A voyage to Abyssinia (Salt)/Appendix 1


APPENDIX.





No. I.


Vocabularies of the Dialects spoken by different tribes of the natives inhabiting the Coast of Africa, from Mosambique to the borders of Egypt, with a few others spoken in the Interior of that Continent.


Vocabularies of the Makooa and Monjou Languages.


English.

God,
Sun,
Moon,
Stars,
Earth,
A mountain,
A tree,
A house,
A road,
River,
Water,
Salt water,
Fish,
An ox,
A pig,
A dog,
An antelope,
An hyæna,
Elephants' teeth,
Flesh of animals,
A bird,
A pigeon,
A Guinea fowl,
A man,
A woman,
A chief,
A priest,
Father,
Mother,
A boy,
A girl,
Brother,

Makooa.

Wherimb.
E-zoo-ah.
Má-re.
Tau d'wa.
E-la-poo.
Ma-go.
It tu-va.
E nú ba.
E pe ro.
Oo re-ah.
Ma ze.
Maze paréah.
O'pah.
E-no-bé.
Co-lú-a.
Ma-la po-ah.
Na-zo-ro.
Ke-zoom ba.
Mur-fin.
Ená ma.
Noo-ne.
A koo-tah.
Kan-ga.
Mo loo mé.
Mat te á na.
Pe-wah.
Mo ku lu ka na.
Te-te.
Má-má.
Bee-sho.
-
Mo roo ko.

Monjou.

Moloongo.
D'yoova.
Mooei ze.
To u'n du wa.
Mooze.
Matoom-be.
Mere.
A um-ba.
E tal la.
--
Mé-ze.
Méze en jeate.
Sōm bah.
Ne yá te.
Le gul-loo ve.
Oom pú ah.
Jepa-lah.
De tu no.
Itté poo.
Ne-ya-ma.
Noo-ne.
E' goon dah.
-
Ma lop wa nah.
Mé kōn qué.
Musch-e-nwá-ne.
A me za in ga.
At te-a-te.
A má vo.
Ma na-che.
Mis cha na.
Alloombo.

Native Dialect, from Dos Santos.

Molungo.





Matuvi.








Im pum pes.



In ha ma.




English.

Sister,
Man's head,
Hair,
Ear,
Eyes,
Mouth,
To eat,
To drink,
To sit down,
To sleep,
To cut the throat,
He is dead,
Come,
Go away,
Let us go away,
Gently,
Mine,
Thine,
War,
A cannon,
Fire,
A bow,
Arrows,
A spear,
A musquet,
Bread,
Salt,
Sand,
White,
Black,
Red,
Yellow,
Green,
Good,

Makooa.

Min-yú.
Mú roo.
Ká rá re.
Ne á ro.
Me-to.
Ya-noo.
Oo re a.
Ghoo re a.
Ka lá te.
A rú ba.
Wee-vah.
O kú ah.
Ro a no.
Cou wé.
- -
Moo re ma.
Ak-ka.
Ak-wow.
E cō to.
Me zin ga.
Moor-ro.
Moor-ra.
E ta ra.
Le-va-ga.
- -
Moo rá ma.
Ma-ka.
Me ta ga.
E goo o.
Wa ru ba.
Yoo che ri ah.
Soo fei re.
Oo ré rah.
Ego oo re be.

Monjou.

Bo.
Mu too wé.
Hoom po.
Ma koot wé.
Mé zo.
Oun-wa.
Koo le a.
Khun-wa.
At á me.
A gō né.
An voo a ké.
Ou wee re.
Aiz.
I en de.
Too wen de.
Ap po lee.
An goo.
At-wa-lah.
An gōn da.
Me-zin ga.
Mo-to.
O koo á ze.
Im pam ba.
Le pán gá.
Ooh te.
Ma sam ba.
Jé-te.
Me á gah.
Je pan je.
Kam pe ri oo.
Ya koo swé ra.
Del la ma.
Ooo ko to.
Na ma ta ba.

Native Dialect, from Dos Santos.







Cuni, a particular kind of drink.

É and ú, are to be sounded like French letters; ch is invariably soft; a is meant to express, generally, the same sound as a in "hammer," and with the accent over it to be still broader; ō, to be sounded as oa in boat, and (') after either a consonant or vowel denotes a singular kind of catch in the sound peculiar to the natives of Africa.





The following words were given me by some sailors attached to an Arab boat, who called themselves Sowanli, which appears to be quite a distinct people from the Somauli. This tribe dwells on the Eastern Coast of Africa, extending from Mugdasho (where my informant said a great river ran into the sea called Webbé) to the neighbourhood of Mombasa. In person they resemble the Makooa, being of the true negro race, black, stout, and ill-favoured. These men possessed no knowledge of the interior country or tribes, having early been engaged in a sea-faring life, but mentioned that to the south of them were found tribes of Galla. Their language appears scarcely to deserve the name of a distinct dialect, but is a kind of mixed jargon, nearly allied to the Monjou, spoken at the sea ports Mugadasho, Jubo, Lama, and Patta.

English.

Father,
Mother,
Son,
Thy brother,
Wife,
Husband,
Young girl,
A mountain,
Fire,
Water,
House,

Sowauli.

Babbe-akoo.
A-ma-vo.
Ma-to to
Dugghe a-koo.
Má na moo ke.
Am bo ya.
Se ja na.
Ma-toom bé.
Mo-to.
Mo ye.
Ne yum bá ne.

English.

One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,

Sowauli.

Che mō jé.
Mab-be-re.
Ma-da too.
Mú ché che.
Má noo.
Fun já te.
Muk en deh.
Mun ná ne.
Ko-me.
Mo-je.


The Sowauli are sometimes called Sowaiel by their northern neighbours the Somauli; one of the latter, who said he knew but little of their language, gave me the few following words, which, though more corrupted, evidently form a part of the same language as the preceding.

English.

Water,
Meat,
Fire,
Milk,

Sowaiel.

Mi.
Yamo.
Mut to meh.
Mus see wa.

English.

Sleep,
Butter,
Victuals,

Sowaiel.

Kul-la-le.
Sim mel le.
Mut ta ma.





Vocabulary of the Somauli Language.

The following Vocabulary was received from Summutter, a Somauli; it was confirmed at separate times by several other intelligent persons belonging to the same nation.

English.

Father,
God,
Mother,
Brother,
Sister,
Son,

Somauli.

Ab-bai or Ilba á.
Il-lah.
O-yú.
Wel-lal.
Wel-la-she.
Weel.

English.

A man,
A woman,
Silver,
Gold,
Iron,
A house,

Somauli.

Ningha.
Naak-ta.
Laag.
Dāb.
Bir.
Goo-re.

English.

