Bright's Anglo-Saxon Reader by James W. Bright
Glossary
69701Bright's Anglo-Saxon Reader — GlossaryJames W. Bright


A


ā (ō, oo) adv aye, ever, always


ǣ f law

  • ds ǣ

[Ger Ehe]


abbod m abbot

  • gs abbodes

[Lat abbātem]


abbudisse f abbess

  • gs abbudissan

[Lat abbētissa]


ā-bēodan (principal parts: pret sg:-bēad pret pl:-budon

pp:-boden ) 2 enjoin, announce


ā-beran (principal parts: pret sg:-bær pret pl:-bǣron pp:-boren )

4 bear, endure


ā-bīdan (principal parts: pret sg:-bad pret pl:-bidon pp:-biden ) 1

abide, remain


ā-bisgian (-bysgian) WII engage, occupy

  • pp ābisgod, -ad

[bysig]



ā-bisgung f occupation


āblenden WI make blind, darken

  • pp āblēnd
  • pl āblende

[Ger blenden]


ā-blinnan

(principal parts: pret sg:-blann pret pl:-blunnon pp:-blunnen ) 3 cease

  • 3 sg ablinð

[<be-linnan cf. līðe]


ābrecan (principal parts: pret sg:-bræc pret pl:-brǣcon pp:-brocen ) 4

break down, destroy


ā-bregdan (principal parts: pret sg:-brægd pret pl:-brugdon pp:-brogden ) 3

  1. smite (intr)
  2. withdraw (trans)
    • imp 2 sg ābregd


ā-brēoðan (principal parts: pret sg:-brēað pret pl:-bruðon pp:-broðen ) 2

frustrate, ruin (trans)

  • imp 2 sg ābregd


ā-bȳwan WI

prepare, equip, adorn

  • pp pl ābȳwde

[būan]


ac (ah) conj

but


ācennan WI beget, bring forth

  • pp ācenned
  • sg ācendan
  • pl ācende


Achāia f Achaia


ā-cōlian WII become cool

  • pp ācōlad



ācsian (āhsian, āxian, āscian) WII ask

  • 1 sg ācsige
  • 2 sg āhsast
  • 3 sg āscað
  • 1 pl ācsiað, āhsiað
  • pret 3 sg āxode, āhsode
  • 3 pl āxodon, ācsedon


ā-cweccan WI shake (trans and intr)

  • pret 3 sg ācwehte


ā-cwelan (principal parts: pret sg:-cwæl pret pl:-cwǣlon pp:-cwolen )

4 die

  • pret opt 3 sg ācwǣle


ā-cwellan WI

kill

  • imp 2 sg ācwel
  • 2 pl ācwellað
  • pret 3 sg ācwælde
  • pp ācweald

[cwelan]


ā-cweðan (principal parts: pret sg:-cwæð pret pl:-cwǣdon

pp:-cweden ) 5 speak

  • 3 sg ācwið


ā-cȳþan

WI reveal, proclaim

[cūð]


ād m fire, funeral pile

  • ds āde
  • as ād
  • is āde

[OHG eit, Gr αῖθος]


ād-lēg m flame of the pyre


ā-dīlegian (-dȳlegian) WII blot out, obliterate

  • pret 3 sg ādīlegode
  • pp pl -dȳlegode

[Ger tilgen]


ādl f (n)

disease

  • gs ādle
  • ap ādla


ādlig

adj diseased, sick

  • n ādliga


ā-drǣfan WI

drive away, expel

  • pret 3 sg ādrǣfde
  • pl -don


ǣdre

adv forthwith, quickly


ā-drēogan (principal parts: pret sg:-drēah pret pl:-drugon pp:-drogen ) 2

endure, experience, practice


ā-drīfan (principal parts: pret sg:-drāf pret pl:-drifon pp:-drifen ) 1 drive away

  • 3 sg ādrīfð
  • pp pl ādrifene


ā-dwǣscan WI

quench, extinguish

  • pret 3 sg ādwǣscte


ā-dȳdan WI put to death

  • pret 3 sg ādȳdd

[dēad]


ā-dȳlegian see:ā-dīlegian


ā-ebbian WII ebb away, recede

  • pp āhebbad


āfandian

WII make trial of, experience

  • pp sg āfandode


ā-faran (principal parts: pret sg:-fōr

pret pl:-fōron pp:-faren ) 6 go, march


ā-fǣran WI make afraid, terrify

  • pp āfǣred


ǣ-fæstnes f piety

  • ds ǣfestnisse


ā-feallan (principal parts: pret sg:-fēoll pret pl:-fēollon pp:-feallen ) R

fall

  • ptc āfeallende
  • 3 sg āfielð
  • opt 3 sg āfealle


ā-fēdan WI feed, sustain

  • 3 sg āfēdeð
  • pret 3 sg āfēdde


ǣfen n evening

  • ds ǣfenne


ǣfen-giefl n evening repast, supper


æfest (æfst) f n disfavor, envy, malice

[æf-ēst, OHG abunst]


ǣ-fest see:ǣw-fæst


ǣ-festnes see:ǣ-fæstnes



ā-flēon (principal parts: pret sg:-flēah pret pl:-flugon pp:-flogen ) 2

  1. fly (intr)
  2. fly from (trans)
    • 3 sg āflȳhð


ā-flīgan WI put to flight

  • pret 2 pl āflīgdon
  • pp pl āflīgdon
  • pp pl āflīgde

[flēon]


ā-flȳman

WI cause to flee, drive out

  • pret 3 sg āflȳmde

[flēam]


ā-forhtian

WII frighten

  • pp pl āforhtode


ǣfre adv

ever


æftan adv from behind, behind


æfter prep (w dat)

  1. after (time and place)
    • æfter ðissum after this (adv)
    • æfter ðæm thereafter (adv)
  2. along (place)
  3. according to
  4. adv afterwards


æfter-fyligan WIII follow after

  • ptc pl -fyligende (w dat)
  • ds -fylgende, successor
  • opt 3 sg -fylige (intr)


æfter-genga m

successor

  • np -gengan


ā-fyllan WI fill: inf

  • pp āfylled

[full]


ā-fyllan WI cause to fall, destroy

[feallan]



ā-fyrhtan WI frighten

  • pp (adj) pl āfyrhte


ā-fyrran WI remove, take away

  • 3 sg āfyrð, āfyrreþ
  • opt 3 sg āfyrre
  • pp āfyrred

[feorr]


ā-fȳsan WI

  1. hasten forth (intr)
  2. incite to go (trans)
    • pp āfȳsed

[fūs]


ǣg n egg

  • ds ǣge


āgan PP possess

  • ger āgenne
  • 1 sg āh
  • 3 sg
  • opt 3 sg āge
  • pret 3 sg āhte

[Mod own]


ā-gān (principal parts: pret sg:-ēode pp:-gān ) go

  • pp pl āgāne


agēn see:ongēan


āgen (pp) adj

own

  • ds āgnum
  • as āgen, āgenne
  • gp āgenra

[āgan]


ā-gēotan (principal parts: pret sg:-gēat pret pl:-guton pp:-goten ) 2

pour, shed

  • ptc āgēotende

[Ger giessen]


ā-gētan WI

injure, kill: pp āgēted


ā-gifan (-giefan -gyfan) (principal parts: pret sg:-geaf pret pl:-gēafon pp:-gifen ) 5 give, relinquish, return

  • pret 3 sg āgef
  • pret opt 3 pl āgēafen


ǣg-hwā pron

each, every

  • gs ǣghwǣs, adv, in every respect, entirely


ǣg-hwǣr adv everywhere


ǣg-hwæðer (ǣgðer, āðer)

  1. pron, each (one of two or more)
    • ns ǣgðer
    • gs ǣgðres
    • ds ǣgðrum
    • as ǣgþerne
  2. conj
    • ǣg-hwæþer ge ... ge both ... and
    • ǣgðer ge ... ge both ... and
    • āðer oððe oððe either ... or



ǣg-hwilc pron each


ǣg-hwonan

adv from all sides, on all sides


āglǣca (ǣglǣca) m monster, fiend

  • np āglǣcan

[Goth aglaiti]


āgnian WII possess, assume as one's own

  • 3 pl āgniað

[āgen]


ǣgðer see:ǣg-hwæðer


ā-gyldan (-gieldan) (principal parts: pret sg:-geald

pret pl:-guldon pp:-golden ) 3

  1. repay, requite
  2. punish


ā-gyltan WI offend, sin

  • opt 3 pl āgylten
  • pret 1 pl āgylton
  • pp āgylt


ah (ac) conj but


ā-hebbad see:ā-ebbian


ā-hebban (principal parts: pret sg:-hōf pret pl:-hōfon pp:-hafen )

6 heave, life, raise, exalt

  • 2 pl āhebbe
  • imp 2 pl āhebbað
  • opt 3 pl āhebban


ā-hōn (principal parts: pret sg:-hēng pret pl:-hēngon pp:-hangen ) R

hang (trans)

  • imp 2 sg āhōh
  • pret 2 sg āhēnge


ā-hreddan WI save, deliver, rescue

  • ger āhredenne
  • 1 sg āhredde
  • opt 3 sg āhredde
  • pret 3 sg āhredde
  • 3 pl -don


ā-hrēosan (principal parts: pret sg:-hrēas pret pl:-hruron pp:-hroren ) 2 fall

  • opt 3 sg āhrēose


āhsian see:ācsian


ǣht f

possession, property

  • ap ǣhta

[āgan]


ǣht-ge-strēon n

possession, riches


ā-hȳdan WI hide

  • pp āhȳded


ā-īdligan WI profane


ā-lǣdan WI

  1. lead, conduct
    • 3 sg ālǣdeð; ālæt
    • imp 2 sg ālǣd
    • pp ālǣdd
    • np ālǣdde
  2. proceed, grow
    • pret opt 3 sg ālǣde


ǣlan WI trans and intrans kindle, burn

  • 3 sg ǣleð
  • pp ǣled


ǣlc pron subst and adj each, any

  • gs ǣlces
  • ds ǣlcum; ǣlcon; ǣlcere
  • as ǣlc
  • is ǣlce


ælde (ielde, ylde) m pl men

  • gp ælda

[eald]



aldor see:ealdor


aldor-monn (ealdor-) m chief, magistrate

  • gs -monnes
  • np -men


ā-lecgan WI

lay down, allay, overcome, refute

  • 3 pl ālecgað
  • pret 3 sg ālēde
  • 3 pl ālēdon
  • pp ālēd

[licgan]



ǣled m

fire


ā-lēfan see:ā-lȳfan


ā-lēogan (principal parts: pret sg:-lēah pret pl:-lugon

pp:-logen ) 2 lie, deny (w dat of pers and acc of thing)

  • 3 sg ālīhð



æl-fremed see:el-fremed


æl-gylden adj of pure gold

  • ap -gyldene


all see:eall


ælmes-georn adj liberal of alms, charitable

  • np -georne


ælmesse f alms

  • ds almyssan
  • as ælmessan

[(Gr) Lat eleēmosyna]


æl-mihtig

adj almighty

  • ns [???] ælmehtiga
  • gs ælmehtigan
  • ds ælmihtegum


æl-þēodig see:el-þēodig


æl-þēodisc see:el-þēodisc



ā-lybban WIII live


ālȳfan (-lēfan) WI allow, permit, grant (w dat of pers and acc of thing)

  • pp ālȳfed, ālēfed


ā-lȳsan WI loosen, release, ransom

  • pret 3 sg ālȳsde, ālēsde
  • pp pl ālȳsede


amang see:on-ge-mong



ambor m measure

  • gp ambra

[Ger Eimer]



ambyre adj favorable

  • as ambyrne

[<and-byre]



ā-merian WI free from dross, purify, refine

  • pp pl āmerede


ā-metan 5 measure, estimate


ā-myrran WI mar, destroy, hinder

  • pret 3 sg āmyrde


an see:unnan


ān num adj

  1. one, certain one (indef art), a, an
    • ns ān
    • ds ānum, ānre [???]
    • as ǣnne, ānne, ān
    • gp ānra
    • on ān right on, continuously
    • ānra gehwæs of each one
  2. alone
    • ns āna
    • as ānne
    • ap āna, ān
    • þæt ān only that


an-be-stingan 3 thrust in, insert

  • pp pl -stungnan


an-bīdan see:on-bīdan


and (ond) conj and



anda m zeal, indignation, malice, injury

  • ds andan

[Ger ahnden]



and-bidian WII wait

  • pret opt 1 sg -bidode


an-dēfn f fitting amount, proportion

  • ds andēfne

[dafenian]


andetnis f confession

  • as -nysse


andettan (ondettan)

WI confess, acknowledge

  • ptc ondettende
  • sg andette, ondette
  • imp andettað

[and-hātan]


and-fenge adj acceptable

[fōn]


and-giet (-git) n intelligence, reason, sense, meaning

  • gs andgites
  • ds andgiete
  • as andgit, ondgit



and-gitfull adj intelligent


and-gitfullīce adv intelligibly

  • supl -gitfullīcost



and-lang adj continuous, entire

  • as -langne


and-leofen

f living, food, sustenance

  • ds -leofne


an-drǣden see:on-drǣden



Andred m the 'Weald' (the great forest in Kent and Sussex)


and-swarian see:ond-swarian


and-swaru (ond-) f answer

  • as -sware


and-weard

adj present

  • gs andweardan
  • ds -werdan
  • dp -werdum, ondweardum


and-wlita m countenance, appearance

  • gs -wlitan

[wlītan; Ger Antlitz]


and-wyrdan WI answer

  • pret 1 sg andwyrde


ān-faldnes adj unity, simplicity

  • gs -nesse


ān-feald adj one-fold, single, unmixed, superior

  • ds ān-fealdan



ān-fealdlīche adv in the singular number


ān-for-lǣtan (principal parts: pret sg:-lēt pret pl:-lēton pp:-lǣten )

R leave, abandon

  • 1 pl -aþ
  • pret opt 3 sg ānforlēte


Angel n Anglen (Denmark)

  • ds Angle


Angel-cynne (Ongel)

n Angle kin, English people, England

  • ds -cynne
  • as -cynn, -cyn, Ongelcyn


an-ge-weald (=an-weald) power, dominion


an-ginn see:on-ginn


Angle m pl

the Angles, Anglicans, English


an-grīslīc adj grisly, hideous, horrible


ān-grȳsenlīce (-grīsenlīce) adv hideously



ān-haga (-hoga) m solitary, recluse, wanderer

  • as ānhagan


anhangen see:on-hōn


ānig adj only


ǣnig

pron adj any

  • ds ǣnegum
  • as ǣnig, ǣnigne


an-līc see:on-līc


ǣn-līc adj unique, peerless, excellent


ān-līcnes

see:on-līcnes


ān-līpig (ǣn-līpig ān-lēpe) adj single, individual

  • as ān-lēpne
  • np ǣlīpige


ān-mēdla (on-) m arrogance

  • np -mēdlan

[mōd]


ān-mōdlīce adv unanimously


ān-mōdnes

f unanimity

  • as -nesse


ān-nis f

unity

  • as -nysse


ān-rǣd (on-) adj resolute



ān-rǣdnis f constancy

  • ds -nysse


an-settan WI put upon, impose


ān-streces (gen) adv continuously


an-sund see:on-sund


an-sundnis see:on-sundnis


an-sȳn

see:on-sīen


Ante-crȳst m Antichrist

  • gs -crȳsted



an-ðrǣce see:on-ðrǣce


ān-weald see:on-weald



apostol m apostle

  • gs apostoles
  • ds apostole
  • as apostol
  • np apostolī
  • gp apostola
  • ap apostolas


apostolīc adj apostolic

  • ds -līcan
  • as -līce


æppel m apple

  • gs æples
  • as æppel


æpplian WII make into the form of apples, emboss

  • pp sg æpplede


Apulder m Appledore

  • ds Apuldre


ār m

  1. honor, favor, mercy
    • gs āre
  2. property, possessions
    • as āre

[Ger Ehre]



ār m messenger

  • gs āres

[Goth airus]



ār f oar

  • gp āra


ǣr comp adj former, preceding

  • ap ǣrran
  • supl ns ǣreste


ǣr

  1. comp adv earlier, formerly, before
    • comp ǣror
    • supl ǣrest
  2. conj ere, before that (usually followed by the opt)
  3. prep (w dat) before (time)


ā-rǣd adj inexorable


ā-rǣdan WI

read


ā-rǣfnan (-refnan) WI perform, endure

  • imp 2 sg āræfn, ārefna
  • pret 1 sg āræfnede


ā-ræfnian WII endure

  • 1 sg āræfnie


ā-rǣman WI arise

  • pret 3 sg āræmde


ā-rǣran WI raise, erect, build

  • ptc ārǣrende
  • 2 sg ārǣrst
  • opt 3 sg ārǣre
  • pret 3 sg ārǣrde
  • 3 pl -don

[rīsan]


ærce-bisceop (arce-) m archbishop

  • ds -biscepe



ǣr-dæg m former day


ā-reccean WI expound, translate, recount

  • inf āreccan


ā-redian WII arrange

  • 3 sg āredað


ǣren adj made of brass, brazen

  • as ǣrne
  • ap ǣrenan

[ār, Goth ais]


ǣrende n errand, message


ǣrend-fæst adj bound on an errand


ǣrend-ge-writ n message, letter

  • as ārend-



ǣrend-raca (-wreca) m messenger

  • ds -racan
  • dp -wrecum


ār-fæst honorable, virtuous, merciful

  • ns -fæsta


ār-fæastnis f virtue

  • ds -nisse


ār-hwæt adj eager for glory

  • np -hwate


ārian WII

  1. honor, show favor
    • 3 sg ārað
  2. desist, cease
    • imp 2 sg āra


ā-rīsan (principal parts: pret sg:-rās pret pl:-rison pp:-risen ) 1 arise

  • 3 sg ārīseþ
  • imp 2 sg ārīs
  • 2 pl ārīsað
  • opt 2 sg ārīse
  • 2 pl ārīson


ǣrīst m f n resurrection

  • gs ǣrīstes
  • as ǣrīste


ār-lēas adj dishonorable, wicked

  • ds -lēasre
  • np -lēasan


arn see:yrnan



ærnan WI cause to run; ride, gallop

  • 3 pl ærnað
  • pret 3 pl ærndon

[yrnan]


ǣrne-merigen m early morning


ārodlīce

adv quickly, vigourously


ǣr-wacol adj early awake


ār-wurð (-weorð) worthy of honor, venerable

  • as āwurðne


ār-wurðian (-weorðian) WII honor

  • pret 3 sg ārwurðne


ār-wurðlīce adv honorable, reverentially


ār-wurðnis

f reverence, honor

  • ds -nysse


ǣs n

food, prey, carrion

  • gs ǣses

[Ger Aas]


ā-sāwan R

sow

  • pp āsāwen


æsc m

  1. ash, spear
    • gp asca
  2. boat, ship (of Danish ships)
    • ap æscas


asce (axe) f ashes


ā-sceacan

(principal parts: pret sg:-scōc,-scēoc pret pl:-scōcon,-scēocon pp:-sceacen ) 6 shake

  • ptc āsceacende
  • 3 sg āscæceð
  • pret 3 sg āscēoc


æsc-here m

(ash-) spear-army, ship-army


æsc-holt n spear-shaft


āscian see:ācsian


ā-scīnan (principal parts: pret sg:-scān pret pl:-scinon pp:-scinen ) 1 shine



ā-scūfan (principal parts: pret sg:-scēaf pret pl:-scufon pp:-scofen ) 2 shove, push


ā-scȳran

WI make clear, transparent

  • pp āscȳred

[scīr]


ā-secgan

WIII say, relate

  • pret 3 pl āsǣdon


ā-sendan WI

send

  • pret 2 sg āsendest
  • 3 sg āsende
  • pp āsend


ā-settan WI set, place, transport oneself, go

  • opt 3 sg āsette
  • pret 3 pl āsettan
  • pp āsett

[sittan]



ā-singan

3 sing

  • pret 3 sg āsong


ā-sittan (principal parts: pret sg:-sæt

pret pl:-sǣton pp:-seten ) 5 sit fast, ground (of ships)


ā-slēan 6 strike, cut off

  • pp āslagen


ā-smiþan WII forge, work

  • pp āsmiþod


ā-spendan WI spend, expend

  • pret 3 sg āspende
  • pp āspended


ǣ-spring n spring of water, fountain

  • ds ǣspringe


ā-springan 3 spring up, spread

  • pret 3 sg āsprang
  • 3 pl āsprungen


ā-standan 6 stand

  • 3 pl āstandaþ


æstel m book-mark

[Lat hastula]


ā-stellan

WI set up, restore, establish

  • 3 sg āstelleð
  • pret 3 asg āstealde


ā-sterian see:ā-styrian


ā-stīgan (principal parts: pret sg:-stāg,-stāh pret pl:-stigon pp:-stigen )

1 ascend, mount (trans and intr), spring up, enter or leave a ship, go

  • 3 sg āstīhð
  • imp 2 sg āstīg
  • 2 pl āstīgað
  • pret 3 sg āstāg, āstāh


ā-stingan 3

pierce

  • pret 3 pl āstungon


ā-streccan WI stretch, extend, prostrate

  • opt 3 sg āstrecce
  • pret 3 sg āstrehte
  • pp āstreht


ā-styrian (-sterian) WI stir, agitate, move (trans)

  • 3 sg āstereð
  • pp pl āsterede, āstyrode (W II)


ā-sundrian WII separate (trans)

  • pp asundrad
  • pl asyndrode


a-sundron (-sundran) adv

asunder, apart, privately


ā-swebban WI put to sleep, quiet

  • pp āswefed
  • pl -ede

[swefan]


ā-syndrode see:ā-sundrian


æt

pret w dat

  1. at, in (time, place, circumstance)
  2. of, from (w verbs of asking, receiving, taking, buying)


ǣt

m f

  1. anything to be eaten, food
    • gs ǣtes
  2. the act of eating
    • ds ǣte

[etan]


æt-bregdan (principal parts:

pret sg:-brægd,-brǣd pret pl:-brugdon,-brūdon pp:-brogden,-broden ) 3 take away, deprive, release

  • pret 3 sg ætbrǣd
  • pp ætbrōden
  • pl -brōdene


æt-ēawed see:æt-ēowian


ā-tellan WI tell, relate

  • pret 3 pl ātealdon


ā-tēon

(principal parts: pret sg:-tēah pret pl:-tugon pp:-togen ) 2 draw

  • 3 sg ātȳhð
  • opt 3 sg ātēo
  • pres opt 3 sg ātuge


ā-tēorian WII

become exhausted, fail

  • pp ātēorod


æt-ēowian WII appear (intr),

show, manifest (trans)

  • ger ætēowenne
  • pret 1 sg ætēowde
  • 3 sg ætēowode
  • pp ætēawed
  • pl ætēowde, ætēowode

[Goth at-augjan]



æt-foran prep (w dat) before


æt-gædere adv together


æt-lūtian WII lurk out of sight, hide

  • pret 3 sg -lūtode

[cf Mod loiter]


ā-tredan 5 tread

  • pret 3 sg ātræd



æt-somne adv together


æt-standan 6 stand, remain

  • pret 3 sg ætstōd


āttor (ātor) n poison

  • is ātre

[Ger Eiter]


āttor-bǣre adj poisonous

  • as -bǣran


ǣttren (ǣtren) adj poisonous

  • ns ǣtterne
  • ap ǣttrynne


æt-wītan (oð) (principal parts: pret sg:-wāt pret pl:-witon pp:-witen ) 1

twit, reproach (w dat)

[cf. ed-wīt]


æt-ȳwan (-īwan) WI [cf. æt-ēowian] appear (intr), show, manifest (trans)

  • 3 sg ǣtȳweð
  • imp 2 sg ætȳw
  • pret 3 sg ætȳwde, ātīwde



āð m oath

  • ap āðas

[Ger Eid]



æðel-boren (pp) adj of noble birth

  • ds -borenre


æðel-borennis f nobleness of birth

  • as -nysse


æðele

adj noble, excellent

  • ds æðelum
  • as æðelan
  • ap æðele
  • supl ns æðelast

[Ger edel]


æðele adv

nobly


æðeling m noble, prince

  • gs æðelinges


æðellīce adv nobly


æþelnes f nobility


æþelo f nobility


æðel-stenc m excellent fragrance

  • gp -stenca


æðel-tungol n m noble star

  • gp -tungla


ā-þenian WII; [S 400 n 2] stretch out

  • pret 3 sg āþende

[Ger dehnen]



āðer see:ǣg-hwæðer


ā-ðindan (principal parts: pret sg:-ðond pret pl:-ðundon

pp:-ðunden ) 3 swell, puff up


ā-ðīstrian WII become dark, obscured

  • 3 pl āðīstriað
  • pp pl āðīstrode

[ðeostru]


Aþulfing (= æþelwulfing) m

son of æthelwulf


ā-þwēan 6 wash

  • pret 3 sg āþwōh


ǣw see:ǣ


ā-wæcnan [S 392 n 1] awake (intr)

  • pret 3 sg āwōc


ā-wǣgan WI annul


ā-weccan WI

awake, arouse, incite

  • opt 3 sg āwecce
  • pret 3 sg āweahte
  • pret opt 3 sg āwehte
  • 3 pl āwehton
  • pp āweaht, āwreht
  • pl āwehte


ā-wēdan WI rage

  • pret 3 sg āwēdde

[wōd]


a-weg see:weg



ā-wegan 5 carry


ā-wendan WI turn, direct, change, translate

  • pret 1 sg āwende
  • pp āwend


ā-weorpan (-wurpan) (principal parts: pret sg:-wearp pret pl:-wurpon pp:-worpen ) 3 cast, overthrow, reject



ā-wēstan WI lay waste, destroy

  • pp pl āwēste


ǣw-fæst (ǣ-fæst) adj law-observing, pious

  • ns ǣwfasð, ǣfest
  • ap ǣfeste
  • supl np ǣwfæstoste


ā-wiht pron aught, anything



ǣwisc-mōd adj ashamed, abashed

  • np -mōde

[Goth aiwiski]



ā-wōc see:ā-wæcnan


ā-wreht see:ā-weccan


ā-wrītan (principal parts:

pret sg:-wrāt pret pl:-writon pp:-writen ) 1 write, compose

  • 1 sg āwrīte
  • pp pl āwritene


ā-wunian WII abide, continue


ā-wyrdan WI

destroy

  • opt 3 sg āwyrde


ā-wyrgan WI curse

  • pp pl āwyrigedan

[wearg]


āxian see:āscian


ā-ȳdlian WII annul

  • pp pl āȳdlode

[īdel]


B


bæc n back

  • as under bæc backwards
  • ofer bæc backwards


bæc-bord n left side of a ship, larboard

[Ger Backbord, Fr babord]


bǣl

n fire, funeral pyre

  • gs bǣles
  • is bǣle
  • as bǣl

[ON bāl]


bǣl-fȳr n bale-fire, funeral or sacrificial fire


bǣl-þracu

f violence of fire

  • ds -þræce


bām see:bēgen



bān n bone

  • ds bāne
  • as bān
  • np bān


bana m murderer

  • ds banan

[Mod bane]


bān-fæt n (bone-vessel) body

  • ap -fatu


bǣr f bier

  • as bǣre

[beran]


Bardan-īg f Bardney (Lincolnshire)


bærnan

WI burn (trans)


Basingas pl m Basing (Hants)

