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APPENDIX A
COMMON ABBREVIATIONS
Edit

CAP combat air patrol
CAPPS Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System
CENTCOM Central Command
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
CONR Continental U.S. NORAD Region
CSG Counterterrorism Security Group
CTC Counterterrorist Center
DIA Defense Intelligence Agency
DCI Director of Central Intelligence
ESU Emergency Service Unit (NYPD)
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FDNY Fire Department of New York
FFTC Florida Flight Training Center
FISA Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act
FISC Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
INS Immigration and Naturalization Service
ISID Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate (Pakistan)
JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff
JI Jemaah Islamiah
JTTF Joint Terrorism Task Force
KSM Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
Legat legal attaché
MAK Mektab al Khidmat
MON memorandum of notification
NEADS Northeast Air Defense Sector
NCTC National Counterterrorism Center
NGO nongovernmental organization
NMCC National Military Command Center
NORAD North American Aerospace Defense Command
NTSB National Transportation Safety Board
NSA National Security Agency
NSC National Security Council
NSPD national security policy directive
NYPD New York Police Department
OEM Office of Emergency Management (New York City)
OFAC Office of Foreign Assets Control
OIPR Office of Intelligence Policy and Review
OMB Office of Management and Budget
PAPD Port Authority Police Department
PDD presidential decision directive
PEOC Presidential Emergency Operations Center
SEC Securities and Exchange Commission
TSA Transportation Security Administration
TTIC Terrorist Threat Integration Center
UBL Usama Bin Ladin
WMD weapons of mass destruction
WTC World Trade Center
WTO World Trade Organization

APPENDIX B
TABLE OF NAMES
Edit

U.S. OFFICIALSEdit

Madeleine Albright Secretary of State, 1997-2001
Charles Allen Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Collection, 1998-
Richard Armitage Deputy Secretary of State, 2001-
Larry Arnold Commander, First Air Force and Commander of the Continental U.S. North American Aero space Defense Command (NORAD) Region, 1997-2002
John Ashcroft Attorney General, 2001-
Monte Belger Acting Deputy Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration 1997-2002
Samuel "Sandy" Berger National Security Advisor, 1997-2001; Deputy National Security Advisor 1993-1997
J. Cofer Black Director, DCI Counterterrorist Center, 1999-2002
Joshua Bolten White House Deputy Chief of Staff, 2001-2003
Robert "Bear" Bryant Deputy Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1997-1999
George H.W. Bush 41st President of the United States, 1989-1993; Vice President, 1981-1989
George W. Bush 43rd President of the United States, 2001-
Andrew Card, Jr. White House Chief of Staff, 2001-
Richard B. Cheney Vice President of the United States, 2001-
Richard Clarke National Counterterrorism Coordinator, NSC, 1997-2001
William J. Clinton 42nd President of the United States, 1993-2001
William Cohen Secretary of Defense, 1997-2001
Roger Cressey NSC counterterrorism official, 1999-2001
Ralph Eberhart Commander in Chief, NORAD and U.S. Space Command, 2000-
