1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Menander (rhetorician)

MENANDER, of Laodicea on the Lycus, Greek rhetorician and commentator. Two incomplete treatises on epideictic (or show) speeches have been preserved under his name, but it is generally considered that they cannot be by the same author. Bursian attributes the first to Menander, whom he placed in the 4th century, and the second to an anonymous rhetorician of Alexandria Troas, who possibly lived in the time of Diocletian. Others, from the superscription of the Paris MS., assign the first to Genethlius of Petrae in Palestine. In view of the general tradition of antiquity, that both treatises were the work of Menander, it is possible that the author of the second was not identical with the Menander mentioned by Suïdas; since the name is of frequent occurrence in later Greek literature. The first treatise, entitled Διαίρεσις τῶν ἐπιδεικτικῶν, discusses the different kinds of epideictic speeches; the second, Περὶ ἐπιδεικτικῶν, has special titles for each chapter.

Text in L. Spengel's Rhetores graeci, iii. 329- 6, and in C. Bursian's “Der Rhetor Menandros und seine Schriften” in Abhandl. der bayer. Akad. der Wissenschaften, xvi. (1882); see also W. Nitsche, Der Rhetor M. und die Scholien zu Demosthenes; J. E. Sandys, Hist. of Classical Scholarship (1906), i. 338; W. Christ, Gesch. der griechischen Litteratur (1898), § 550.