A Mountain,
Smoke,
The sun,
The moon,
Stars,
Seven stars,
An eastern star,
Another,
A northern star,
Others (unknown,)
To drink water,
To drink milk,
Sea,
A Spear,
War,
To go to war,
An hyæna,
A dog,
A cow,
A goat,
A house,
A camel,
An ass,
An elephant,
Teeth,
Head,
Hair,
Eyes,
Nose,
Mouth,
Tongue,
Ears,
Arm,
Leg,
Foot,
Rhinoceros,
A cat,
A bird,
Eggs,
To eat,
Salt,
Pepper,
Black,
Red,
Men,
A plain,

Somauli.

Bo-ro.
Kaik.[1]
Ghur-rah.
Tai ya.
Hed dū go.
Al-lal.
Sa hil.
Ko-bá-le.
Ja.
L' gh-oh.
Ab.
Dun.
B' hút.
Wur-run.
Ul.
Ul bábe am.
Werrá be,
A e.
Lo.
Ar-re.
Fé ras.
Geil.
Dem mér.
Má rode.
Il-luk.
Mud-dah.
Te mo.
Ill.
San.
Off.
Ar-rub.
Deg.
Gaun.
Lug.
Og.
Wee il.
Dem mud.
Shim beir.
Gu ree.
Un-to.
Us sub bo.
Fil fil.
Med-do.
Múr ass.
Rá gh'.
Bú' n a.

English.

A cleft in the hills,

Grass,
A tree,
A pigeon,
A small bird,
A bird which picks the camel's head
A stone,
Come,
Go away,
Sit down,
Water,
Meat,
Fire,
Milk,
Sleep,
Butter,
Victuals,
Wheat,
One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,
Eleven,
Twelve,
Thirteen,
and so on to
Twenty,
Twenty one,
and so regularly
to Thirty,
Fourty,
Fifty,
Sixty,
Seventy,
Eighty,
Ninety,
A hundred,
A thousand,

Somauli.

Fer-ra

Gee-do.
Dir.
Shim-be-ro.
Lo jir.
Too ke.
Lug-kah.
Ka-lee.
Tugh.
Fré so.
Be-yoo.
Il-lib.
Dob.
A noo.
Sé oh'.
Sub-ook.
Har-ród.
Sir-rein.
K' ow.
Leb-ba.
Sud-dé.
Af fur.
Shan.
L, éh.
T' dub ba.
Se deid.
Sug-gāl.
Tubbān.
How e tub bān.
Lebbe a tub bān.
Sud dé e tub bān

Leh bah tun.
Koweleh bah tun.

Sud dun.
Affar tun.
Shan e tun.
Leh-tun.
T' dub ba tun.
Sedeit tun.
Suggal tun.
Bo-gal.
Kún.

I cannot help observing that the Somauli was delighted when he heard that the word "lug" corresponded so nearly with our own word "leg," both expressing the same thing. A still more copious vocabulary taken by Mr. Stuart is in the possession of the African Association, which generally agrees with mine, though he sometimes has put two words together, and frequently has added ka to the end of the last syllable, which expresses a peculiar kind of clapping with the tongue, which some of the natives use in pronouncing their language.





Vocabularies of the Hurrur and Southern Galla Dialects, from Hadjee Abdelkuder, Hadjee Belal, and other natives; and of the Adaiel from Mr. Stuart's journal written during a residence at Zeyla.

English.

God,
The sun,
Moon,
A star,
Wind,
Rain,
Lightning,
Thunder,
Clouds,
Earth,
Mountains,
Iron,
Lead,
Gold,
Silver,
A stone,
Fire,
Smoke,
A tree,
A wood,
A plain,
Grass,
A flower,
A bee,
Honey,
Wheat,
Indian corn,
Barley,
Peas,
Food,
Water,
Bread,

Hurrur.

Goéta.
Eer.
Werhe.
Too-wee.
Doof.†
Ze nab.†
Be-raak.†
- -
Da na.†
Di-che.
Sa-re.
Be-ret.
- -
Zuk' ke.
Mét.
Un.
Is sat.
Tún.
Luf-fo.
Het-chi.
A go bar.
Saar.
Hab ba re.
Nijjat, or lijjaut.
Doos.
Eés.
Ik ké.
Goos.
Shum bura.
Bil la.
Me.
Wo-kat.

Galla.

- -
Ad dú.
Dje á, or ba te.
Ur-je, or té yu.
Bú be.
Koba, or bo-kire.
Bekukka.
Habelle-wak.[2]
Dú me sa.
Laf-fa.
Gá-rá.
Sib be la.
- -
Wer-ké.
Mé tá.
Da-ga, or hegga.
E bid deh.
Du ge.
Mo ú ka.
Bus sun na.
Dud da.
Tcheta.
Do-ko.
Tit te ga.
Dag' ma.
Ko ma de.
Mish in ga.
Gur bú.
Shimbra.
Ny at.
Be-shan.
Bu dé na.

Adaiel.

Alla.
A i ro.
Al-sa.
Ur took ta.
Ar-hoo.
Rooboo.
Augkara.

Urbu loo.
Ba-ro.
Al li.
Beam-ta.
Arrara.

Lack-ru.
Da a.
Gi-rà.


Ha ra.

Ayiso.

Did al a re.
Mal a ba.
Coom-de.
Moba sila.



Li.

English.

A river,
Fountain,
A well,
Fish,
A horse,
An ass,
A mule,
A camel,
A cow,
Milch cow,
Calf,
Two years old,
Bull,
Ox for plough,
A goat,
A kid,
A sheep,
A lamb,
A horn,
Skin of cow,
Dog,
A hare,
A bird,
A man,
All men,
A woman,
All women,
A son,
Daughter,
Father,
Sister,
Mother,
Brother,
The head,
Hair,
Eye,
Nose,
Eye brow,
Forehead,
Lips,
Neck,
Mouth,
Teeth,
Tongue,
Ear,
Beard,

Hurrur.

Zer.
Ain.
E la.
Tú lum.
Fe' rás.
Wech cha rá.
Bug gul.
Gam' le.
Laām.
Loon.
Té ja.
Dub bai.
Bá rá.
Gad-eet.
Dow.
- -
Tai.
- -
Kh' er.
Go-ga.
Bú che.
Gu da mo.
Oof, or aláte.
Ab-bok.
- -
E-dok, or l doatch.
- -
Le je á.
Ka-tee.
Ou.
- -
Ae, or ée.
- -
Roos.
Tche gur.
Ain.
Oof.
Gid eej.
Kaf at.
Luf-luf.
Un gut.
Aof.
Sin.
Ar rāt.
U' thun.
Dub un.

Galla.

Leg-ga.
Búr ka.
E la.
Búr tú me.
Fer da.
Hur-ré.
Gan je.
Gāl la.
Sou á.
- -
Djeb-be.
Rá da.
Sun ga, or Debe, cha, or kōrma.
Ko te yo.
Rée.
Ilma rée.
Holá.
Ilma holá.
Gá fa.
It til le.
Sir re.
Kru pe.
Shim bere, or tille.
Ná má.
De ra.
Ne te.
Na duo.
Il ma.
Intel lo.
Ab bo.
O bo le te.
Bo lé sá, or ad deer.
O bo la.
Má tá.
Re fen sa.
Hed ja.
Fun yān.




