1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Jurjānī

JURJĀNĪ, the name of two Arabic scholars.

1. Abū Bakr ‛Abdu-l-Qāhir ibn ‛Abdur-Raḥmān ul-Jurjānī (d. 1078,) Arabian grammarian, belonged to the Persian school and wrote a famous grammar, the Kitāb ul-‛Awāmil ul-Mi’a or Kitāb Mi’at ‛Āmil, which was edited by Erpenius (Leiden, 1617), by Baillie (Calcutta, 1803), and by A. Lockett (Calcutta, 1814). Ten Arabic commentaries on this work exist in MS., also two Turkish. It has been versified five times and translated into Persian. Another of his grammatical works on which several commentaries have been written is the Kitāb Jumal fin-Nahw.

For other works see C. Brockelmann’s Gesch. der Arabischen Litteratur (1898), i. 288.

2. ‛Alī ibn Maḥommed ul-Jurjānī (1339–1414), Arabian encyclopedic writer, was born near Astarābād and became professor in Shirāz. When this city was plundered by Timūr (1387) he removed to Samarkand, but returned to Shīrāz in 1405, and remained there until his death. Of his thirty-one extant works, many being commentaries on other works, one of the best known is the Ta‛rifāt (Definitions), which was edited by G. Flügel (Leipzig, 1845), published also in Constantinople (1837), Cairo (1866, &c.), and St Petersburg (1897).  (G. W. T.)