  • dp -engum


basu adj purple (crimson)


bǣtan WI

bridle


bæð n bath, font


baþian WII bathe



be (bī, big) prep w dat inst; adv

  1. (nearness) by, near, along, on
    • be ēasten w dat east of
    • be westan w dat west of
    • be norþan w dat north of
  2. (metaph. proximity) by, with, according to, concerning
    • bī wrīte copy
    • be þām by that
    • by þȳ by that
    • be fullan fully, perfectly
    • be ðām concerning this
    • bī ðȳs ilcan



bēacen n beacon (the sun)

  • gs bēacnes


bēacnian WII typify, indicate, show

  • 3 sg bēacnað


beadu f battle

  • ds beaduwe

[ON boð boðvar]



beadu-cræftig adj valiant


beadu-rǣs m rush of battle, onslaught


beadu-weorc n work of battle

  • gp -weorca



be-æftan (bæftan) prep adv (w dat) behind


bēag (bēah) m ring, bracelet, collar, crown

  • ap bēagas

[būgan]


bēah-gifa (bēag-) m ring-giver, lord, king

  • ds -gifan


bealcettan WI belch, send forth, utter

  • pret 3 sg -ette


beald (bald) adj bold

  • ns (w gen)


bealdlīce (bald-) adv boldly

  • supl baldlīcost


bealo (bealu)

n bale, evil, mischief

  • gs bealwes


bealo-sorg f

baleful sorrow

  • as -sorge


bēam m tree

  • ds bēame
  • as bēam
  • np bēamas
  • gp bēama


Bēam-flēot m Benfleet (Essex)

  • ds -flēote


bearn n child, son

  • ap bearn

[beran]



bearo m grove, wood

  • ds bearwe
  • as bearo
  • np bearwas
  • gp bearwa


bēatan

(principal parts: pret sg:bēot pret pl:bēoton pp:bēaten ) R beat

  • ptc bēatende



be-baðian (bi-) WII bathe

  • 3 sg bibaðað


Bebban-burg f Bamborough (Northumbria)

  • ds byrig


be-bēodan

(principal parts: pret sg:-bēad pret pl:-budon pp:-boden ) 2

  1. command, bid (w dat)
    • 1 sg -bīode
  2. offer, commit, entrust
    • ptc bebēodende


be-bod n command

  • as bebod
  • gp -boda
  • ap -bodu, -boda

[bēodan]


be-byrgan WI

bury

  • ger -byrgenne
  • 3 sg byrgeð
  • pp -byrged



be-cēapian WII sell


be-cierran (-cirran -cyrran) WI

turn (trans)

  • pp -ciered


be-clyppan (bi-) WI

embrace, seize

  • 3 sg biclyppeð

[Mod clip]


be-clȳsan WI

inclose, shut in, imprison

  • pp beclȳsed
  • pl -clȳsde

[clūse; Lat clausus]


be-cuman 4 come, arrive

  • 3 sg -cymð
  • 3 pl -cumað
  • opt 3 sg -cume
  • pret 3 sg cwōm, cōm
  • 2 pl -cōmon
  • pret opt 3 sg -cōme


be-dǣlan (bi-) separate, deprive of

  • pp bidǣled (w inst)


bedd n bed

  • ds bedde


be-dīglian (-dȳglian -dēglian) WII obscure, bedim, conceal, keep secret

  • pp -dīgled, -dȳglod, -dēglad

[dīgol]


be-ebbian WII leave aground by the ebb, strand

  • pp pl beebbade



be-fæstan WI fasten, fix, put in safe keeping, entrust

  • opt 2 sg -fæste
  • pret 3 sg -fæste
  • 3 pl -on
  • pp befæst


be-feallan R

fall

  • opt 2 sg -fealle


be-fēolan 3 apply oneself (w dat)

[Ger befehlen]


be-fōn (bi-) R surround, envelop, clothe, cover

  • imp 2 sg -fōh
  • pp -fangen
  • pl -fongne, bifongen


be-foran prep (w dat)

before


be-foran adv before


be-frān see:be-frignan


be-frignan 3 ask

  • pret 3 sg befrān



be-gān irreg

  1. practice, perform, serve, occupy oneself with
    • opt 3 sg begā (w reflex acc)
    • pret 1 sg beēode
    • pl -ēodon, -ēodan
    • 3 pl biēodon
  2. surround


be-gang m undertaking, business


bēgen (bēggen)

num adj both

  • hī bū
  • hīe būtū
  • gyt būtū
  • unc bām


be-geondan (-giondan) prep (w dat) beyond


be-gietan (-gitan, -gytan)

5 get, obtain, find

  • pret 2 pl -gēaton, -gēton


be-ginnan 3

begin

  • pret 3 sg begann
  • pp begunnen



be-gyrdan WI begird, surround

  • pp begyrdd


be-hāt

n promise

  • ds -hāte
  • ap -hāt


be-hātan R promise

  • 3 sg -hǣt


be-healdan (bi-)

R

  1. hold, occupy, guard, protect
    • 3 sg bi-healdeð
  2. behold, look, observe
    • inf bi-
    • imp 2 sg beheald
    • pret 3 sg -hēold
    • 3 pl -on


be-helan (bi-) 4 conceal

  • pp sg biholene

[Ger hehlen]


be-heonan (-hionan) prep (w dat) on this side of


be-hindan adv behind


be-hindan prep (w dat) behind



be-hōfian WII behoove, require

  • pret 3 pl -hōfedon


be-hrēosan (bi-)

(principal parts: pret sg:-hrēas pret pl:-hruron pp:-hroren ) 2 (fall upon) cover

  • pp pl bihrorene



be-hrēowsian WII rue, repent of

  • 1 pl hrēowsiað


be-hrēowsung f repentance

  • gs -unge


be-hwyrfan

WI change, convert

  • pret 3 pl -hwyrfdon
  • pp -hwyrfed


be-hȳdan (bi-) hide, conceal

  • pp -hȳdd, bihȳded
  • sg bihȳdde


be-limpan 3 concern, pertain, belong (intr)

  • 3 sg -limpð, -limpeð
  • pret 3 pl -lumpon


be-lūcan 2 lock, lock up, shut in

  • imp 2 pl -lūcað
  • pp -locen


bēn f prayer, petition

  • gs bēne
  • np bēna
  • ap bēna

[cf Mod boon]


benc f bench

  • ds bence


bend

m f n bond, fetter


be-niman (bi-) 4 rob, deprive of (w acc of pers and gen or inst of thing)

  • 3 sg -nimð
  • pret 3 sg -nam
  • pp pl -numene


benn

f wound

  • np benna

[bana]


bēodan

(principal parts: pret sg:bēad pret pl:budon pp:boden ) 2 offer, announce, command

  • 3 sg bēodeð



bēon (bīon, wesan) irreg be, exist, become

  • ger bēonne, bīonne
  • 2 sg byst, bist
  • 3 sg bið
  • 1 pl bēo wē
  • 3 pl bēoð, bīoð
  • imp 2 sg bēo
  • 2 pl bēoð
  • opt 3 sg bēo, bīo
  • 2 pl bēo gē
  • 3 pl bīon
  • 1 sg eom
  • 2 sg eart
  • 3 sg is, ys
  • 3 pl synd, synt, sindon, siendon, syndon
  • opt 3 sg sīe, sȳ, sig
  • 3 pl sīen, sīn, sȳn
  • neg 3 sg nis (<ne is), nys
  • 3 sg weseð
  • imp 2 sg wes
  • pret 3 sg wæs, wes
  • 3 pl wǣren, wǣrun, wǣran
  • pret opt 3 sg wǣre
  • neg pret 3 sg næs (<ne wæs)
  • neg 3 pl nǣron
  • neg pret opt 3 sg nǣre
  • neg 3 pl nǣron
  • neg pret opt 3 sg nǣre
  • neg 3 pl nǣren



beorg (beorh) m hill, mountain

  • np beorgas
  • gp beorga


beorgan (byrgan) WI taste, partake of

  • 3 sg beorgeð


beorgan (principal parts: pret sg:bearg pret pl:burgon pp:borgen ) 3 protect, preserve (w dat)

[Ger bergen]



beorh-stede m mound


beorht (biorht) adj bright, shining, glorious

  • ds beorhtre
  • is beorhtan
  • np beorhte
  • supl ns beorhtast


beorhte (biorhte) adv brightly


beorhtnis f

brightness

  • ns -nys
  • ds -nysse


Beormas

m pl Permians


beorn m man, retainer, hero, chief

  • gs beornes
  • ds beorne
  • np beornas


beornan (born barn) (principal parts:

pret sg:bearn pret pl:burnon pp:bornen ) 3 burn (intr)

  • 3 sg byrneð


bēot (<*bī-hāt) n boast

  • as bēot
  • ap bēot
  • on bēot boastfully


bēotian

WII boast

  • pret 3 sg bēotode


be-pǣcan WI

deceive, entice

  • pp bepǣht

[fācen]


beran (principal parts: pret sg:bær

pret pl:bǣron pp:boren ) 4 bear

  • ger beranne
  • 2 sg byrst
  • 3 sg byrð, bereð, biereð
  • imp 2 pl berað
  • opt 3 sg bere



be-rēafian WII bereave, rob, despoil, dispossess (w acc of pers and gen of thing)

  • 3 sg -rēafað



beren adj of a bear

  • as berenne, beren


be-rīdan 1 pursue, surround, overtake

  • pret 3 sg -rād


be-rōwan

R row past or round (trans)


berstan (principal parts: pret sg:bærst pret pl:burston pp:borsten )

3 burst


be-rȳpan WI despoil of, plunder (w acc of pers and gen of thing)

  • 3 sg berȳpð


bescūfan 2 shove, push


be-sēon (-sīon) 5

see, look (intr)

  • pret 3 sg -seah
  • opt 3 sg besīo (w reflex acc)
  • pret opt 3 sg besāwe


be-settan (bi-) WI beset, occupy, surround, adorn

  • 3 sg biseteð
  • pp -seted, bi-



be-sittan (principal parts: pret sg:-sæt

pret pl:-sǣton pp:-seten ) 5 besiege


be-slēan 6 strike, cut off, deprive

  • pp beslægen


be-smitennis f defilement

  • as -nysse


be-standan 6 stand round, surround, beset

  • 3 pl -standað
  • pret 3 pl -stōdon


be-swīcan (bi-) (principal parts: pret sg:-swāc pret pl:-swicon pp:-swicen )

1 deceive, betray, offend, overcome

  • 3 sg besuīcð
  • pret 3 sg bi-
  • pp pl beswicene


be-swīcian WII evade, escape

  • pp sg beswīcade


be-tǣcan WI commit, commend, entrust

  • 1 sg -tǣce
  • pret 3 sg -tǣhte


bētan WI amend

[bōt]


be-teldan (bi-)

(principal parts: pret sg:teald pret pl:tuldon pp:tolden ) 3 cover, hem in, surround

  • 3 sg biteldeð
  • 3 pl -teldað
  • pp bitolden

[cf Mod tilt; Ger Zelt]


betera

see:gōd


be-tweoh (-twih -twuh -tuh -tweohx -twux -tux) prep (w dat) between, among

  • betwux ðisum meanwhile



be-twēonum (-twēonon -twȳnum -twȳnan) prep (w dat) between, among


be-tȳnan (bi-) WI close, end, enclose, imprison

  • pret 3 sg -tȳnde
  • 3 pl -on
  • pp betȳned, bitȳned

[tūn]



be-þeccan (bi-) WI cover

  • pp pl beþeahte, bi-

[Ger decken]



be-þingan (bi-) 3 beset, encircle

  • pp biþrungen

[Ger dringen]



be-urne see:be-yrnan


be-wāwan (principal parts: pret sg:-wēow pret pl:-wēowon

pp:-wāwen ) R blow upon

  • pp pl biwāune

[Ger wehen]



be-weaxan (bi-) R over-grow

  • pp -weaxen, bi-


be-wēpan

R weep over, bewail


be-windan (bi-) 3 encircle, surround

  • pp biwunden


be-witan PP oversee, have charge of, administer

  • pret 3 sg bewiste


be-witigan (-witian) WII observe


be-wlītan 1 look

  • pret 3 sg -wlāt


be-yrnan (principal parts: pret sg:-arn pret pl:-urnon pp:-urnen )

3 run

  • pret 2 sg beurne


bi-, bī see:be-, be



bīdan (principal parts: pret sg:bād pret pl:bidon pp:biden ) 1

  1. abide, remain
    • 3 sg bīdeþ
  2. await, expect (w gen)


biddan (byddan) (principal parts: pret sg:bæd pret pl:bǣdon pp:beden ) 5 ask, request (acc of pers and gen of thing)

  • ptc biddende
  • 3 pl biddaþ
  • imp 2 pl biddað
  • opt 3 sg bidde
  • pret 2 sg bǣde
  • pret opt 3 sg bǣde



bi-drēosan (principal parts: pret sg:-drēas pret pl:-druron pp:-droren ) 2 (cause to fall away) deprive (w instr)

  • pp pl bi-drorene

[cf Mod dross, dreary]


bifian (beofian) WII waver, tremble

  • ptc pl bifigendan
  • pret 3 pl bifedon

[Ger beben]


big-

see:bī-


bīgan (bīegan bȳgan) WI bend

  • 3 sg bīgeð

[būgan]


bī-genga m inhabitant


bī-gong (bī-gang big-geng) m

worship

  • gs bīgonges
  • ds bīgange


bī-leofa (big-)

m sustenance, food

  • ns bigleofa
  • ds bigleofan

[libban]



bile-wit (bil-) adj innocent, pure, simple

  • ds -witre

[cf Ger billig]



bile-witnes f innocence, purity

  • gs -nesse, -nysse


bill n sword

  • as bill
  • is bille

[Ger bille]


bill-gesliht n clashing of swords

  • gs -geslihtes


bindan (principal parts: pret sg:bond pret pl:bundon pp:bunden ) 3 bind

  • 3 pl bindað
  • opt 3 sg binde
  • pret 3 sg band


binnan (binnon) prep adv (w dat) within (time and place)

  • adv binnan



bisceop (biscop biscep) m bishop

  • gs bisceopes
  • ds biscepe
  • as bisceop
  • np biscepas
  • ap bisceopas

[Lat episcopus]



bisceop-seðl (-setl) n episcopal residence

  • as biscop-


bisceop-stōl m episcopal seat, bishopric

  • ds -stōle, biscepstōle
  • as -stōl


bismer (bismor bysmer) n m mockery, derision, insult

  • ds bismre


bismerian WII mock, deride

  • ptc bismriende



bi-sorgian WII care for, fear

  • 3 sg bisorgað


bī-spell (big-)

n parable, example, proverb

  • ds bigspelle
  • as -spell, big-
  • ap bigspell

[Ger Beispiel]


biter (bitter) adj bitter, severe, disastrous, fierce

  • as biterne
  • ap bitere
  • supl as bitterestan


biternes

f bitterness, grief

  • ds -nesse


bī-wist (big-) f

sustenance

  • as bigwiste

[wesan]


bi-wrēon (principal parts: pret sg:-wrāh,-wrēah

pret pl:-wrigon,-wrugon pp:wrigen,wrogen ) 1 cover, enwrap

  • pret 3 sg biwrāh



blāc adj shining, bright

[blīcan]


blācung f turning pale, pallor

  • ds blacunge


blǣde (blēd) f blossom, fruit

  • gs blēde
  • np blēde
  • dp blēdum
  • ap blēda

[blōwan]


blǣd m blast, breath, inspiration, prosperity, riches, glory, honor

  • as blǣd

[blāwan]


blǣd-dæg m prosperous day

  • gp -daga


blanden-feax adj grizzly-haired

[blondan]


blæst

m blaze, flame


blǣstan WI blow (?)

  • pret 3 pl blǣston


Blēcinga-ēg f Blekingen


blēd see:blǣd


blēo-brygd n (?) combination of colors

[bregdan; Mod blee]


blētsian WII bless

  • 1 sg blētsige

[blōd]


blētsung f blessing

  • ds -unge


blīcan (principal parts: pret sg:blāc pret pl:blicon

pp:blicen ) 1 glitter, shine

  • 3 sg blīceð
  • opt 3 sg blīce

[Mod blink; Ger bleichen]


blind adj blind

  • ns blinda
  • as blindan
  • ap blynde


bliss f

bliss, joy

  • gs blisse
  • ds blisse, blysse
  • as blisse

[<blīðs]


blissian (blissigan) WII rejoice

  • inf blissigan
  • ptc blissigende
  • ds blissigendum
  • pret 3 sg blissode



blīðe adj blithe, glad, friendly

  • ds blīðum
  • as blīðe
  • np blīðe
  • comp ns blīðra


blīðe-mōd

adj blithe of mood, friendly

  • np -mōde


blōd n

blood

  • is blōde


blōdig adj bloody

  • as blōdigne


blondan R blend, mix, mingle

  • pp geblanden, geblonden


blōstma (blōstm) m blossom, bloom, fruit

  • np blōstman


blōtan (principal parts: pret sg:blēot pret pl:blēoton pp:blōten ) R sacrifice


blōwan (principal parts: pret sg:blēow pret pl:blēowon pp:blōwen ) R bloom, flourish

  • ptc blōwende
  • pp geblōwen


bōc f book

  • gs bēc
  • ds bēc
  • as bōc
  • np bēc
  • gp bōca
  • dp bōcum
  • ap bēc


bōcere m learned man, scholar, scribe

  • ap bōceras


bōclīc adj relating to books


boda m messenger

[Ger Bote]



bodian WII proclaim, announce, preach

  • ptc bodiende
  • 3 sg bodað
  • pret 3 sg bodade
  • pp bodad



bodung f preaching

  • as -unge


bōg (bōh)

m (arm, shoulder) bough, branch

  • ap bōgas


boga m

bow

  • np bogan


bolster m n bolster, pillow

  • ds bolstre


bord n (board) shield

  • gs bordes
  • as bord
  • ap bord


bord-weall

m wall of shields, testudo, phalanx


bōsm m bosom

  • ds bōsme


bōt f boot, advantage, reparation, remedy

  • ds bōte
  • as bōte


brād adj broad

  • comp ns brādre, brǣdre
  • supl ns brādost


brǣd f (?) young bird (?)

[bregdan]


brǣdan WI extend, spread

[brād]


brastlian WII crackle

  • ptc dp brastligendum

[Ger prasseln]


breahtm m noise, revelry, music

  • ds breahtme
  • gp breahtma

[Ger Pracht]



brecan (principal parts: pret sg:bræc pret pl:brǣcon pp:brocen ) 4 break, destroy, break forth

  • 3 sg briceð
  • 3 pl brecað


bregd n (?) trick, fraud, deceit

  • gp bregda

[bregdan]


bregdan (principal parts: pret sg:brægd,brǣd pret pl:brugdon,brūdon

pp:brogden,bregden ) 3

  1. brandish, draw
    • opt 2 pl bregde gē
    • pret 3 sg brǣd
  2. braid, weave
    • pp bregden, brogden


brego (breogo) m chief, leader, lord, king

  • as brego



brember m bramble

  • dp brembrum


brengan

[(cf bringan)] WI bring

  • 3 sg brengð
  • opt 3 sg brenge


brēost n breast

  • ds brēoste
  • ap brēost


brēost-cofa m breast-chamber, heart, mind

  • ds -cofan



brēost-sefa m mind, heart


Bret-wālas m pl the Britons of Wales


brice (bryce) m fragment

  • ap bricas

[brecan]


bricg-weard (brycg) m bridge-guard

  • ap -weardas



bridd m young bird

  • ns brid
  • gs briddes



brim n ocean

  • ap brimu


brim-cald (-ceald) adj ocean-cold


brim-fugol m sea-bird

  • ap -fuglas


brim-līþend m sea-farer, pirate

  • gp -līþendra


brim-monn m sea-man, pirate

  • np -men
  • gp -mauna


bringan [(cf brengan)] WI bring

  • 3 sg bringð
  • 3 pl bringað
  • opt 3 sg bringe
  • pret 3 sg brōhte
  • 3 pl brōhton



broc n injury, affliction, disease

  • ds broce
  • as broc

[brecan]


brocian

WII oppress, injure, afflict

  • 3 pl brociað


brōhte see:bringan



brond m brand, burning, fire

  • gs brondes


brosnian WII crumble, waste away, wither, decay

  • 3 pl brosniað
  • pp gebrosnad
  • pl -ode

[cf Ger Brosam]


brosnung f decay

  • ds -unge


brōðor (brōður) m brother

  • gs brōðor
  • ds brēðer
  • np brōðor, brōðru
  • ap brōðor


brūcan (principal parts: pret sg:brēac pret pl:brucon pp:brocen ) 2 brook, use, enjoy, possess (w gen)

  • 3 sg brīcð
  • 3 pl brūcað


brūn

adj brown


Brunan-burh f Brunanburh (Durham ?)


brūn-ecg adj

brown edged (of a sword)


bryeg (brieg) f bridge

  • as briege


brȳd f bride

  • as brȳde



bryhtm m glance, twinkling

[cf breahtm]


bryne m burning, fire, flame


bryne-gield n burnt offering, sacrifice

  • ds -gielde
  • as -gield


Bryten f Britain

  • as Brytene


brytta m distributor, dispenser

  • gs bryttan

[brēotan]


Bryttas (Brittas) pl m Britons


bryttigan (bryttian) WII divide, share


Bryttisc (Brittisc) adj British

  • ds Bryttiscum


see:bēgen


būan (būgan) irreg

  1. dwell (intr)
    • 3 pl būgeað
    • pret 3 sg būd
    • ptc dp būgigendum inhabitants
  2. occupy, cultivate (trans)
    • 3 pl būgað
    • pp sg bȳne, bȳnum, gebūn, gebūd


bufon (bufan; < be-ufan) prep

  1. (w dat) above
  2. (w acc) on, upon


būgan (principal parts:

pret sg:bēag pret pl:bugon pp:bogen ) 2 bow, bend, turn

  • 1 sg būge


bune f cup


Bunne f Bononia, now Boulogne (France)

  • ds Bunnan


būr m bower, chamber

  • as būr

[būan]


burg (burh) f fort, borough, city

  • ns burh
  • gs byrig
  • ds byrig
  • as burg
  • ap burga


Burgenda gp m Burgundians, Burgenda land, Bornholm



burg-lēode (burh-) pl m burghers, citizens

  • dp burh-



burg-ware (burh-) pl m inhabitants of a 'burg', burghers, citizens

  • gp -wara
  • ap -ware



burna (burne, f) m bourn, stream, fountain

  • ds burnan


būr-þēn (-þegn) m chamberlain

  • ds -þēne


būte

conj but


būton (būtan) prep (w dat)

  1. except
  2. without
  3. outside


būton (būtan) conj

  1. (w opt) unless
  2. (w indic) except, except that, but only


būton

adv outside


Butting-tūn m Buttington

  • ds -tūne


būtū se bēgen


bycgan (bicgan) WI buy

  • imp 2 pl bicgað


bydel m beadle, proclaimer, herald, minister

  • gp bydela
  • ap bydelas

[bēodan]


byden f

measure, bushel

  • ds bydene

[L L *butīna < Gr βυτινη]


byldan

WI encourage

  • opt 3 sg bylde
  • pret 3 sg bylde

[beald]



bȳme f trumpet

  • gs bȳman
  • np bȳman


bȳne see:būan


byrde adj

of high birth, rank

  • supl ns byrdesta


byre m favorable opportunity


byre m child, son, descendant

  • np byre

[beran]


byrgan WI taste, eat

  • pret 3 pl byrgdon



byrgan WI bury

  • ger byrigenne


byrgen

f grave, tomb

  • ds byrgene
  • as byrgenne, byrgene
  • np byrgena


byrne f byrnie, corslet, coat of mail

  • as byrnan

[Ger Brünne]


byrn-sweord n flaming sword


byrn-wiga

m mailed warrior


byrðen f burden

  • as byrðenne, byrðene
  • gp byrðenna


bȳsen (bīsen) f example

  • ds bȳsene, bȳsne
  • as bȳsene
  • dp bīsnum, bīsenum
  • ap bīsne

[Goth -būsns]


bysgian WII busy, occupy, disturb, oppress

  • pp gebysgad


bysig adj busy

  • np bysige


bysigo f business, concern, occupation

  • dp bisgum



bȳsnian (bīsnian) WII set an example for, instruct by example

  • inf bīsnian
  • 3 sg bīsenað
  • pret 3 pl bȳsnodon


C


cāf adj

bold, brave

  • as cāfne

[ON ā-kafr]


cāflīce adv

boldly


camp m fight, battle

  • ds campe

[Ger Kampf]



camp-stede m battle-field


candel (condel) f candle

  • ds condelle


candel-stæf m (candle-staff) candlestick



canon m sacred canon

  • gs canones

[Lat canon, Gr κανων]



Cantwara-burg f Canterbury

  • ds -byrig


carc-ern (cearc-ern, cf cweart-ern)

n prison

  • gs carcernes
  • ds carcerne
  • as carcern

[Lat carcer + ærn]


car-full (cear-) adj careful


carian (cearian)

WII care, be concerned for

  • 3 sg carað


carte f

chart, card (for writing upon)

  • as cartan

[Lat charta]


cāsere m

emperor

  • gs cāseres

[Lat Caesar]


ceald (cald) adj

cold

  • as cald
  • dp caldum


ceallian

WII call


cēap m cattle

  • gs cēapes

[cf Mod cheap]


cēap-stōw f market-place


cearu (cearo, caru) f

care

  • ns cearo
  • as ceare


ceaster

f fort, town, city

  • ds ceastre

[Lat castrum]


ceaster-ge-ware

m (pl tant) citizen

  • np -waran


cellod adj

curved, hollow, embossed

[Lat celatus]


cempa m warrior

  • np cempan
  • gp cempena

[camp]


cēne adj keen, bold

  • comp ns cēnre


cēnlīce adv boldly



cennan WI beget, bring forth

  • pp cenned


Cent

f Kent


ceorl m (churl) freeman (of the common class), man

  • ds ceorle


cēcsan (principal parts: pret sg:cēas pret pl:curon pp:coren ) 2 choose

  • 3 pl cēosað
  • opt 1 sg cēose


cēpan WI

avail oneself of, take to (w gen)

  • pret 3 sg cēpte


cīdan WI

chide, reproach (w dat)

  • 2 sg cīddesð (dial)
  • pret 2 sg cīdde


cīgan (cīegan, cȳgan) WI cry out, call

  • pret 3 sg cīgde, cȳgde
  • 1 pl cīgdon


cild n child

  • gs cildes
  • ap cild


cild-hād m childhood

  • ds -hāde


cirice (cyrice, cyrce) f church

  • ns cyrce
  • gs ciricean, cyrcan


cirlisc adj 'churlish', rustic

  • np cirlisce

[ceorl]



cirm see:cyrm


cirr (cierr, cyrr)

m turn, time, occasion

  • ds cirre

[Mod char]


Cisse-ceaster

f 'Cissa's fort', Chichester

  • ds -ceastre


clām see:clēa



clǣne adj clean, pure

  • gs clǣnan
  • as clǣne
  • ap clǣne


clǣne adv entirely


clǣnnes f cleanness, purity, chastity

  • ds -nisse



clǣnsung f cleansing, chastening


clāþ n cloth

  • ds clāþe


clēa (cleo) f claw

  • dp clām


clēofan (principal parts: pret sg:clēaf pret pl:clufon pp:clofen ) 2 cleave, split (trans)



cleopian see:clipian


clēowen n (clew), ball, globular mass

  • ds clēowne

[Ger Knäuel]


clipian (clypian, cleopian) WII

  1. cry out, exclaim
    • 3 sg clypað
    • pret 3 sg clypode, cleopode
  2. cry unto, implore (w dat)
    • ptc dp clypigendum
    • pl cleopiað
    • imp 2 sg clypa
    • 2 pl clypiað
    • pret 3 sg clipode