Af fan.
Il kaé.
Ar rub ba.
Gú ra.
Ar ré da.

Adaiel.



A le.
Kul lum.
Fa ra sa.
Da mun na.
Buk i li.
Ra ki ba.
La.
- -
Koo a ba ra.


Sung-ka.
Dubbila.

Murroo.

Ga i sa.
Caf-te.
Kub-ba.

Kin-kro.
Ad-ma.

Bar ra.

Yi bara.
Ya on ka.
Yi abba.

Yi no.

Moo i ya.






Fil-la.





English.

Throat,
Shoulders,
Fingers,
Nails,
Elbow,
Arm,
Upper arm,
Breast,
Woman's breast
Thigh,
Back,
Belly,
Bowels,
Leg,
Knee,
Foot,
Day,
Night,
A year,
Evening,
Morning,
To morrow,
Mid-day,
Ancles,
Toes,
Heel,
Sole of foot,
Salt,
Elephant,
Antelope,
Musquet,
A bow,
Arrows,
House,
A road,
Wild pig,[3]
Sky,
War
Gently,
Quick,
Come,
Go away,
To drink,
Eat,
Hyæna,
Sand,
Flesh of animals,

Hurrur.

- -
Kar roo.
- -
- -
- -
Ij jé.
Ar ruk.
Té.
- -
Wád re.
- -
Ker-se.
- -
Ij je re.
Ge lib.
- -
Oj.
Mis sheit.
- -
Assere.
Subé, or Soza.
Gee she.
Se lat.
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
Aj.
Wi del la.
Nif-te.
De gan.
In nach.
Gāal, or Gar.
Oogah.
Ar rea.
Sem me.
Mu gur ra.
Shét shét.
Fittan fittan.
Ná.
Har.
Mus chah.
Bil lak.
We rá bah.
Sé lat.
Busser.

Galla.

Mōr ma.
Ir re.
Ko-ba.
Kin-sa.
Chi ke le.
Her ka.

Ko ma.
Har ma.
Gú dé da.
Dúgda.
Ger ra.
Má re mán.
Sar ba.

Fáná.
Er ra.
Ul kun.
Bur rá.
Gel gel la.
Gu na ma Dee ra ma.
Bo roo.
Wogusse.
Inditteat.
Ab been yah.
Koob.
Her dah.
Ussoo.
-











Koot.
-





Adaiel.


Lab-ka.





A li li.
Ang goo ga.


Bak koo.
Gar-ba ha ri sa.
Mid je ba.




Ta van ka.
Asse ri.
Sar-ko.

Do-o-ri.





Da-ca noo.











Am ma.
Gi ra.





English.

Sit down,
Poor,
Rich,
High,
Low,
Right,
Left,
Near,
Far,
Up,
Down,
Before,
Behind,
Small,
Truth,
Lie,
One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,
Eleven,
Twelve &c. to
Twenty, &c. to
Thirty,
Fourty,
Fifty,
Sixty,
Seventy,
Eighty,
Ninety,
One Hundred,
One Thousand,
1225,

Hurrur.

Tugh a bel.
Zé ga.
Bou.
Gu-door.
A cheer.
- -

Kúr ra.
Ro-hook.
Lai.
Tai.
Wun dah.
Ehir.
Teet.
Húl loo.
Kiz.
A had.
Kō út, short kōte
Sheeste.
Har rut.
Ham meest.
Seedeest.
Sáte.
Sút.
Zeytan, or Zeythan.
Assir.
Asse á bad.
Asse a kōt, &c. to Kú e ya.
Kú e ya á had, &c.
Sassa.
Er bah.
Hem sa.
Sis sah.
Sá tes sir.
Sú tes sir.
They tá neh.
Buk ka la.
Kúm.
Kúm kote bukkalo kúeya ham eeste.

Galla.


Ye sa.
Du ré sa.
Gh' éra.
Gu ba ba.
Meerga.
Beta.
Yeho.
Fug go.
Goo-ba.
Jel la.
Wun-duk-ka.
Bo da.
Tinno.
Oo-ga.
Ki-jee-ba.
To ko.
Lum ma.
Sed de.
Af foor.
Shun.
Ja.
Toor bah.
Sed dét.
Sug gul.
Koo dun.
Kooda lum ma, &c.
Black, guracha.
White, adde.
Red, deem to.
Yellow, ko re.

Adaiel.


La a ma di.
Doo ri sa.




Ibbin-ayeto.
Dir ré.
Dir ri ma.
Goo-ba.
Na-a-ra.
Kum-moos.
Unda-ni ta.


Numerals are said to be the same as the Dancali.









Da ta.
Ad thu.
As sa.
Wal hi ne.

[4]

Vocabulary of the Danakil Language.

English.

God,
Devil,
Spirit,
Sun,
Moon,
Stars,
Wind,
S.E. wind,
N.W. wind,
Rain,
Sky,
Earth,
Mountain,
Tree,
Iron,
Silver,
Gold,
Stone,
Grass,
Wheat,
Bread,
Honey,
Milk,
Butter,
Cheese,
Fowls,
Meat,
Provisions,
Fire,
Water,
River,
Well,
Fish,
The sea,
House,
An horse,
Ass,
Camel,
Cow,
Bull,
Ox,
Dog,
Goat,

Danakil.

Al-la.
Shei tan.
Mā ly ka.
Ay e ro.
Al-sa, or berra.
E took ta, or arra.
A-hy ta, or sako.
Ge-lal ta.
Wé ru ro.
Rōbe.
Amboo re.
Arde, or barroo.
Al-la.
Ai-eb.
Bir-ta.
Luk-kroo.
Dāab.
Dáta, or é ya.
E-shoo.
Eú er, or dereo.
Ab de.
Mu lu ba.
An-ub.
Suba.
None.
None.
Na do.
Nufs.
Gira.
Le' h.
Wé ah.
E la.
Cul-lum.
Bad-da.
Arré, or burra.
Fa rassa.
Dun nun.
Galla, or rakoo-bo.
La.
Ou-ra.
Sun-ga.
Koota.
Illá.

English.

Bird,
Sheep,
A man,
Woman,
Boy,
Girl,
Father,
Mother,
Son,
Daughter,
Sister,
Brother,
The head,
Heart,
Hair,
Eyes,
Blood,
Nose,
Mouth,
Teeth,
Tongue,
Ear,
Throat,
Shoulders,
Hand,
Breast,
The body,
Lips,
Day,
Night,
Cold,
Hot,
Bring,
Come,
Go,
Drink,
To kill,
Eat,
To bury,
Glad,
Sorry,
Dead,
Knife,
To smell,
Talk,

Danakil.