Tommy Franks Commander, U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM), 2001-2003
Louis Freeh Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1993-2001
Scott Fry Director of Operations for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1998-2000
Jane Garvey Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration, 1997-2002
Newt Gingrich Speaker of the House, 1995-1999
Rudolph Giuliani Mayor, City of New York, 1994-2001
John Gordon Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, 1997-2000
Al Gore, Jr. Vice President of the United States,1993-2001
Scott Gration Fry's Chief Information Operations Officer, 2000-2001
Stephen Hadley Deputy National Security Advisor, 2001-
Dennis Hastert Speaker of the House, 1999-
Karl Inderfurth Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, 1997-2001
Donald Kerrick Deputy National Security Advisor, 2000-2001
Zalmay Khalilzad NSC Senior Director for Near East and South Asia and Special Envoy to Afghanistan, 2001-2003
Anthony Lake National Security Advisor, 1993-1997
Trent Lott Senate Majority Leader, 1996-2001
Mary McCarthy NSC senior director for intelligence, 1998-2001
John McLaughlin Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, 2000-2004
William Milam U.S.Ambassador to Pakistan, 1998-2001
Norman Mineta Secretary of Transportation, 2001-
Robert Mueller Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2001-
Richard Myers Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, September 2001- ; Joint Chiefs Vice Chairman, 2000-2001
John O'Neill FBI Special Agent in Charge for National Security, New York Field Office, 1997-2001; Chief of Security of the World Trade Center, killed on 9/11
Paul O'Neill Secretary of the Treasury, 2001-2002
James Pavitt Deputy Director of Operations, CIA, 1999-2004
Thomas Pickard Acting Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, June 25, 2001-September 4, 2001
Thomas Pickering Under Secretary of State, 1997-2000
Colin Powell Secretary of State, 2001-
Ronald Reagan 40th President of the United States, 1981-1989
Janet Reno Attorney General, 1993-2001
Condoleezza Rice National Security Advisor, 2001-
Bill Richardson Ambassador to the United Nations, 1997-1998
Thomas Ridge First Secretary of Homeland Security, 2003- ; Homeland Security Advisor, 2001-2003
Bruce Riedel Senior Director for Near East and South Asia, NSC, 1997-2001
Christina Rocca Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, 2001-
Michael Rolince FBI Section Chief, International Terrorism Operations Section, 1998-2002
Donald Rumsfeld Secretary of Defense, 2001-
Peter Schoomaker Commander, Special Operations Command, 1997-2000
Gary Schroen CIA Station Chief, Islamabad, 1996-1999
Michael Sheehan Counterterrorism Coordinator, U.S. Department of State, 1998-2000
Hugh Shelton Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1997-2001
Walter Slocombe Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, 1994-2001
James Steinberg Deputy National Security Advisor, 1996-2000
Strobe Talbott Deputy Secretary of State, 1994-2001
George Tenet Director of Central Intelligence, 1997-2004
Larry Thompson Deputy Attorney General, 2001-2003
Dale Watson Executive Assistant Director for Counterterrorism and Counterintelligence, FBI, 2001-2002
Paul Wolfowitz Deputy Secretary of Defense, 2001-
Anthony Zinni Commander, U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM), 1997-2000

