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The Chongzhen Emperor, personal name Zhu Youjian, was the 16th and last emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, reigning from 1627–1644.



Works by this author published before January 1, 1924 are in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. Translations or editions published later may be copyrighted. Posthumous works may be copyrighted based on how long they have been published in certain countries and areas.