1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Jarīr Ibn 'Atīyya ul-Khatfī

JARĪR IBN ʽATĪYYA UL-KHATFĪ (d. 728), Arabian poet, was born in the reign of the caliph ʽAli, was a member of the tribe Kulaib, a part of the Tamīm, and lived in Irak. Of his early life little is known, but he succeeded in winning the favour of Hajjāj, the governor of Irak (see Caliphate). Already famous for his verse, he became more widely known by his feud with Farazdaq and Akhtal. Later he went to Damascus and visited the court of Abdalmalik (ʽAbd ul-Malik) and that of his successor, Walīd. From neither of these did he receive a warm welcome. He was, however, more successful with Omar II., and was the only poet received by the pious caliph.

His verse, which, like that of his contemporaries, is largely satire and eulogy, was published in 2 vols. (Cairo, 1896).  (G. W. T.)