OTHERSEdit


Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Crown Prince and de facto regent of Saudi Arabia, 1995-
Mohdar Abdullah Yemeni; student in San Diego who assisted two 9/11 hijackers
Sayf al Adl Egyptian; high-ranking member of al Qaeda military committee
Mahmud Ahmed Director General of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate, 1999-2001
Mohammed Farrah Aidid Somali warlord who challenged U.S. presence in Somalia in the early 1990s (deceased)
Ali Abdul Aziz Ali a.k.a.Ammar al Baluchi) Pakistani; KSM's nephew; financial and travel facilitator for 9/11 plot
Ahmad Khalil Ibrahim Samir al Ani Iraqi intelligence officer who allegedly met with Atta in Prague, Czech Republic; currently in U.S. custody
Mohamed Atta Egyptian; tactical leader of 9/11 plot; pilot/hijacker (AA 11) (deceased)
Mohammed Atef (a.k.a.Abu Hafs al Masri) Egyptian; al Qaeda military commander (deceased)
Tawfiq bin Attash (a.k.a. Khallad,Waleed bin Attash) Yemeni; senior al Qaeda operative connected to the U.S. embassy bombings, the USS Cole attack, and the 9/11 attacks; currently in U.S. custody
Anwar Aulaqi U.S. citizen; Imam at Rabat mosque (San Diego, CA) and later at Dar al Hijra mosque (Falls Church,VA), who associated with two 9/11 hijackers
Abdullah Azzam Palestinian; founder of the Maktab al Khidmat, which provided logistical support to mujahideen in Afghanistan (deceased)
Jamal al Badawi Yemeni; co-conspirator arrested in Yemen for the USS Cole attack
Said Bahaji German son of Moroccan immigrant; Hamburg cell associate
Saeed al Baluchi Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker
Fayez Banihammad Emirati; 9/11 hijacker (UA 175) (deceased)
Abu Ubaidah al Banshiri Egyptian; al Qaeda military commander until 1996 (deceased)
Abu Bara al Yemeni (a.k.a.Abu al Bara al Ta'izi, Suhail Shurabi, and Barakat) Yemeni; potential suicide bomber in original 9/11 plot
Ramzi Binalshibh Yemeni; Hamburg cell member; coordinator for 9/11 plot; currently in U.S. custody
Omar Hassan Ahmed al Bashir President of Sudan, 1989-
Abu Bakar Bashir Indonesian; spiritual leader and founder of Jemaah Islamiya, al Qaeda-affiliated terrorist group in Southeast Asia
Omar al Bayoumi Saudi; assisted two 9/11 hijackers in San Diego, CA
Khalil Deek U.S. citizen; created electronic version of Encyclopedia of Jihad; believed to be involved in millennium plot to destroy tourist landmarks in Jordan
Caysan Bin Don (a.k.a Isamu Dyson, a.k.a Clayton Morgan) U.S. citizen; met two 9/11 hijackers in Los Angeles and San Diego, CA
Zakariya Essabar Moroccan; Hamburg cell associate
Jamal Ahmed Mohamed al Fadl Sudanese; al Qaeda member who defected to the United States in 1996
Ahmed al Ghamdi Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 175) (deceased)
Ali Abd al Rahman al Faqasi al Ghamdi (a.k.a.Abu Bakr al Azdi) Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker; currently in U.S. custody
Hamza al Ghamdi Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 175) (deceased)
Saeed al Ghamdi Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 93) (deceased)
Saeed ("Jihad") al Ghamdi Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker
Hassan Ghul Pakistani; al Qaeda facilitator; currently in U.S. custody
Abu Hafs al Masri see Mohammed Atef
Abu Hafs al Mauritani Mauritanian; senior al Qaeda theologian
Wadi al Hage U.S. citizen; al Qaeda operative; Bin Ladin's personal assistant; convicted in embassy bombings trial
Mushabib al Hamlan Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker
Hani Hanjour Saudi; 9/11 pilot/hijacker (AA 77) (deceased)
Mustafa al Hawsawi Saudi; al Qaeda media committee member; financial and travel facilitator for 9/11 plot
Nawaf al Hazmi Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 77) (deceased)
Salem al Hazmi Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 77) (deceased)
Ahmad al Haznawi Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 93) (deceased)
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Afghani; founder and leader of the Hizb-e-Islami, a Taliban opposition group; Prime Minister of Afghanistan, 1993-1994; 1996
Saddam Hussein President of Iraq, 1979-2003
Zein al Abideen Mohamed Hussein (a.k.a. Abu Zubaydah) Palestinian; al Qaeda associate; currently in U.S. custody
Abu Hajer al Iraqi see Mamdouh Mahmud Salim
Riduan Isamuddin (a.k.a. Hambali) Indonesian; operational leader of Jemaah Islamiya; currently in U.S. custody
Ziad Jarrah Lebanese; 9/11 pilot/hijacker (UA 93) (deceased)
Abderraouf Jdey (a.k.a. Faruq al Tunisi) Tunisian/Canadian; candidate 9/11 hijacker
Mohamed al Kahtani Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker; currently in U.S. custody
Mir Amal Kansi Pakistani; extremist who killed two CIA employees at CIA headquarters in Virginia in 1993 (executed)
