1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Winer, Georg Benedikt

WINER, GEORG BENEDIKT (1789-1858), German Protestant theologian, was born at Leipzig on the 13th of April 1789. He studied theology at Leipzig, where eventually (1832) he became professor ordinarius. From 1824 to 1830 he edited with J. G. V. Engelhardt the Neues kritisches Journal der Theologischen Literatur, and alone from 1826 to 1832 the Zeitschrift für wissenschaftiche Theologie. He is well known as the author of a Grammatik des neutestamentlichen Sprachidioms (1821, 8th ed. revised by P. W. Schmiedel, 1894 ff.), of which several translations have appeared, the latest being by W. F. Moulton (1870, 3rd ed. 1882). He died on the 12th of May 1858.

His other works include Komparative Darstellung des Lehrbegriffes der verschiedenen christlichen Kirchenparteien (1824; 4th ed. by P. Ewald, 1882; Eng trans. 1873), Biblisches Realwörterbuch (1820; 3rd ed. 1847-1848, 2 vols.), Grammatik des biblischen und targumischen Chaldaismus (1824; 3rd ed. by B. Fischer, Chaldäische Grammatik für Bibel und Talmud, 1882; Eng trans. 1845) and a useful Handbuch der theologischen Literatur (1820; 3rd ed. 1838-1840, 2 vols., supplement, 1842). Cf. W. Schmidt, “Zum Gedächtnis Dr G. B. Winers,” in the Beiträge zur sächsischen Kirchengeschichte.