male (Fig. 18F; USNM ENT 00873969). One male and one female were described by [60], neither being designated as the sole name-bearing type specimen. Therefore, they are syntypes under Article 72.1.1 of the Code. Herewithin, the male specimen is designated as the lectotype under Article 74.1.1 of the Code. No prior fixation of a sole name-bearing type specimen was found in the literature. The two specimens were listed as deposited in the “...private collection of the writer”, the male now at the USNM and the female likely in the ANSP according to [62].

Lectotype labels.Edit

Tacubaya – 11.11.98 D.F. – O.W. Barrett. / Rehn Coll. – Acad. Nat. Sci. / Vates – annectens – Cotype. Rehn / Type – No. – U.S.N.M.

LectotypeMaleMexico, Tacubaya11 Nov 189819.400949, -99.18668

Measurements.Edit

Body length 70.91; forewing length 48.13; pronotum length 18.87; prozone length 3.42; pronotum width 4.04; pronotum narrow width 2.03; head width 5.41; frons width 2.09; frons height 1.01; prothoracic femur length 11.09; mesothoracic femur length 10.16; mesothoracic tibia length 8.83; mesothoracic tarsus length 6.55; metathoracic femur length 12.17; metathoracic tibia length 11.91; metathoracic tarsus length 8.27; discoidal femoral spines R4/L4; anteroventral femoral spine count R14/L13; posteroventral femoral spine count R4/L4; anteroventral tibial spine count R14/L13; posteroventral tibial spine count R10/L10.

Additional paratype materialEdit

Amantis basilana Hebard, 1920Edit

Amantis basilana[63]: 34; [7]: 171; [8]: 28; [62]: 75; [3]: 56; [4]: 141.

ParatypeMaleIsland of Basilan, Baker, Amantis basilana, female Hebard, Paratype, Hebard Cln., USNM ENT00873053date unknown6.594951, 122.048546

Liturgusa tessae Svenson, 2014Edit

Liturgusa tessae[1]: 90.

ParatypeMaleBrazil, Para: Rio Xingu, Camp (52°22'W, 3°39'S), ca 60 km S. Altamira, 8–12 Oct 1986, P. Spangler & O. Flint; USNM ENT008730058–12 Oct 1986-3.650000, -52.366667
ParatypeMaleBrazil, Para: Rio Xingu, Camp (52°22'W, 3°39'S), ca 60 km S. Altamira, 8-12 Oct 1986, P. Spangler & O. Flint; USNM ENT008730068-12 Oct 1986-3.650000, -52.366667
ParatypeMalePeru, Rio Tambopata Res., 30 km (air) SW Pto. Maldonado, 290 m, 12°50'S, 69°17'W; Smithsonian Institution Canopy Fogging Project, T.L. Erwin et al., colls. 07 May 89, 05/02/051; USNM ENT0087304807 May 1989-12.833333, -69.283333
ParatypeFemalePeru, Madre de Dios, Rio Tambopata Res., 30 km (air) SW Pto. Maldonado, 290 m, 12°50'S, 69°17'W; Smithsonian Institution Canopy Fogging Project, T.L. Erwin et al., colls. 08 Nov 83 May 89, 04/01/072; USNM ENT0087304908 Nov 1983-12.833333, -69.283333

Liturgusa trinidadensis Svenson, 2014Edit

Liturgusa trinidadensis[1]: 95.

ParatypeMaleTrinidad, Arima Valley, B.W.I. 20-II-1952, Tropical Research Station, New York Zool Society; USNM ENT0087300720 Feb 195210.661851, -61.289723
ParatypeFemaleTrinidad, Arima Valley, B.W.I. 8-II-1952, Tropical Research Station, New York Zool Society; USNM ENT0087300811 Aug 195210.661851, -61.289723
ParatypeMaleTrinidad, Jun WI, Aug. Busck Collector; USNM ENT00873009date unknown??
ParatypeMaleTrinidad, Jun WI, Aug. Busck Collector; USNM ENT00873015date unknown??
ParatypeMaleTrinidad, Aug-22-1907, O.W. Barria, On Cacao, 252; USNM ENT0087301622 Aug 1907??

Sinomiopteryx grahami Tinkham, 1937Edit

Sinomiopteryx grahami[9]: 495; [62]: 77; [3]: 319; [4]: 383.