Hamid Karzai Interim Leader and later President of Afghanistan, Dec. 2001-
Younis Khalis Afghani; leader of Hizb-e-Islami; hosted UBL upon his return to Afghanistan in 1996
Khallad see Tawfiq bin Attash
Wali Khan Amin Shah (a.k.a. Osama Asmurai) Turkmen; early associate of Usama Bin Ladin; convicted in Manila air (Bojinka) plot
Ibn al Khattab Saudi; mujahid leader in Chechnya
L'Houssaine Kherchtou (a.k.a. Joe the Moroccan,Abu Talal) Moroccan; former al Qaeda member who broke with Bin Ladin and became a U.S. government informant
Usama Bin Ladin (UBL) Saudi; head of al Qaeda
Ibn al Shaykh al Libi Libyan; head of jihadist training camp in Afghanistan
Ahmed al Nami Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 93) (deceased)
Sheikh Saeed al Masri Egyptian; head of al Qaeda finance committee
Ahmed Shah Massoud Leader of Afghanistan's Northern Alliance, a Taliban opposition group (assassinated Sept. 9, 2001)
Khalid al Mihdhar Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 77) (deceased)
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed (KSM) (a.k.a. Mukhtar) Pakistani; mastermind of 9/11 attacks; currently in U.S. custody
Majed Moqed Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 77) (deceased)
Mounir el Motassadeq Moroccan; Hamburg cell associate
Zacarias Moussaoui French; arrested in the U.S. in connection with the 9/11 attacks
Hosni Mubarak President of Egypt, 1981-
Pervez Musharraf Leader of Pakistan, 1999-
Abdelghani Mzoudi Moroccan; Hamburg cell associate
Qutaybah al Najdi Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker
Abd al Rahim al Nashiri (a.k.a. Mullah Bilal) Saudi; mastermind of USS Cole attack; currently in U.S. custody
Mullah Mohammed Omar Leader of Afghanistan's Taliban, which ruled most of the country from 1996 to 2001
Abdul Aziz al Omari Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 11) (deceased)
Muammar Qadhafi Leader of Libya, 1970-
Fahd al Quso Yemeni; al Qaeda co-conspirator arrested in Yemen for the USS Cole attack
Sayyid Qutb Egyptian writer; member of Muslim Brotherhood (deceased)
Eyad al Rababah Jordanian; Virginia resident who helped Hazmi and Hanjour
Abd al Rahim Ghulum Rabbani (a.k.a.Abu Rahmah) Saudi; al Qaeda member who worked closely with KSM in Karachi and assisted many of the 9/11 hijackers
Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman (a.k.a. the Blind Sheikh) Egyptian cleric; convicted for crimes related to 1993 World Trade Center bombing and 1995 plots against other NY landmarks
Saud al Rashid Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker
Ahmed Ressam (a.k.a. Benni Antoine Noris) Algerian; convicted in millennium plot to bomb Los Angeles International Airport
Mamdouh Mahmud Salim (a.k.a.Abu Hajer al Iraqi) Iraqi; chief procurement officer for al Qaeda in Sudan; arrested in connection with 1998 embassy bombings
Yazeed al Salmi Saudi; briefly a housemate of a 9/11 hijacker in San Diego
Abdul Rasul Sayyaf Afghani; head of the Hizbul-Ittihad El-Islami, and KSM's mentor
Aysel Senguen German; fiancée of 9/11 hijacker Jarrah
Nawaz Sharif Pakistani Prime Minister, 1990-1993, 1997-1999
Marwan al Shehhi Emirati; 9/11 pilot/hijacker (UA 175) (deceased)
Mohand al Shehri Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 175) (deceased)
Wail al Shehri Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 11) (deceased)
Waleed al Shehri Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 11) (deceased)
Mohamedou Ould Slahi (a.k.a.Abu Musab) Mauritanian; recruited 9/11 hijackers in Germany
Yazid Sufaat Malaysian; member of Jemaah Islamiya
Satam al Suqami Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 11) (deceased)
Madani al Tayyib Saudi; former head of al Qaeda finance committee
Zuhair al Thubaiti Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker
Fahad al Thumairy Saudi; Imam of King Fahd mosque in Los Angeles; accredited diplomat at Saudi Consulate in Los Angeles
Hassan al Turabi Sudan's longtime hard-line ideological leader and Speaker of the country's National Assembly during the 1990s
Prince Turki bin Faisal Ramzi Yousef Saudi intelligence chief prior to 9/11 (a.k.a.Abdul Basit) Pakistani; convicted mastermind of and co-conspirator in 1993 WTC bombing and Manila air (Bojinka) plots
Khalid Saeed Ahmad al Zahrani Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker
Mohammed Haydar Zammar German citizen from Syria; jihadist; possible recruiter of Hamburg cell members
Ayman al Zawahiri Egyptian; UBL's deputy and leader of Egyptian Islamic Jihad terrorist group
Hamdan Bin Zayid Emirati; Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of the United Arab Emirates
Abu Zubaydah see Zein al Abideen Mohamed Hussein

