1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Agriculture/The Trade in Live Stock between Ireland and Great Britain

The Trade in Live Stock between Ireland and Great Britain.

The compulsory slaughter at the place of landing does not extend to animals shipped from Ireland into Great Britain, and this is a matter of the highest importance to Irish stock-breeders, who find their best market close at hand on the east of St George’s Channel. Table XXV. shows the number of cattle, sheep and pigs shipped from Ireland into Great Britain in each of the fifteen years 1891–1905, the numbers of horses similarly shipped being also indicated. On the average rather more than half the total of cattle is made up of store animals for fattening or breeding purposes, the fattening of Irish stores being a business of considerable magnitude in Norfolk and other counties. Calves constitute about one-twelfth of the total number of cattle.

Table XXV.—Imports of Live Stock from Ireland into
Great Britain, 1891–1905.

 Year.  Cattle. Sheep. Pigs. Horses.
1891 630,802 893,175 503,584 33,396
1892 624,457 1,080,202 500,951 32,481
1893 688,669 1,107,960 456,571 30,390
1894 826,954 957,101 584,967 33,589
1895 791,607 652,578 547,220 34,560
1896 681,560 737,306 610,589 39,856
1897 746,012 804,515 695,307 38,422
1898 803,362 833,458 588,785 38,804
1899 772,272 871,953 688,553 42,087
1900 745,519 862,263 715,202 35,606
1901 642,638 843,325 596,129 25,607
1902 959,241 1,055,802 637,972 25,260
1903 897,645 825,679 569,920 27,719
1904 772,363 739,266 505,080 27,500
1905 749,131 700,626 363,823 30,723

Most of the pigs sent from Ireland into Great Britain are fat, the store pigs accounting for less than one-tenth of the total number. The returns from Ireland under the Diseases of Animals Acts 1894 and 1896 are less significant than those of Great Britain. Thus, in the year ending June 1905, they included 4 outbreaks of anthrax, 219 of swine-fever and 343 of sheep scab, while there were no cases of rabies. Compared with the export trade in live stock from Ireland to Great Britain the reciprocal trade from Great Britain to Ireland is small, and is largely restricted to animals for breeding purposes. Owing to the reappearance of foot-and-mouth disease in Great Britain early in 1900 the importation of cattle, sheep, goats and swine there from into Ireland was temporarily suspended by the authorities in the latter country.

Warning: Default sort key "Agriculture" overrides earlier default sort key "The Trade in Live Stock between Ireland and Great Britain".