Beowulf (Wyatt)/Beowulf 29

[XXIX.]

oð ðæt hīe forlǣddan[1]  tō ðām lind-plegan
2040swǣse gesīðas  ond hyra sylfra feorh.
Þonne cwið aæt bēore,  sē ðe bēah *gesyhð,Fol. 175a.
eald æsc-wiga,  sē ðe eall gem[an],[2]
gār-cwealm gumena  (him bið grim sefa),
onginneð gēomor-mōd  geong[um] cempan
2045þurh hreðra gehygd  higes cunnian,
wīg-bealu weccean,  ond þæt word ācwyð:
‘Meaht ðū, mīn wine,  mēce gecnāwan,
þone þīn fæder  tō gefeohte bær
under here-grīman  hindeman sīðe,
2050dȳre īren,  þǣr hyne Dene slōgon,
wēoldon wæl-stōwe,  syððan Wiðergyld læg,[3]
æfter hæleþa hryre,  hwate Scyldungas?
Nū hēr þāra banena  byre nāt-hwylces
frætwum hrēmig  on flet gǣð,
2055morðres gylpe[ð],  ond þone māðþum byreð,
þone þe ðū mid rihte  rǣdan sceoldest.’
Manað swā ond myndgað  mǣla gehwylce
sārum wordum,  oð ðæt sǣl cymeð,
þæt se fǣmnan þegn  fore fæder dǣdum
2060æfter billes bite  blōd-fāg swefeð,
ealdres scyldig;  him se ōðer þonan
losað *[li]figende,[4]  con him land geare.Fol. 175b.
Þonne bīoð brocene[5]  on bā healfe
āð-sweord[6] eorla,  [syð]ðan Ingelde
2065weallað wæl-nīðas,  ond him wīf-lufan
æfter cear-wælmum  cōlran weorðað.
Þȳ ic Heaðobear[d]na[7]  hyldo ne telge,
dryht-sibbe dǣl,  Denum unfǣcne,
frēond-scipe fæstne.  Ic sceal forð sprecan
2070gēn ymbe Grendel,  þæt ðū geare cunne,
sinces brytta,  tō hwan syððan wearð
hond-rǣs hæleða.  Syððan heofones gim
glād ofer grundas,  gæst yrre cwōm,
eatol ǣfen-grom,  ūser nēosan,
2075ðǣr wē gesunde  sæl weardodon.
þǣr wæs Hondscīo  hild[8] onsǣge,
feorh-bealu fǣgum;  hē fyrmest læg,
gyrded cempa;  him Grendel wearð,
mǣrum magu-þegne,[9]  tō mūð-bonan,
2080lēofes mannes  līc eall forswealg.
Nō ðȳ ǣr ūt ðā gēn  īdel-hende
bona blōdig-tōð,  bealewa gemyndig,
of ðām gold-sele  gongan wolde;
ac hē mægnes rōf  mīn costode,
2085*grāpode gearo-folm.[10]  Glōf hangodeFol. 176a.
sīd ond syllīc,  searo-bendum fæst;
sīo wæs orðoncum  eall gegyrwed
dēofles cræftum  ond dracan fellum.
Hē mec þǣr on innan  unsynnigne,
2090dīor dǣd-fruma,  gedōn wolde
manigra sumne;  hyt ne mihte swā,
syððan ic on yrre  upp-riht āstōd.
Tō lang ys tō reccenne,  hū i[c ð]ām[11] lēod-sceaðan
yfla gehwylces  hond-lean forgeald;
2095þǣr ic, þēoden mīn,  þīne lēode
weorðode weorcum.  Hē onweg losade,
lȳtle hwīle  līf-wynna br[ēa]c;
hwæþre him sīo swīðre  swaðe weardade
hand on Hiorte,  ond hē hēan ðonan,
2100mōdes gēomor,  mere-grund gefēoll.
Mē þone wæl-rǣs  wine Scildunga
fǣttan golde  fela lēanode,
manegum māðmum,  syððan mergen cōm,
ond wē tō symble  geseten hæfdon.
2105Þǣr wæs gidd ond glēo.  Gome*la Scilding,Fol. 176b.
fela fricgende,  feorran rehte;
hwīlum hilde-dēor  hearpan wynne,
gomen-wudu[12] grētte,  hwīlum gyd āwræc
sōð ond sārlīc;  hwīlum syllīc spell
2110rehte æfter rihte  rūm-heort cyning;
hwīlum eft ongan  eldo gebunden,
gomel gūð-wiga  gioguðe cwīðau
hilde-strengo;  hreðer inne wēoll,
þonne hē wintrum frōd  worn gemunde.
2115Swā wē þǣr inne  ondlangne dæg
nīode nāman,  oð ðæt niht becwōm
ōðer tō yldum.  Þā wæs eft hraðe
gearo gyrn-wræce  Grendeles mōdor,
sīðode sorh-full;  sunu dēað fornam,
2120wīg-hete Wedra.  Wīf unhȳre
hyre bearn gewræc,  beorn ācwealde
ellenlīce;  þǣr wæs Æschere,
frōdan fyrn-witan,  feorh ūð-genge.
Nōðer hȳ hine ne mōston,  syððan mergen cwōm,
2125dēað-wērigne  Denia lēode,
bronde forbærnan,  ne on bǣl[13] hladan
lēofne mannan;  *hīo þæt līc ætbærFol. 177a.
fēondes fæð[mum  un]der[14] firgen-strēam.
Þæt wæs Hrōðgāre  hrēowa tornost,
2130þāra þe lēod-fruman  lange begēate.
Þā se ðēoden mec  ðīne līfe
healsode hrēoh-mōd,  þæt ic on holma geþring
eorl-scipe efnde,  ealdre genēðde,
mǣrðo fremede;  hē mē mēde gehēt.
2135Ic ðā ðǣs wælmes,  þe is wīde cūð,