APPENDIX C
COMMISSION HEARINGS
Edit

The Commission held 12 public hearings during the course of its investigation, convening for a total of 19 days and receiving testimony from 160 witnesses. The following is a list of hearings and witnesses in order of their appearance. All witnesses appearing during the 2004 calendar year testified under oath.

FIRST PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Alexander Hamilton Customs House, New York, N.Y.
March 31-April 1, 2003

The Honorable George Pataki, Governor, State of New York
The Honorable Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor, City of New York

The Experience of the Attack
Harry Waizer, survivor, Cantor Fitzgerald, LP
David Lim, Police Department, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Lee Ielpi, Fire Department of New York (retired)
Lieutenant Colonel Brian Birdwell, United States Army
Craig Sincock, United States Army (retired)

Representatives of the Victims
Stephen Push, Families of September 11
Mary Fetchet,Voices of September 11
Mindy Kleinberg, September 11 Advocates
Allison Vadhan, Families of Flight 93

The Attackers, Intelligence, and Counterterrorism Policy
Daniel Byman, Georgetown University
Abraham D. Sofaer, Hoover Institution
Brian Jenkins, RAND Corporation
Magnus Ranstorp, University of St.Andrews

Borders, Money, and Transportation Security
Glenn Fine, Inspector General, U.S. Department of Justice
Lee Wolosky, Boies, Schiller & Flexner LLP
Gerald Dillingham, Director, Civil Aviation Issues, General Accounting Office

Law Enforcement, Domestic Intelligence, and Homeland Security
Michael Wermuth, RAND Corporation
Steven Brill,Author, After: How America Confronted the September 12 Era
Zoë Baird, Markle Foundation
Randy Larsen,ANSER Institute for Homeland Security

Immediate Response to the Attacks
Shawn Kelley,Assistant Chief,Arlington County Fire Department
William Baker,American Society of Civil Engineers
Ken Holden, Commissioner, New York City Department of Design and Construction

SECOND PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Congress and Civil Aviation Security
Hart Senate Office Building,Washington, D.C.
May 22-23, 2003

Congressional Oversight
Representative Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.)
Senator John McCain (R-Az.)
Senator Joseph Lieberman (D-Conn.)

Intelligence Oversight and the Joint Inquiry
Senator Bob Graham (D-Fla.)
Senator Richard Shelby (R-Ala.)
Representative Porter Goss (R-Fla.)
Representative Jane Harman (D-Calif.)

Affected Constituencies
Senator Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.)
Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-N.Y.)
Senator Jon Corzine (D-N.J.)
Senator Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.)
Representative Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.)
Representative Christopher Shays (R-Conn.)

State of the System: Civil Aviation Security on September 11
Jane Garvey, former Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration
Kenneth Mead, Inspector General, Department of Transportation
James May, Air Transport Association of America
Bogdan Dzakovic, Civil Aviation Security Inspector, Transportation Security Agency

September 11, 2001:The Attacks and the Response
The Honorable Norman Mineta, Secretary of Transportation
Major General Craig McKinley, Commander, 1st Air Force and the Continental United States NORAD Region (CONR)
Lieutenant General Mike Canavan (retired), former Associate Administrator for Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation Administrator

Reforming Civil Aviation Security: Next Steps
Stephen McHale, Deputy Administrator,Transportation Security Agency
Major General O.K. Steele (retired), former Associate Administrator for Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation Administration
Mary Schiavo, former Inspector General, Department of Transportation

THIRD PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Terrorism, al Qaeda, and the Muslim World
Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C.
July 9, 2003

Al Qaeda
Rohan Gunaratna, Institute for Defence and Strategic Studies
Mamoun Fandy, United States Institute of Peace
Marc Sageman, University of Pennsylvania

States and Terrorism
Laurie Mylroie,American Enterprise Institute
Judith Yaphe, National Defense University
Murhaf Jouejati, Middle East Institute and George Washington University
Mark Gasiorowski, Louisiana State University

The Challenge within the Muslim World
Rachel Bronson, Council on Foreign Relations
Steven Emerson,The Investigative Project
Gilles Kepel, Institute of Political Studies, Paris
Dennis Ross,Washington Institute for Near East Policy

FOURTH PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Intelligence and the War on Terrorism
Russell Senate Office Building,Washington, D.C.
October 14, 2003

Leadership of U.S. Intelligence
James R. Schlesinger, former Director of Central Intelligence and Secretary of Defense
John M. Deutch, former Director of Central Intelligence and Deputy Secretary of Defense