[Mod obs clepe, yclept]



clūdig adj rocky

[cf Mod cloud]


clypian see:clipian



clyppan WI embrace, accept

  • opt 3 sg clyppe

[Mod clip]



cnapa m boy, youth

  • np cnapan
  • gp cnapena

[Ger Knabe]


cnearr m ship, galley

  • ns cnear

[ON knorr]


cnēo (cnēow) n knee

  • ap cnēo, cnēow


cnēo-mǣg m kinsman

  • dp -māgnum


cnēoriss f generation, family, tribe, people

  • as -isse


cniht m boy, youth, young warrior, knight, attendant, disciple

  • gs cnihtes
  • as cniht
  • np cnihtas, cnyhtas


cnyssan WI beat (trans)

  • 3 sg cnyseð
  • 3 pl cnyssað

[cf Ger Knorre]



cōlian WII cool

  • 3 sg cōlaþ


collen-ferð (-ferhð)

adj proud-minded, fierce

[*cwellan]


Coln f the river Colne (Essex)

  • ds Colne


corn n corn, grain

  • gs cornes
  • as corn


corðor n troop, flock, company

  • gp corðra


costian (costigan, costnian) WII tempt try, prove

  • inf costigan (w gen)
  • ger costianne, costienne
  • pret 1 sg constnode (w gen)

[Ger kosten]


costnian see:costian


costnung f temptation



coþu f disease


cræft m strength, might, virtue, craft, skill, art, pursuit, knowledge

  • ds cræfte
  • as cræft
  • gp cræfta
  • ap cræftas



cræftiga (cræftega) m craftsman, workman, artificer

  • ns crætega


cræt n cart, chariot

  • ds cræte


Crēcas (Crēacas) m pl the Greeks

  • np Crēacas
  • gp Crēca


crēodon (crūdan) (principal parts: pret sg:crēad pret pl:crudon pp:croden ) 2 crowd, press, hasten

  • pret 3 sg crēad


cringan (principal parts: pret sg:-crong,-cronc pret pl:-crungon,-cruncon

pp:-crungen ) 3 cringe, yield, fall, die


Crīst m Christ

  • ns Crīsð (dial)
  • gs Crīstes
  • ds Crīste


crīsten

adj Christian

  • np crīstene, crīstena, crīstnan
  • gp crīstenra


crīsten-dōm m christianity

  • ds -dōmeymest
  • as -dōm


cucu see:cwic


cumbol-gehnāst (gehnād) n conflict of banners

  • gs -gehnāstes


cum-pæder m godfather in his relation to the father

[Lat compater]


cuman (principal parts: pret sg:c(w)ōm pret pl:c(w)ōmon pp:cumen ) 4 come

  • ger cummanne
  • sg cymst, cymest
  • 3 sg cymð, cymeð
  • 3 pl cumað
  • opt 3 sg cume, cyme
  • imp 2 sg cum
  • pret 2 sg cōme
  • 3 sg cwōm, cuōm, cōm
  • pl cōmon
  • pret opt3 sg cōme
  • pp cumen


cunnen PP can, be able, know, understand (trans and intr)

  • 1 sg con
  • 2 sg canst
  • 3 sg can
  • 1 pl cunnon, cunnun
  • 3 pl cunnon
  • opt 3 sg cunne
  • 3 pl cunnen, cunnan, cunnon
  • pret 1 sg cūðe
  • 2 sg cūðest
  • 3 sg cūðe
  • pret opt 2 sg cȳðe
  • 1 pl cūðon
  • 3 pl cūðen


cunnian WII prove try, examine, experience (w acc or gen)

  • 3 sg cunnað
  • pret 3 sg cunnode

[cunnan]



cūð adj known, familiar, manifest

  • as cūðe
  • gp cūðra

[pp < cunnan; Ger kund]


cūðlic adj known, certain

  • comp as cūðlicre


cūðlice adv openly, clearly, certainly


cwacian WII

quake

  • ptc as cwacigendan


cwalu f killing, murder, death

  • ds cwale

[cwelan]


Cwāt-bryeg f Bridgenorth (Salop)

  • ds -brycge


cwealm m n death, destruction, pestilence

  • ds cwealme
  • as cwealm

[Mod qualm]



cwealm-bǣre

adj deadly

  • as -bǣran


cweart-ern [(cf carc-ern)] n

prison

  • ds cwarterne


cwelan (principal parts: pret sg:cwæl pret pl:cwǣlon

pp:cwolen ) 4 die


cwellan WI kill

[cwelan; Mod quell]


cwellere m executioner

  • np cwelleras


cwēman

WI please (w dat)

  • ger cwēmanne

[cuman]



cwēn f queen


Cwēnas m pl a tribe of the Fins

  • gp Cwēna


cweorn f quern, mill

  • as cweorne

[Goth qairnus]


cweðan (principal parts: pret sg:cwæð pret pl:cwǣdon pp:cweden ) 5

say, speak

  • sg cweðe
  • 2 sg cwyst
  • 3 sg cwið
  • 3 pl cwæðað (for cweðað)
  • imp 2 sg cweð
  • pret 2 sg cwǣde
  • pret opt 3 sg cwǣde
  • 3 pl cwǣden
  • gecueden named

[Mod quoth]



cwic (cwicu, cucu) adj 'quick', alive

  • ns cucu
  • as cwicne, cwycne
  • gp cwicra


cwic-sūsl (cwyc-) n hell-torment

  • gs cwycsūsles
  • ds -sūsle


cwide (cwyde) m

saying, utterance

  • ds cwyde
  • as cuide

[cweðan]


cwide-giedd n word, utterance

  • gp -giedda


cwild (cwyld)

m f n destruction, pestilence, murrain

  • ds cwilde

[cwelan]


cwīþan

WI bewail (trans)


cwyc-sūsl see:cwic-sūsl


cȳf

f vessel

  • as cȳfe

[Ger Kübel]


cyle (ciele)

m chill, cold


cyle-gicel m icicle


cyme m

coming

  • gs cymes
  • ds cyme
  • as cyme

[cuman]


cyne-dōm m government, kingdom


cyne-gold n

regal gold, diadem, crown


cyne-hlāford m royal lord


cynelīc adj royal

  • ap -līce


cyne-rīce n kingdom

  • gs kynerīces
  • is -rīce


cyne-þrymm m

kingly majesty

  • as -þrym


cyng (cing) m king

  • gs cynges, cinges
  • ds cynge


cyning m

king

  • gs cyninges
  • ds cyninge
  • as cyning
  • np cyningas, cynegas
  • gp cyninga



cynn

n kin, race, family, kind

  • gs cynnes
  • ds cynne
  • as cynn
  • gp cinna


cȳpe-cniht m boy for sale as a slave

  • ap -cnihtas


cȳp(e)-monn m chapman, merchant

  • np -men


cyrice, cyrce see:cirice


cyrm (cierm, cirm) m

cry, alarm


cyrran (cierran, cirran) WI turn, go, return

  • 3 pl cyrrað
  • pret 3 sg cyrde
  • 3 pl cirdon

[Ger kehren]


cyrtel m

kirtle, coat, tunic

  • as kyrtel
  • ap cyrtlas


cyssan

WI kiss

  • ptc cyssende
  • opt 3 sg cysse


cystig adj virtuous, charitable

  • ds cystigum


cȳðan

WI make known

  • 3 pl cȳðað
  • pret 3 sg cȳðde, cȳdde
  • 3 pl cȳðdon

[cūð]


cȳððu (cȳðð) f kith, kinship, home, country

  • ds cȳððe
  • as cȳððe, cȳððu


D


dǣd f

deed, action

  • gp dǣda
  • ap dǣda


dǣd-bētan

WI make amends, repent

  • ptc np dǣdbētende


dǣd-bōt f

repentance


dæg m day

  • ds dæge
  • as dæg
  • is dæge
  • gp daga
  • dp dagum, dagan
  • ap dagas
  • gs dæges and nihtes (adv) by day and night
  • ds tō dæge (adv) to-day
  • as longe on dæg (adv) far on, late in the day



dæg-hwōmlīc (-hwāmlic) adj daily

  • ds -līcum


dæg-hwōmlīce (-hwāmlīce)

adv daily


dæg-rēd n dawn


dægðerlīc adj

daily, present

  • ds oð ðisum dægðerlīcum dæge to this present day


dæg-weorc n work of the day

  • gs -weorces


dæl n dale

  • np dalu

[Ger Thal]


dǣl m division, portion, part

  • ds dæle
  • as dǣl
  • gp dǣla
  • be ǣnigum dǣle to any extent
  • be þǣm dǣle to that extent


dǣlan WI deal out, divide, separate, distribute

  • 3 sg dǣlð, dǣleð
  • opt 1 pl dǣlon
  • pret 3 pl dǣldon
  • pp gedǣled
  • pl gedǣlde


dǣl-neomende (dial) (ptc) m partaker


daroð (darað) m dart, spear

  • gp daroða lāf the leaving of spears, those surviving a battle



dēad adj dead

  • ns dēada
  • as dēadne
  • np dēade, dēadan


dēad-bǣre adj deadly

  • ds -bǣrum


deall adj proud

  • ns deal


dearr see:durran


dēað m

death

  • gs dēaðes
  • ds dēaðe
  • is dēaðe
  • as dēað
  • ap dēaðas


dēað-denu f

mortal vale


dēað-ræced (-reced) n house of death, grave


Defenas (Defnas) m pl the people of Devonshire, Devonshire



Defena-scīr (Defna-) f Devonshire

  • ds scīre


delfan (principal parts: pret sg:dealf pret pl:dulfon pp:dolfen ) 3 delve, dig


dēma

m judge

  • gs dēman


dēman WI

deem, judge, determine

  • 3 sg dēmð
  • pp gedēmed


demm

m judgment


Dene m pl Danes

  • gp Dena
  • dp Denon
  • ap Dene


Dene-mearc (Dena-; -mearce) f

Denmark

  • ns Denamearc
  • ds Denemearce, Denemearcan


Denisc

adj Danish

  • np Deniscan
  • gp Deniscra
  • as on Densic in the Danish fashion


dennian WII become slippery (?)

  • pret 3 sg dennode


denu (dene) f valley


dēoflīc adj

devilish

  • ap -līcan


dēofol m n devil

  • gs dēofles
  • ds dēofle
  • np dēofla
  • ap dēoflu, dēoflo


dēofol-gyld n idol

  • gp -gilda


dēofol-gylda m idolater

  • np -gyldan


dēofol-sēoc adj possessed of a devil

  • ap -sēocan



dēofol-sēocnis f possession by a devil

  • ap -nyssa


dēop

n the deep, the sea

  • gs dēopes (dȳpan f)


dēop adj

deep


dēope adv deeply, profoundly


dēoplīce adv deeply, profoundly



dēopnis f depth, abyss

  • ds -nysse


dēor (dīor) n wild beast or animal (of any sort)

  • as dēor
  • np dīor
  • gp dēora
  • ap dēor


deorc adj

dark, gloomy, sad

  • ns deorca, deorce
  • as deorce


dēorling

see:dȳrling


dēor-mōd adj bold of mind, brave


Deorwente f

the Derwent

  • ds -wentan


dēor-wurð (-wirð, -weorð) adj worthy of estimation, precious, honored

  • ds -wurðan
  • ap -wurðe, -wirðe, -wurðan



Dēre

m pl the Deirians, inhabitants of Deira


derian WI injure (w dat)

  • 3 sg dereð, derað

[daru]


dīacon-hād (dēacon-) m office of a deacon, deaconship

  • ds -hāde


dīegol (dīgol) adj secret

  • ns dīegla, dīgle
  • gs dīeglan
  • comp np dīgelran


dimm (dymm) adj

dim, dark, gloomy

  • dp dymmum


dimnis (dymnis) f dimness, gloom

  • ds dymnysse


Dinges (mere) proper name a proper name, or the sea of dashing and noise



dīor see:dēor


disc m dish

  • ds disce
  • as disc


discipul m disciple

  • np discipulī (Lat), discipulōs (for -ī)
  • gp discipula
  • ap discipulī


dōgor n day

  • gp dōgra


dōgor-rīm

n numbering of the days, time

  • gs -rīmes


dohtor f

daughter


dōm m

  1. doom, judgment, decree, decision, choice
    • gs dōmes
    • ds dōme
    • as dōm (stipulation)
    • is dōme
  2. renown, glory


dōm-ern n judgment-hall

  • ds -erne


dōm-georn adj eager for renown

  • np -georne


dōmlīc adj famous, glorious


dōn irreg do, act, cause, put, place

  • ger dōnne
  • ptc dōnde
  • 2 sg dēst
  • 3 sg dēð
  • 2 pl dōð
  • 3 pl dōð
  • imp 2 sg
  • opt 2 sg
  • 1 pl dōn
  • pret 2 sg dydest
  • 3 sg dyde
  • 3 pl dydon
  • pret opt 3 sg dyde


Dorce-ceaster (Dorcan-) f Dorchester

  • ds -ceastre
  • as Dorcanceaster


draca m dragon


drēam m

joy, mirth

  • is drēame
  • gp drēama (harmony)

[Mod dream]


dreccan WI vex, trouble, afflict

  • pret 3 pl drehton


drenc

m drink

  • gs drences
  • ds drence


dreng m warrior

  • gp drenga

[ON drengr]


drēogan (principal parts: pret sg:drēag pret pl:drugon pp:drogen ) 2 endure, perform, fulfil

  • 3 sg drēogeð


drēor m blood

  • is drēore

[drēosan]


drēorig adj dreary, sad

  • ns drēorige
  • as drēorigne (hyge)
  • np drēorige

[drēosan]



drēorig-hlēor adj with sad face


drēorignis f sadness

  • gs -nysse


drēosan (principal parts: pret sg:drēas pret pl:druron pp:droren ) 2

fall, perish

  • 3 sg drēoseð
  • 3 pl drēosað

[cf Mod dross]


drihten see:dryhten


drinca m drink

  • as drincan


drincan (principal parts: pret sg:dronc pret pl:druncon pp:druncen ) 3

drink

  • 3 pl drincað
  • pret opt 3 sg drunce
  • 2 pl druncen


drohtað m sojourn, life


drohtian see:drohtnian


drohtnian (drohtian) WII lead one's life, live

  • ger drohtnigenne
  • 3 sg drohtað
  • pret 3 sg drohtnode

[drēogan]


drohtnung (drohtung) f conduct, condition, life

  • gs drohtunge
  • ds -nunge


drohtung

see:drohtnung


drūsan (drūsian W II) WI droop, drowse, become feeble

  • ptc drūsende

[drēosan]


drȳ m wizard, sorcerer

[Celt drūi]


drȳge (drīge)

adj dry

  • ap drȳge
  • ds on drȳgum on dry ground



dryht f body of retainers, host, people

[drēogan]


dryhten (drihten) m

lord, prince, ruler, king

  • gs drihtnes
  • ds drihtne, drihtene


drȳman

WI rejoice

  • ptc gp drȳmendra

[drēam]


dryre

m fall, deposit

[drēosan]


dugan PP avail

  • 3 sg dēah
  • opt 3 sg dyge

[Ger taugen]


duguð (dugoð) f

  1. body of retainers, host
    • ds duguþe
    • gp duguða
    • duguða wyn the flower, the chief of retainers
  2. benefit, honor, riches
    • ds duguþe
    • gp dugeða

[dugan; Ger Tugend]


dūn f down, hill, mountain

  • as dūne

[Celt dūnum]


dūn-scræf n hill-cave

  • np -scrafu


durran PP dare

  • 1 sg dearr
  • 3 sg dearr
  • 1 pl durron
  • opt 1 sg durre
  • pret 3 pl dorston
  • pret opt 3 pl dorsten


duru

f door

  • ds dura, duru, dyru
  • as duru
  • np dura


dūst n dust

  • ds dūste
  • as dūst


dūst-scēawung f contemplation of the dust

  • ds -scēawunga



dwǣscan WI extinguish, blot out

  • 3 sg dwǣsceð

[dwǣs: dysig]


dwelian (dwellan) WI lead into folly, deceive; be led astray, err

  • ptc dweligende

[cf Mod dull]


Dyflin (Dyflen, Difelin) Dublin


dym-hof n

place of concealment

  • dp -hofon


dȳre (dīere, dēore) adj dear, costly

  • np dȳre


dȳrling (dēorling) m darling, favorite

  • ap dēorlingas


dyrstignes f boldness, audacity, arrogance

  • ds -nysse
  • as -nesse


dysig adj foolish

  • supl ns dysgosta

[Mod dizzy]


dysig n folly

  • ds dysige


dysignes f folly

  • ds -nesse


dyslīc (dysiglīc) adj foolish


E


ē

see:ēa


ēa f river

  • gs ē, ēas
  • ds ēa, ēæ
  • as ēa
  • np ēa

[Ger Au]



ēac (ēc) conj adv also, moreover, likewise, even

  • ge ... ge ēac both ... and also
  • nē ... nē ēac neither ... nor even
  • ond ēac swā and also
  • ēac swilce (swylce, swelce) also, likewise
  • ēac gelīce (-lȳce) likewise

[Ger auch]


ēac prep in addition to, together with, besides (w dat)


ēaca

m addition, increase

  • ds ēacan
  • ns reinforcements
  • tō ēacan in addition to (w dat)


ēad n possession, riches, happiness, bliss

  • gs ēades
  • as ēad

[cf Mod allodium]


ēadig

adj rich, blessed, happy

  • ns ēadga, ēadiga
  • gs ēadigan

[Goth audags]



ēadignes f happiness, bliss

  • gs -nesse


ēad-mōd see:ēað-mōd


ēad-wela m generous supply, riches


eafora (eafera)

m son, heir

  • ds eaforan

[cf Goth afar, prep 'after']


ēage

n eye

  • gs eagan


ēag-gebyrd f

eyeball (?), pupil of the eye (?)


eahta num eight


ēa-lā interj oh! alas!



eald (ald) adj old

  • ns alda
  • ap ealde, ealdan
  • ealda fæder grandfather (ancestor?)
  • ealde tried, honored
  • supl as ieldesðe (dial) most honored



Ealdan-mynster n Old-Minster

  • ds -mynstre


eald-cȳððu (-cȳðð) f old, former home

  • as -cȳððe, -cȳððu


eald-fæder m forefather

  • ap -fæderas


eald-fēond m old foe, arch fiend, devil

  • gs -fēondes
  • gp -fēonda


ealdian WII become old

  • pp geealdad


ealdor (aldor) m prince, chief, lord

  • gs ealdres
  • ds ealdre


ealdor-bisceop m chief bishop


ealdor-dōm m

lordship, sovereignty


ealdor-lang adj life-long, lasting

  • as -langne


ealdor-monn m alderman, chief, ruler, magistrate, chief officer of the shire

  • ns -mon, -mann
  • gs -monnes
  • np -men


ealgian WII defend

  • pret 3 pl ealgodon


eall (all) adj all

  • as alne, ealle
  • is ealle
  • np ealle, alle, ealla
  • gp ealra, eallra
  • dp eallum
  • as ealle, ealla, eall, eal
  • gs ealles (adv) altogether, quite, entirely
  • ealles, ealra swīþost (adv) most of all, especially
  • ealles for swīðe (adv) altogether, utterly
  • ds (or dp) mid (myd) eallum (adv) altogether, entirely
  • is mid ealle (adv) withal (= and everything)
  • as ealne weg (adv) all the way, always
  • ealneg (= ealne weg) (adv) all the way
  • ealne dæg (adv) all the day
  • eall swā (adv) just as


eallinga see:eallunga


eallunga (eallinga) adv altogether, entirely



Eall wealdend m Ruler of all


ealu (ealu) n ale

  • gs ealað


ēa-lond n island

  • ds -londe


ēam m uncle

[Ger Oheim]


ēar n

ear (of corn)

  • ds ēare
  • as ēar


earc

f ark

  • gs earce
  • as earce


eard m dwelling, home, country

  • gs eardes
  • ds earde
  • as eard

[eorðe]


eard-geard m dwelling-place, earth


eardian WII dwell

  • 3 pl eardiað
  • pret 3 pl eardodon


earding (eardung) f habitation

  • ap eardinga



eard-stapa m land-stepper, wanderer


eard-stede m

dwelling-place


eard-wīc n dwelling


earfoð (earfeð) n difficulty, toil, hardship, torture, torment

  • gp earfoða
  • ap earfoðu

[Ger Arbeit]



earfoðe adj difficult

  • gs earfoðes


earfoðlīc

adj difficult, full of hardship


earfoðnes f hardship, torture

  • ap -nessa


ēar-gebland n wave-mingling, ocean


earh (earg) adj cowardly

[Ger arg]


earm m arm


earm adj

poor, pitiable, wretched, despicable

  • as earmne
  • np earme
  • comp ns earmra

[Ger arm]


earm-cearig adj wretched, full of care


earming m

poor wretch

  • np earmingas


earmlīc adj miserable, wretched

  • gs -līces
  • ds -līcum


earn m

eagle

  • gs earnes
  • ds earne
  • as earn æftan hwīt [(cf Gr πυγαργος)]

[Ger Aar]


earnian WII earn (w gen)

  • 3 sg earnað
  • 3 pl earniað


eart see:bēon



ēast adv east, in an easterly direction


ēastan (ēstan) adv from the east

  • wið ēastan to the east
  • be ēastan to the east of (w dat)


ēa-stæð

n river-bank

  • ds -stæðe


ēast-dǣl m

eastern quarter, the east

  • ds -dǣle


ēast-ende m east-end


ēast-engle m pl East-Angles, East-Anglia

  • gp -engla



ēaster-dæg (ēastor-) m Easter Day

  • ds -dæge
  • is Eastordæge



ēast-healf f east side

  • ds -healfe


ēast-lang adj extending east


ēast-rīce n eastern kingdom



ēastro (ēastru, ēastre, ēastron) pl tant f n Easter

  • ap ēastron


ēast-ryhte

adv eastward


ēast-seaxe (-seaxan) m pl East-Saxons

  • gp -seaxna
  • ap -seaxe


ēast(e)-weard (-werd) adj eastward, easterly

  • gs weardes (adv)
  • ds -weardre
  • as -weard


ēast-weg

m east-way, path in the east


ēaðe adv easily

  • comp (īeð) ēað
  • supl ȳðast



ēað-mōd (ēad-) adj humble-minded, humble

  • ns ēadmōd
  • is -mōde
  • ap -mōdan


ēað-mōdlīce (ēad-) adv humbly


ēað-mōdnes (ēad-) f humility, meekness, condescension

  • gs -nesse
  • gp -nessa


ēaw-fæst (ǣw-, ǣ-) religious, pious

  • ns -fæsta
  • ds -fæstre


eax f

axis, axle tree

  • ds eaxe
  • as eaxe


ebba

m ebb

  • ds ebban


Ebrēas m pl

Hebrews

  • gp Ebrēa


Ebrēisc adj Hebrew


ēce (ēca, ēcea) adj eternal, everlasting

  • ds ēcan
  • gp ēcra


eced m n vinegar

  • ds ecede

[Lat acētum; Ger Essig]


ēcelīce adv eternally


ecg f

edge, sword

  • ds ecge


ēcnes f eternity

  • as -nysse
  • as -nesse


ed-geong (-giong) adj

becoming (or being) young again


ed-lēan n reward

  • gs -lēanes
  • ds -lēane
  • as -lēan


ed-nīwe (-nēowe) adj renewed, restored


ed-nīwinga adv anew


edor (eodor) m enclosure, dwelling

  • np ederas


ed-wenden f overturning, change


efen-ēhð (-nēhð)

f neighboring plain

  • ds -ēhðe

[nēah]


efen-hlēoðor

n equal, united harmony

  • is -hlēoðre


efes f

eaves, border, side (of a forest)

  • ds efes (for efese ?)


efne [(cf emne)] adv even, only, just



efn-ēce adv co-eternally


efstan WI hasten (intr)

  • ptc efstende
  • imp 2 pl efstað
  • pret 3 sg efste
  • 3 pl -on

[*of-ēst]


eft adv again, back, afterwards

  • eft ongēan see:(see ongēan)


ege m fear, terror

[Goth agis]


egesa m terror, fear

  • ds egesan



egeslīc adj terrible, horrible


egeslīce adv horribly


ēhtan

WI pursue, persecute (w gen)

  • 3 sg ēht

[ōht]



ēhtere m persecutor


ēhtnis f persecution

  • ns -nys
  • as -nysse



elcor (ælcor) adv

otherwise


eldan (ieldan, yldan) delay, hesitate

  • pret 3 sg elde

[eald]


ele m oil

[Lat oleum]


el-fremed (æl-) (pp) adj separated, released, extraneous

  • ns ælfremed
  • ap ælfremede


ellen

n strength, courage, fortitude, zeal

  • ds mid elne boldly
  • on elne boldly
  • as on ellen boldly

[Goth aljan]


ellen-wōdnis f zeal, fervor

  • gs -nisse


elles adv else

  • hwæt ... elles what else
  • nān ðing elles nothing else


eln f ell (measure)

  • gp elna


el-þēodig (æl-) adj of another nation, foreign, strange

  • as ǣlþēodigne


el-þēodisc (æl-) adj foreign, strange

  • ns ælþēodisc


embe see:ymbe


emb-gangan R compass (trans)

  • opt 3 sg -gange


emne (emn, cf efne) adv equally



emn-lang (efn-lang) adj equally long

  • on emnlange prep (w dat) along


ende m end


ende-byrdlīce adv in an orderly manner



ende-byrdnes f order

  • ds -nesse, -nisse


endemes (endemest)

adv equally, in like manner


endian WII end, bring to an end

  • opt 3 sg endige


endlyfta num eleventh

  • is -lyftan


enge adj narrow, oppressive, cruel

  • ns enga



engel m angel

  • ds engle
  • as engel
  • np englas
  • gp engla

[Lat angelus]


Engla-feld

m Englefield (Berkshire)

  • ds -felda


Engla-land n

country of the Angles, England

  • ds -lande


Englisc adj English

  • gs Engliscre
  • as Englisc
  • gp Engliscra


Englisc-ge-reord n English language

  • ds -reorde



eno see:ono


ent m giant

  • gp enta


ēode, ēodon see:gān


eodorcan [(cf ed-rocian, ed-recan, roccettan)] ruminate

  • ptc eodorcende

[Ger räuspern]


Eofer-wīc (Efer-) n York

  • as Eferwīc

[cf Ger Eber]


Eofer-wīc-ceaster f York

  • ds -ceastre


eoh m n horse

[Goth aihwa]


eom see:bēon


eorcnan-stān (eorclan-) m precious stone

[Goth -airkns]


ēored (ēorod) n company, troop, host

  • ap ēoredu

[*eoh-rād]



ēored-ciest (-cyst) f company, troop, host

  • dp -cystum


eorl m

  1. earl (a Danish title corresponding to the native ealdorman)
    • np eorlas
    • gp eorla
  2. Applied to an ealdorman
    • ds eorle
  3. warrior


eornoste adv earnestly, fiercely


eornostlīce

adv earnestly, indeed


eorð-būend m earth-dweller

  • np eorðbūgigende


eorðe f earth

  • gs eorðan


eorðlīc adj earthly, worldly

  • ns -līca
  • gs -līcan
  • as -līce


eorð-scræf n earth-cave, grave

  • ds -scræfe, -scrafe


eorð-weg m earth-way

  • ds on eorðwege on earth


ēow (ēower, ēowic) see:ðū


ēower (īower) poss pron

your

  • gs ēoweres
  • ds ēowrum
  • as ēowerne, ēower
  • np ēowre
  • dp īowrum, ēowrum, ēowerum
  • ap ēowre