ParatypeMaleChina, Szechuan, DC Graham Coll, Paratype No. 52047 U.S.N.M., Sinomiopteryx grahami, 1937 Tinkham, Paratype male, USNM ENT 00873054date unknown29.581773, 103.290837
ParatypeMaleChina, Mt Omei - 1923, Szechuan China, DC Graham Collector, Paratype No. 52047 U.S.N.M., Sinomiopteryx grahami, 1937 Tinkham, Paratype male, USNM ENT 00873055192329.581773, 103.290837
ParatypeMaleChina, Shin Kai Si, Mt Omei, Szechuan China, Aug 6-15-1921, DC Graham Collector, Paratype No. 52047 U.S.N.M., Sinomiopteryx grahami, 1937 Tinkham, Paratype male, USNM ENT 008730566–15 Aug 192129.581773, 103.290837
ParatypeMaleChina, Suifu, Szechuan China, Aug 15-30 1921, DC Graham Collector, Paratype No. 52047 U.S.N.M., Sinomiopteryx grahami, 1937 Tinkham, Paratype male, USNM ENT 0087305715–30 Aug 192128.628051, 104.413940
ParatypeMaleChina, Shin Kai Si, Mt Omei, Szechuan China, 8-19-26, DC Graham Collector, Altitude 4500 ft, Paratype No. 52047 U.S.N.M., Sinomiopteryx grahami, 1937 Tinkham, Paratype male, USNM ENT 0087305819 Aug 192629.581773, 103.290837

Stagmomantis floridensis Davis, 1919Edit

Stagmomantis floridensis[64]: 4; [8]: 95; [24]: 70; [3]: 331; [4]: 209.

ParatypeFemaleUnited States of America, Parish Fla., x.20.1916, Wm. T. Davis Collection, Stagmomantis floridensis Paratype, 3., USNM ENT0087305220 Oct 191627.586813, -82.424193

Mistaken type materialEdit

Cruentosaga phanatica RehnEdit

An immature female specimen was located in the type collection bearing the following label data: Trong Lower Siam – Dr WL Abbott / Cat.no. – Cruentosaga – phanatica – Type Rehn / Type No. 7070 USNM / = Theopropus elegans. The name, Cruentosaga phanatica, was not located in the literature. The type status was therefore doubted and a search in publications by James Rehn for potential reference to this specimen revealed a potential mistake. In a paper focused on “Old World” Mantodea ([5]: 717), a specimen identified as Theopropus elegans Westwood, 1832, matches the label data as well as the physical description. A reference to the type for the genus Theopropus immediately preceded the presentation of this specimen, which may have caused confusion about the specimen’s type status. Although the origin of the name Cruentosaga phanatica is not known, it is strongly believed that USNM Type No. 7070 is not a name bearing specimen but merely a determined specimen by Rehn within a publication surveying Old World Mantodea.

MantiscaldwelliiEdit

Taxon classificationAnimaliaMantodeaMantidae

Bates, 1863# Mantis caldwellii : [65]: 479.# Popa caldwellii : [66]: 309.# Hierodula caldwellii : Saussure and Zehntner 1895: 192.# Tarachomantis caldwellii : [21]: 241; Giglio-Tos 1907: 3; [34]: 27; Giglio-Tos 1913: 405; [7]: 424; [8]: 80; [3]: 347; [4]: 277.

Remarks.Edit

Two females were mentioned by [65] after the description that was based on females, but neither was designated as the sole name-bearing type specimen. Neither of the two mentioned specimens were located in the USNM collection or are listed in the records of the museum. The species was listed as deposited in the USNM collection by [3] and [4].

