Amendment to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China (1988)

(Adopted at the First Session of the Seventh National People's Congress and promulgated for implementation by the Announcement of the National People's Congress on April 12, 1988)

Article 1 In Article 11 of the Constitution is added a new paragraph, which reads, "The State permits the private sector of the economy to exist and develop within the limits prescribed by law. The private sector of the economy is a complement to the socialist public economy. The State protects the lawful rights and interests of the private sector of the economy, and exercises guidance, supervision and control over the private sector of the economy."

Article 2 The fourth paragraph of Article 10 of the Constitution, which reads, "No organization or individual may appropriate, buy, sell or lease land or otherwise engage in the transfer of land by unlawful means", is revised to read, "No organization or individual may appropriate, buy, sell or otherwise engage in the transfer of land by unlawful means. The right to the use of land may be transferred according to law."


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Original:

This work is in the public domain because it is exempted by Article 5 of Chinese copyright law. This exempts all Chinese government and judicial documents, and their official translations, from copyright. It also exempts simple factual information, and calendars, numerical tables, and other forms of general use and formulas.

Translation:

This work is in the public domain because it is exempted by Article 5 of Chinese copyright law. This exempts all Chinese government and judicial documents, and their official translations, from copyright. It also exempts simple factual information, and calendars, numerical tables, and other forms of general use and formulas.