ēow-land n Öland (island in the Baltic Sea)


erce-bisceop m archbishop

  • ds -bisceope


erce-hād m archiepiscopal dignitary


erian

WI ear, plough

  • pret 3 sg erede


ermð see:yrmð



esne m servant, man

  • ds esne

[Goth asneis]



esal (eosol) m ass

  • ap esolas

[Goth asilus]



ēst f favor, grace

[Ger Gunst]


ēst-full adj

devout

  • ds -fullum


Est-land n country of the Estas (on the eastern coast of the Baltic sea)


Est-mere m Frische Haff


Estum dp m the people of Est-land


esul-cweorn f millstone


etan (principal parts: pret sg:ǣt pret pl:ǣton pp:eten )

5 eat

  • imp 2 pl etað
  • opt 3 sg ete


ettan WI graze


ēðel m landed property, home, native country, territory

  • ds ēðele
  • as ēðel
  • is ēðle

[cf Mod allodial]


ēðel-lond n native land


ēðel-turf f native turf, country

  • ds -tyrf


Exan-ceaster (-cester) f Exeter

  • gs -ceastres, cestres
  • as -ceaster, -cester


exl (eaxl) f shoulder

  • as exle

[cf Mod axle]


F


fæc n

division, space, interval, portion of time

  • ds fæce
  • as fæc

[Ger Fach]


fācen (fācn) n deceit, treachery, wickedness

  • gs fācnes
  • is fācne
  • ap fācn


fǣcne adj guileful



fæder m father

  • gs fæder
  • np fæderas



fæderlīc adj fatherly, paternal

  • ns -līce


fāg (fāh) adj colored, variegated

[Goth -faihs]


fǣge adj fated, doomed to death

  • np fǣge
  • ap fǣgean

[Ger feige]


fægen

adj fain, glad, rejoicing (w gen)


fæger adj fair, beautiful, pleasant

  • gs fægeres
  • is fægre
  • np fægra
  • comp ap fægerran
  • supl dp fægrestum


fægere (fægre) adv beautifully, well



fægernes f fairness, beauty

  • gs -nesse
  • as -nesse
  • ap -nissa


fægnian WII rejoice (w gen)

  • ptc fægnigende
  • pret 3 sg fægnode


fāh (fāg) adj

hostile

[gefā 'foe']


fǣhð f feud

  • as fǣhðe

[Ger Fehde]


Falster prop noun Falster (island in the Baltic Sea)


fandian WII

try, tempt, test, examine, seek to know

  • imp 2 pl fandiað (w gen)

[findan]


fandung

f temptation, test, usage

  • ds -unge


fær n

journey, expedition

  • ds fære


faran (principal parts: pret sg:fōr pret pl:fōron

pp:faren ) 6 go, proceed, travel, march

  • 2 sg færest
  • 3 sg færð
  • 3 pl farað
  • imp 2 pl farað
  • opt 3 sg fare
  • 2 pl faren
  • pp gefaren


færelt (færeld) m n going, motion, journey

  • gs færeltes, færeldes
  • ds farelte


fǣringa adv

suddenly

[fǣr 'fear']


fǣrlīc adj sudden

  • ns fǣrlīca
  • ds -līcum


fǣrlīce adv suddenly



fær-sceat m passage-money, fare

[cf Mod scot-free]


fǣr-sceaða m sudden or dangerous enemy

  • ds -sceaðan


faru f journey

  • ds fare


fæst adj fast, firm, secure

  • as fæstne
  • np fæste



fæste adv fast, firmly, securely


fæsten n

  1. fort, fortress, fastness
    • ds fæstenne
    • as fæsten
  2. fast (abstinence from food)
    • ds fæstene


fæst-hafol adj retentive

  • ds -hafelum


fæstlīce adv firmly, securely, resolutely, bravely

  • comp fæstlīcor



fæstnian WII fasten, confirm


fæstnung f security, safety


fæt

n vessel

  • ap fatu

[Mod vat]


fǣtels

m n vessel

  • ap fǣtels


fæðm m f

embrace, grasp


fæðm-rīm n (fathom-number) fathom measure

  • gs -rīmes


feallan (principal parts: pret sg:fēoll pret pl:fēollon pp:feallen ) R fall

  • ptc feallende
  • as feallendne
  • 3 sg fylð (of the course of water), fealleð
  • 3 pl feallað


feallenlīc (feallendlīc) adj unstable


fealo-hilte adj fallow-hilted



fealu (fealo) adj fallow, pale, yellow, dusky, dark

  • ns fealo
  • as fealone
  • np fealwe


Fearn-hamm m Farnham (Surrey)

  • ds -hamme


fēawe (fēa; fēawa, due to assoc w fela) adj pl tant few

  • dat fēawum, fēaum
  • acc fēawa


feccan (fecgan fetian) WIII fetch

  • ptc feccende
  • imp 2 pl feccað
  • pret 3 sg fette


fela (feola feala fæla) n [(sometimes as adj; rarely inflected)] much, many (w gen)

[Ger viel]


feld m

field, battle-field

  • as feld


felg (felge) f felly

  • ds felge
  • np felga, felgea, felgan

[fēolan]


fell

n fell, skin, hide

  • as fel
  • ap fell


feng m grasp

[fōn]


feoh (fioh, fēo) n

  1. cattle
  2. goods, property, money, riches
    • gs fēos
    • ds fēo
    • as feoh, fioh

[Mod fee]



feoh-gīfre

adj greedy of possessions, avaricious


feoh-lēas adj without money

  • np -lēase


feohtan (principal parts: pret sg:feaht pret pl:fuhton pp:fohten ) 3 fight

  • ptc feohtende
  • 2 sg fihtest


feohte f

fight, battle


fēolan (principal parts: pret sg:fealh pret pl:fulgon,fǣlon pp:folen ) 3 reach, penetrate

[Goth filhan]



fēol-heard adj hard as a file

  • ap -hearde


fēond m fiend, enemy

  • as fēond
  • gp fēonda
  • dp fēondum
  • ap fȳnd


feorh (fiorh) m n

life

  • gs fēores
  • ds fēore, fīore
  • as feorh


feorh-geong adj young in life, youthful


feorh-hord n life-hoard, spirit



feorh-hūs n life-house, body


feorm (fiorm) f

  1. food, provision, goods
  2. use, benefit
    • as fiorme

[Mod farm]



feormian WII consume

  • 3 sg feormað


feorr (far, feor) adv supl firrest fyrrest

  • feor far back (time)


feorr

adj far, far from (w dat)

  • feor þām far from that (metaph)


feorran (fiorran)

adv from afar


fēorða num adj fourth

  • ds fēorðan
  • as fēorðan
  • gs bynnan fēorðan healfes dæges fæce within three and a half days


fēower

num four


fēower-tig num forty

  • gen -tiges


fēower-tȳne (-tīene) num fourteen

  • dat -tȳnum


fēran WI go, travel

  • pret 3 sg fērde
  • 3 pl fērdon


ferhð (ferð) m n mind, spirit, heart

  • ns ferð
  • ds ferhðe, ferðe
  • as ferð


ferian WI; W II

carry, transport

  • ptc ferigende
  • pret 3 sg ferode, ferede
  • 3 pl feredon
  • pp geferod


fers n m verse

  • ds ferse
  • ap fers

[Lat versus]


fersc adj

fresh

  • np fersce


ferð-loca (ferhð-) m (inclosure of the spirit), spirit, heart, mind

  • as -locan


fetor (feotor) f fetter

  • dp feterum


fēða m band of foot-soldiers, troop

  • ap fēðan

[findan]


feðer f feather

  • np feðre
  • gp feðra
  • dp feðerum
  • feðrum (wing?)



feðer-homa m feather-garb, plumage


fīc-trēow n

fig-tree

[Lat fīcus]


fierd (fird, fyrd) f

  1. (military) expedition
    • ds fyrde
  2. (the national) army
    • ds fierde
    • as fierd

[faran]


fierdian (fyrdian) WII be on a military expedition

  • pret 3 pl fierdedon


fierd-lēas adj unprotected by the army


fīf num

five

  • nom fīfe
  • dat fīfum


fīfta

num adj fifth


fīftig num fifty

  • gen fīftiges
  • dat fīftegum


fīf-tȳne (-tēne) num fifteen



findan (principal parts: pret sg:fond pret pl:fundon pp:funden ) 3 find, come upon, supply

  • 3 sg findeð


Finnas pl m the Finns


finta m

tail


fīras pl m men

  • gp fīra, fȳra
  • dp fīrum


firgen-strēam m mountain-stream, woodland-stream

[Goth fairguni]


fiscað

see:fiscnað


fiscere m fisher

  • np fisceras



fiscnað (fiscnoð fiscað) m fishing

  • ds fiscaðe


fiðeru pl n wings

  • np fiðru
  • gp fiðra
  • ap fiðru


flā (flān) f m arrow

  • gs flānes
  • as (or ap) flān


flǣsc n flesh

  • gs flǣsces
  • ds flǣsce
  • as flǣsc
  • is flǣsce


flǣsc-homa m (covering of flesh) body


flǣsclīc adj

fleshly, corporeal, carnal

  • ds -līcre


flēam m flight

  • gs flēames
  • ds flēame
  • as flēam


flēogan (principal parts: pret sg:flēag pret pl:flugon pp:flogen ) 2 fly (intr)

  • 3 sg flēogeð

[cf flēon]


flēon (flīon, flēogan) (principal parts: pret sg:flēah pret pl:flugon

pp:flogen ) 2 flee, escape (trans and intr)

  • ger flīonne
  • ptc ds flēondum
  • 3 sg flȳhþ
  • 3 pl flēoð
  • imp 2 pl flēoð



flēotan (principal parts: pret sg:flēat pret pl:fluton pp:floten ) 2 float

  • ptc gp flēotendra


flett n floor of the hall

  • as flet


flocc m flock, company, troop


floc-rād f

a riding company, troop



flōd m f n flood, wave, tide, stream

  • as flōd


flōdan see:Pryfet


flōd-wylm (wielm) m f welling flood

[weallan]



flot n deep water, sea

  • as on flot ?afloat?

[Mod afloat]



flota m sailor, seaman, pirate

  • as flotan
  • np flotan
  • gp flotena


flōwan (principal parts: pret sg:flēow pret pl:flēowon

pp:flōwen ) R flow

  • ptc flōwende
  • as flōwendan
  • 3 sg flōwð


flyht m flight, escape

  • ds flyhte
  • as flyht


flyht-hwæt adj bold or swift of flight

  • gs -hwates
  • ap -hwate


flȳma m

fugitive

  • gp flȳmena

[flēam]


fnǣst m

blowing, breath


fōddor (fōdor) n food


fōdor-þegu f partaking of food, repast

  • gs -þege

[þiegan]


folc n folk, people, nation, army

  • gs folces
  • is folce


folc-ge-feoht

n general engagement, pitched battle


folcisc adj vulgar, popular

  • np -isce


folc-stede m place of assembly, battle-field

  • ds -stede


fold-āgend m (earth possessor) earth-dweller

  • gp -āgendra



folde f earth, land, country

  • gs foldan

[feld]



fold-wæstm m fruit of the earth


fold-weg m way, path (on the earth)

  • ds (is) -wege


folgian (fylgean) WII; W III follow, serve, observe, obey (w dat)

  • ptc fylgende, fyliende
  • 1 pl fylgeað
  • imp 2 pl folgiað
  • opt 1 pl fylgen, fylgeon
  • pret 3 sg filgde, folgode
  • 2 pl fyligdon
  • 3 pl folgodon, filigdon


folgoð m service, official dignity, office

[folgian]


folme (folm) f hand

  • ds folman

[fēlan 'feel']


fōn (principal parts: pret sg:fēng

pret pl:fēngon pp:fongon ) R seize, grasp, capture, take, receive

  • 3 pl fōð
  • pret 1 sg tō rīce fēng came to the throne
  • tō þǣre sprǣce fēng
  • tō wǣpnum fēng
  • 3 pl fēngon tōgædere engaged in battle


for prep w dat instr and acc

  1. (w dat, instr) before (place)
  2. (w dat, instr) for, on account of, because of, owing to (cause, condition, remedy)
    • for ðǣm (ðām) conj; for, because, since
    • for ðon
    • for ðan
    • for ðǣm (ðām) ðe
    • for ðȳ þe
    • for ðon þe
    • for ðan þe
    • for ðȳ for this, therefore
    • for ðī
    • for þig
    • for ðon
    • for hwǣm wherefore
    • for hwig
    • for hwon
  3. (w acc) for, instead of



for adv (intensive) very


for

f journey

  • ds fōre

[faran]


foran

adv before, in front

  • foran tō
  • tō foran


for-bærnan

WI cause to burn, to burn (trans)

  • sg -bærneð
  • 3 pl -bærnað
  • opt 1 pl -bærne
  • pret 3 pl -bærndon
  • pp -bærned


for-bēodan 2 forbid

  • pp pl forbodene


for-beornan

3 burn (intr)

  • pp -burnen


for-beran

4 suffer, permit

  • 3 sg -bireð


for-berstan 3

burst asunder, vanish, fail

  • 3 sg -birsteð


for-būgan 2 avoid, escape

  • pret 3 sg -bēah


ford m ford

  • ds forda
  • as ford


for-dōn irreg destroy

  • pret 3 sg -dyde


fore prep (w acc) before (place)



for-ealdian WII become old

  • pp forealdod


fore-bēacen (-bēacn)

n fore-token


fore-genga m predecessor, ancestor

  • np -gengan


fore-gīsel m preliminary hostage

  • gp gīsla

[Ger Geisel]



fore-mihtig adj prepotent


fore-scēawung f fore-sight, providence

  • as -scēawunga


fore-secgan WIII

  1. say beforehand
    • pret 1 pl -sǣdon
    • pl -sǣdan
    • pp sg -sǣde aforesaid
  2. foretell, predict
    • pret 1 sg -sǣde


fore-sprǣc f defence


fore-sprecan 5 speak or mention beforehand

  • -sprecenan aforesaid
  • pp sg -sprecena aforesaid


fore-stæppan (-steppan) (principal parts: pret sg:-stōp pret pl:-stōpon

pp:-stapen ) 6 precede (w dat)

  • 3 sg -stæpð
  • 3 pl stæppað


fore-tiohhung f predestination


fore-þingian WII

plead for one, defend

  • 3 sg -þingað
  • opt 3 sg -þingie



fore-þonc m forethought, foreknowledge

  • ds -þonce


fore-witan

pp foreknow

  • 3 sg -wāt


fore-wītegian WII

prophesy

  • pret 1 sg -wītegode


for-faran 6 get in front of, obstruct

  • pret 3 pl -fōron


for-giefan (-gifan, -gyfan) 5 give, grant; forgive

  • ger -giefanne
  • pret 3 sg -geaf
  • 2 pl -gēafon
  • pp -gifen
  • pl -gifene, -gyfene


for-gifennis (-gyfennis) f forgiveness

  • as -nisse, -gifenysse


fore-gongan R go before, precede

  • opt 3 sg -gange


for-grindan (principal parts: pret sg:-grond pret pl:-grundon pp:-grunden ) 3 grind to pieces, destroy, consume


for-grīpan 1 seize, snatch away

  • 3 sg -grīpeð



for-gyldan (-gieldan) 3 repay, requite, buy off

  • 3 sg -gilt
  • 1 pl -gyldað
  • opt 2 pl -gyldon


for-gytan (-gietan, -gitan) 5 forget

  • pret 3 sg -geat


for-gytol adj forgetful


for-hæfednis f

restraint, abstinence

  • as -nysse


for-heard adj very hard

  • as -heardne


for-hēawan R hew, cut down



for-helan 4 conceal


for-hergian WII harry, devestate, lay waste

  • pp -hergod


for-hogdnis f contempt

  • ds -nisse


for-hogian WII despise

  • ptc -hogigende
  • 3 sg -hogað
  • 3 pl -hogiað
  • opt 3 sg -hogige
  • pret 3 sg -hogode

[cf. for-hycgan]


for-hradian WII hasten before, anticipate, prevent

  • 3 sg -hradað



forht adj afraid

  • np forhte


forhtian WII fear, be afraid (intr)

  • ptc ap forhtgendan
  • 3 pl forhtigað
  • 3 sg forhtige
  • pret opt 3 pl forhtedon


forhtung

f fear

  • ds -unge


for-hwæga (-hwega) adv

at least, about


for-hycgan WIII despise

  • 1 sg -hycge

[cf. forhogian]



for-læ_tan (principal parts: pret sg:-lēt pret pl:-lēton pp:-læ_ten ) R leave, leave off, omit, abandon, neglect, lose

  • ptc -læ_tende
  • 3 sg -læ_t
  • opt 3 sg -læ_te
  • 3 pl læ_ten


for-læ_tnes f remission

  • gs (or gp) -nessa



for-lēosan (principal parts: pret sg:-lēas pret pl:-luron pp:-loren ) 2

lose, abandon, destroy

  • 3 sg -lȳst
  • opt 3 sg -lēose
  • 1 pl -lēosen
  • pret 2 sg -lure


forma (fyrmest, firmest) supl adj first

  • as forman


for-niman 4 take off, destroy

  • pret 3 sg -nōm
  • 3 pl -nōmon


for-rīdan 1 intercept by riding before

  • pret 3 sg -rād


for-rotian WII rot away, decay

  • opt 3 sg -rotige
  • pp -rotad


for-sacan 6 oppose, refuse

  • pret 3 pl -sōcon

[Mod forsake]


for-scrincan (principal parts: pret sg:-scronc pret pl:-scruncon pp:-scruncen )

3 shrink, wither


for-scyldigan WII condemn

  • pp -scyldigod


for-sēarian WII sear, dry up, wither

  • pp -sēarod


for-sēon 5 overlook, despise, reject

  • 3 sg -syhð, -syhð
  • 3 pl -sēoþ


for-sewennis f contempt

  • ds -nysse



for-sittan 5 delay

  • pret 3 sg forsæt


for-spendan WI spend utterly, squander

  • 3 pl -spendað


for-spyllan (-spillan)

WI spill, waste, lose, destroy

  • pp -spylled


for-spyllednis f

spilling, waste, destruction, perdition

  • gs -nysse


forst frost

  • gs forstes


for-standan 6 understand

  • pret 1 sg -stōd


for-stelan 4 steal away (trans)

  • pret 3 pl -stæ_lon


for-suwian (-sugian -swugian -swīgian) WIII keep silent (trans)


for-swæ_lan (-swelan) WI

burn, scorch (trans and intrans)

  • 3 sg -swēleð
  • pret 3 sg -swæ_lde

[swol; Ger schwül]



for-swelgan 3 swallow up

  • pret 3 sg -swealh


for-tēogean WII ordain

  • pp -tēode


for-tredan

(principal parts: pret sg:-træd pret pl:-træ_don pp:-treden ) 5 tread down


forð adv

forth, forwards, onwards, away; henceforth

  • forð mid ealle forthwith
  • and swā forð and so on


forð-fēran

WI depart, die

  • pret 3 sg -fērde
  • 3 pl -fērdon


forð-fōr f departure, death

  • gs -fōre
  • ds -fōre


forð-georn adj eager to advance


forð-genge adj progressive, successful



for-þolian WII go without, miss, lack (w dat)



for-ðrysmian

WII choke, suffocate

  • pret 3 pl forðrysmodon

[þrosm, 'smoke, vapor']


forð-sīð

m departure, death

  • ds -sīðe


forð-weard adj

enduring

  • as -weardne


forð-weg m way leading forth

  • ds forðwege


for-þylman WI envelop, suffocate; consume

  • pret 3 sg -þylmde


for-weard adj forward, fore

  • ds -weardum


for-wegan 5 overcome, kill

  • pp forwegen


for-weornian WII wither (intr)

  • opt 2 pl -weornion


for-weorðan (-wurðan) 3 come to grief, perish

  • 1 pl -wurþað
  • opt 1 pl -weorþon
  • pret 3 sg -wearð


for-wiernan (-wirnan, -wyrnan) WI prohibit, prevent, refuse (w gen)

  • opt 3 sg -wyrne


for-wordenlīc adj perishable

[weorðan]



for-wundian WII wound seriously

  • pp pl -wundode


for-wurðan see:for-weorðan


for-wyrcan WI barricade, obstruct


for-wyrd

f n fate, destruction

  • ds forwyrde


for-wyrdan WI

perish

  • 3 sg -wyrð


fōt m foot

  • gs fōtes
  • dp fōtum
  • ap fēt


fōt-mǣl n foot-print, space of a foot


fōt-swæð n foot-print

  • dp -swaðum


fracod (fracoð, fracuð) adj of bad repute, detestable, vile, wicked

[*fra-cūð]


fram see:from


franca m spear

  • ds francan


Francan pl m the Franks

  • gp Francena


Franc-land n the country of the Franks

  • ds -lande


frætwe pl f ornaments, decorations, equipments

  • gp frætwa
  • ap frætwe

[*fra-tāwe]


frætwian WII adorn

  • pret 3 sg frætwode
  • pp gefrætwad, gefrætewod, -ed
  • pl gefrætewode


frēa

m lord

  • gs frēan
  • ds frēan


frēcednis f danger, harm

  • dp -nyssum


frēcennes

f danger, harm

  • ds -nesse


frēcne adj

dangerous, perilous

  • as frēcnan
  • ap frēcne

[cf Mod freak]


frēcnes (frǣcnes) f danger, harm

  • np frēcnessa
  • dp frǣcnessum


frēfran WI comfort, console, cheer


frēfrend (ptc) m comforter



fremde (fremðe) adj strange, foreign, alien

  • np fremdan, fremde

[from; Ger fremd]


fremian WII benefit, profit (w dat)

  • 3 sg fremað

[from 'valiant'; Ger fromm]


frem-sumlīce adv kindly


frem-sumnes

f kindness, benefit

  • gp -nessa
  • ap -nesse


frēo see:frīo


frēod f good-will, peace

  • as frēode


frēolīce adv freely


frēo-mǣg m

free kinsman


frēond m friend

  • as frēond
  • ap frȳnd


frēond-lēas adj friendless

  • as -lēasne


frēondlīce adv in friendly manner


frēorig adj cold, chill

[frēosan]


freoðu see:frið


Frēsisc adj Frisian

  • gp -iscra
  • as on Frēsisc in the Frisian manner



fretan (principal parts: pret sg:frǣt pret pl:frǣton pp:freten ) 5 devour, eat

[<for-etan]


frettan WI graze

  • pret 3 pl fretton


fricgean

5 ask, inquire

[Ger fragen]


Frīesa (Frīsa, Frȳsa) (adj) m a Frisian


frignan (frīnan)

(principal parts: pret sg:fræn pret pl:frugnon pp:frugnen ) 3 ask, inquire

  • ptc frignende
  • 3 pl frīnað

[Ger fragen]


frimdi (frindig) adj desirous, petitioning

[fricgean]



frīo (frēo frīoh frēoh) free

  • ns frīoh, frēoh
  • gp frīora


frið m n [(freoðu f)] peace, security, protection

  • gs friþes
  • ds friðe
  • as frið, freoðu

[Ger Friede]


frōd adj

wise, prudent, skilful, experienced, old

  • ns frōda, frōd


frōfor (frōfer) f comfort, consolation

  • ns frōfer
  • as frōfre


from (fram) prep (w dat instr); adv

  1. from (origin, departure, separation, release, distance)
  2. by, on the part of (agency)
  3. adv from, away



fromlīce adv strenuously, promptly


fruma m beginning, creation; author, creator, chief

  • ds fruman

[from]


frum-sceaft f creation


frymð

f m beginning, origin, creation

  • ds frymðe
  • gp frymða

[fruma]



fugelere m fowler

  • np fugeleras



fugel-timber n (bird-structure), young-bird


fugol (fugel) m bird

  • ns fugel
  • gs fugles
  • np fugelas
  • gp fugela, fugla

[Mod fowl]


fūl adj foul

  • supl ns (voc) fūluste


ful-gān irreg perform, carry out, fulfil (w dat)

  • 3 sg -gæð


fūlian WII decompose

  • 3 pl fūliað

[fūl]


full (ful) adj full (w gen)

  • as fullne
  • ap full, ful
  • ds fullan
  • ds fullan adv fully, perfectly


full (ful) adv fully, perfectly, very (intensive)

  • ful nēah very nearly, almost


full-cræftig adj very efficient, virtuous (w gen)

  • np -cræftige


full-fremedlīce (ful-) adv perfectly


full-fremman WI

do fully, fulfil, perfect

  • 3 sg -fremeð
  • opt 3 sg -fremme
  • pp -fremed


full-hālig adj very holy

  • np -hālige


fullian (fulwigan) WII baptize

  • pret 3 sg fullode



fullīce adv fully


fulluht (fulwiht) m f n baptism

  • gs fulwihte
  • ds fulluhte

[full; wīh, 'sacred']


fultum m

help

  • ds fultume, fultome
  • as fultum

[*full-tēam]


fultumian WII help (w dat)


fulwiht-hād m baptismal rank, or vow

  • ap -hādas


ful-wyrcan WI complete

  • pret 3 sg -worhte


fundian WII strive after, intend, go

  • pret 3 sg fundode

[findan]


fur-lang n furlong

  • gs -langa

[furh, 'furrow']


furðor (furður) adv further


furðum (furðon) adv

even, just, quite


fūs adj ready, eager

[Mod fuss]


fyll (fiell) m

fall, destruction, death

  • ds fylle
  • as fyl

[feallan]


fylstan WI assist, help (w dat)

  • pret 3 sg fylste

[*full-lāst, lǣstan]



fȳr n fire

  • gs fȳres
  • ds fȳre
  • as fȳr
  • is fȳre


fȳr-bæð

n fire-bath

  • ds -baðe


fyrd-rinc m

warrior


fȳren adj of fire, fiery

  • ds fȳrenum



fyren-lust (firen-) m sinful lust

  • np -lustas


fyrhto f fright, terror

  • ds fyrhtu, fyrhto



fyrlen (fierlen) adj distant

[feorr]


fyrmest see:forma



fyrn-dagas pl m days of long ago, ancient days

[Ger firn]


fyrn-gēar pl n years of long ago, ancient years


fyrn-ge-sceap n ancient decree


fyrn-ge-set n former seat or habitation

  • ap -gesetu


fyrn-ge-weorc n ancient work


fyrst supl adj

first, chief


fyrst (first, fierst) m division of time, time, period, respite

  • gs fyrstes
  • ds fyrste
  • as first

[Ger Frist]


fyrst-mearc f

marked period of time, interval

  • ds -mearce


fȳsan WI

  1. hasten (intr)
  2. send forth, impel (trans)
    • pret 3 sg fȳsde

[fūs]


G


gædrian (ge-gædrian, cf ge-gaderian) WII gather

  • 3 sg gædrað, gegædrað
  • pp gegædrad


gafol n

tax, tribute, profit, interest

  • gs gafoles
  • ds gafole

[cf Goth ga-baur]


gǣlan WI delay, hinder

  • pret opt 3 sg gǣlde


gamenian

WII play, pun

  • pret 3 sg gamenode

[gamen 'game']


gamol-ferhð

adj aged

[*ga-mǣl]


gān (principal parts: pret sg:ēode pret pl:ēodon pp:gegān ) go, come, walk, advance

  • 2 sg
  • 3 sg gǣð
  • 3 pl gāð
  • imp 2 sg
  • 2 pl gāð
  • opt 3 sg
  • pret opt 3 pl ēoden


gār m spear

  • ap gāras

[Mod gore, gar-fish, etc.]