Kim-beir.
Mer-wa.
Ka-bunt.
Ak bo eta.
Foo ré na.
Boo ru wa.
Ab ba.
Yin-na.
Yi ber ra.
Am ma.
In ha ber ra.
Ina.
Am-mo.
Tu ro.
Do gur ta.
In te.
Dor-mo.
San na.
Af fa.
Bu de na.
Ar rub ba.
Ai te.
Un ge roor.
Sunko.
Gub-ba.
Nehar, or alleel.
Gel lub.
Wog gu ba.
Al-hu, or assaak.
Bher-ra.
Wah-ha.
E beed.
Bah'.
U'm.
Girt.
Nuk.
Dig-gif.
Uk-koom.
Kub-bre.
Wal-lal.
Mum-mai.
Rub bé.
Gil lé.
Dir re.
Yab.

English.

Sit,
Lie,
Truth,
Far,
Near,
Up,
Before,
Behind,
Great,
Little,
Poor,
Long,
Good,
Bad,
Strong,
Weak,
Old,
Deaf,
Red,
Green,
Blue and black,
White,
One,

Danakil.

Duf fé.
Dir rub.
Noo-mah.
De re.
Ib be nă.
Koor.
Ar sa.
Gum mu da.
Kibbo.
Un da oom.
Mes chinto.
Dé re.
Mé eh.
Um meh.
Sig gea.
We ro re.
Id dal too.
Aitu melle.
Assa.
Dat ta.
Dutta.
Ad-du.
Inni ke.

English.

Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,
Eleven,
Twelve,
Twenty,
Thirty,
Forty,
Fifty,
Sixty,
Seventy,
Eighty,
Ninety,
One hundred,
One thousand,

Danakil.

Lum meh.
Sur de o.
Fe-re.
Ko no you.
Le hé ye.
Mel hé ne.
Bá há ra.
Se ga la.
Thub ban.
Thubban ketea.
Thubban ke lummeh, &c.
Lubba tunna, &c.
Sud-dum.
Moro tum.
Kum-tum.
La-tum ma.
Melhin a tumma.
Bahar tumma.
Sega la tumma.
Bōl.
Tubban a bōl.


Language spoken at Arkeeko and by the Shiho.


English.

Man,
Woman,
Girl,
Boy,
Old man,
Tree,
Stone,
Hill,
Earth,
Sun,
Moon,
Stars,
Wind,
Sky,
Lightning,
Plain,
Iron,
Gold,
Silver,
Brass,
Spear,

Arkeeko.

Nas.
Eseet.
Wellet.
Bus se.
Ab be.
It-chet.
Bun-net.
Dubr.
Mid-ur.
Tsaî.
Wer he.
Kō kub.
Ne-fas.
As tur.
Ber-ruk.
Gá-doom.
Has-seen.
Dab.
Fud ah.
Asse-radde.
- -

Shiho.

E-úte.
Nú-ma.
Bur-ra.
Gu-fa.
Ba-ra.
In-kia-ra.
Dak.
Kur-ma.
Ba-ra.
Ai-ro.
Al-sa.
It-took.
A ha.
Ar-ran.
An-kar-ra.
Dug-ge.
Bir.
Dab.
Fid-dah.
Assera-che.
Ma-ha-re.

English.

Shield,
Cow,
Bull,
Ox,
Goat,
Sheep,
Camel,
Lion,
Leopard,
Hyæna,
Fox,
Deer,
Cat,
Dog,
Bird,
Pigeon,
Eagle,
Fish,
Fowl,
Rain,
Grass,
Horse,
Ass,
Road,
Water,
Milk,
Drink,
Eat,
Honey,
Corn,
Barley,
Wheat,
Butter,
Town,
Red,
Black,
White,
Yellow,
House,
Sandals,
Above,
Below,
Right hand,
Left,
Before,
Behind,
Near,
Far,
Head,
Eye,

Arkeeko.

- -
Whud.
Whur.
Be-rai.
Tulle.
Mud-uf.
Gi-mel.
I-ut.
Hum-mum.
Ké-rai.
Ash-eet.
A-ráb.
Dim-mo.
Kulp.
Ou-af.
Hum-mam.
Ib-seet.
As-sur.
Dur ho.
Ze-nab.
Sar.
Fé-ras.
Ad-eig.
Gub-be'
Mi.
Al-lil.
Sit-tee.
Bila.
Mar.
Uk-kel.
Sheir.
Sin-di.
E-sas.
Ad.
Ki-ye.
Salim.
Sa-da.
As-far.
Beet.
Mud-as.
Laal.
Taakt.
Mān.
Gel-ub.
Kud-am.
Har.
Ke-rub.
Ré eem.
Ras.
En.

Shiho.

Ga-sha.
La.
Ou-roo.
Bee-ra.
La.
Edo e dutta.
Ruk-oob.
Lu-bok.
Ar-ré-e-tun.
Nan-gú-la.
Wok-á-re.
Wi-del-le.
Besa-a dimmo.
Ker-re.
Al-loom.
Gúd-dú dú-le'
Sou-oo.
As-sur.
Dur ho.
Rōb.
As-sho.
Fras.
Oku-lut-te.
Ar-ra.
Le.
An.
Bét.

Buska.
Il-lo.
Ad-'é-lou.
Sin-rá.
Sub-a.
Dig.
Assu-tea.
Dut tea.
Ad-du-tea.
Ig-ge-re-tea.
Ar-re.

Ag-ga-na.
Gú-ba.
Misga.
Gú-ra.
Lig-ga-bu.
Lid-dil-le.
He-rub.
- -
Am mo.
In-te.

English.

Ear,
Nose,
Mouth,
Teeth,
Arm,
Leg,
Salt,
Pepper,
A dow,
Fire,
To day,
Night,
Day,
Morrow,
Yesterday,
Poor,
Many,
Little,
Small,
Great,
Long,
Good,
Bad,
Elder brother,
Beard,
Cloth,
One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,
Eleven,
Twenty,
Thirty,
Forty,
Fifty,
Sixty,
Seventy,
Eighty,
Ninety,
A hundred,
A thousand,

Arkeeko.

Iz-un.
Anf.
Af.
I-nob.
E-dé.
I-ger.
Cha-o.
Ber-be-ra.
Gel but.
Es-saat.
Ye-met-te.
La-le.
Um-mel.
Fun-gue.
Má-le.
Di-eef.
Buz-su.
Húd.
At-cheer.
A-bee, or Ag-goo-ra.
Rai-eem.
Sen-ne.
Ui-kú-e.
- -
- -
- -
Ante.
Killi.
Sé-lass.
U-bah.
A-moos.
Soos.
Sub-hu.
The-man.
Tsé.
As-sur.
Assur-ante, &c.
Assera.
Selassa.
Er-bah.
Com-sa.
Sissa.
Sub-ha.
The-má-ni-yah.
Lis-sal.
Mete.
Alph.

