1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Luchaire, Denis Jean Achille
LUCHAIRE, DENIS JEAN ACHILLE (1846–1908), French historian, was born in Paris on the 24th of October 1846. In 1879 he became a professor at Bordeaux and in 1889 professor of medieval history at the Sorbonne; in 1895 he became a member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques, where he obtained the Jean Reynaud prize just before his death on the 14th of November 1908. The rnost important of Achille Luchaire's earlier works is his Histoire des institutions monarchiques la France sous les premiers Capétiens (1883 and again 1891); he also wrote a Manuel des institutions françaises: period des Capétiens directs (1892); Louis VI. le Gros, annales de sa vie et de son règne (1890); and Étude sur les actes de Louis VII. (1885). His later writings deal mainly with the history of the papacy, and took the form of an elaborate work on Pope Innocent III. This is divided into six parts: (i.) Rome et Italie (1904); (ii.) La Croisade des Albigeois (1905); (iii.) La Papauté et l'empire (1905); (iv.) La Question d'Orient (1906); (v.) Les Royautés vassales du Saint-Siège (1908); and (vi.) Le Concile de Latran et la réforme de l'Église (1908). He wrote two of the earlier volumes of E. Lavisse's Histoire de France.