gār-berend m spear-bearer, warrior


gār-mitting f

meeting of spears or javelins, contest

  • gs -mittinge


gār-rǣs m spear-encounter, battle


gærs n grass, blade


gārsecg m sea, ocean


gǣst (gāst) m spirit

  • gs gāstes
  • ds gǣste


gāst-cyning m spiritual king

  • ds -cyninge


gǣstlīc (gāstlīc) adj

  1. spiritual
    • gs gæsðlīces (dial)
    • as gāstlīce
    • gp -lecena
    • ap -lecan
  2. ghastly, terrible
    • ns gāstlīc



gǣstlīce (gāstlīce)

adv spiritually


gāte-hǣr n hair of a goat


ge conj

and

  • ge ... ge both ... and

[cf ǣgðer]


see:ðū



geador adv together


geaful m

  1. fork
  2. in pl, jaws, bird's bill
    • np geaflas

[Ger Gabel]



ge-āgan PP own, possess

  • ger -āgenne


ge-āhnian (-āgnian) WII claim as one's own, take possession of

  • pp geāhnod


gealla

m gall

  • ds geallan


ge-ǣmet(t)igian WII

free, disengage from (w acc of pers and gen of thing)

  • opt 2 sg geǣmetige

[ǣmet(t)ig]


ge-an-bīdian

WII

  1. wait, remain (intr)
    • inf -bȳdian
    • imp 2 sg bȳda
  2. await (w gen)
    • inf -bȳdian


ge-and-wyrdan WI answer

  • pp -andwyrd


ge-ān-lǣcan WI unite

  • pret 3 sg -lǣhte



ge-an-līcian WII liken

  • pres 1 pl geanlīcie


gēar (gēr)

n year

  • gs gēares
  • ds gēare, gēre
  • as gēar
  • is gēare, gēre
  • ap gēar, gēr


gearcian

WII prepare

  • imp 2 sg gearca

[gearu]


geard

m enclosure, dwelling

  • dp in geardum at home, in the world


gēar-dæg m

day of yore


geare (gearwe) adv readily, well


gearelīce adv readily



ge-ārian WII show mercy (w dat)

  • opt 3 sg -ārige



ge-ærnan WI run (or ride) for, gain by running (trans)

  • 3 sg -æneð

[yrnan]


gearo-wita m intellect

  • as -witan



gearu (gearo) adj yare, ready

  • np gearwe, gearowe

[Ger gar]



gearwian WII prepare

  • pret 2 sg gearwodest
  • 3 sg -ode


ge-ār-wurðian WII honor

  • pret 3 sg -wurðode


ge-āscian (-āxian) WII learn by inquiry, hear of, discover

  • 1 pl -āxiað
  • pret 3 sg -āscode, -āxode
  • pp -āscad


ge-āscung f inquiry

  • ds geāscunge


geat n gate

  • ds geate
  • as geat
  • ap gatu


geat-weard

m gate-ward, door-keeper


ge-æðele adj befitting noble descent


ge-āxian see:ge-āscian



ge-bǣdan WI compel, force

  • pp gebǣded


ge-bǣre n gesture, behavior, cry

  • np gebǣru

[beran]


ge-bed n prayer

  • is gebede
  • as gebed



ge-bēodan 2 offer

  • pret 3 sg -bēad


ge-bēor m (beer-companion), reveller

  • dp gebēorum
  • np gebēoras


ge-beorg (-beorh) n protection, defence

  • ds gebeorge


ge-beorgan 3 protect, save

  • pp geborgen (impers)


ge-bēorscipe m banquet, entertainment

  • gs -bēorscipes
  • ds -bēorscipe
  • dp -bēorscipum


gebētan WI

  1. make amends for, repent of (trans)
    • opt 3 sg gebēte
    • 3 pl gebēten
  2. repent (intr)

[bōt]


ge-bīcnian [(cf bēacnian)] II betoken, indicate

  • pp gebīcnod


ge-bīdan (principal parts: pret sg:-bād pret pl:-bidon

pp:-biden ) 1

  1. await, look for (w gen)
    • 3 sg -bīdeð
  2. endure, experience


ge-biddan 5

  1. pray (w reflex acc)
    • pret 3 sg gebæd
  2. pray (w reflex dat)


ge-bīegan (-bīgan -bȳgan) WI bow, bend, incline, convert (trans)

  • inf -bīgan, -bīgean
  • 3 sg -bīgð
  • pret 3 sg -bīgde
  • pret opt 3 pl -bīgden
  • pp -bīeged, -bīged
  • pl -bīgede, bȳgede

[būgan]


ge-bīgan see:ge-bīegan


ge-bilde adj bold, confident

  • ds gebildum

[beald]


ge-bind n combination, commingling


ge-bindan 3 bind

  • 3 pl -bindað
  • pret 3 sg -band
  • pp -bunden
  • gp -bundenra


ge-bīsnung f example


ge-blēsian WII bless

  • pret 3 sg -blētsode
  • pp -blētsod
  • sg -blētsode



ge-blissian (-blyssian) WII

  1. rejoice (intr)
    • inf -blyssian
    • ptc -blyssigende
  2. make happy (trans)
    • pp -blissad


ge-bod n command

  • ds gebode

[bēodan]


ge-bræc n breaking, crashing

[brecan]


ge-brǣdan WI broaden, become extended

  • pp pl -brǣdda


ge-brēadian

see:ge-brēdian


ge-brēdian (-brēadian) WII (breed), regenerate, restore

  • pp gebrēadad
  • pl gebrēdade


ge-bregd n change, vicissitude

[bregdan]


ge-brēowan (principal parts: pret sg:-brēaw pret pl:-bruwon pp:-browen ) 2 brew

  • pp gebrowen


ge-bringan (-brengan) WI bring

  • 3 sg -bringð, brengð
  • imp 2 pl -bringað


ge-brocian WII afflict

  • pp gebrocod
  • np gebrocede



ge-brosnodlīc adj

corruptible


ge-brōðor (ðru -ðra) m pl tant brothers

  • np gebrōðra
  • ap gebrōðru


ge-būd see:būan


ge-būn see:būan



ge-bycgan WI buy

  • 3 pl -bycgað


ge-bȳgan see:ge-bīegan


ge-byrd n birth, rank, condition

  • as -byrd


ge-byrgan WI taste

  • opt 3 sg gebyrge


ge-byrian WI

  1. happen
    • 3 sg gebyreð (impers)
  2. pertain, behove (impers)

[Ger gebühren]


ge-bȳsnian WII

give good example

  • pret 3 sg gebȳsnode


ge-bytle n building, dwelling

  • np gebytlu
  • gp gebytla


ge-camp m

fight, battle

  • ds gecampe
  • as gecamp


ge-cēosan

2 choose, elect

  • pret 3 sg gecēas
  • pp gecoren (decide)
  • np -corene


ge-cīegan (-cīgan -cȳgan) WI call, name, invoke

  • 3 sg -cȳgð
  • pp -cīged
  • pl -cīgede, -cȳgede


ge-cierran (-cirran -cyrran) WI

  1. turn, change, convert, direct (trans)
    • imp 2 sg gecyr
    • pp gecierred
    • sg -cyrreda
    • pl -cyrrede
  2. turn (one's self), go, return (intr)
    • inf -cyrran
    • imp 2 sg -cyrr
    • opt 3 sg -cyrre
    • pl -cyrran
    • pret 3 sg -cyrde


ge-cīgan

see:ge-ciēegan


ge-clǣnsian WII cleanse

  • pret 3 sg -clǣnsode
  • pp -clǣnsod


ge-clingan (principal parts: pret sg:-clong pret pl:-clungon pp:-clungen )

3 cling, adhere, compress

  • pp pl geclungne


ge-cnāwan R

know, understand

  • 3 sg -cnǣwð
  • pret 3 pl -cnīowon


ge-cneord-lǣcan

WI be zealous, strive, study (intr)

  • pret 3 sg -lǣhte


gē-cneordlīce

adv diligently


ge-cnyrdnis f diligence, earnestness, study

  • ds -nysse


ge-cringan 3 cringe, yield, fall

  • pret 3 sg gecrong, gecranc


ge-crīstnian WII christianize, catechise

  • pp -crīstnad



ge-cuman 4 come together, assemble


ge-cwēme adj (becoming), acceptable, pleasing

[Ger bequem]


ge-cȳgan see:ge-cīegan


ge-cynd f n nature, kind, generation

  • ns gecynde
  • ds gecynde, gecinde
  • as gecynd



ge-cynd-bōc f Genesis


ge-cynde adj natural



ge-cyrran see:ge-cierran


ge-cyrrednis f conversion

  • gs -nysse


ge-cȳðan WI make manifest, show

  • imp 2 sg -cȳð
  • pret 3 sg -cȳðde


ge-cȳðnis f manifestation, testament

  • ds -nisse
  • ap -nissa


ge-dafen [(cf ge-dēfe)] adj fit, becoming

[Mod deft, daft]


ge-dafenian (-dafnian) WII befit, suit (impers w dat)

  • 3 sg gedafenað
  • pret 3 sg gedafnode, gedeofanade (dial w acc ?)

[Goth gadaban]


ge-dāl n division, separation

  • as līces gedāl dissolution, death


ge-dǣlan WI deal out (tear?)

  • pret 3 sg -dǣlde


ge-dēfe [(cf ge-dafen)] adj fitting, gentle, improved in condition

  • comp ap gedēfran

[Goth gadōbs]


ge-deofenian see:ge-dafenian


ge-deorf

n labor, hardship, difficulty


ge-dihtan WI

  1. compose, dictate, write
    • pret 3 sg -dihte
  2. direct, order
    • pret 3 sg

[Ger dichten]



ge-dōn irreg

  1. do, act
    • pret 3 pl -dydon
    • pret opt 3 sg dǣde
  2. cause to be (trans)
    • 3 sg -dēð
    • 3 pl -dōð
  3. put into such and such a condition
  4. reach, arrive at
    • pret 3 pl -dydon


ge-dreccan WI oppress, afflict, vex, trouble

  • pp pl gedrehte


ge-drēfan WI trouble, disturb, afflict

  • 3 sg -drēfð
  • 3 pl -drēfað
  • pret 2 pl drēfdon
  • pp -drēfed
  • pl -drēfde, -drēfede


ge-drēfednis f trouble

  • gs -nysse


ge-drēosan 2 fall, fail

  • pret 3 sg -drēas
  • pp pl -drorene


ge-drincan 3 drink up

  • pret 3 sg gedranc


ge-drōfenlīc adj troublous


ge-dryht f

train of attendants, retinue, company


ge-drync n drinking, carousing


ge-dwol-monn m erring man, heretic

  • np -men
  • gp -manna


ge-dwolsum

adj misleading, erroneous


ge-dwyld n folly, error

  • gs -dwyldes
  • ds -dwylde

[dwol]


ge-dyrst-lǣcan WI dare, presume

  • pret 2 sg -lǣhtest



ge-ealgian WII defend


ge-earnian WII earn, deserve

  • imp 2 sg -earna
  • opt 3 pl -earnien
  • pret 3 sg -ode
  • 3 pl -odon
  • pp geearnad



ge-earnung f desert, merit

  • ds -unge
  • gp -unga
  • ap -unga


ge-ēað-mōdian WII humble, debase (w refl acc)

  • pret 3 sg -mēdde


ge-ēawan see:ge-ēowan



ge-ed-cwycian (-cwician -cuican) WII quicken, revive

  • pp pl -cwycode


ge-ed-nīwian

WII renew

  • 3 sg -nīwað
  • pp -nīwad


ge-ed-staþelian WII reestablish, restore

  • imp 2 sg -staðela
  • pret 2 sg -staðelodest


ge-efen-lǣcan WI imitate

  • ger geefenlǣcenne


ge-ende-byrdan WI set in order, ordain, arrange

  • pp -endebyrd
  • as -endebyrdne


ge-endian WII

  1. end, finish (trans)
    • ger geendianne
    • pret 3 sg geendade
    • pret opt 3 sg geendode
    • pp geendod, -ad
  2. come to an end, die
    • 3 sg geendað


ge-endung f ending, end

  • ds geendunge



ge-ēowan (-ēawan) irreg show

  • 3 sg -ēowð
  • opt 3 sg -ēawe



ge-fædera m godfather in his relation to the father


ge-fadian WII arrange


ge-fāgian WII variegate, embroider

  • pp gefāgod



ge-fær n going, journey


ge-faran 6

  1. go, travel (intr)
    • pret opt 3 sg gefōre
  2. travel (trans)
  3. depart out of life, die (intr)
    • pret 3 sg gefōr


ge-fæstnian WII fasten, fix

  • pret 3 sg -fæstnode
  • pp pl -fæstnode


ge-fēa

m joy, delight, gratification

  • is ge-fēan


ge-fēalīc adj

joyous, pleasant


ge-feccan (-fecgan -fetian) WIII fetch, take

  • pret 3 pl -fetedon


ge-fēgan WI join

  • imp 2 sg gefēg
  • pp gefēged


ge-feoht n fight, strife, battle

  • ds gefeohte
  • ap gefeoht


ge-feohtan (principal parts: pret sg:-feaht pret pl:-fuhton pp:-fohten )

3

  1. fight
  2. gain by fighting, win



ge-fēon 5 rejoice (w inst or gen)

  • ptc gefēonde
  • imp 2 sg -feoh


ge-fēra m companion, comrade

  • ds -fēran
  • np -fēran
  • ap -fēran


ge-fēran WI

travel (trans)


ge-fēre adj accessible

[faran]


ge-fēr-scipe

m companionship


ge-feterian WII fetter, bind

  • pret 3 sg -feterode


ge-fetian see:ge-feccan


ge-fexod (-feaxod) adj haired, having hair

  • np -fexode


ge-fillednys f completion, fulfilment



ge-firnian WII commit a wrong, sin (intr)

  • pret 1 sg -firnode
  • 2 sg -dest


ge-flīeman (-flȳman) WI put to flight

  • pret 3 sg -flīemde
  • 3 pl -don
  • pp -flȳmed
  • pl -flīemde


ge-flȳman see:ge-flīeman


ge-flȳt n contention, strife

  • ds -flȳte

[flītan; Ger Fleiss]


ge-fōn R take, seize

  • 3 sg gefēhð
  • hlyst gefēð listens


ge-forþian WII

accomplish

  • pp geforþod


ge-frǣge adj famous

[fricgan]



ge-frǣge n report, hearsay

  • is mine gefrǣge
  • as I have heard say


ge-fremian WII [(cf ge-fremman)] perform

  • 3 sg -fremað


ge-fremman WI perform

  • ger fremmenne
  • imp 2 pl -fremmað
  • pret 3 sg -fremede
  • 3 pl -don
  • pp -fremed


ge-freoge (-frige) n information

[fricgan]


ge-frēolsian WII

set free, deliver

  • 1 sg -frēolside
  • 3 sg -frēolseð
  • opt 3 sg -frēolsige


ge-freoðian (-frioðian -friðian) WII protect, favor

  • imp 2 sg gefreoða
  • pret 3 sg -friðode


ge-frignan 3 learn by inquiry, hear

  • pp gefrugnen


ge-fullian [(cf gefulwian)] WII baptize

  • pret 3 sg gefullode
  • pp gefullod
  • pl gefullode


ge-fultumian WII

help

  • pp -fultumod


ge-fulwian [(cf gefullian)] WII baptize

  • pp gefulwad


ge-fylce n army, troop, division

  • dp gefylcium, gefylcum

[folc]


ge-fylgan WIII follow (w dat)



ge-fyllan WI fell, cut down; deprive of (w gen)

  • pp gefylled

[feallan]


ge-fyllan WI

  1. fill (w gen)
    • pp pl gefylda
  2. fulfil, complete, perform
    • 2 pl -fyllað
    • opt 2 sg -fylle
    • 1 pl -fyllon
    • pret 3 sg -felde
    • pp -fylled
    • pl -fyllede

[full]



ge-fylsta

m helper

  • ds -fylstan


ge-fylstan WI

help (w dat)

  • pret 3 sg -fylste


ge-fyrn adv

formerly

  • gefyrn ǣr


ge-gaderian WII gather, collect, assemble (trans and intrans)

  • 3 sg -gaderað
  • pret 3 sg -gaderode, -gaderade
  • 3 pl -gaderodon
  • pp -gaderod
  • pl -gaderode


ge-gædrian see:gædrian



ge-gān [(cf gān)] irreg happen

  • pret 3 sg geēode


ge-gangan R obtain (trans)


ge-gærwan see:ge-gearwian


ge-gearwian (-gæwan, dial) WII prepare

  • imp 2 sg -gearwa
  • pret 3 sg -ode
  • pret opt 3 sg -gearwode


ge-glengan WI adorn

  • pret 3 sg geglengde
  • pp glenged


ge-gōdian WII

endow

  • pret 3 sg -gōdode

[gōd]


ge-gremian WII

enrage

  • pp -gremod
  • pl -gremode

[grom]


ge-grīpan (principal parts: pret sg:-grāp pret pl:-gripon pp:-gripen ) 1 seize


ge-gyddian

WII sing, utter

  • pret 1 sg -gyddode


ge-gyrela m

robe, dress, garment

  • np gegyrelan


ge-hādian WII ordain

  • pret 3 sg gehādode
  • pp gehādod


ge-hāl adj

whole


ge-hǣlan WI heal (trans)

  • 3 sg -hǣlð
  • opt 3 sg -hǣle
  • pret 2 sg -hǣldest
  • 2 pl -don
  • pp pl -hǣlde


ge-hālgian WII hallow, consecrate

  • pp gehālgod
  • pl -ade, -ode


ge-hātan (principal parts: pret sg:-hēt pret pl:-hēton pp:-hāten )

R

  1. promise
    • 1 sg -hāte
    • pret 2 sg -hēte
  2. name
    • pp gehāten
    • pl gehātene


ge-hāt-land n promised land

  • gs -landes



ge-hāwian WII look at, reconnoitre

  • pret 3 sg -hāwade


ge-healdan (principal parts: pret sg:-hēold pret pl:-hēoldon pp:-healden ) R hold, protect, maintain, observe

  • 3 sg gehelt
  • opt 3 sg -healde
  • 3 pl -dan
  • pret 3 pl -hīoldon
  • pret opt 3 sg -hēolde
  • pp gehealdan


ge-healtsumnis f

captivity

  • ds -nysse


ge-hefigian WII weigh down, oppress

  • pp gehefgad


ge-hēgan WI effect, hold (an assembly)



ge-helpan 3 help (w dat)


ge-hende (adv) prep near (w dat)



ge-hēran see:ge-hīeran


ge-hergian WII capture (by harrying)

  • pp gehergod


ge-hieran (-hȳran -hīran -hēran) WI hear

  • ger -hȳranne
  • ptc -hȳrende
  • 2 sg -hȳrst
  • 3 sg -hȳreð
  • 3 pl -hȳrað
  • imp 2 sg -hēr, -hīere
  • 2 pl -hȳrað
  • opt 3 sg -hȳre
  • 1 pl -hȳron
  • 2 pl -hȳran
  • 3 pl -hȳren
  • pret 2 sg -hȳrdest
  • 3 sg -hȳrde


ge-hilt

n hilt


ge-hīran see:ge-hīeran


ge-hīwian WII

form, fashion

  • 3 sg -hīwað


ge-hlēapan R leap (upon a horse), mount

  • pret 3 sg -hlēop


ge-hlēotan 2 cast or draw lots

  • pret 3 sg -hlēat


ge-hlystan WI listen

  • pret 3 pl -hlyston


ge-hnǣgan WI humble, cast down

  • pret 3 sg hnǣde

[hnīgan]



ge-hola m protector

  • gp geholena

[helan]



ge-hrēosan 2 fall, perish

  • 3 sg gehrīst


ge-hwā pron each

  • gs gehwæs
  • ds gehwāam
  • as gehwone, gehwane


ge-hwanon adv from every quarter



ge-hwǣr adv everywhere


ge-hwæðer pron both, either

  • as -hwæþre, -hwæþere


ge-hwelc see:gehwilc


ge-hwerfan see:ge-hwyrfan



ge-hwilc (ge-hwylc, ge-hwelc) each, every (pl all)

  • np gehwyilce
  • ds gehwilcum
  • is gehwylce
  • as gehwylcne
  • ānra gehwylc each one
  • ānra gehwilcum, heora frēonda gehwilcum, hiera ... gehwelcum
  • ānra manna gwheylcne
  • ūhtna gehwylc


ge-hwyrfan (-hwierfan, -hwerfan)

turn, change, convert

  • 2 sg -hwyrfest
  • pret 3 sg -hwyrfde
  • pp pl gehwyrfede, gwhwerfede


ge-hȳdan WI hide, conceal, guard

  • 3 sg gehȳt
  • pret 3 sg gehȳdde


ge-hygd f n mind, thought, purpose


ge-hyhtan WI

have hope, trust


ge-hȳran see:ge-hīeran


ge-hyrdan WI oppress

  • pret 3 sg gehyrde

[heard]


ge-hȳrnes (-hīernes) f hearing

  • ds -nesse


ge-hȳrsumian WII hear, obey (w dat)

  • imp 2 pl -hȳrsumiað


ge-īcan see:ge-īecan


ge-īct

see:ge-īecan


ge-īecan (-īcan -ȳcan) WI increase, add to

  • inf -īcan
  • pp geīct

[ēac]



ge-læccan WI seize, catch, take

  • pret 3 sg gelæhte


ge-lǣdan WI lead

  • 3 sg gelǣt
  • opt 3 sg -lǣde
  • pret 3 sg -lǣdde
  • pl -lǣddon


ge-lǣred pp adj learned

  • np gelǣrede, -edan
  • supl ap gelǣredestan


ge-lǣstan WI

  1. perform, carry out (trans)
    • 2 sg -lǣste
    • opt 3 sg -lǣste
    • pret 3 sg -lǣste
  2. help, stand by (intr w dat)

[Ger leisten]


ge-laðian WII

invite, summon

  • pret 2 sg -laðodest
  • pp -laðod

[Ger ein-laden]


ge-laðung f (invitation), church, congregation

  • gs -laðunge


ge-lēafa

m belief, faith

  • ds -lēafan


ge-lēaffull adj

believing

  • ns -leaffula
  • gp -lēaffulra


fe-lēaffulnes

f belief, faith

  • as -nesse


ge-lecgan WI

lay

  • pp gelēd


ge-lēfan see:ge-liēfan


ge-lendan WI

  1. come to land, come, go
    • pp gelend
  2. endow with lands
    • pret 3 sg gelende

[land]



ge-lēofan see:ge-līefan


ge-leornian (-liornian) WII learn

  • pret 1 sg -liornode
  • 3 sg -leornode, -leornade
  • 3 pl -don
  • pp -liornod, -leornad



ge-lettan WI hinder, prevent

  • pret 3 sg gelette


ge-līc adj

  1. like, resembling, same (as adjective standing alone)
    • as gelīcan
  2. like, resembling, same w dat
    • np gelīce
    • supl ns gelīcost, gelīcast



ge-līc n similarity

  • gs gelīces


ge-līca m equal


ge-līce adv in like manner



ge-līcian WII please (w dat)

  • pret opt 3 sg -līcode



gelīcnes f likeness

  • as gelȳcnysse


ge-līefan (-lȳfan -lēfan -lēofan)

WI believe (w acc, dat, or gen)

  • inf -lȳfan, -lēfan, -lēofan
  • ger -lȳfanne
  • ptc -lȳfende
  • 1 sg -līefe, -lēfe
  • opt 2 pl -lēofon
  • 3 pl -līefen, līefon, -lȳfon
  • pret 1 sg -lȳfde
  • pp -lȳfed
  • pp -gelȳfed, filled with belief, believing, adj


ge-līf-fæstan WI make alive, quicken

  • pret 3 sg gelīffæste


ge-limpan (principal parts: pret sg:-lomp pret pl:-lumpon pp:-lumpen ) happen

  • pret -lamp 3 sg


ge-limplīc adj fitting, suitable

  • as -limplīce
  • dp gelimplīcum, adv, by chance



ge-lōglan WII lay, deposit

  • pret 3 sg, -lōgode
  • 3 pl -don


ge-lōme adv often, repeatedly


ge-lōmlīcian WII become frequent


ge-lustfullian WII please (w dat)

  • pret 3 sg -fullode


ge-lustfullīce adv willingly

  • comp gelustfullīcor


ge-lȳfan see:ge-līefan


ge-lȳfed (-lēfed, pp)

adj weak, infirm

  • gs gelȳfdre

[lēf; Mod left (hand)]


ge-lȳhtan

WI illumine, give sight to

  • pret 3 sg -lȳhte


ge-lȳsan WI

release, break, tear

  • pp gelȳsed


ge-māglīc adj importunate


ge-māgnys f importunity


ge-māh (ge-māg) adj malicious, wicked


ge-mǣlan WI speak

  • pret 3 sg -mǣlde


gēman

see:gīeman


ge-māna m intercourse; joining (of weapons)

  • gs gemānan



ge-mǣne adj common

[Ger gemein]


ge-mǣnelīce adv

in common, generally


ge-mǣre n boundary, border


ge-maðel n talking, interview, harangue

  • gs -maðeles


ge-mearc n boundary, limit

  • gs -mearces


ge-mearcian WII mark, designate

  • 3 sg -mearcað
  • pp -mearcad


ge-met n measure

  • ds gemete
  • is gemete, degree
  • as gemet, metre


ge-met adj meet, fit


ge-mētan WI meet with, find

  • 2 sg -mētest
  • 2 pl -mētað
  • opt 3 pl -mēton
  • pret 3 sg mētte
  • 3 pl -on, -mȳtton
  • pp gēmētt, gemēt


ge-mēteng (gemēting)

f meeting, assembly


ge-metgian WII moderate, temper, restrain, regulate

  • 3 sg -metagað
  • opt 3 sg -metgige


ge-metgung f measure, regulation, order

  • as -metgunge
  • ap -metgunga


ge-metlīce adv moderately


ge-miltsian WII show mercy (w dat)

  • imp 2 sg gemiltsa


ge-molsnian WII moulder, decay

  • 3 sg -molsnaþ
  • pp pl -molsnode


ge-mong n crowd, throng

  • ds gemonge
  • in gemonge (prep w dat) among


ge-mōt n meeting, assembly, council, concourse, encounter

  • gs gemōtes


ge-munan PP remember, call to mind, be mindful of

  • 1 sg geman
  • 3 sg gemon
  • imp 2 sg gemyne, gemune
  • 2 pl gemunað
  • pret 1 sg gemunde
  • pret opt 3 pl gemundon
  • imp 2 sg gemun
  • opt 3 sg gemyne
  • pret 3 sg gemunde



ge-mundbyrdan WI

protect

  • pret opt 3 sg gemundbyrde


ge-mynd f n memory

  • ds -mynde
  • as -mynd


ge-myndgian (-myngian) WII

keep in mind, remember

  • pret 3 sg -myndgade


ge-myndig adj mindful of (w gen)



ge-myntan WI have in mind, intend

  • pret 3 sg -mynte
  • pp gemynt


gēn (gēna, gīen gīena) adv yet, still, even


ge-nēadian WI

compel

  • pp genēadad, genēded


ge-neahhe (ge-nehe) adv enough, frequently, often


ge-nēa-lǣcan WI approach

  • ptc -lǣcende, -lēcende
  • pret 3 pl -lǣhton


ge-nēat m companion

[Ger Genosse]


ge-nehe

see:ge-neahhe


ge-nēosian WII visit, approach, (trans)

  • 3 sg -nēosað
  • pret 3 sg -ode


ge-nerian WI save, rescue, preserve

  • 3 sg -nereð
  • pret 3 sg -nerede
  • pp pl generode


ge-nihtsum adj sufficient, abounding

  • ap -sume


ge-nihtsumian

WII suffice

  • 3 sg genihtsumað
  • 3 pl -iað


ge-nihtsumlīce adv sufficiently


ge-nihtsumnes f sufficiency

  • gs -nysse


ge-niman (principal parts: pret sg:nōm,nam pret pl:nōmon,nāmon pp:numen ) 4

take

  • imp 2 pl genimað
  • opt 3 sg genime (reflex, collect oneself)
  • pret opt 3 sg genāme


ge-nip n mist, cloud, darkness

  • ap genypu


ge-nīpan 1 become dark

  • pret 3 sg genāp



ge-niðerian (-nyðerian) WII cast down, abase, condemn

  • pp geniðerod, genyðerod


ge-niðerung (-nyðerung)

debasement, wickedness

  • ap -nyðerunga


ge-nīwian WII renew

  • pp genīwad


ge-nōh (ge-nōg) adj enough



ge-notian WII use, consume

  • pp as genotudne



geofon n sea, ocean

  • gs geofones


ge-ofrian (-offrian)

WII offer

  • pret opt 3 pl geofrodon


geogoð (giogoð, iugoð) f

youth; gioguð (young persons, collect.) (???)