Shiho.

O-qua.
San.
Af.
E-kok.
Gub-ba.
E-ba.
Mil-hu.
Fur-fur-re.
Gel but.
Ge ra.
Ka-fa.
Ber.

Bé-ra.
Kas-so.
Ne-tea.
Mun-goom.
Dug-goom.
U-réelt ea.
Der-tea.

Mé-tea.
U-mo-tea.
Nab-ba-sal.
Dim-ne.
Ser-re-na.
In-ek.
Lam-ma.
Ad-da.
Af-ur.
Kōn.
Léh.
Mel-hén.
Bahr.
Sug-gal.
Tum-mun.
In-ken-kit-a-mum.
Lam-mat-an.
Sez-zun.
Mer-ro-tun.
Kun-tun.
La-he-tun.
Mel-hen-tum-mum.
Bahr-tum-mum.
Bole-sugga-la.
Bōl.
Alph.

A few words of the Takué[5] and Boja Language.

English.

Man,
Woman,
Water,
Drink,
Son,
Daughter,

Takué and Boja.

Grúa.
Tooke.
Ane.
Ane jusse.
Am fa re.
An ke.

English.

Milk,
Fire,
Grain,
Cow,
Ass,
Booza,

Takué and Boja.

Shub.
Luk-ka.
Err.
Wass.
Duk ka ra.
Silka.





A few words of the Barea Language.

English.

A man,
A girl,
God,
Corn,
Fire,
Water,
Booza,

Barea.

Oo koo i.
Dung-goo-di.
Ib be ri.
El ba.
Shet-ta.
Um-ba.
A pha.

English.

Bread,
Drink,
Eat,
Come,
Camel,
Rain,

Barea.

Tuss.
Lug.
Kul.
Issue.
Cam-bero.
Ha la le.





Language of the Adareb and Bishareen tribes near Egypt.

English.

Man,
Woman,
Old man,
Boy,
Stone,
Hill,
Sun,
Stars,
Moon,
Earth,
Iron,
Gold,
Silver,
Spear,
Shield,
Sword,
Knife,
Cow,

Adareb and Bishareen.

Gāl-tuk.
Tu kut.
Wotuk sheel.
Woor.
Owee.
Or ba.
To een.
Hai-ek.
Te dái.
To bút.
Ton deel.
Du má rá.
Esh tet.
Tof nah.
Og-be.
Om bá dud.
Wan ja.
O-sha.

English.

Goat,
Sheep,
Camel,
Lion,
Leopard,
Hyæna,
Deer,
Small deer,
Fox,
Cat,
Dog,
Bird,
Fish,
Ship,
Horse,
Fowl,
Water,
Milk,

Adareb and Bishareen.

To-nai.
O ná.
O-kām.
Wō ad de.
Wo e am.
Kerai.
O ra.
Gun-nai.
Ba-sho.
Dim mo.
Wo-yas.
Ke lai.
Wa assu.
Wa rú.
At-tai.
Ad dee ro.
O yum.
At.

English.

Bread,
Ghee,
Corn,
To kill a man,
Ass,
Salt,
Black,
White,
Red,
Honey,
House,
Above,
Below,
Far,
Near,
Head,
Eyes,
Nose,
Teeth,
Lips,
Tongue,
Arm,
Fingers,
Ears,
Leg,
Hair,

Adareb and Bishareen.

Bed dút.
O la.
War ru.
Wotuk dirna.
O meek.
Mi luk.
Wohad dul.
Wo da na.
Wo druf.
Tou.
O gou.
In ke.
Ná sa.
Sug geeb.
Dow ul.
Ig gre má.
Te-le-le.
Og-nuf.
O yuf.
Am bá ro.
Me dá bo.
Wi yo.
Te bal le.
On gue loh.
Rug á dok.
Ta mo.

English.

Fire,
Night,
Day,
Hot,
Cold,
Many,
Few,
Great,
Little,
Good,
Bad,
Milk,
One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,
Eleven,
Twelve,
Twenty,

Adareb and Bishareen.

To ne.
Ou ad.
Om bé.
Hou eet.
Moc-qua ra.
Gud dow a.
She luk.
Win.
Du ba lowa.
A dai u wa.
A ma go a.
Shat.
En-gat.
Má loob.
Mih.
Ud-dig.
Ib.
Sug-goor.
Ser a máb.
Sum hai.
Shed ig.
Tum mún.
Tum nug gir.
Tum n' malloob, &c.
Tug goog.





Vocabulary of the Language of Darfoor.


English.

Sun,
Moon,
Stars,
Sky,
Wind,
Earth,
Mountain,
Plain,
Tree,
Many trees,
Small trees,
Stone,
Many stones,
Water,
Well,

Darfoor.

Dúle.
Do-al.
Wir-re.
Jou-il.
Do-lah.
Su-ru.
Fú-gú.
Jú-da.
Ku-ru.
Kú-rún-wá.
Kú-rú-iting.
De-do.
Ke dōn' a.
Kē-ro.
Kú-dee.

English.

River torrent,
Little river,
Iron,
Silver,
Gold,[6]
Horse,
Cow,
Bull,
Bullock,
Goat,
Sheep,
Lamb,
Dog,
Cat,
Hyæna,

Darfoor.

Mud-deel.
Lō-lōng.
Dou-ra.
Fud-deh.
Dab.
Múr-tah-ádé.
O-o.
Núng.
Tú re.
De-u.
Doláh'-fun.
Oorin-que.
Assa.
Bees.
To ro.

English.

Lion,
Leopard,
Deer,
Elephant,
Elephant's teeth,
Father,
Mother,
Son,
Daughter,
Men,
A man,
A mare,
A woman,
Women,
A chief,
The head,
Hair,
Eyes,
Nose,
Mouth,
Teeth,
Ears,
Beard,
Hand, right,
The left Hand,
Neck,
Shoulder,
Breast,
Belly,
Heart,
Liver,
Right,
Leg,
Left leg,
Finger,
Toes,
Nails,
Back,
Forehead,
Thigh,
Red,
Black,
Yellow,
Green or blue,
Paper,
Pen,
Grass,
Corn,
Wheat,

Darfoor.

Moo-roo.
Ja-ra.
Pe-rá.
Ong-eer.
Ong-eer e dugge.
Abboo.
Um-me.
Qué.
Neu.
Guva.
Dwo-tōk.
Múr-tá ferné.
Yan-que.
E yan-ga.
Sug-gul.
Tub-bo.
Nú-lú eng-ir.
Nú-me.
Dār-me.
U-do.
Dug-ge.
De-lo.
Pú-roo.
Dōn-ga suru.
Dong-ogu-ro.
Que.
Katuf.
Ke-ra.
De-u.
Kilma.
Nún-ya.
Weja.
Tar-su-ru.
Tar-ogu rō.
To ring a.
Tar toringe.
Karung.
Sōr.
E re.
De-wil.
Fō-kah.
De ko.
Fō a.
Ke-ru.
Fut-ta.
Gul-lum.
Dih.
Gim me.

