A Biographical Dictionary of the Celebrated Women of Every Age and Country/Macauley-Graham, (Catherine)

MACAULEY-GRAHAM (CATHERINE), Daughter of John Sawbridge, Esq. of Ollantigh, in Kent; died at Binfield, in Berkshire, 1791.

This lady, from intuitive fondness for learning, addicted herself very early in life to reading history, especially that of the Greeks and Romans, from which she imbibed the enthusiastic attachment to liberty so strongly displayed in her writings. In 1760, she married Dr. George Macauley, a physician in London, some of whose writings appear in the Medical Observations. By this gentleman she had one daughter, who was afterwards married to Captain Gregory, in the East-India service.

In 1778, she married secondly, Mr. William Graham. Her first literary production was the History of England from James I. to George I. in 8 vols. 4to. the first published in 1763, the last in 1783. This is a violent attack on the whole race of the Stuarts, and was very popular at the time it first came out; 2, Remarks on Hobbes' Radiments of Government and Society, 8 vols.; 3, Loose Remarks on some of Mr. Hobbes's Positions, 4to. 1769; 4, Thoughts on the Causes of the present Discontents, 1770; 5, A Modest Plea for the Property of Copy-Right, 8vo. 1774; 6, History of England, from the Revolution to the present Time, in Letters to her Friend Dr. Wilson, 1 vol. 4to. 1778.—This was published at Bath; 7, An Address to the People of England, Scotland, and Ireland, on the present important Crisis, 8vo. 1775; 8, A Treatise on the Immutability of Moral Truth, 8vo. 1783; 9, Letters on Education, 8vo. 1790.

Mrs. Macauley was pleasing and delicate in her person, and a woman of great feeling and indisputable abilities, though the democratic spirit of her writings has made them fall into disrepute.

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