  • ds geoguðe


gēomor adj sad

  • as gēomran

[Ger Jammer]


gēomor-mōd adj of sorrowful mood

  • np -mōde


gēomrung f lamentation, moaning

  • ds -unga
  • as -unge


geond (giond) prep (w acc) throughout (place and time)


geond-faran 6 traverse

  • 3 pl -farað



geond-hweorfan 3 pass over, traverse

  • 3 sg -hweorfeð


geond-lācan

(principal parts: 3 sg pres:leolc pret sg:lēc pret pl:lēcon pp:lācen ) R play over, traverse

  • opt 3 sg -lāce


geond-lȳhtan WI

  1. illumine (trans)
    • pret 3 sg -lȳhte
    • pp pl -lȳhte
  2. shine over or upon (intr)
    • pret opt 3 sg -lȳhte


geond-scēawian WII overlook, survey

  • 3 sg -scēawað


geond-sendan WI send abroad

  • pp -send


geond-ðencean WI think over, reflect upon

  • 1 sg -þence
  • 3 sg -ðenceð


geond-wlītan 1 look over (trans)

  • 3 sg -wliteð


geong (giong, iung) adj young

  • ns gioncga
  • ap geonge, iunge


geonglīc adj youthful


ge-openian WII open

  • imp 2 sg -opena
  • pp pl -openede


georn (giorn) adj eager, earnest, desirous (w gen)

  • np giorne
  • ns georn
  • np georne


georne

adv eagerly, willingly, certainly, surely

  • comp geornor
  • supl geornost


geornfull adj eager, desirous

  • np geornfulle


geornfullīce

adv eagerly, earnestly

  • comp geornfullīcor


geornfulnes f

eagerness, zeal

  • ds -nesse, -nysse


geornlīce adv eagerly, earnestly, attentively

  • comp geornlīcor


ge-or-trūwian WII despair of, distrust

  • opt 3 sg geortrūwige


ge-rǣcan WI reach, obtain


ge-rād adj

trained, prudent

  • as -rādne


ge-rǣdan R and WI counsel, advise

  • 2 sg -rǣdest



ge-rǣde n trappings


ge-rēafian WII seize

  • 3 pl gerēafiað



ge-reccan WI relate, explain, count

  • ger -reccenne
  • imp 2 sg -rece
  • pret 3 sg -rehte
  • pret opt 2 sg -reahte
  • pp pl -rehte


ge-recednis f narration

  • ds -nisse


ge-rēfa

m reeve


ge-rēnian (geregnian) WII arrange, adorn

  • pp gerēnod


ge-reord n speech, language

  • ds -reorde


ge-reordung f refection, meal

  • as -reordunge



ge-restan WI rest


ge-rihtan WI correct

  • opt 3 sg gerihte


ge-rihte n law

  • ap gerihta


ge-riht-lǣcan WI direct, correct

  • ptc -lǣcende
  • pp pl læhte


ge-ripan 1 reap

  • pret 3 pl gerypon


ge-risenlīc adj proper, suitable

  • ap -līce
  • comp as līcre


ge-risenlīce adv suitably, fittingly

  • comp -lecor


ge-rȳman WI

  1. widen, extend (trans)
    • pret 3 pl rȳmdon
    • pp rȳmed
  2. open a way (intr)
    • pp rȳmed

[rūm]


ge-rȳne n secret, mystery

  • np gerȳnu

[rūn]


ge-sǣlig adj happy, prosperous, blessed

  • ns sǣliga
  • np -sǣlige
  • comp np -sæligran

[sǣl; Ger selig]



ge-sæliglīc adj happy, blessed

  • np -sǣliglīca


ge-sǣliglīce adv happily


ge-sǣlð f happiness, fortune, prosperity

  • gp gesǣlða
  • ap gesǣlða


ge-sārgian WII trouble, afflict

  • pp as -sārgodne
  • pl -sārgode


ge-scēadlīce adv

discriminatingly, wisely


ge-scēadwīs adj discriminating, intelligent, rational, wise

  • ns -scēadwīsa


ge-scēadwīsnes f discretion, reason, wisdom

  • ds -nysse



ge-sceaft f

  1. creature, creation
    • ds gesceafte
    • np gesceafta
  2. destiny, decree (of fate)

[scieppan]


ge-sceap n

  1. creation
    • ds gesceape
  2. destiny
    • ap gesceapu

[scieppan]


ge-sceapenis f creation

  • ds -nisse


ge-scendan (-scindan) WI put to shame, confound

  • pret 3 sg -scende
  • pp -scinded

[sceond]


ge-sceððan

6 harm, injure (w dat)

  • pret 3 sg -scōd
  • 3 pl -scōdan

[Ger schaden]



ge-scieppan (-scippan -scyppan) (principal parts: pret sg:-scōp (-scēop) pret pl:-scōpon (-scēopon_ pp:-sceapen (-scepen, -scæpen) ) create, make

  • pret 3 sg -scōp, -scēop
  • pp -sceapen
  • pl -scæpene


ge-scīnan 1 illuminate (trans)


ge-scindan see:ge-scendan


ge-scipian WII provide with ships

  • pp pl gescipode



ge-scyldan WI shield, protect

  • opt 3 sg -scylde
  • pp -scylded



ge-scyldnis f protection

  • as -nysse


ge-scyrpan WI clothe, equip

  • pp as -scyrpedne

[sceorp]


ge-scyrpla m garment

  • np -scyrplan


ge-sēcan

WI seek


ge-secgan WIII say, tell

  • pret 3 sg -sǣde
  • pp -sǣd


ge-seglian WII sail



ge-segnian WII cross oneself

  • pret 3 sg -segnode

[segn]



ge-selda m hall-companion, comrade, retainer

  • ap geseldan


ge-sellan

WI give up, yield

  • pret 3 pl -sealdon


ge-sēman WI

reconcile

[Mod seem]


ge-sēon (-sīon) (principal parts: pret sg:-seah pret pl:-sāwon (-sǣgon) pp:-sewen (-sawen -segen) ) see, observe, consider

  • inf -sīon
  • imp 2 sg -seoh
  • pl -sēoð
  • sg -sēo
  • 2 sg -sihst
  • 3 sg -sihð
  • 1 pl -sēoð
  • opt 2 sg -sēo
  • 3 pl -sēon
  • pret 2 sg -sāwe
  • pp gesegen, gesawen, gesewen


ge-set n seat, habitation

  • np gesetu


ge-setnis f foundation, composition, narrative, decree

  • ds -nysse
  • ap -nyssa


ge-settan WI

  1. set, place, appoint
    • pret 3 sg gesette
    • pp geseted
    • pl -sette
  2. compose, write
    • pret opt 3 sg -sette


ge-sēðan WI confirm

  • pp pl -gesēðde

[sōð]


ge-sewenlīc adj visible

  • np -līca


ge-sīclian WII sicken

  • pp gesīcclod

[sēoc]


ge-siglan WI sail


ge-sihð (-syhð) f seeing, sight, presence

  • ds -sihðe, -syhðe
  • as -sihðe, -syhðe


ge-singan 3 sing

  • pret 3 sg gesang
  • pp gesungen


ge-sīon see:ge-sēon



ge-sittan

5 occupy

  • pret 3 sg gesæt
  • pp as -setenne (sit out)


ge-slēan 6 gain by fighting, win

  • pret 3 pl geslōgon


ge-smyrian

WII annoint


ge-somnian (-samnian) WII collecty, assemble (trans)

  • pp -samnod
  • pl -ode


ge-somnung f collection, assembly

  • gs -unga
  • ds -unge


ge-sprec n

interview, counsel


ge-standan 6

  1. stand
    • opt 3 sg -stonde
  2. come upon
    • pret 3 sg gestōd


ge-staþelian WII establish, build, confirm

  • pret 1 sg -staþelode
  • pp -staðelad


ge-stæððig adj steadfast

  • ds -stæððegan


ge-steall n establishment, foundation


ge-stīgan 1 ascend (trans)

  • 2 sg -stīgest
  • pret 3 sg -stāh


ge-stillan

WI

  1. be still, cease (intr)
    • imp 2 sg gestille
    • pret 3 sg gestilde
    • pl gestildon
  2. restrain, stop (trans)
    • pret opt 3 sg gestilde


ge-stīran (-stīeran, -stȳran) WI direct, restrain (w dat)

  • pret opt 3 pl gestīrden

[stēor]


ge-strangian WII strengthen

  • imp 2 sg -stranga
  • opt 2 sg -strangie
  • pret 2 sg -strangodest
  • pp -strangod


ge-strēon n possession, property

  • np -strēon


ge-strȳnan (-strīenan) WI (beget), acquire, win, gain

  • 3 pl gestrynað
  • pret opt 1 sg gestrynde

[ge-strēon]


ge-sund adj sound, whole, safe

  • as -sundne
  • np -sunde


ge-sundfull adj sound, whole

  • ns -ful


ge-sundfullīce adv safely

  • supl -līcost


ge-swǣs adj gentle


ge-sweorean 3

become dark, sad

  • opt 3 sg -sweorce


ge-swīcan (principal parts: pret sg:-swāc pret pl:-swicon

pp:-swicen ) 1 cease, leave off (w gen)

  • opt 2 pl -swȳcon
  • pret opt 3 pl -swicon


ge-swinc n toil, effort, hardship

  • gs -suinces, -swinces
  • ds -swince


ge-swīns n harmony, melody


ge-swustor (-tru -tra)

f pl tant sisters

  • ap geswustra


ge-swutelian (-sweotolian) show, make manifest

  • 3 sg -swutelað
  • pret 3 sg -swutelode
  • pp -swutelod



ge-synto f prosperity


gēt see:gīet


ge-tæcan WI teach, show

  • 1 sg getæce



ge-tācnian WII betoken, signify

  • pret 3 sg -tācnode
  • 3 pl -don
  • pp -tācnod


ge-tācnung f signification, token, type

  • ds -tācnunge


ge-tæl n number, order, narrative

  • ds getele
  • as getæl


ge-teld n tent, tabernacle

  • ds getelde


ge-tellan WI tell, count, reckon

  • pp geteald


ge-tengan WI hasten

  • pret 3 sg getengde


ge-tēon (principal parts: pret sg:-tēah pret pl:-tugon pp:-togen ) 2 draw

  • 3 sg -tȳhð
  • pret 2 sg -tuge
  • 3 sg -tēh
  • pp pl getogene (instructed)


ge-tēorian WII diminish, fail, become exhausted

  • pret 3 sg getēorode
  • pp getēorod


ge-timbre n structure, building

  • ap -timbro


ge-timbrian WII build

  • 3 sg -timbreð
  • pret 3 sg -timbrode


ge-tīmian WII happen

  • pret 3 sg -tīmode


ge-tīðian WII grant (w dat of pers and gen of thing)

  • 3 sg -tīðað
  • pret opt 3 pl -tīþodon
  • pp -tīþod


ge-toht n

battle

  • ds getohte


ge-truma m troop, (military) division

  • as -truman


ge-trymman WI prepare, strengthen, confirm

  • ptc -trymmende
  • pret 1 sg -trymede
  • 3 sg -trymde


ge-tȳn

WI instruct

  • pp getȳd


ge-ðæf adj (with gen)

favoring, confessing


ge-þafian WII permit, allow, consent to

  • ptc -ðafiende
  • 3 sg -þafað
  • opt 2 sg -þafige
  • pret opt 3 sg -ðafode


ge-þafung

f permission, assent

  • ds -þafunge


ge-þand m n

thought, purpose


ge-þancian WII thank (w dat of pers and gen of thing)

  • 1 sg -þancie


ge-þeaht f n

  1. thought, purpose
    • ds geþeahte
  2. council, deliberation


ge-þeahtere m councilor

  • np -þeahteras


ge-ðencean WI think, take thought



ge-ðēodan WI join, associate

  • pret 3 sg -ðēodde
  • 3 pl -don



ge-ðēode (-ðīode) n language

  • gs -ðēodes (nation)
  • as -ðēode, -ðīode
  • gp -ðēoda



ge-þēodnis f

association

  • ds -nisse


ge-þicgean 5 take, receive


ge-þingian WII plead for

  • pret opt 3 sg -þingode



ge-ðingð (ge-ðingðu) f dignity, rank, office

  • ds -ðingðe
  • as -ðincðu

[ðingan]


ge-þōht m thought

  • ds -þōhte



ge-þolian WII permit, allow


ge-þrang n press, tumult

  • ds geþrange


ge-þrȳðan WI strengthen, arm

  • pp geþrȳðed


ge-ðungen (pp) adj grown, triven, perfected, competent, excellent, distinguished

  • ap -ðungene
  • ap ðungnestan

[ðēon]


ge-þwǣre adj concordant, at peace


ge-ðwǣrian WII make concordant

  • 3 sg -ðwǣrað



ge-ðwǣr-lǣcan WI agree to, allow (w dat)

  • pret 3 pl -lǣhton



ge-þwǣrnes f agreement, concord, peace

  • as -nesse


ge-ðyld

n f patience

  • gs -ðylde

[Ger Geduld]


ge-þyldig

adj patient


ge-þydlīce adv patiently


ge-uferian WII

exalt

  • pp geuferod


ge-unnan PP grant (w dat of pers and gen of thing)

  • opt 2 sg -unne


ge-un-trumian WII weaken, make ill

  • pp geuntrumod


gē-wadan 6 go, advance

  • pret 3 sg -wōd


ge-wǣgan WI weigh down, distress

  • pp pl gewǣgde


ge-wald (weald) n power, control


ge-wǣpnian WII arm

  • pret 3 sg -wǣpnode


ge-wealdan R wield, control (w gen)

  • pret 3 sg -wēold
  • pp ds gewaldenum
  • gewaldenum controllable, inconsiderable, small


ge-wēman WI entice, bring over


ge-wemman WI

defile, impair, destroy

  • pret 3 sg -wemde
  • pp pl -wemmede


ge-wemmednis

f defilement

  • ds -nysse


ge-wemming f

defilement

  • ds -wemminge


ge-wendan WI return, go

  • pret 3 sg -wende


ge-weorc n

  1. work, labor
    • is -weorce
  2. military work, fortification
    • ds -weorce


ge-weorðan (wurðan) (principal parts: pret sg:-wearð pret pl:-wurdon pp:-worden ) 3

  1. happen, come to pass, become, be
    • 3 sg gewyrð
    • 3 pl gewurþað
    • opt 3 sg geweorðe
    • gewurðe þē and hym let it be between you
  2. (impers w reflex acc)
    • swā swā hine silfne gewyrð according to his own decree



ge-weorðian WII honor

  • pp -weorðad
  • pl -weorðade


ge-wīcian

WII encamp, dwell

  • 3 sg -wīcað
  • pret 3 sg -wīcode
  • pp -wīcod


ge-wilnian WII desire (w gen and acc)

  • opt 3 sg -wilnige
  • pret 3 sg -wilnode


ge-wilnung f wish, desire

  • ds -unge
  • np -unga


ge-win-dæg m

day of strife

  • np -dagas


ge-winn n struggle, strife, battle

  • gs -winnes
  • ds -winne
  • as -winn


ge-winnan 3 obtain by fighting, win, gain

  • pret 3 pl -wunnon



ge-wiss adj certain of (w gen)

  • ns gewis



ge-wissian WII

  1. inform, instruct, enjoin (w dat)
    • pret 3 sg -wissode
  2. guide, direct (w acc)


ge-wisslīce adv certainly


ge-wita m witness


ge-wītan (principal parts: pret sg:-wāt pret pl:-witon

pp:-witen ) 1

  1. depart, swerve, fail
    • 1 pl -wītað, -wȳtað
    • imp 2 sg gewīt
    • 2 pl -witað
    • opt 3 sg gewīte
    • 3 pl -ten
    • pp pl gewitene
  2. depart (from the world), die
    • 3 sg gewītt


ge-witenlīc adj transitory


ge-witennis f

departure, death

  • gs -witenesse


ge-wītnian WII punish, chastise

  • pp pl -wītnode


ge-witt n intelligence, understanding

  • gs -wittes
  • ds -witte


ge-wlitigian WII beautify, adorn

  • pp gewlitigad


ge-wrecan 4 avenge



ge-write n writing, letter, scripture

  • gs -writes
  • as gewrit
  • gp -writa
  • ap -writu


ge-wrīðan 1

bind

  • pp pl gewryðene


ge-wuldrian WII glorify

  • pp gewuldrod


gewuna m habit, custom

  • as -wunan


ge-wundian WII wound

  • pret 3 sg -wundode
  • pp -wundod


ge-wunelīc adj customary



ge-wunian WII

  1. dwell, remain, live
    • opt 3 pl -wunien (cogn acc)



gewyldan WI bring into one's power, subdue

  • pp gewyld

[ge-weald]


ge-wyrc(e)an WI work, make, create

  • pret 1 sg -worhte
  • pp geworht, geworct


ge-wyrdan WI injure, destroy


ge-wyrdelīc

adj historical


ge-wyrht f n work, deed, desert


ge-wyrman WI

warm

  • pp gewyrmed


ge-wyrpan WI recover (from injury or disease)

  • pret 3 sg gewyrpte


ge-wyrtian WII season with herbs, spice, perfume

  • pp gewyrtad


ge-yrsian WII be angry with (w dat)


gieddian (gyddian)

WII recite, speak

  • pret 3 sg gieddade


giedding f

utterance

  • ap gieddinga


giefan (gifan gyfan) (principal parts: pret sg:geaf pret pl:gēafon

pp:giefen ) 5 give

  • ptc gifende
  • 3 sg gifð



gief-stōl m seat of a lord (giving gifts)

  • ap giefstōlas


giefu (gifu gyfu) f gift

  • ns gifu
  • ds gife, giefe
  • as gife, giefe, gyfe
  • gp gifena, gyfena, geofena, geofona


gielp (gilp gylp) m n

boasting, arrogance, pride

  • ns gilp
  • gs gielpes
  • ds gylpe


gielpan (gylpan) 2 boast (w gen)

  • inf gylpan


gielt (gilt gylt) m guilt, offence, sin

  • ds gylte
  • ap gieltas, gyltas


gīeman (gȳman gēman) WI care for, observe, regard (w gen)

  • 3 sg gȳmð
  • pret 3 sg gēmde, gȳmde
  • 3 pl gȳmdon
  • pret opt 3 sg gȳmde


gīemen (gȳmen) f care, oversight, responsibility

  • gs gīemenne


gīet (gīt gȳt gēt gīta gȳta) adv yet, besides, further, still


gif conj if


gīfernes f greediness

  • gs -nesse


gīfre

adj greedy


gifu see:giefu


gilp see:gielp



gilt see:gielt


gimm (gymm) m gem

  • ns gim
  • ds gimme
  • gp gimma


gim-stān m precious stone, gem

  • np -stānas
  • gp -stāna
  • ap -stānas



gin-fæst (ginn-) adj ample, liberal


gīo (gēo gīu gȳu īu īo) adv formerly, before, of old

  • īu ǣr
  • ðā gȳu already
  • gȳt ... gū yet of old


giond see:geond


gīsel (gȳsel)

m hostage

  • ns gȳsel
  • ds gīsle
  • ap gīslas

[Ger Geisel]


git see:ðū


gīt

see:gīet


gītsian WII desire

  • ptc dp gītsigendum



glæd adj glad, happy, bright, shining

  • ds glædum, gladum
  • as glædne
  • supl ns gladost


glædlīce adv gladly


glæd-mōd adj glad-hearted

  • np -mōde



glǣm m gleam, splendor


glæs n glass


glēaw

adj wise, prudent

  • np glēawe


Glēaw-ceaster f

Gloucester

  • ds -ceastre


glēaw-mōd adj wise, sagacious


gleng m f ornament

  • np glengeas
  • ap glengas


glengan WI adorn

  • 3 sg glengeð



glēowian WII be merry, jest

  • ptc glēowiende


glīdan (principal parts: pret sg:glād pret pl:glidon pp:gliden ) 1 glide


glīw (glīg glēo)

n glee, mirth

  • ds glīwe


glīw-stæf m

joy

  • dp glīwstafum


gnornian WII mourn, lament

  • ptc gnorngende


God m God

  • gs Godes
  • ds Gode
  • np godo
  • gp goda
  • ap godu


gōd adj good

  • ns good
  • as gōd, gōde, gōdan
  • np goode
  • gp gōdra, gōdena
  • comp ns betera (bettera), betra, betere, betre
  • supl ns betsta
  • supl is bestan
  • supl np betstan


gōd n

  1. benefit
    • ds goode
    • as good
    • gp gooda, gōda
  2. goods, possessions


God-bearn n Son of God

  • gs -bearnes



god-cund adj divine

  • gs -cundre
  • ds -cundre
  • np -cundan
  • gp -cundra
  • dp -cundan


god-cundlīc adj divine

  • gs -līcan
  • as -līce


god-cundlīce adv divinely


god-cundnis f

divine nature, divinity

  • gs -nesse
  • ds -nysse
  • as -nesse


gōd-dǣd f good deed



Godmundinga-hām m

Goodmanham (Bernicia)


god-spell n gospel

  • ds -spelle
  • as -spel


god-spellere m evangelist

  • ns -spellere
  • np -spelleras


god-spellīc adj evangelical

  • ds -spellīcan


god-sunu m god-son


god-webb n

purple (cloth)

  • as godweb
  • ds -webbe


gold

n gold

  • gs goldes
  • ds golde


gold-fæt n golden vessel

  • ds -fate


gold-hord

n m treasure


gold-smið m goldsmith

  • np -smiðas


gold-wine m (gold-friend), treasure giver, lord


gomol adj old

  • ns gomel

[*ga-mǣl]


gong (gang) m path, course

  • as gang, gong


gongan (gangan, gengan) R go, walk, advance, march

  • ptc gongende, gangænde
  • imp 2 sg gang
  • opt 2 pl gangon


Got-land n Jutland, Gothland (island in the Baltic sea)


grǣdelīce see:grǣdiglīce


grǣdig

adj greedy

  • as grǣdigne


grǣdiglīce (grǣdelīce) adv

greedily


grǣg adj gray

  • is grǣgan
  • as grǣge


gram adj grim, angry, fierce, cruel

  • np grame
  • ap graman


grama m anger, wrath

  • gs graman


grānung f groaning


græs-wong m

grassy plain

  • ds -wonge


Grēcisc adj Greek


grēne adj green

  • np grēne
  • ap grēnan


grēot n gravel, sand, earth

  • gs grēotes
  • ds grēote
  • as grēot


grētan WI

greet

  • 3 sg grēteð, grēt
  • opt 3 sg grēte
  • pret 3 sg grētte


grimm adj fierce, cruel

  • ap grimme


grimme (grymme) adv grimly


grindan 3 grind, sharpen

  • pp pl gegrundene


grið n peace

[ON grið]


grōwan (principal parts: pret sg:grēow pret pl:grēwon pp:grōwen ) R grow

  • opt 3 sg grōwe


grund m ground, bottom, earth, country, world

  • ds grunde
  • as grund
  • ap grundas


grundlunga adv

from the foundation, completely


gryre-lēoð n song of terror

  • gp -lēoða


gū-dǣd (īu-dǣd) f former deed

  • gp -dǣda



guma m man, hero

  • np guman
  • gp gumena


gūð f battle

  • gs gūþe

[cf Mod gon-falon]


gūð-freca m warrior, valiant one

  • ds -frecan



gūð-hafoc m war-hawk


gūð-plega m war-play, battle


gūð-rinc m warrior


gyden f goddess

  • ap gydena

[god]


gyft (gift gieft) f (technically) marriage payment, dowry

  • pl marriage

[Mod gift]


gyfl n food


gyfu see:giefu


gyldan (gieldan) 3 pay, requite

  • 3 sg gylt, gilt
  • 3 pl gyldað


gylden adj golden

  • ds gyldenum
  • dp gyldnum


gylp, gylpan see:gielp, gielpan



gylp-word n boastful word

  • dp -wordum


gylt see:gielt


gȳman see:gīeman


gȳme-lēast (gīeme-lēast, -līest)

f neglect

  • ds -lēaste


gym-stān see:gim-stān



gym-wyrhta m (gem-wright), jeweller

  • np -wyrhtan


gyrd f rod, twig

  • gp gyrda
  • ap gyrda


gyrdan WI gird

  • pret 3 sg gyrde


gyrela m robe, dress, garment


gyrn m f sorrow, misfortune

  • is gyrne


gyrnan WI yearn, desire, be eager, strive

  • 3 sg gyrneð

[georn]


gyst (giest) m guest, stranger

  • np gystas


gyt see:ðū


gȳt, gȳta see:gīet



gȳtsere m miser


gȳtsung f avarice

  • gs gȳtsunge

[gītsian]


H


habban WIII

have

  • ger habbanne, hæbbenne
  • 1 sg hæbbe
  • 2 sg hafast, hæfst
  • 3 sg hafað, hæfð
  • 1 pl habbað
  • opt 1 sg hæbbe
  • opt 3 pl hæbben
  • pret 3 sg hæfde
  • pret 3 pl hæfdon

see:(see næbban)


hād m condition, rank, office

  • gs hādes
  • ds hāde
  • as hād
  • np hādas
  • gp hāda

[Mod -hood]



hādor adj bright, clear

[Ger heiter]


hǣdre adv

clearly (light or sound)


hādung f ordination

  • ds -unge


hafenian WII raise, lift up

  • pret 3 sg hafenode

[hebban]



hafoc m hawk


hæftan WI seize, bind, make captive

  • pp pl gehæfte


hæfting f captivity

  • as hæftinga


hægel (hægl hagol) m hail

  • ns hægl
  • gs hægles
  • is hagle


hægl-faru

f hail-storm

  • as -fare


hāl adj

hale, whole, sound, uninjured

  • ds hālum
  • np hāle


hǣl (hālor)

n welfare, salvation


Hǣlend m Saviour, Christ

  • ds Hǣlende, Hǣlendum
  • as Hǣlende


hālettan WI greet, salute

  • pret 3 sg hālette


hæleð (hæle) m man, hero, warrior

  • ns hæle
  • np hæleð
  • gp hæleða

[Ger Held]


hālga

m saint

  • np hālgan
  • gp hālgena


hālgian WII hallow, consecrate

  • pret 1 pl hālgodon


Hālgo-land

n Halgoland (a district of ancient Norway)


hālig adj holy

  • ns hāliga
  • gs hālgan
  • ds hālgan
  • as hālig
  • gp hāligra, hālegra
  • is hālgestan (saints)


hālignes f holiness, religion

  • gs -nesse


hǣlo (hǣlu) f salvation

  • gs hǣle
  • ds hǣle
  • as hǣle, hǣlo


hals (heals)

m neck

[Ger Hals]


hālsian WII greet, address, entreat, implore

  • 1 sg hālsige
  • pret 3 sg hālsode

[hāl]


hālsung f

entreaty

  • ds -unge


hālwende adj salutary


hām m home

  • ds hāme, hām
  • ap hāmas
  • adv hām


hamor m hammer

  • gp hamora


Hām-tūn-scīr (-scȳr) f Hampshire

  • ds -scīre


hām-weard adv homewards


hām-weardes adv

homewards


han-crēd m cock-crowing (a division of the night)

