Bond v. Moore
ERROR to the Supreme Court of the State of Tennessee.
This in an action commenced in the
This is an action commenced in the County, Tenn., against the defendant in error as indorser of a bill of exchange drawn at Trenton, Tenn., Feb. 13, 1862, upon a firm in New Orleans, La., and payable four months after date. The bill was not presented in New Orleans until June 20, 1865, when, payment being refused, the plaintiff caused it to be protested.
In their declaration the plaintiffs averred that the earlier presentation of the bill in New Orleans was prevented by the obstructions of war, and the interruption of intercourse between their place of residence and that of the drawees.
Among other defences the defendant interposed a plea that the bill was not presented within a reasonable time after the removal of such alleged obstructions.
The plaintiffs asked the court to charge the jury that the bill of exchange could not have been legally presented for payment until after the 13th June, 1865, the date of the proclamation of President Johnson restoring Tennessee to commercial relations with the United States; that if the jury find that, after that date, the plaintiffs exercised reasonable diligence to have the bill presented to the drawees, and did so present it, and demand payment, which was refused, and that thereupon the same was protested for non-payment, and notice thereof given to the indorser,-they must find for the plaintiffs.
The court refused so to charge, but charged in substance that the impediment of non-intercourse between the State of Tennessee and the city of New Orleans-an impediment interposed by the existence of the war of the rebellion, and during which the necessity of presenting the bill for payment was suspended-was removed and ceased to exist when there was an actual cessation of hostilities; and that the time when this actual cessation occurred was a question to be decided by the jury from the proof before them.
There was a verdict for the defendant. The judgment thereon was affirmed by the Supreme Court of the State; whereupon the case was brought here.
Mr. Edward J. Read for the plaintiffs in error.
M . Richard T. Merrick, contra.
MR. CHIEF JUSTICE WAITE delivered the opinion of the court.