English.

Barley,
Joàry,
Rice,
Dates,
One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,
Twenty,
Thirty,
Forty,
A hundred,
A thousand,
Meat,
Bread,
Honey,
Milk,
Skin,
One horn,
Two horns,
A fowl,
Many birds,
One bird,
An eagle,
Many eagles,
Ostrich,
Tobacco,
Little,
Great,
Long,
Short,
Heavy,
Light,
Above,
Below,
Far,
Near,
Before,
Fish,
Hippopotamos,
Crocodile,
Ice,

Darfoor.

Sai-eed.
Nur-reek.
Eús.
Sún du.
Deek.
Ou.
Ees.
Ongal.
Os.
Sitta sun-deek.
Subha.
Themaniar.
Tissee.
Ashurer, or Weja
Wing-on.
Wing-ees.
Wing-ongeval, &c.
Mea.
Alph.
Ne-no.
Too gu ro.
Ná-sú.
Boo ra.
Der ma.
Dúl-ba.
Kúl-ba.
Dō-ka.
Keanga.
De-a.
Dúl.
Kulong.
Sú-mo.
Tá-bái.
I-ting.
Ap-fwar.
Kú-ra.
E bu te.
De-ro.
E-ku-le.
E-re.
Dú.
Kor-ra.
Duk-ke.
Jō.
Fun.
Fars el bahr.
Nam mú.
Wō-ranj.

English.

Snow,
Clouds,
Thunder,

Darfoor.

Oo me.[7]
Kō-tú.
Dél.

English.

Lightning,
Rain,

Darfoor.

Ulmel-la.
Eque.




Vocabularies of the Agow, Tigre, and Amharic.

English.

God,
Sun,
Moon,
Star,
Wind,
Rain,
Lightning,
Clouds,
Earth,
Hill,
Mountain,
Iron,
Gold,
Silver,
Stone,
A tree,
Fire,
A wood,
A plain,
A valley,
A tent,
Small house,
A large one,
Grass,
Straw,
Fruit,
Flower,
A bee,
Milk,
Honey,
Wheat,
Indian corn,
Barley,
Bread,
Water,
A small stream,
River,
Fountain,
Well,

Amharic.

Igzēr.
Tsai.
Tckerka.
Quō-kub.
Nefás.
Zinám.
Meb-ruk.
Dè-ma-na.
Mider.
Amba.
Tarara.
Be-rut.
Werk.
Bír.
Dengea.
Zāf.
A'sat.
Dúr.
Mé da.
Gud-del.
Dún-quan.
Beit.
A de rash.
Sár.
Gul-le va.
Fre.
Ab be va.
Niv.

Már.
Sin-de.
E bahr mashella.
Gufs.
En jé-ra.
Wá-há.
Wanz.
Bahr.
Mintch.
A zukt.

Tigre.

Es gér.
Tsai.
Wer he.



Nú gui da.

Mid-re.
Amba.

At-chin.

Be-roer.
Hem-ne.
Hōm.
How-e.
Kussale (a bush)

Sud-fe.



Sáre.
As sur.
Fre.
Amboba.
Né be.
Savva.

Sin-di.
Mashella bahre.
Se-gum.
Go-go.
Mi.
Ri vai, or ger rub.
Kol-li.
Ain.
Azuk te.

Agow.

Ye dé ra.
Quo-rah.
Er wah.
Se-gul wa.




Ziv-va.
Ab-béh.




Ker na.
Kana.

Lukan.
Buttah.


Gnin.






Saf'.
Sá ra.
Zeer-wa.
Mela.
Sik kúm.
Me.
Oú.

Arwa.


English.

Fish,
A large kind of fish.
A horse,
Ass,
Mule,
Camel,
A cow,
A bull,
An ox,
Sheep,
Lamb,
Goat,
Kid,
Horn,
Skin,
Lion,
Dog,
Locust,
Bird,
Man,
A woman,
A child just born
A boy or girl,
Brothers,
Sister,
Father,
Mother,
A friend,
Head,
Hair,
Eye,
Nose,
Mouth,
Teeth,
Tongue,
Voice,
Ear,
Beard,
Chin,
Shoulders,
Deltoid,
Back,
Neck,
Arm and hand,
Fingers,
Breast,
Woman's breast
Belly,

Amharic.

As-sa.
Ambaz á.
Feras.
Hiyah.
Buk a lo.
Gemél.
Laam, or freda.
Ou-ra.
Bé rai.
Bug.
Tebōt.
Fe-el.
Gul-gul.
Kund.
Corvette.
Anbasa.
Wi-sha.
An bá ta.
Wōf.
Wōnd.
Sét.
Tchek-la.
Lidge.
Wan-dim-e.
It-tea.
Abáte.
Enáte.
Wa dad je.
Ras.
Tse gúr.
Ain.
Af-int cha.
Af.
Ters.
Mel as.
Dimts.
Djō-ro.
Tim.
Shan-go but.
Te kush a.
Mag afia.
Chunka.
Ungat.
Edje-kind.
Sāt.
Du rat.
Tút.
Hōd.

Tigre.



F' ras.
Er-ge.
Bug-a-le.
- -
Laa-me.
Shid-en.
- -
Bug-ge.
Meza.
Té le.

Ker-ne.


Kul be.

Wōf-eef.
Sa-boi.
Sa-boi-te.
Wud-de, boy,
Quā le, girl,
Hau-e.
Af-te.
Ab bo-e.
Enō e.
Fé tou ye.
- -
Tsu gu re.
Aire.
- -
- -
Sin ne.
Mel-has.
Dimt se.
Iz-ne.
Tcha me.
Mun-kus.
Ké sa.

In-ge ra.
Kus sád.
Eed.
Assa vette.

Toob.
Kub de.

Agow.



Fer za.
Do-qua ra.
Be ke la.

Loo.
Tchin.
Berá.
Bega.
Mais.
Fit che ra.




Guz zen.

Zela.
Gul-wa.
Yu-na.
Yekoor, a son,
Yuggera, daughter.
Iz-zen.
Is-sen.
Eer.
Ig ge na.
Yeeg, Uncle.
Our.
Sif ha.
Yel.
Yessoom.
Mij je.
Ye re ku ta.


Ke rus-tan.







Nun.

Yelib.

English.

Bowels,
Heart,
Blood,
Skin,
Leg,
Foot,
Thigh,
Toes,
Year,
Month,
Week,
Day,
To day,
Mid-day,
Half-night,
Morning,
Cock crow,
Near,
Far,
Above,
Below,
Before,
Behind,
After,
Great,
Small.
Short,
Long,
Rich,
Poor,
Dark,
A hole,
Deep,
Heavy,
Light.
Bitter,
Sweet,
Much,
Little,
Good, beautiful,
Ugly, bad,
Strong,
Weak,
Deaf,
Blind,
Dry,
Wet,
Hot,
Cold,
Red,

Amharic.