  • ds -crēde


hand see:hond


hand-bred n palm of the hand



hand-ge-weorc n handiwork

  • ds -weorce


hand-plega

m hand-play or encounter, fighting

  • gs -plegan


hār adj

hoary, gray, old

  • ns hāra


hara m hare


hærfest m harvest, autumn

  • ds -feste

[Ger Herbst]



hǣs f behest, command

  • gs hǣse

[hātan]



haso adj dark, dusky

  • ns haswa


haso-pād (hasu-) adj having a gray coat (of an eagle)

  • as -pādan


haswig-feðre

adj dusky-feathered

  • ns -feðra


hāt adj

hot, fervid

  • ds hātan
  • np hāte


hātan

(principal parts: 3 sg pres:heht pret sg:hēt,hātte pret pl:hēton pp:hāten ) R

  1. order, command
    • 1 sg hāte
    • 3 sg hāteð
    • pret 3 sg heht, heht, hēt
  2. name
    • 3 sg hǣt
    • 1 pl ha-tað
  3. passive hātte: be called, hight
    • pl hātene


hāte adv

hotly

  • supl hātost


hāt-heort adj hot of heart, passionate


hāt-heorte f hot heart, anger

  • ds -heortan



hatian WII hate

  • 3 sg hatað
  • imp 2 pl hatiað
  • opt 3 sg hatige


hǣtu (hǣto) f heat


hǣðen

adj heathen

  • ns hǣþena
  • np hǣþene, hǣþnan
  • gp -enra


hǣðen-gyld n idolatry


hǣðen-gylda m

idolater

  • np -gyldan
  • dp -gyldum


hǣen-scipe

m heathendom, idolatry


Hǣðum (æt Hǣðum) Haddeby (now Schleswig)

  • ns æt Hǣðum
  • ds (of) Hǣðum, (tō)


hē (hēo hit) 3d pers pron he, she, it, pl they

  • m ns
  • m gs his
  • m ds him
  • m as hine
  • f ns hēo, hīo
  • f ds hire
  • n ns hit
  • n gs his
  • np hīe, hī, hȳ, hēo
  • gp hiera, hira, hyra, heora, hiora
  • dp him, heom
  • as hīe, hī, hēo


hēaf m f n mourning, lamentation


heafela (heafola) m

head

  • np heafelan


hēafod n head

  • gs hēafdes
  • ds hēafde
  • as hēafod
  • is hēafde
  • ap hēafdu


hēafod-burh f chief city, metropolis


hēafod-monn m chief man

  • ap -menn



hēah adj high

  • ns hēa, hēah
  • gs hēan
  • ds hēan
  • as hēahne, hēanne, hēane, hēa
  • comp ns hērra
  • comp ds hīerran
  • comp as hȳrran
  • comp np hīerran
  • supl ns hēhste
  • supl gs hīehstan, hēhstan



hēah-cyning m high king, God


hēah-dīacon m archdeacon

  • np -dīaconas



hēah-engel m archangel

  • ds -engle


hēah-fæder

m patriarch

  • ds -fædere
  • np -fæderas


hēah-ge-rēfa m high reeve, chief officer

  • ds -gerēfan


hēah-mōd

adj proud


hēah-seld (-setl) n high seat, throne

  • ds -setle
  • as -seld


hēah-setl see:hēah-seld


hēah-ðungen

pp adj highly prospered, of high rank

  • np -ðungene


healdan (principal parts: pret sg:hēold

pret pl:hēoldon pp:healden ) R hold, possess, preserve, regard, observe

  • ger healdanne, -enne
  • opt 2 sg healde
  • pret 2 sg hēolde
  • pret 3 pl hīoldan
  • pret opt 1 pl hēoldan
  • pret opt 3 pl hēoldon


healf f half, part, side

  • as healfe
  • is healfe
  • ap healfe
  • ds healfe
  • gp healfa
  • on heora healfe on their own part only
  • on healfa gehwām on every side


healf adj half

  • ds healfum
  • np healfe
  • as healf gēar
  • ds ōðrum healfum lǣs þe a year and a half less than
  • gs bynnan fēorðan healfes dæges fæce see:(see fēorðan)


hēalic adj high, exalted, glorious

  • ds -līcum



heall f hall

  • ds healle


healt adj halt, lame

  • ap healte


hēan

adj low, mean, abject, depressed, humbled

  • ds hēanan

[Ger Hohn]


hēanlīc

adj ignominious


hēannis f height, highness, excellence

  • as -nesse


hēap m heap, crowd, multitude


heard adj hard, severe, cruel, intrepid, brave

  • gs heardes
  • ds heardum
  • comp
  • ns heardra


heardlīce adv stoutly, bravely


heardnis f

hardness

  • as -nysse


hearm m harm, injury, grief

  • gp hearma


hearm adj harmful, hostile

  • gp hearmra


hearpe f harp

  • ds hearpan


hearpere m harper

  • gs hearperes
  • ds hearpere



hearpian WII harp

  • pret 3 sg hearpode


hearpung f harping

  • ds -unga


hearra m lord

[Ger Herr]


hēarsum (hȳrsum) adj

obedient (w dat)


heaðerian WII restrain

  • 3 sg heaðerað


heaðo-lind f war-linden, shield

  • ap -linde


heaðo-rōf adj famed in battle

  • gs -rōfes



hēawan (principal parts: pret sg:hēow pret pl:hēowon pp:hēawen ) R hew, cut, cut down, kill (trans and intr)

  • imp 2 pl hēawað


hebban (principal parts: pret sg:hōf pret pl:hōfon pp:hafen,hæfen ) 6

heave, raise, lift up

  • 3 sg hefeð
  • 3 pl hebbað


hefig

adj heavy, oppressive

  • dp hefegum
  • comp
  • np hefigran


hefigian WII oppress

  • pp hefgad



hefignes f heaviness, weight

  • as -nesse


hefig-tīme adj oppressive, irksome


helan 4 conceal

[ger hehlen]


hell f hell

  • gs helle



helle-sūsl n hell-torment

  • ds -sūsle


hellīc

adj hellish

  • ds -an


hell-sceaða m

hell-fiend

  • np helsceaðan


hell-waran (-ware, -waras) m pl inhabitants of hell

  • gp -wara


help f help

  • as helpe


helpan (principal parts: pret sg:healp pret pl:hulpon pp:holpen ) 3

help (w gen or dat)

  • opt 3 sg helpe


hēo see:



heofon (heofone, f) m heaven

  • gs heofenes, heofones, heofenan, heofonan
  • as heofon, heofenan (or ap)
  • gp heofena
  • ap heofonas


heofon-cyning

m King of heaven

  • gs -cyninges


Heofon-feld m

Heavenfield (Bernicia)


heofon-hrōf n roof or vault of heaven

  • ds heofunhrōfe


heofonlīc adj heavenly

  • ns heofenlīc, heofenlīca
  • gs -līcan, lecan
  • ds -līcan
  • as -līce
  • is -lecan



heofon-rīce n kingdom of heaven

  • gs -rīces


heofon-tungol n m star of heaven


hēofung f lamentation, grieving

  • ds -unge


heolstor (heolster) m darkness, concealment, cover

  • ns heolster
  • is heolstre


heolstor-cofa m chamber of darkness

  • np -cofan



heonon adv hence


heonon-weard

adj hence-ward, passing away


heord f guardianship, keeping, care

  • as heorde


heoro-drēorig adj dejected, crestfallen, sad unto death

  • gs -drēoriges

[heoro sword, drēosan]



heort (heorot) m hart, stag


heorte f heart

  • gs heortan


heorð-ge-nēat m hearth-companion, retainer

  • np -genēatas


heorð-werod n body of hearth-companions, retainers


heow n (?)

haw, enclosure

[haga]


hēr adv

  1. here
  2. in this year


here m army (the Danish army)

  • gs herges
  • ds herige
  • as here
  • is herige
  • np hergas

[Ger Heer]


here-flȳma m fugitive from the army or from battle

  • ap -flȳman


here-geatu f war-equipment, arms

[cf Mod heriot]


here-hȳð

f war-spoil, booty

  • as -hȳð
  • ds -hȳðe
  • ap -hȳða


here-lāf f remainder of an army


herenis f

praise

  • ds -nesse, -nisse


here-toga m leader of an army, chief

[Ger Herzog]



here-wīc f n dwelling


hergað m harrying, plundering


hergian WII harry, ravage, plunder

  • 3 pl hergiað
  • pret 3 sg hergode
  • pl -on
  • pp gehergod

[here]



herian (herigean) WI praise

  • inf herigean
  • 1 sg herige
  • 1 pl heriað
  • 3 pl hergað

[Goth hasjan]


herig (hearh)

m (idolatrous) temple, sanctuary

  • ds herige
  • as herig
  • ap hergas


herigendlīce adv praiseworthily


heriung (herung) f

praise

  • ds herunge


hērsumian see:hȳrsumian


hettend m enemy

  • np hettend, hettende


hicgan

see:hycgan


hider (hieder) adv hither

  • hidres ðidres hither and thither



hider-cyme m coming hither, advent


hīeran (hīran, hȳran, hēran) WI

  1. hear
    • pret 3 sg hīerde
    • 1 pl hȳrdon
  2. hear, obey (w dat)
    • inf hȳran
    • pret 1 sg hȳrde
  3. belong
    • 3 sg hȳrð
    • 3 pl hȳrað


hierde (hirde, hyrde) m shepherd, pastor, guardian, guard

  • ns hirde, hyrde
  • np hierdas, hyrdas
  • dp hirdum, hyrdon
  • ap hierdas, hyrdas

[heord]



hierde-bōc f pastoral treatise


hīere-monn m follower, subject

  • np -menn

[hīeran]


hige see:hyge



hīgian WII hie, hasten, strive


hild f battle, war

  • ds hilde


hilde-rinc m warrior


hindan adv

from behind, behind


hindan-weard adj hindward


hinder-weard adj backward, slow



hiord (heord) f herd, flock


hirde- see:hierde-


hierde-lic (hirde-, hyrde-) adj pastoral

  • gs hirdelecan


hīrēd

m n family, household

  • ds hīrēde

[<hīw + rǣd; Ger Heirat]


hīrēd-monn

m retainer

  • np -men


hit see:hēo



hīw (hēo) n hue, appearance

  • gs hīwes, hȳwes
  • ds hīwe, hȳwe
  • is hīwe


hladan (principal parts: pret sg:hlōd pret pl:hlōdon

pp:hladen ) 6 load, draw water, lade, imbibe


hlǣder f ladder

  • as hlǣdre


hlāf m loaf, bread


hlāford m

lord, master, ruler

  • ds hlāforde

[<hlāf + weard]


hlāford-lēas adj

without a lord


hlǣw m n mound, hill, mountain

  • np hlǣwas


hlēapan R leap

  • pret 3 sg hlēop



hlēo (hlēow)

  1. n protection, shelter
  2. m protector, lord


hleonian (hlinian, hlynian)

WII lean, incline, slope

  • 3 sg hleonað
  • opt 3 pl hlynigen recline (at a feast)


hlēoðor n sound, harmony, song

  • gs hlēoðres
  • gp hlēoþra


hlēoðor-cwide m (audible) utterance, command


hlēoðrian WII cry aloud, proclaim, sing

  • 3 pl hlēoðriað


hlīfigan WII tower, rise high

  • 3 pl hlīfiað


hlihhan (hliehhan, hlyhhan) 6 laugh

  • pret 3 sg hlōh


hlinc m declivity, hill

  • np hlincas


hlīsa m fame, renown

  • gs hlīsan
  • hlīsfullīce, adv with renown, famously


hlot n lot



hlōð f band, troop


hlūd adj loud

  • ds hlūddre
  • is hlūde (or adv)



hlūtor (hlūttor) adj

clear, pure

  • ns hlūttor
  • ds hlūttrum
  • as hlūter
  • is hlūttre
  • ap hlūtor

[Ger lauter]


hlyn

m sound


hlynian see:hleonian


hlyst f

listening


hnæppan WI rest upon, strike

  • opt 3 pl hnæppen


hof n court, dwelling

  • ds hofe

[Ger Hof]


hogian WII think, reflect, resolve

  • imp 2 pl hogiað
  • pret 3 sg hogode
  • 3 pl -on
  • pret opt 3 sg hogode
  • pp gehogod



hold adj gracious, favorable, faithful

  • as holdost

[Ger hold]



holm m sea, ocean


holm-þracu f wave-tumult, sea

  • as -þræce


holt n holt, grove, forest, wood

  • gs holtes


holt-wudu m forest, grove

  • ds -wuda


hōn (principal parts: pret sg:hēng pret pl:hēngon pp:hongen ) R hang (trans)

  • pp gehongen laden
  • pl gehongene



hond (hand) f hand

  • ds honda, handa
  • as hond, hand
  • on gehwæþre hond on both sides
  • dp handum, handon



hongian WII hang (intr)

  • inf hangian
  • 3 pl hongiað


hopian WII hope

  • opt 1 pl hopien



hord n m hoard, treasure


hord-cofa m (treasure-chamber), breast, heart

  • as -cofan


hordian WII hoard

  • 3 sg hordað


horn m horn

  • np hornas


hors n horse

  • gp horsa
  • dp horsan
  • ap hors


hors-hwæl m walrus


hors-þegn m horse-thane, an officer of the royal household


hosp m contempt, insult

  • ds hospe


hrā (hrāw, hrǣ, hrǣw) m corpse

  • ap hrā

[Goth hraiw]


hræd adj rapid, quick

  • ds hrædum
  • is hræde

[Ger hurtig, rasch]


hrædlīce (hradlīce) adv

quickly, soon

  • comp hrædlīcor


hræd-wyrde adj quick, hasty of speech


hræfn (hremm) m raven

  • np hremmas



hrægel (hrægl) n garment

  • ds hrægle
  • as hrægl

[Mod obs rail]


hrān m reindeer

  • gs hrānes



hraðe (hrade, hræðe, raðe) adv quickly, soon

  • supl radost



hrā-wērig adj weary in body


hrēam m cry, noise, clamor, lamentation


hrēman see:hrȳman


hrēmig adj exultant (w gen or dat)

  • ns hrēmig
  • np hrēmige, hremge


hremm see:hræfn



hremman WI hinder

  • opt pret 3 sg hremde


hrēo (hrēoh) adj rough, rude, savage, fierce, severe

  • ns hrēoh
  • as hrēoge
  • gp hrēora


hrēodan (principal parts: pret sg:hrēad pret pl:hrudon pp:gehroden )

2 adorn


hrēofla m leper

  • ap hrēoflan

[hrēof, rough]


hrēohnes f roughness

  • ds -nesse


hrēosan (principal parts: pret sg:hrēas pret pl:hruron pp:hroren ) 2 fall

  • ptc hrēosende
  • 3 pl hrēosað


hrēowan 2

rue, repent of


hrēowsung f repentance

  • ds -unge


hrepian WII touch, treat

  • 3 sg hrepað
  • pret 3 sg hrepode


hrēran WI stir

[Ger ruehren]


hreðer

m n heart, thought

  • gp hreþra


hrīm m

rime, hoarfrost

  • gs hrīmes
  • as hrīm
  • is hrīme


hrīm-ceald adj rime-cold

  • as -cealde


hrīnan (principal parts: pret sg:hrān pret pl:hrinon pp:hrinen ) 1 touch, smite



hring m ring, circle; border; ornaments

  • ds is hringe
  • as hrincg
  • ap hringas


hring-loca m corslet (formed of rings)

  • ap -locan


hrīð f(?) snow-storm


hrōf m

roof

  • gs hrōfes
  • ds hrōfe


Hrōfes-ceaster

f Rochester

  • ds -ceastre


hrūse f

earth

  • gs hrūsan


hrycg m ridge, back


hrȳman (hrīeman, hrēman) WI cry out, lament, exult, boast (w gen)

  • inf hrēman
  • ptc hrȳmende


hryre m fall, death

  • gs hryres (?)

[hrēosan]


hrȳðer (hrīðer, hrīð) n cattle

  • gp hrȳðera

[Mod rother beasts; Ger Rind]


hryðig adj storm-beaten (?), tottering (?)

  • np hryðge


adv how


Humbre f the Humber



hund m dog

  • np hundas


hund num hundred

  • ap hunde


hund-feald

adj hundredfold

  • as -fealdne



hund-eahtatig

num eighty


hund-nigontig num ninety


hund-twelftig num

hundred and twenty

  • gs -twelftiges


hungor (hunger) m hunger, famine

  • gs hungres
  • ds hungre
  • as hunger
  • is hungre
  • ap hungras


hunig n honey


hunig-swe-te adj honey-sweet, mellifluous

  • ds -swēttre



hunta m hunter

  • np huntan


huntoð (huntað)

m hunting

  • ds huntoðe


huru adv

certainly, indeed, especially, perhaps, about


hūs n house

  • ds hūse
  • as hūs
  • np hūs


hūsl n housle, eucharist

  • gs hūsles
  • as hūsl


hūsl-gang m

attendance upon, or partaking of, the eucharist


hwā (hwæt) pron

  1. (interr) who, what
    • ns hwā, huā, hwæt
    • gs hwæs
    • ds hwām
    • as hwæt
    • ds tō hwǣm, for hwǣm wherefore
    • is hwī, hwȳ, for hwī, for hwȳ, for hwon, for hwan why, wherefore
    • hwæt, interj what! lo! behold!
  2. (indef) anyone, anything
    • ns hwā, hwæt
    • swā hwā swā whosoever
    • ds hwǣm
    • as hwæne someone
    • swā hwæt swā whatsoever
    • tō ðæs hwon however


hwæl m whale

  • gs hwales, hwæles
  • np hwalas


hwæl-hunta m whale-fisher

  • np -huntan


hwæl-huntað m whale-fishing


hwanan see:hwonan



hwænne see:hwonne


hwǣr (hwār) adv

  1. (interr) where, wherever
  2. (indef) everywhere, anywhere
    • wel hwǣr nearly everywhere
    • swā hwǣr swā wheresoever


hwæt see:hwā


hwǣte m

wheat


hwæt-hwugu (-hwegu)

  1. pron something
  2. adv somewhat


hwæðer pron adj

  1. (interr) whether, which of two
    • as hwæðerne, hwæðer
  2. (indef)
    • ds bī swā hwaþerre efes swā on whichever side



hwæðer conj adv whether


hwæðre (hwæðere, hwæþere) adv however, nevertheless



hwearfian WII turn, revolve, move (intr)

  • ptc hwearfiende
  • 3 sg hwearfað
  • 3 pl hwearfiað


hwelc see:hwilc



hwēne see:hwōn


hwēol n wheel

  • gs hwēoles
  • np hwēol


hweorfan (principal parts: pret sg:hwearf

pret pl:hwurfon pp:hworfen ) 3 turn, return, move, go, come (intr)

  • 3 sg hwerfð
  • 3 pl hweorfað
  • imp 2 pl hweorfað


hwider (hwæder) adv whither

  • swā hwider swā whithersoever


hwierfan (hwirfan, hwyrfan) WI turn, return (intr)

  • ptc hwyrfende
  • 2 sg hwyrfest
  • imp 2 sg hwyrf
  • pret 3 sg hwirfde
  • 3 pl hwirfdon


hwīl f while, time

  • ds hwīle
  • ðā hwīle ðe the while that, while
  • ealle hwīle all the while
  • ealle ðā hwīle þe all the while that
  • ōðre hwīle ... ōðre hwīle at one time ... at another time
  • dp hwīlum, hwīlon sometimes


hwilc (hwylc, hwelc) pron adj which, what (interr or indef)

  • ds hwilcere, hwlcum
  • as hwylc
  • np hwilce, hwylce, hwelce, hwelc
  • ns swā hwelc swā whosoever


hwīl-wende adj temporary, transitory

  • ap l-wendan


hwīl-wendlīc (wīl-, -endlīc)

adj temporary, transitory

  • ns hwīlendlīc
  • gs wīlwendlīces
  • as -līcan
  • dp wīlwendlecum


hwylc see:hwilc


hwīl-wendlīce adv temporarily


hwirfan see:hwierfan


hwīt

adj white

  • gs hwītes
  • as hwīt


hwōn n trifle

  • as (adv) hwōn
  • is hwēne (adv) a little, somewhat


hwonan (hwanan) adv whence



hwōnlīce adv moderately, slightly


hwonne (hwanne, hwænne) adv when (interr or indef)

  • nū hwonne just now, at any time


hwōpan R (boast), threaten


hwylc

see:hwilc


hwyrfan see:hwierfan


hycgan (hicgan) WIII think, resolve

  • inf hicgan
  • opt 3 sg hycge


hȳd

f hide

  • ds hȳde



hyge (hige)

m mind, heart

  • ns hige
  • ds hige
  • is hige


hyge-gǣls adj hesitating, slow, sluggish

  • ns -gǣlsa

[gǣlan]


hyht (hiht) m hope

  • ns hiht


hyhtlīce adv joyfully


hyldo f grace, favor

[hold]


hynan (hīenan, hēnan) WI treat with insult, despise, injure, lay low, fell

  • pret 3 sg hȳnde

[hēan]


hȳran see:hieran


hyrde see:hierde


hyrne f corner

  • ds hyrnan
  • np hyrnan

[horn]


hyrned-nebb adj having a horny beak

  • as -nebban


hȳrsumian (hērsumian) WII obey (w dat)

  • 1 pl hērsumiað
  • 3 pl hȳrsumiað
  • pret 3 pl hērsumedon


hyse

m young man, warrior

  • gs hysses
  • np hyssas
  • gp hyssa


I


ic first pers pron I

  • gs min
  • ds
  • as mec (mē)
  • dual nom wit, wyt
  • dual gen uncer (twēga)
  • dual dat unc (bām)
  • dual acc unc
  • np we
  • gp ūre
  • dp ūs
  • ap ūsic, ūs


īdel (ȳdel) adj idle, vain, useless, empty, desolate

  • ns ȳdel
  • gs īdles
  • ds īdelum
  • as īdlan
  • np īdlan, idlu
  • on idel adv, in vain


idig (?) adj

greedy (?)

  • np idge


ieldra see:yldra


ierming (earming) m poor, wretched one

  • gp ierminga


īeðian (yðian)

WII fluctuate

  • ptc ieðegende


iggað (īgað, īgeoþ, īgott) m

eyot, small island

  • ds igeoðe
  • as iggað


īg-lond

n island

  • ds iglande
  • as igland
  • np igland
  • gp -landa


ilca (ylca) pron the same

  • ns ylca, ilce
  • gs ilcan
  • ds ilcan
  • as ilcan, ilce
  • is ilcan, ylcan


Ilfing the Elbing



in prep w acc dat; adv in, into


in-bryrdnis f inspiration, ardor

  • as -nisse, -nesse


inca m scruple, offence, ill-will

  • ds incan



incer dual poss pron of you two

  • as incre


in-cund adj inward

  • ds incundan


in-dryhten adj very noble


in-dryhto f honor, glory


in-fær n entrance


in-ge-hīd (-hygd) f thought, purpose



in-ge-ðonc m n thought, mind

  • is -ðonce


in-gong

m entrance

  • gs -ganges
  • ds -gonge
  • as -gong


in-gongan R go in

  • ptc -gongende


innan

  1. prep (w dat, acc) in, within
  2. adv


innan-bordes (gen) adv within borders, at home


inne adv

within, inside, in


intinga m cause, sake, occasion


in-tō [(cf. in and tō)] prep (w dat and acc)

into, to, against


in-weard adj inward, earnest; adv within

  • ds -weardre


in-weardlīce adv inwardly, deeply


in-wit (in-wid) n guile, wickedness


in-wit (in-widd) adj hateful, malign

  • ns inwitta


īo

see:gio


īowan (ēowan, īewan) WI show, expound


īra-land (īr-land) n

  1. Ireland
    • ds Irlande
  2. (probably an error for Iceland)



īren (īsen, īsern) n iron


irnan see:yrnan


is see:beon


īs n ice

  • ds īse


īsen (ȳsen, īsern, īren) adj iron, made of iron

  • ap ȳsenan


īu see:gīo


Iūdēas n pl the Jews


Iūdēisc adj Jewish

  • np Jūdēiscan



iugoð see:geogoð


iung see:geong


L


interj lo! behold!