Intelligence and National Security Policy
James B. Steinberg,The Brookings Institution and former Deputy National Security Advisor

Warning of Transnational Threats
Richard Kerr, former Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
Mary O. McCarthy, former National Intelligence Officer for Warning, Central Intelligence Agency
John Gannon, Staff Director, House Select Committee on Homeland Security

FIFTH PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Private/Public Sector Partnerships for Emergency Preparedness
Drew University, Madison, N.J.
November 19, 2003

Highlights of New Jersey's Public/Private Sector Partnerships
The Honorable James E. McGreevey, Governor, State of New Jersey

The Challenge of Private Sector Preparedness
John Degnan,The Chubb Corporation

Skyscraper Safety Issues from 9/11 Family Members
Monica Gabrielle, Skyscraper Safety Campaign Sally Regenhard, Skyscraper Safety Campaign

Public/Private Initiatives Since 9/11
Michael F. Byrne, Director, Office of National Capital Region Coordination, Department of Homeland Security
Dennis J. Reimer, Oklahoma National Memorial Institute for Prevention of Terrorism
Richard A.Andrews, National Center for Crisis and Continuity Coordination

Private Sector Experience on 9/11
William Y.Yun, Fiduciary Trust Company International

Standards for Emergency Management and Business Continuity
Glenn Corbett, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Randall Yim, Director, National Preparedness Team, General Accounting Office

Future Strategies for Private Sector Preparedness
William G. Raisch, Greater New York Safety Council
Peter R. Orszag,The Brookings Institution
James Haviaris, Rockefeller Group Development Corporation
Thomas Susman, Ropes & Gray

SIXTH PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Security and Liberty
Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C.
December 8, 2003

Intelligence Collection within the United States
Larry D.Thompson, former Deputy Attorney General of the United States
Philip B. Heymann, former Deputy Attorney General of the United States
Stephen J. Schulhofer, New York University, School of Law

Protecting Privacy, Preventing Terrorism
Judith A. Miller, former General Counsel, Department of Defense
Stewart A. Baker, former General Counsel, National Security Agency
Marc Rotenberg, Electronic Privacy Information Center

Preventive Detention: Use of Immigration Laws and Enemy Combatant Designations to Combat Terrorism
Jan Ting,Temple University
Khaled Medhat Abou El Fadl, UCLA School of Law
David Martin, University of Virginia School of Law and former General Counsel, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice

Government Organization and Domestic Intelligence
The Honorable William P. Barr, former Attorney General of the United States
John J. Hamre, former Deputy Secretary of Defense
John MacGaffin, former Associate Deputy Director for Operations, Central Intelligence Agency

SEVENTH PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Borders, Transportation, and Managing Risk
Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C.
January 26-27, 2004

The Border Security System Prior to September 11
Mary A. Ryan, former Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs, Department of State
Doris Meissner, former Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice

An Incident in Florida
Jose E. Melendez-Perez, Inspector, Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security

Visas and Watchlisting Today
Maura Harty,Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs, Department of State
Russell E.Travers, Deputy Director, Information Sharing and Knowledge Management Department,Terrorist Threat Integration Center, Central Intelligence Agency
Donna A. Bucella, Director,Terrorist Screening Center, Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Response to September 11 on the Borders
James Ziglar, former Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice
Robert C. Bonner, Commissioner, Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security
Peter F.Verga, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Homeland Defense, Department of Defense

Aviation Security on 9/11:The Regulators
Jane F. Garvey, former Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration
Cathal L."Irish" Flynn, former Associate Administrator of Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation Administration
Claudio Manno,Assistant Administrator for Intelligence,Transportation Security Administration

Aviation Security on 9/11:The Airlines
Edmond L. Soliday, former Vice President of Safety, Quality Assurance, and Security, United Airlines
Andrew P. Studdert, former Chief Operating Officer, United Airlines
Gerard J.Arpey, Chief Executive Officer,American Airlines
Timothy J. Ahern,Vice President-DFW Hub, and former Vice President of Safety, Security, and Environmental, American Airlines

Acts of Courage in the Sky
Nydia Gonzalez, Manager, Southeast Reservations Center, American Airlines

Risk Management after September 11
James M. Loy, Deputy Secretary, Department of Homeland Security