Manta.
Lib.
Dum.
Corvet.
Ig ger.
Tchamá ig ger.
Tchin.
Igger-tsat.
A mit.
War.
Samint.
Kān.
Za re.
Akul-lan.
Memfak le lit.
Tawat malada.
Doro sitcho.
Kerib.
Rook.
Lai.
Taich.
Fit.
Hu wa la.
- -
Tal-lak.
Ta nash.
A-chir.
Rej-jum.
Balet ugga.
Duha.
Tchelema.
Gúnd god.
Talak.
Kub-dal.
Kalil.
Memarar.
Taf feet.
E jig.
Te kit.
Mal kom.
Kúf-fo.
Ber-tu.
Dek-a ma.
Dun kōro.
Ou-er.
Der ruk.
Ertub.
Mōk.
Bird.
Ki.

Tigre.

Amét.
Lib be.


Ig gere.

Shel-lef.
Assa vetti iggere

War ré.
Sum mun.
Mal te.
Lomi.
Ferka malte.
Ferka le' te.
Nug-ga-o.
Dōra nukko.
Ke-rúb.
Rō ōk.
Láli.
Tak-ti.
Kad-dom.
Da har.
Dá re.
A ve e.
Nish-te.
Atteer.
Nō-we.
Balet sugga.

Selle-mat.

Ave-e.
Kub-bid.

Murrur.
To-um.
Buze-u.
Nishte.
Sub-ook.
Am-mak.

Duk-oom.
Sum-maum.

Nuk koos.
Roo-oos.

Qkuer ree.
Ki yeh.

Agow.






Lúk.






Nich nan.


Night, khar.


Ta kut.
Yek-il.
Yō-ga.
Sō-gua.
Bō-wul.
Ye gulga.









Tuk-kul, (Arabic.)



Be chūk.
We-túk.
Kom ta.
Tche-ka'.

English.

Yellow,
Blue and black,
Light blue,
White,
Green,
Brown,
Purple,
Grey,
Chesnut,
One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,

Twenty,
Thirty,
Forty,
Fifty,
Sixty,
Seventy,
Eighty,
Ninety,
One hundred,

One thousand,
Ten thousand,
One million,
A pass,
Booza,
Spear,
A shield,
A sword,
A knife,
A cloth,
A town,
Quick,
Come,
Go,
I know,
Victuals,

Amharic.

Bitcha.
Tuk-koor.
Sum ai.
Netch.
Arun gōde.
Bul la.
Káf-al.
Ter ring.
Am mur.
And.
Quillet.
Sōst.
Ar rut.
Au mist.
Se-dist.
Sub-hat.
Se mint.
Zet-ti.
As-sir.
Assir-and, &c.
Háh.
Selassa.
Erbah.
Com sa.
Sit-sa.
Subhah.
Semániyah.
Zette nah.
Me to.
Killet meto, &c.
She.
Alf.
I,lef.
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -

Tigre.


Sa lim.

Sá da.





Ad de.
Kil le te.
Seleste.
Er bah te.
Au mish te.
Se dish te.
Shu ba te.
Shu mun te.
Tish á te.
Assur te.
Assurte áde, &c.
Assera.
Ditto.
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
Tisseh.
Me-te.

Shé.
Elfe.

Aleph.
Souah.
Qui nat.
Wal ta.

Shut tel.
Al la va.
Kutuma.
Tulo.
Nah.
Kid.
Ana efellet.
Sine.

Agow.










Lo.
Leen-ya.
Sho-ka.
See-za.
Ac-qua.
Wal-ta.
Lam-ta.
Sō ta.
Si-cha.
Suk ka.
Sukka lo, &c.
Ler-rin.
Sō re yin.
Ar-vah.
Ac-quur-yin.
Wal tur jin.
Lam-tur-jin.
Sō tur jin.
Se chur jin.
La'.




Deuk.
She la.
Ik e na.
Gush-a.
Shif.
She-tee.
Se-ren.
Kut ma.
Kozze.
Lo.
Fāt.
An-ar kur.
Le-quā.

Vocabulary of the Language of the Dar-mitchequa, or a Tribe of Shangalla in the interior.

English.

The sun,
Moon,
Star,
Wind,
Rain,
Lightning,
Earth,
Sky,
A mountain,
Iron,
Gold,
A knife,
Spear,
A stone,
Tree,
Grass,
Honey,
Wheat,
Barley, very little.
Meshella,
Daghsha,
Neuk,
Bread,
Large cakes,
Water,
A well,
A river,
Fish,
A horse,
Ass,
Cow,
Bull,
No bullocks,
Calf,
Sheep,
Lamb,
A goat,
Kid,
Horn,
Skin,
Lion,

Shangalla.

Wō-ka.
Be ja.
Bé ja.
Zú bá.
Dim' ma.
Mud-de-ma.
En né ah.
Gō-za.
Je-sa, a rock.
Sō khar.
At yea.
Chag-gur.
Miō-khur.
Do je sa.
Geá'.
Ge zea.
Kut cha.
None.
Segum.
Kon chá.
Tan kah.
Be-liz-za.
En-ga.
Pān-sa.
I-ah'.
Qu-iah.
E-pú-cha.
Go-sha.
Feriz ze.
De guoggá.
Kuōs-sa.
Wuddo guōssa, or wuddoma.

Din á wa.
Mé kha, or ga-já.
Dú ma, or dú ja ja
Méah'.
Dú méah'.
Ko-ma.
Bé ma.
Gúm-ba.

English.

Camel,
Dog,
Agazen,
Rhinoceros,
Buffalo,
Locust,[8]
Bird,
Man,
Woman,
Son,
Girl,
A young woman,
Father,
Mother,
Brother,
Sister,
Grandmother,
Grandfather,
An old man,
Head,
Hair,
Eyes,
Nose,
Ears,
Mouth,
Lips, and beard,
Teeth,
Tongue,
Chin,
Arms,
Leg,
Breast,
Kidney,
Bowels,
Fingers,
Blood,
A day,
Night,
Morning,
Evening,
Houses of wood,
Hut,
Small,

Shangalla.

Tō-ra.
Ko-a.
Kó qua.
Arwé harish.
Gim ms ga.
We-da.
Meta-gúzza.
Gún-za.
In-guf-fa.
Du-gunza.
Dingif fa.
Du gun na.
Wab bé.
E-yo-a.
Hai-h'.
O-whé'.
Ep-pé-eh.
Am pé eh.
Gaz-za.
Illu kō ma.
Bē quāh.
Illikú mah.
Kō tu ma.
Tsé ma.
Sum-ma.
Bés-ma.
Kuus-ma.
Ko tet tú ma.
En gil les sa.
Yá ma.
Chug-gu-ma.
Ko-ze-ma.
Chichchu má.
E-lu-ma.
Qué-a.
Móh há.
Mai-ka.[9]
Mu guk kua.
Gid-de-da.
Mu gus ja.
Meet-se.
Gogua.
Dit se chen-a.