Supplementary MaterialEdit

XML Treatment for AcromantispalauanaEdit

XML Treatment for AmelesmalaccanaEdit

XML Treatment for AmorphoscelischinensisEdit

XML Treatment for AmorphoscelispantherinaEdit

XML Treatment for CalidomantishosiaEdit

XML Treatment for DanuriaangolensisEdit

XML Treatment for GalapagiasolitariaEdit

XML Treatment for GalepsuscongicusEdit

XML Treatment for GonatistamajorEdit

XML Treatment for HarpagonyxcarlottaeEdit

XML Treatment for HoplocoryphaboviformisEdit

XML Treatment for HoplocoryphaperplexaEdit

XML Treatment for LiturgusadominicaEdit

XML Treatment for LiturgusamanausensisEdit

XML Treatment for LiturgusaneblinaEdit

XML Treatment for LiturgusazoaeEdit

XML Treatment for MantisviridisEdit

XML Treatment for OxyopsisoculeaEdit

XML Treatment for PalaeothespisoreophilusEdit

XML Treatment for PanurgicafraterculaEdit

XML Treatment for PanurgicaliberianaEdit

XML Treatment for PhyllothelysmitratumEdit

XML Treatment for PopabatesiEdit

XML Treatment for PogonogasterlatensEdit

XML Treatment for RhomboderamegaeraEdit

XML Treatment for StagmatopterainsatiabilisEdit

XML Treatment for StagmomantishoorieEdit

XML Treatment for StagmomantistheophilaEdit

XML Treatment for TarachodespilosipesEdit

XML Treatment for ThesprotiacaribeaEdit

XML Treatment for VatesannectensEdit

XML Treatment for MantiscaldwelliiEdit

AcknowledgmentsEdit

I wish to thank David Furth and Floyd Shockley of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. for their help in moving the USNM collection of Mantodea to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History for a long-term loan. In addition, I thank them for their help in locating missing type specimens and checking museum records for partial lists of types and outstanding loans. Thanks to Francesco Lombardo for navigating the murky process of shipping specimens from Italy to the United States in time for this project to conclude. Thanks to Rick Wherley for imaging the type material as well as reshooting labels.This project was supported by the National Science Foundation under the grant DEB-1216309 to Gavin J. Svenson. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Svenson 2014 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B70" defined multiple times with different content
  2. Beier 1972 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B9" defined multiple times with different content
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 Ehrmann 2002 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B15" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B15" defined multiple times with different content
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  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Rehn 1903 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B46" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B46" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B46" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B46" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B46" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B46" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B46" defined multiple times with different content
  6. Giglio-Tos 1915 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B19" defined multiple times with different content
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 Giglio-Tos 1927 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B21" defined multiple times with different content
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 Beier 1935 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B6" defined multiple times with different content
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Tinkham 1937 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B72" defined multiple times with different content
  10. Roy 1967a Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B56" defined multiple times with different content
  11. 11.0 11.1 Kaltenbach 1983 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B32" defined multiple times with different content
  12. Wang and Jin 1995 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B73" defined multiple times with different content
  13. Yang and Wang 1999 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B75" defined multiple times with different content
  14. Roy 2010 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B58" defined multiple times with different content
  15. Roy 1966 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B55" defined multiple times with different content
  16. 16.00 16.01 16.02 16.03 16.04 16.05 16.06 16.07 16.08 16.09 16.10 16.11 16.12 16.13 16.14 16.15 16.16 Rehn 1912 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B49" defined multiple times with different content
  17. Beier 1954 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B7" defined multiple times with different content
  18. Beier 1969 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B8" defined multiple times with different content
  19. La Greca 1954 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B36" defined multiple times with different content
  20. 20.0 20.1 Scudder 1893 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B69" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B69" defined multiple times with different content
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 Kirby 1904 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B34" defined multiple times with different content
  22. Hebard 1920b Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B25" defined multiple times with different content
  23. Hebard 1935 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B31" defined multiple times with different content
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 24.5 24.6 24.7 24.8 24.9 Terra 1995 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B71" defined multiple times with different content
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.6 25.7 Agudelo et al. 2007 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B2" defined multiple times with different content
  26. Caudell 1912 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B13" defined multiple times with different content
  27. La Greca 1940 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B35" defined multiple times with different content
  28. Lombardo and Perez-Gelabert 2004 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B39" defined multiple times with different content
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 Rehn 1904 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B47" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B47" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B47" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B47" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B47" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B47" defined multiple times with different content
  30. Saussure and Zehntner (1894) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B68" defined multiple times with different content
  31. Lombardo 1985 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B37" defined multiple times with different content
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 Kaltenbach 1996 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B33" defined multiple times with different content
  33. Saussure 1872 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B67" defined multiple times with different content
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 Giglio-Tos 1912 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B17" defined multiple times with different content
  35. Rehn 1914 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B50" defined multiple times with different content
  36. Roy 1967b Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B57" defined multiple times with different content
  37. Rehn 1920 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B51" defined multiple times with different content
  38. 38.0 38.1 Beier 1934 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B5" defined multiple times with different content
  39. Roy 1964 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B53" defined multiple times with different content
  40. Roy 1965 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B54" defined multiple times with different content
  41. Ragge and Roy 1967 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B44" defined multiple times with different content
  42. Gillon and Roy 1968 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B22" defined multiple times with different content
  43. Roy and Leston 1975 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B59" defined multiple times with different content
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 Rehn 1911 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B48" defined multiple times with different content
  45. Paulian 1957 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B43" defined multiple times with different content
  46. Lombardo 1995 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B38" defined multiple times with different content
  47. 47.0 47.1 Hebard 1919 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B23" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B23" defined multiple times with different content
  48. 48.0 48.1 Salazar 1999 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B60" defined multiple times with different content
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 Giglio-Tos 1914 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B18" defined multiple times with different content
  50. 50.0 50.1 Hebard 1923 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B26" defined multiple times with different content
  51. 51.0 51.1 Caudell 1910 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B12" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B12" defined multiple times with different content
  52. Lombardo et al. in press Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B40" defined multiple times with different content
  53. Hebard 1924 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B27" defined multiple times with different content
  54. Hebard 1933a Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B29" defined multiple times with different content
  55. Hebard 1933b Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B30" defined multiple times with different content
  56. Agudelo 2004 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B1" defined multiple times with different content
  57. Giglio-Tos 1917 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B20" defined multiple times with different content
  58. Salazar 2002 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B61" defined multiple times with different content
  59. 59.0 59.1 Rehn and Hebard 1938 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B52" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B52" defined multiple times with different content
  60. 60.0 60.1 Rehn 1900 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B45" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B45" defined multiple times with different content
  61. Hebard 1932 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B28" defined multiple times with different content
  62. 62.0 62.1 62.2 62.3 Otte 1978 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B41" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B41" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B41" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B41" defined multiple times with different content
  63. Hebard 1920a Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B24" defined multiple times with different content
  64. Davis 1919 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B14" defined multiple times with different content
  65. 65.0 65.1 Bates 1863 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B4" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B4" defined multiple times with different content
  66. Saussure 1871 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "B65" defined multiple times with different content

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