EIGHTH PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Counterterrorism Policy
Hart Senate Office Building,Washington, D.C.
March 23-24, 2004

Diplomacy
The Honorable Madeleine K.Albright, former Secretary of State
The Honorable Colin L. Powell, Secretary of State

The Military
The Honorable William S. Cohen, former Secretary of Defense
The Honorable Donald H. Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense

Intelligence Policy
The Honorable George J.Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence

National Policy Coordination
The Honorable Samuel R. Berger, former Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
Richard A. Clarke, former National Coordinator for Counterterrorism, National Security Council
Richard L. Armitage, Deputy Secretary of State

NINTH PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C.
April 8, 2004

The Honorable Condoleezza Rice,Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs

TENTH PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Law Enforcement and Intelligence
Hart Senate Office Building,Washington, D.C.
April 13-14, 2004

Law Enforcement, Counterterrorism, and Intelligence Collection in the United States Prior to 9/11
The Honorable Louis J. Freeh, former Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation
The Honorable Janet Reno, former Attorney General of the United States

Threats and Responses in 2001
Thomas J. Pickard, former Acting Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation
Ambassador J. Cofer Black, former Director, Counterterrorism Center, Central Intelligence Agency
The Honorable John Ashcroft, Attorney General of the United States

The Performance of the Intelligence Community The Honorable George J.Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence

Preventing Future Attacks Inside the United States
John O. Brennan, Director, Terrorist Threat Integration Center, Central Intelligence Agency
Lieutenant General Patrick M. Hughes, Assistant Secretary for Information Analysis, Department of Homeland Security
John S. Pistole, Executive Assistant Director for Counterterrorism and Counterintelligence, Federal Bureau of Investigation
James L. Pavitt, Deputy Director of Operations, Central Intelligence Agency

FBI Leadership and Initiatives Post-9/11
The Honorable Robert S. Mueller III, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation
Maureen Baginski, Executive Assistant Director for Intelligence, Federal Bureau of Investigation

ELEVENTH PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

Emergency Response
New School University, New York, N.Y.
May 18-19, 2004

Alan Reiss, former Director,World Trade Center, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Joseph Morris, former Chief, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department
Bernard B. Kerik, former Commissioner, New York Police Department
Thomas Von Essen, former Commissioner, Fire Department of New York
Richard Sheirer, former Director, NewYork City Office of Emergency Management
Raymond W. Kelly, Commissioner, New York Police Department
Nicholas Scoppetta, Commissioner, Fire Department of New York
Joseph F. Bruno, Director, New York City Office of Emergency Management
The Honorable Rudolph W. Giuliani, former Mayor, City of New York
Dennis Smith,Author, Report from Ground Zero
Jerome M. Hauer, former Commissioner, NewYork City Office of Emergency Management
Edward P. Plaugher, Chief, Arlington County Fire Department
The Honorable Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor, City of New York
The Honorable Thomas J. Ridge, Secretary of Homeland Security

TWELFTH PUBLIC HEARINGEdit

The 9/11 Plot and National Crisis Management
National Transportation Safety Board Conference Center, Washington, D.C.
June 16-17, 2004

Al Qaeda
Mary Deborah Doran, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation
Patrick J. Fitzgerald, U.S.Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois CIA Officials

Outline of the 9/11 Plot
Jacqueline Maguire, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation
James N. Fitzgerald, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation
Adam B. Drucker, Supervisory Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation CIA Officials

Military Response on 9/11
General Richard B. Myers, United States Air Force, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
Admiral (select) Charles Joseph Leidig, United States Navy, Deputy Director for Operations, National Military Command Center
General Ralph E. Eberhart, United States Air Force, Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and United States Northern Command
Major General Larry Arnold, United States Air Force (retired), former Commander, Continental United States NORAD Region (CONR)

FAA Response on 9/11
Monte R. Belger, former Acting Deputy Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration
Jeff Griffith, former Deputy Director, Air Traffic Control, Federal Aviation Administration
John S.White, former Facility Manager, Air Traffic Control Systems Command Center, Federal Aviation Administration
Benedict Sliney, Operations Manager, New York Terminal Radar Approach Control, Federal Aviation Administration