1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Boötes

BOÖTES (Gr. Bod:-rays, a ploughman, from Bom, an ox), a constellation of the northern hemisphere, mentioned by Eudoxus (4th century b. c.) and Aratus (3rd century B c), and perhaps alluded to in the book of Job (see Arcturus), and by Horner and Hesiod. The ancient Greeks symbolized it as a man walking, with his right hand grasping a club, and his left extending upwards and holding the leash of two dogs, which are apparently barking at the Great Bear. Ptolemy catalogues twenty-three stars, Tycho Brahe twenty-eight, Hevelius fifty-two. In addition to Arcturus, the brightest in the group, the most interesting stars of this constellation are: e Bootis, a beautiful double star composed of a yellow star of magnitude 3, and a blue star of magnitude 65; § Bootzs, a double star composed of a yellow star, magnitude 45, and a purple star, magnitude 65; and W. Bootis, an irregularly variable star. This constellation has been known by many other names-Arcas, Arctophylax, Arcturus minor, Bubuleus, Bubulus, Canis latrans, Clamator, Icarus, Lycaon, Philometus, Plaustri custos, Plorans, Thegnis, Vociferator, the Arabs termed it Aramech or Archamecli, Hesychius named it Orion; Jules Schiller, St Sylvester, Schickard, Nimrod; and Weigelius, the Three Swedish Crowns