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A Hundred and Seventy Chinese Poems

 

A HUNDRED AND SEVENTY
CHINESE POEMS

 

TRANSLATED BY
ARTHUR WALEY

 
AHSCP, cover picture.jpg
 

NEW YORK
ALFRED A KNOPF
MCMXXII

 

PRELIMINARY NOTE

In making this book I have tried to avoid poems which have been translated before. A hundred and forty of those I have chosen have not been translated by any one else. The remaining thirty odd I have included in many cases because the previous versions were full of mistakes; in others, because the works in which they appeared are no longer procurable. Moreover, they are mostly in German, a language with which my readers may not all be acquainted.

With some hesitation I have included literal versions of six poems (three of the "Seventeen Old Poems," "Autumn Wind," "Li Fu jēn," and "On the Death of his Father") already skilfully rhymed by Professor Giles in "Chinese Poetry in English Verse." They were too typical to omit; and a comparison of the two renderings may be of interest. Some of these translations have appeared in the "Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies," in the "New Statesman," in the "Little Review" (Chicago), and in "Poetry" (Chicago).

CONTENTS
PART I
PAGE
Introduction 15
The Limitations of Chinese Literature 17
Technique 22
The Method of Translation 33
Bibliographical Notes 35
Chapter One:
Battle 39
The Man-Wind and the Woman-Wind 41
Master Tēng-t'u 43
The Orphan 45
The Sick Wife 47
Cock-Crow Song 48
The Golden Palace 49
"Old Poem" 50
Meeting in the Road 51
Fighting South of the Castle 52
The Eastern Gate 53
Old and New 54
South of the Great Sea 55
The Other Side of the Valley 56
Oaths of Friendship 57
Burial Songs 58
59–68
69
70
71
73
74
75
76
77
78
Chapter Two:
83
84
85
86
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
99
100
Chapter Three:
103–116
Chapter Four:
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
Chapter Five:
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
156
PART II
Introduction 161
By Po Chü-i:
171
172
173
174
176
177
178
179
180
182
183
185
186
187
188
192
193
195
197
199
201
202
205
206
207
208
209
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243