English.

Great,
To see,
Nothing to hear,
To smell,
To taste,
To talk,
Go,
Come,
To sing and dance,
On before,
Behind,
Above,
Below,
Long,
Short,
Handsome,
Bad, ugly,
Hot,
Cold,

Shangalla.

O-bo-ma.
Wee den.
Dur guf su ken.
Dek e nen.
Chik ke rá ten.
En je shen.
Am bat se.
Wé a.
Gé ah.
Lim mu turku ma
Bún gú ma.
Elu-guz za.
Nén né a.
Mut tuz ma.
Dú qua.
Mug guk ma.
Mun-es ma.
Go kú ma.
Gid de da.

English.

Black,
White,
Red,
Yellow,
To eat,
To drink,
To sleep,
To die,
One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,
Eleven,

Shangalla.

Muk ki ma.
Am-pō-ma.
Whé ma.
Mé tá má.
Sen.
Fuk kun.
Jij je nah.
Dasha.
Mé tá ma.
Am ban da.
Quo ka ga.
Zá-a chá.
Man-koos.
Wā ta.
Lin yé ta.
Sug guáta.
Sa sa.
Chik ka.
Chikké métáma, &c.

This tribe practises circumcision.





Dialect of the Tacazze Shangalla.

English.

God,
Sun,
Moon,
Star,
Wind,
Sky,
Rain,
Earth,
Mountain,
Plain,
Tree,
Bush,
Father,
Mother,
Brother,
Sister,
Uncle,
Fire,
Stone,
Hair,
Head,

Tacazze Shangalla.

Rabbi.
Wah'.
Térah.
Shún da.
Sou-e ta.
Que-yah.
E má ra.
Hug-ga.
I-á.
Wō dá.
Il-la.
Duf fá.
I-yah.
An-ga.
Toma.
Anya.
Am-ba la.
Túma.
U-ga.
An-na.
Anna sunga.

English.

Eyes,
Ears,
Mouth,
Nose,
Arm,
Leg,
A horse,
Ass,
Mule,
Goat,
Sheep,
Cow,
Bull,
Ox,
A deer,
Fish,
Fowl,
Bird,
Red,
Yellow,
Black,

Tacazze Shangalla.

Wá.
Oo koo na.
Má.
Bú bú na.
Kú na.
Min da.
Be rá sa.
Shan-da.
Bug ge la.
Lus sha.
Gum-ma.
Ai-ra.
Boo-ta or ij jera.
Nàra.
Le da.
Esa.
Dōr há.
Ye la.
Be-ba.
Le-da.
Um-ma.

English.

White,
Green,
Grass,
Friend,
Man,
Woman,
Son,
Daughter,
Great,
Little,
Short,
Long,
Near,
Far,
Above,
Below,
Sleep,
Get up,
Mishella,
Guffs,
Dagussa,
Teff,
To eat,
Not to eat,
Iron,
Saddle,
Gold and silver,
Drink,
Provisions,
Hot,
Cold,
House,
A well,
River,

Tacazze Shangalla.

Ar-rá.
Jig ga.
Sé-na.
Wō-da nah.
Quá.
Dukka.
Addeh.
Ke-than.
An-da.
Dé da.
It té ta.
Gillah.
Dō lah.
Gel-la.
I-a.
Dig ge da.
Nig ge da.
Fi da.
Ke-na.
None.
Dagussa.
None.
Min-che.
E min-che.
Be-da.
Quo-ra.
Not known.
In-nō.
Ná deh.
Tú kú ma.
Mú la.
E-ta.
Wab-beah.
Suba.

English.

River Tacazze,
Go,
Come,
Good,
Bad,
Cat,
Elephant,
Lion,
Buffalo,
Leopard,
Hare,
Monkey,
Water,
Booza,
Shield,
Spear,
War,
A sword,
Cloth,
A horn,
Skin,
Knife,
One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,
Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,
Eleven,

Tacazze Shangalla.

Ta-ko-be-a.[10]
Gá deh.
Ou-eh.
Quo-shah.
Biy ah.
Ajja.
Ab be na.
Mōk.
Gebbuka.
Un ka.
Lum mug ga.
Go-bel la.
Be ya.
Ifa.
Am ma.
Ma sa.
Ba da.
Yig-ga du.
Sé sa.
Ge la.
Ag gulla.
En je ra.
Illa.
Bel-le.
Set-te.
Sal-le.
Bus su-me.
Er-de.
Bar-dé.
Quon-que-da.
Quun tel-le.
Quul la kud de.
Quul la kud illa.





A few words of the Mutshuana Language, copied from a manuscript by Mr. Cowan.

English.

Sun,
Moon,
Earth,

Mutshuana.

Let chāchi.
Werri.[11]
Lehachi.

English.

Tree,
Wind,
Rain,

Mutshuana.

Molela.
Peu.
Pōōla.

English.

Much,
Little,
Night,
Day,
Morning,
Sea,
Father,

Mutshuana.

Toon na.
Min yan.
Bou sekoo.
Mut chihar.
Kom mo shu.
Meetzeeabouseeko.
Rachoo.

English.

Mother,
Child,
Death,
God,
Devil,
Good,
Directly,
Evening,

Mutshuana.

Imma, or mahoo.
Wun yā na.
Shuli.
Mirrimoo.
Birrimoo.
Manarti.
Yana.
Mú chiboo.





Briqua numerals from the same.


English.

One,
Two,
Three,
Four,
Five,

Briqua.

Oonchēla.
Peylee, or maberi.
Taroo, or miraroo.
In nee.
Churoi.

English.

Six,
Seven,
Eight,
Nine,
Ten,

Briqua.

Qa ta roo.
Lee shu hee.
Luanileu éri mabēri.
Luanileu é noonakela.
Lu mee.


  1. A word also applied to tobacco.
  2. Literally, the sword of God.
  3. The Ittoo Galla eat the flesh of this animal.
  4. Words marked thus † from Mr. Stuart.
  5. The Takué call the Mareb river Amubba.
  6. A great quantity of this article is brought from hills called Sábun near Kordofan.
  7. My informant said they had seen "much snow" on the mountains of Samen.
  8. The Shangalla make a practice of eating the locust.
  9. Few of them know any thing of years, months, or division of time.
  10. Dal-la is the name of this tribe. Ku ná me lugga, their country near Walkayt over the Tacazze.
  11. It is singular to observe that this word is the same throughout the Hurrur, Arkeeko, and Dar Fúr dialects.