grimne,[15] gryrelīcne  grund-hyrde fond.
Þǣr unc hwīle wæs  hand-gemǣne;[16]

holm heolfre wēoll,  ond ic hēafde becearf
in ðām [grund-]sele[17]  Grendeles mōdor
2140ēacnum ecgum;  unsōfte þonan
feorh oðferede; næs ic fǣge þā gyt;
ac mē eorla hlēo  eft gesealde
māðma menigeo,  maga Healfdenes.

  1. 2039. The MS. has a large capital O at the beginning of this line, such as one finds elsewhere only at the beginning of a new fit. (Cf. l. 1740.) But the number xxix is wanting, and the next break is at l. 2144, where the number is xxxi. Wülcker makes the 29th fit begin with l. 2014, and the 30th with l. 2067. Heyne makes one break instead of two, and that after l. 2031.
  2. 2042. MS. defective at corner and edge, here and in ll. 2044, 2055.
  3. 2051. MS. ‘wiðer gyld.’ Heyne 5 ‘(syððan wiðer-gyld læg),’ when vengeance failed. But cf. Wīdsīð 124.
  4. 2062. MS. defective at corner and edge here and in two following lines. A ‘figende’; Thorkelin ‘wīgende’ (so most editors); Heyne ‘lifigende’ (so Zupitza).
  5. 2063. AB ‘orocene’ (B with a stop before it); Kemble ‘[ā]brocene’ (so Zupitza); other editors as text.
  6. 2064. Zupitza ‘að-sweorð.’ His foot-note runs: “There is a stroke through d in sweord, but without the usual head, nor is it quite distinct.”
  7. 2067. MS. ‘heaðo bearna.’
  8. 2076. MS. ‘hilde.’ In support of Rieger’s emendation cf. l. 2483.
  9. 2079. MS. ‘mærū magū (i.e. magum) þegne.’ But see ll. 293, 408, etc. The mistake is due to “repetition.” In l. 158 we have the opposite error of “anticipation.”
  10. 2085. MS. ‘geareo.’
  11. 2093. MS. defective at edge here and in line 2097. A ‘huiedam.’
  12. 2108. MS. ‘gomel.’
  13. 2126. MS. ‘bęl (=bæl).
  14. 2128. Grein’s emendation. Zupitza ‘fæðrunga [un]der,’ and in a foot-note: “fædr....with unga written over the dots with another ink B; now nothing preserved but fæð and part of a letter which may have been r, m, or n; the word has been torn asunder.”
  15. 2136. MS. ‘grimme.’
  16. 2137. Wūlcker and Heyne ‘hand gemǣne,’ but cf. Ger. handgemein.
  17. 2139. No gap in MS. Grundtvig’s emendation.