1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Philip I., king of Macedonia

PHILIP I., king of Macedonia, a semi-legendary prince, son of Argaeus, was, according to Herodotus (viii. 137–139) and Thucydides (ii. 100), the third of the Macedonian kings. In the texts of Dexippus and Eusebius he ranks sixth, Caranus, Coenus and Thurimas (or Turimmas) being there regarded as the predecessors of Perdiccas I., whom Herodotus and Thucydides regard as the first king of Macedonia. Eusebius and Dexippus assign to Philip I. a reign of 38 and 35 years respectively. There is, however, no real evidence for his existence. (E. R. B.)