Graham v. Richardson
State statutes, like the Arizona and Pennsylvania statutes here involved, that deny welfare benefits to resident aliens or to aliens who have not resided in the United States for a specified number of years are violative of the Equal Protection Clause and encroach upon the exclusive federal power over the entrance and residence of aliens; and there is no authorization for Arizona's 15-year durational residency requirement in § 1402(b) of the Social Security Act. Pp. 370-383.
313 F.Supp. 34 and 321 F.Supp. 250, affirmed.
Michael S. Flam, Phoenix, Ariz., for appellant John O. Graham.
Joseph P. Work for appellants William P. Sailer and others.
Anthony B. Ching, Cambridge, Mass., for appellee Carmen Richardson.
Jonathan M. Stein, Philadelphia, Pa., for appellees Elsie Mary Jane Leger and Beryl Jervis pro hac vice, by special leave of Court.
Mr. Justice BLACKMUN delivered the opinion of the Court.