  • hwæt lā
  • wēi lā wēi alas!


lāc n present, offering, sacrifice

  • ds lāce
  • as lāc
  • ap lāc

[cf. Mod wed-lock]


lācan (principal parts: 3 sg pres:leolc

pret sg:lēc pret pl:lēcon pp:lācen ) R leap, play, sport

  • 3 pl lācað


lǣce m leech, physician

  • ds lǣce
  • np lǣcas, lǣceas
  • ap lǣcas


lǣce-dōm m medicine, remedy


lācnian WII treat with medical skill, cure

  • 3 sg lācnað



lǣdan WI lead, conduct, bring

  • 2 sg lǣdest
  • 3 sg lǣt
  • opt 3 sg lǣde
  • pret 3 sg lǣdde
  • pret 3 pl -on


Lǣden (Leden, Lyden) adj Latin

  • ns Lēden
  • gs Lēdenes
  • ds Lǣdene, Lēdenum, Lēdene
  • as Lǣden, Lȳden


Lǣden-bōc (Lyden-)

f Latin book


Lǣden-ge-ðēode (-ðiode) n Latin language

  • gs -ðīodes
  • as -ðīode


Lǣden-ware pl m Latin people, Romans



lāf f remnant, remainder

  • daroða lāf leavings of darts, survivors of battle
  • gs lāfe inheritance
  • ds tō lāf remaining
  • as wyrmes lāfe
  • swoles lāfe: survival of the burning;
  • ādes lāfe
  • fȳres lāfe
  • dp hamora lāfum leavings of hammers, swords


lǣfan WI leave

  • pret 3 sg lǣfde
  • pret 3 pl -don


lagu (lago)

m sea, lake, water

[Ger Lache]


lagu-flōd m ocean-flood, sea

  • gp -floda


lagu-lād f ocean-way, sea

  • as -lade


lagu-strēam m ocean-stream, sea, river

  • np -strēamas


Lǣ-land n Laaland (Denmark)


lām m loam, clay

  • is lāme


lǣn n loan

  • ds lǣne

[Ger Lehen]


land see:lond


land-ār

f possessions in land

  • ap -āre


lǣne adj

granted as a loan, temporary, transitory, perishable

  • gs lǣnan
  • as lǣnne
  • np lǣne


lane (lone, lonu) f lane, street

  • ap lonan, lanan


Langa-land n Langeland (Denmark)


langian WII cause longing (impers w acc of pers)



langsum adj long, lasting a long time

  • gs -suman
  • ds -sumum


langung f longing, grief

  • ds -unga


lār f lore, teaching, learning, doctrine, advice

  • gs lāre
  • ds lāre
  • as lāre
  • ap lāra


lār-cwide

m precept, instruction


lǣran WI teach, advise, exhort

  • ger lǣranne
  • ptc lǣrende
  • 1 sg lǣre
  • 3 sg lǣrð, lǣreð
  • 3 pl lǣrað
  • opt 3 sg lǣre
  • pp lǣred, gelǣred


lārēow

m teacher

  • gs lārēowes
  • as lārēow
  • np lārēowas
  • gp lārēowa
  • ap lārēowas

[ON lēro, lēreo]



lārēow-dōm (lārīow-) m instruction

  • gs -dōmes, lārīow-
  • ds lārīowdōme
  • as -dom


lǣrig m edge, border (of a shield)


lǣs comp adv less

  • þe lǣs the less
  • þe lǣs conj lest (w opt)
  • þy lǣs conj lest (w opt)
  • þi lǣs conj lest (w opt)


lǣssa comp adj less

  • ns lǣsse
  • ds lǣssan
  • as lǣsse, lǣssan
  • supl lǣst
  • supl ns lǣsta; lǣsste


lǣst see:lǣssa


lāst m track, footprint

  • ds on lāste: behind
  • as on lāst lecgan: follow
  • ap lāstas lecgan: go


lǣtan (principal parts: 3 sg pres:leort pret sg:let pret pl:leton

pp:lǣten ) R let, allow, leave

  • 3 sg lǣt
  • 3 pl lǣtað (place)
  • imp 2 sg lǣt


late adv late, tardily, slowly


lāþ

n injury, misfortune

  • gs lāþes


lāð adj

loathly, hateful, hostile

  • ds lāðere
  • np lāðe
  • gp lāðra
  • comp as lādre


lāð-ge-nīðla m (hostile) persecutor, foe



lāð-līc adj loathsome

  • ns -līco


lǣðð (lǣððu)

f injury, offence, malice


lǣwede adj unlearned, lay

  • ds lǣwedan, -um (for -an)

[Mod lewd]


lēaf n leaf


lēaf-scead n

leafy shade

  • ds -sceade


leahtor m moral defect, offence, crime

  • ds leahtre
  • ap leahtras

[lēan: to blame]


lēan

m n reward, gift, favor

  • ds lēane
  • gp lēana

[Ger Lohn]



lēanian WII reward, recompense (w dat of pers and acc of thing)


lēas adj

  1. loose, free from, bereft of (w gen)
    • np lēase
  2. false, deceptive
    • ap lēase


lēasung f deception, falsehood

  • gs -unge
  • ap -unga


leccan

WI irrigate, lave

  • 3 pl leccaþ

[liccian: to lick]


lecgan

WI lay, put

  • imp 2 sg lege
  • opt 3 sg lecge
  • inf lāstas lecgan: go, journey
  • pret 3 pl on lāst legdon: follow (w dat)

[licgan]


lēfan

see:līefan


Lēga-ceaster f Chester


leger n

lying, illness

  • ds legere

[licgan]


lencten m

spring

  • ds lenctenne

[Mod lent]


lēo m

lion

  • as lēon

[Lat leo]



lēod

f

  1. a people, nation
    • ds lēode
  2. pl lēode (lēoda): people
    • np lēoda
    • ap lēoda

[Ger Leute]


lēod-bisceop m bishop (of a district)

  • np -bisceopas



lēod-fruma m first among a people, prince, king

  • as -fruman


lēod-scipe

m people, nation, country

  • ds -scipe


lēof adj

lief, pleasing, dear, beloved

  • gs lēofes
  • ds lēofan
  • as lēofne
  • np (voc) lēofan
  • comp ns lēofra, lēofre (or -ra)
  • supl ns lēofost
  • supl ns (voc) lēofusta
  • supl np (voc) lēofostan, -estan


lēoflīc adj pleasant


lēogan (principal parts: pret sg:lēag pret pl:lugon pp:logen ) 2 lie, utter falsely



leoht adj light, not heavy, easy

  • np leohte


lēoht

adj light, bright, clear

  • is lēohte


lēoht (lioht) n

light, brightness

  • gs lēohtes
  • ds līohte, lēohte
  • as lēoht


lēoht-fæt n lantern, lamp


leohtlīc adj light, of little weight or importance



lēoma m light, radiance, ray or beam of light

  • ap lēoman


leornere m learner, disciple, scholar

  • gs leorneres
  • np leorneras


leornian (liornian) WII learn

  • 3 pl leorniað
  • opt 3 sg leornige
  • opt 3 pl -en
  • pret 3 sg leornode, -ade, liornode
  • pret 3 pl -odon


leorning-cniht m disciple

  • ds -cnihte
  • np -cnihtas


leornung (liornung) f learning

  • gs -unge
  • ds liornunga, -unge
  • as liornunga


lēoð n

song

  • gs lēoðes
  • as lēoð
  • is lēoðe
  • np lēoð


lēoð-cræft m poetic skill or art



lēoþ-song n song, poem

  • gs -songes


leoðu-cræftig

adj skilful of limb


lētānia (lǣtānia) m f litany

  • dp lētānium
  • ap lētānias

[Lat litanīa]


Levita (Lauita) gp the Lapithae


libban (lybban, lifgan) WIII live

  • ptc lybbende, lyfigende
  • gs lifigendan
  • 3 sg leofað
  • 3 pl libbað, lifgað
  • opt 3 sg libbe, lybbe, lifge
  • pret 3 sg lifde, leofode
  • pret 3 pl leofodon


līc n

body, corpse

  • ds līce
  • as līc
  • ap līc

[Ger Leiche]


līcettan WI profess falsely, pretend

  • 3 sg licet



licgan (principal parts: pret sg:læg pret pl:lǣgon,lāgon pp:legen ) 5

  1. lie, lie dead
    • ptc licgende
    • 3 sg liþ, ligeð
    • 3 pl licgað
    • pret 2 sg lāge
    • pret 3 pl lāgon
  2. extend, run (of land and stream)
    • 3 sg lið
    • 3 pl licgað
    • pret opt 3 sg lǣge


līc-homa (-hama) m body

  • ns -hama
  • gs -haman
  • ds -homan
  • as lȳchaman

[Ger Leichnam]



līc-homlīc (-hamlīc) adj bodily

  • ds -līcre, līchamlīcere


līc-homlīce adv corporally


līcian WII like, please (w dat; personal and impersonal)

  • 3 sg līcað
  • 2 pl līciað
  • opt 3 sg līcige
  • opt 1 pl līcian
  • pret 3 sg līcode


līc-monn m pall-bearer

  • gp līc-manna
  • dp -mannum


līc-rest f

sepulchre

  • ds -reste


lid n ship

  • gs lides

[līðan]


līd-monn m sailor, pirate

  • np -men
  • gp -manna


līefan (līfan lēfan) WI

allow, permit

  • pret 1 pl lēfdon

[lēaf]


līf n

life

  • gs līfes
  • as līf


lifer

f liver

  • as lifre


līflīc adj

pertaining to life


līg (leg) m flame, fire

  • is līge

[Ger Lohe]



līg-bryne m burning of flames, burning


līg-þracu f violence of flames

  • ds -þræce


lihtan WI alight (from a horse)

  • pret 3 sg lihte


līhtan (lȳhtan) WI shine

  • 3 sg lȳhteð, līhteð

[lēoht]


lim n limb, bodily member

  • dp leomum
  • ap leomu


Limen f the Limen (river or estuary in Kent)

  • gs Limene


lind f (linden), shield

  • as linde
  • ap linde


Lindes-īg f Lindesey (dist in Lincolnshire)

  • ds -ige


Lindis-farn-ēa (-farena-ēa) f Lindisfarne Island, Lindisfarne


liss (<līðs)

f favor, delight

  • gp lissa


lītel see:lȳtel



līt-hwōn adv little


līðe adj mild, gentle

  • as līðne

[Ger gelinde; Mod lithe]


līxan WI shine, glitter

  • 3 sg līxeð
  • 3 pl līxað


locc m

lock (of hair)

  • ns loc
  • np loccas



lōcian WII look

  • ptc lōciende
  • imp 2 sg lōca
  • opt 3 sg lōcie
  • pret 3 sg lōcode, lōcude


lof m

praise, glory, song of praise

  • ds lofe
  • as lof

[Ger Lob]


lofian WII praise

  • 3 pl lofiað


lof-sang

m song of praise


lond (land) n land, country

  • ns land
  • gs londes
  • ds londe, lande
  • as land, lond
  • np land
  • gp londa


lond-wela m earthly possessions

  • ap -welan


long (lang) adj long

  • ns lang
  • ds langum
  • np lange
  • comp ns lengra


longe (lange) adv long

  • comp leng, lencg
  • supl lengest


longlīce (lang-) adv long


losian WII

be lost, escape

  • opt 3 sg losige
  • pret 3 sg losade


lot-wrenc

m deception, fraud, W Ile

  • ap -wrencas

[lūtan]


lūcan

(principal parts: pret sg:lēac pret pl:lucon pp:locen ) 2 lock, interlock, close up (trans and intrans)


lufian (lufigean)

WII love

  • 1 sg lufige
  • 3 sg lufað
  • imp 2 pl lufiað
  • pret 3 sg lufode
  • pret 1 pl lufodon
  • pp gelufod
  • pp as gelufedan


luflīce adv lovingly



luf-tȳme adj benevolent


lufu f love

  • ds lufan
  • as lufe


Lunden-burg f London

  • ds -byrg, byrig


lust m lust, desire, pleasure



lustlīce adv willingly


lyb-cræft m skill in the use of drugs and of poison

  • ds -cræfte


lyft m f n the air

  • ds under lyfte, under lyft, on lyfte: on high, aloft
  • is lyfte

[Ger Luft]


Lȳge f the Lea

  • ds Lȳgan


lyge-word n lying word, lie



lyre m loss

[lēosan]


lȳsan WI release, deliver

[lēas]



lystan WI list, cause pleasure or desire (impers w acc of pers and gen of thing)

  • pret 3 sg lyste



lȳt n little, small number, few


lytegian WII dissemble, feign



lȳtel (lītel) adj little, small

  • ds lītlum
  • as lȳtel, lȳtle
  • is lȳtle
  • ap lȳtle

see:(see lǣssa)


lȳtlian WII lessen, diminish

  • 3 sg lȳtlað


M


mā (mǣ) comp adv; also noun (adj) indecl more

  • þon mā þe any more than



mǣden (mægden) n maiden

  • gs mǣdenes
  • as mǣden



mǣg m kinsman

  • ns (son)
  • ds mǣge
  • np mǣgas, māgas
  • gp māga
  • dp mǣgum, māgum


magan PP may, be able

  • 1 sg mæg
  • 2 sg meaht
  • 3 sg mæg
  • 1 pl magon
  • 2 pl mage gē
  • opt 2 sg mæge
  • opt 1 pl mægen
  • pret 1 sg meahte
  • pret 3 sg meahte, mehte
  • pret 3 pl meahton, mehton, mihton
  • pret opt 3 sg meahte, mehte, mihte
  • pret opt 3 pl meahten


mægen n main, strength, might, valor, virtue

  • gs mægenes
  • ds mægne
  • as mægen
  • is mægene, mægne
  • dp (miracles)


mægen-þrymm m great strength, majesty, glory

  • gs -þrymmes
  • ds -þrymme


magister m master

[Lat]


mǣglīc

adj belonging to kinsmen


mago (magu) m son, man


mǣgð f

kin, tribe, province, nation

  • ds mǣgðe


mægð-hād m virginity, purity

  • gs -hādes
  • ds -hāde


magu-þegn m

kin vassal, retainer

  • np -þegnas


mǣl n time, occasion

  • ap mǣla

[cf. Mod meal]


mǣldan WI speak, announce

  • pret 3 sg mǣlde


mān n evil, sin

  • gs mānes

[cf. Ger mein-eid]


mǣnan WI mean, intend

  • pret 3 sg mǣnde


mancus m mancus (the eighth of a pound, the sum of thirty pence)

  • gp mancessa


mān-dǣd f evil deed

  • gp -dǣda
  • ap -dǣde


mān-fremmend ptc m evil-doer

  • dp -fremmendum


mānfullīce adv sinfully



manian (monian) WII

admonish, exhort, warn

  • ger manigenne
  • 1 sg manige
  • 3 sg manað
  • pret 3 sg manode, monade, manade
  • pp pl gemanode


manig see:monig



mænigeo see:menigu


manig-feald see:monig-feald



mann see:monn


manna m (?) manna

  • ds mannan

[Lat]


mann-cwealm m mortality, pestilence


māra

see:micel


mǣran WI make famous, glorify, honor

  • 3 pl mǣrað
  • pp gemǣred


mǣre adj famous, glorious

  • gs mǣres
  • as mǣran
  • np mǣre
  • supl ns mǣrost

[Goth -mers, Ger Märe, Märchen]


mǣrsian WII make famous, celebrate, glorify

  • 2 sg mǣrsast
  • 3 pl mǣrsiað


martyr m martyr

  • gp martyra

[Lat]


mǣrð f fame, glory, honor

  • gp mǣrða
  • ap mǣrþa (famous things)


Maser-feld m

Maserfeld, Oswestry

  • ds -felda


mæsse f

  1. mass
    • as mæssan
  2. festival day
    • ds mæssan

[L Lat missa]


mæsse-prēost m mass-priest

  • ds -prēoste
  • np -prēostas


mæsse-rēaf f

mass-robe

  • dp -rēafum


mǣst see:micel


mǣte adj intermediate, inferior

  • comp np mǣtran
  • supl np mǣtestan


mǣð f measure, degree, condition, fitness, right, honor

  • ds mǣðe


mæðel n popular assembly

  • ds mæðle



maþelian WII address, harangue, speak

  • pret 3 sg maþelode


mæðel-stede

m place of assembly, battle-field


māþþum-gyfa (māþum-) m giver of treasure, lord


māþum (māþþum) m

gift, treasure

  • gp māþma


see:ic


meagol adj mighty, emphatic

[magan]


meaht, meahte see:magan


meaht (miht) f might, power

  • as meaht
  • ap meahte, mihte


meahtig (mihtig, myhtig) adj mighty, powerful

  • ns myhtig, meahta


mearcian WII mark, represent, mark out, design

  • 3 sg mearcað
  • 3 pl -iað


mearh (mearg) m horse

  • ns mearg
  • ds mēare
  • as mēar


mearm-stan (marm-) m

marble-stone

  • ds -stane

[Lat marmor]


mearþ m

marten

  • gs mearðes


mec see:ic


mēce m sword

  • gp meca



mēd (meord) f meed, reward

  • gs mēde
  • as mēde, meorde (dial)


med-micel (-mycel) adj moderately great, limited, small

  • ds -miclum
  • as -mycel
  • dp -mycclum


medo (medu, meodo) m mead

  • ds meodo
  • as medo


medomlīce (medumlīce) adv

moderately, worthily


med-trymnes (trumnes) f infirmity, illness, disease

  • as -nesse


mele-dēaw m n honey-dew (?), mildew

  • gs dēawes



men see:monn


mengan WI mingle, mix, combine; disturb, lacerate

  • pret 3 sg mengde
  • pp gemenged
  • pp pl gemengde


menig

see:monig


menigu (meniu, menigeo, mænigeo) f multitude

  • ns menegu, menigeo, mænigeo
  • as menigu, mengu


mennisc n folk, race, people


mennisc

adj human

  • ns -isce
  • ds -iscum
  • ap -isce


menniscnes f human condition, incarnation

  • ds -nesse, -nisse, -nysse


meodo see:medo


meodu-heall (medu-) f mead-hall

  • ds -healle


meolc f milk



meord see:mēd


Mēore Möre (district in Sweden)


mēos n

moss

  • gs mēoses


Meotod see:Metod


Meran-tūn m Merton (Surrey)

  • ds -tūne


mere

m mere, lake, sea

  • ds mere
  • as mere
  • np meras

[Ger Meer]


mere-flōd m sea-flood, sea


Mere-tūn

m Merton (?), or Marden (?) (Wiltshire)

  • ds -tūne


Meres-īg f

Mersea (Essex)

  • as -īge


mergð see:myrgð


mētan WI meet, find

  • 3 pl mētað
  • pret 1 sg mētte
  • pret 3 pl -on


metan (principal parts: pret sg:mæt pret pl:mǣton pp:meten )

5 mete, measure, compare

  • ger metanne
  • 2 pl metað
  • pp gemeten


mete m meat, food

  • dp mettum


mete-liest (lȳst) f want of food

  • ds -līeste


metgian WII assign in due measure

  • 3 sg metgað



Metod (Meotod) m Creator, Lord

  • gs Meotodes, Metodes
  • ds Metode



met-trum (med-) adj infirm, ill

  • np -trume



mēðe adj weary

  • gp mēðra

[Ger müde]



micel (principal parts: pret sg:mycel pret pl:miccel pp:myccel ) great

  • ns mycel, micla
  • gs miclan, micelre
  • ds mycelum, micclum
  • as miclne, micle, mycele, micele, miccle
  • np micla
  • dp mycclum
  • ap mycele
  • is adv w comp micle much
  • comp māra, māre
  • comp as māran
  • comp ap māran
  • supl mǣst
  • supl as mǣst, mǣstan,mǣste
  • supl is mǣste
  • supl np mǣstan
  • supl gp mǣstra
  • adv miclum greatly


micelnes

greatness

  • gs -nesse


mid prep w dat instr acc; adv with, among (association, means, condition)

  • myd eallum altogether, entirely
  • mid ealle with all else, withal see:(see ealle)
  • mid þȳ when
  • mid þī
  • mid þȳ þe when
  • mid þām with that, thereupon
  • mid þām þæt from the fact that, because
  • mid þām þe when


midd adj middle

  • ds middre
  • as midde
  • supl np midmestan


middan-geard (-eard) m earth, world

  • gs -geardes, -eardes
  • as -geard
  • is -gearde


middan-geardlīc (-eardlīc) adj worldly

  • ap -eardlīce


middel adj middle

  • supl dp midlestan


middel (midel) n middle

  • ds midle


Middel-tūn m Milton Royal (Kent)

  • ds -tūne


midde-neaht (-niht) f midnight


midde-weard adj mid-ward, middle of


miht see:meaht


mihte see:magan


mīl

f mile

  • ds mīle
  • gp mīla

[Lat mīlia]



milde adj mild, merciful

  • ns milde
  • ds mildan
  • as mildne


mild-heort adj mild-hearted, merciful

  • ns -heorta
  • supl ns myldheortesta


mild-heortnis f

mild-heartedness, mercy

  • gs -nysse
  • ds -nesse
  • as -nysse, -nesse



milts f mercy

  • gs miltse
  • gp miltsa


miltsian WII show mercy, pity (w dat)

  • 3 sg miltsað
  • opt 3 sg miltsige
  • pret 3 sg miltsode


miltsung (mildsung) f mercy

  • gs -unge



mīn poss pron my, mine

  • gs mīnes
  • ds mīnum
  • is mīne
  • np mīne
  • mīnes ðonces adv by my will


mine m mind, purpose, remembrance, favor

  • as minne

[Goth muns; Ger Minne]


mirce (myrce) adj murky, dark, evil


miscian WII

mix, apportion

  • 3 sg miscað


mis-dǣd f misdeed

  • np -dǣda


mis-faran 6 go astray, transgress

  • 3 pl -farað


mislīc adj various

  • ap mislīce, misleca


missenlīc adj various

  • np -līce


mis-wendan WI pervert

  • pp pl miswende



mīðan (principal parts: pret sg:māð pret pl:miðon pp:miðen ) 1 conceal (w gen)

[Ger meiden]


mōd n mood, wind, courage, pride

  • gs mōdes
  • ds mōde
  • as mōd
  • is mōde
  • np mōd



mōd-cearig adj sorrowful of heart


mōdelīc adj proud, splendid

  • ap -līco


mōd-ge-þanc m purpose of mind



mōdig adj resolute brave, proud, haughty

  • ns mōdi
  • as mōdigan
  • np mōdige


mōdignis f pride, haughtiness

  • gs -nysse


mōdor (mōder) f mother

  • gs mēder
  • as mōdor
  • np mōdru


mōdrige f

maternal aunt

  • gs m_ddrian

[mōdor]


mōd-sefa m

mind, heart

  • as -sefan


mold-ærn n grave

  • ds -ærne


molde f mould, earth, land, world, country

  • gs moldan


mold-græf n grave


molsnian WII

moulder, decay

  • pp molsnad


mōna m moon

  • gs mōnan


mōnað m month

  • ds mōnðe
  • as mōnað
  • gp mōnða
  • ap mōnað
  • gs ??? mōnðas


mon-dryhten m liege lord



monig (manig, mænig, moni) adj many, many a

  • as manigne, monig
  • np monige, menige, manega
  • gp monigra
  • dp monegum, manegum, mænegum
  • ap manega



monig-feald (manig-, menig-, -fald) manifold, various

  • dp manig-, menig-


monig-fealdian

WII multiply

  • pp pl gemonigfealdode


monig-fealdlīc (manig-, menig-, -fald) adj

various

  • ns manigfaldlīc


monig-fealdlīce (menig-) adv in the plural number


monn (mon, mann, man) m man; (indef) one

  • ns mon, monn
  • gs monnes, mannes
  • ds men
  • as mon, monnan, mannan
  • np menn, men
  • gp monna
  • ap men


monn-cynn (mann-)

n mankind

  • gs -cynnes, mon-
  • as manncynn


mon-þwǣre adj gentle, gracious


mōr m moor

  • gs mōres
  • ds mōre
  • as mōr
  • ap mōras


morgen (mergen) m morning

  • ns mergen
  • ds on morgenne
  • as on mergen
  • on ōðerne mergen



morgen-tīd f morning-time


mōtan PP may, have opportunity, must

  • 2 sg mōst
  • 3 sg mōt
  • 1 pl mōton
  • opt 1 sg mōte
  • pret 3 pl mōston
  • pret opt 1 sg mōste
  • 3 pl mōston


mund f hand

[cf Ger Vor-mund]


munt m mountain

  • np muntas

[Lat mons]


munuc m monk

  • dp munecum

[Lat monachus]


munuc-hād m monkhood, monastic rank

  • gs -hādes
  • as -hād


munuclīc

adj monastic

  • ds -līcre, -līcan


munuclīce adv

monastically


munuc-līf n monastic life, monastery


murnan (principal parts: pret sg:mearn

pret pl:murnon pp:-- ) 3 mourn, have anxiety or fear (w prep for)


mūð m mouth

  • ds mūðe
  • as mūð


mūða

m mouth of a river, estuary

  • ds mūþan
  • on Lymene mūþan
  • on Temese mūþan


mycel see:micel


mylen-scearp adj ground sharp

  • dp -scearpum

[mylen /mill/]



myndgung f

admonition


mynegung f admonition

  • ds -unge


myngean (mynegian) II admonish, exhort

  • 1 sg myngie



mynster n

  1. monastery
    • ds mynstre
    • as mynster
    • ap mynstru
  2. minster, cathedral

[Lat monastērium]


mynsterlīc adj monastic

  • ap -līce



mynster-monn m monk

  • np -men


Myrce (Mierce, Merce)

m pl the Mercians, Mercia

  • gp Myrcena
  • dp Myrcon, Myrcan


myrcels m mark

  • ds mycelse

[mearc]


mȳre f mare

  • gs mȳran

[mearh]


myrgð (myrhð, mergð) f mirth, joy

  • ds mergðe, myrhðe


N


nā (nō) adv (adv conj) no, not, not at all, nor (usually strengthens ne)


næbban WIII not to have

  • 3 sg næfð, nafað
  • 2 pl nabbe gē
  • 3 pl nabbað
  • opt 3 pl næbben
  • nabbe gē
  • pret 3 sg næfde
  • 3 pl næfdon

[< ne habban]


nacod adj naked, bare

  • as nacedan
  • np nacode


nǣdre f

adder, serpent

  • gs nǣdran


næfde, næfdon see:næbban


nǣfre adv never


nafu f nave

  • ds nafe


nægel m nail

  • dp næglum


nægled-cnearr m nailed ship


nāh PP 1 sg have not

[< ne āh]


nāht see:nā-wiht


nā-hwǣr adv

nowhere, in no case


nā-hwæðer (nō-hwæðer, nāwðer, nōwðer, nāðer)

  1. pron neither
    • ns nāþer
    • as nōuðer
  2. Conj neither
    • nōhwæðer nē ... nē neither ... nor
    • nāwðer nē ... nē neither ... nor
    • nāuðer nē ... nē neither ... nor
    • nāþer nē ... nē neither ... nor


nālæs (nāles, nālles, nāls) adv not at all

[< nā ealles]


nama (noma) m

name

  • ds noman
  • as naman, noman
  • np naman


nān pron adj not one, none

  • gs nānes
  • ds nānum, nānre
  • as nǣnne, nāne

[< ne ān]


nǣnig

pron no one, none

  • gs nǣnges
  • as nǣnigne, nǣnig

[< ne ǣnig]



nān-wuht (-wiht) n nothing


nǣre, nǣron see:bēon



næs see:bēon


næs adv not, not at all


nāþer see:nā-hwæðer


nāuht see:nā-wiht


nā-wiht (nō-wiht, nāuht, nāht, nōht)

n not a whit, nought, nothing; (adv) not, not at all

  • ds nāuhte
  • as nāuht
  • nōht þon lǣs


nāwðer see:nā-hwæðer



ne adv not


adv conj and not, nor

  • nē ... nē neither ... nor


nēad see:nēod


nēah (nēh)

  1. near (adv) (of degree) nearly, almost
    • comp nēar
    • nēar and nēar nearer and nearer
  2. near (adv; prep w dat)
    • supl nȳhst, nēhst, nēhste, nēahst, nēaxst
    • 3 adj supl as nīehst
    • æt nēxtan next, finally


neaht

see:niht


nēa-lǣcan (-lēcan) WI draw near, approach (w dat)

  • inf -lēcan
  • 3 sg -lǣcþ
  • pret 3 sg -lǣcte, -lēhte


nēan

adv from near


nēar see:nēah


nearolīce adv

narrowly, accurately


nearwe adv narrowly, artfully


nēat [(cf nȳten)] n

neat, cattle

  • gp nēata


nēa-wist (-west) f being near, proximity, presence, neighborhood

  • ns -wist
  • ds -weste

[nēah, wesan]


nebb

n bill, beak


nēd see:nēod


nēd-ðearf see:nīed-ðearf



nēh see:nēah


nēh-mæg (nēah-) m near kinsman

  • gp -māga
  • dp -māgum


nemnan WI

name

  • 1 pl nemnað
  • pret 1 sg nemde
  • 3 sg nemnde
  • pp nemned, genemned
  • pl genemnode


nemne (nefne) conj

unless, except


nemþe (nimþe, nymþe) conj unless, except


nēo-bedd n bed for a corpse

[Goth naus]


nēod (nēad nīed nȳd nēd) f need, necessity, compulsion, force

  • is ??? nēde
  • is nēade necessarily


nēodlīce adv zealously

  • comp nēodlīcor

[nēod, /desire/]


neorxna-wong (neorxena-) m paradise

  • gs -wanges
  • ds -wange
  • as -wang, -wong, neorxena-

[ne wyrcan]



nēosung f visitation

  • as -unge



nēotan 2 enjoy, use, employ (w gen)

[Ger geniessen]


neoðan (niðan)

adv below, beneath, down


nergend m Savior (Christ, God)

  • gs -es

[nerian]


nest n nest

  • ds neste
  • as nest


nēten see:nȳten


nīed-be-ðearf

adj necessary

  • supl np nīedbeðearfosta


nīed-ðearf (nēd-) f

need, necessity

  • as nēdðearfe


nīeð-ðearf (nēd-) adj necessary

  • ns nēd-


nīg-hworfen (pp) adj newly converted

  • ds -hworfenum


nigon num nine

  • dat nigonum


nigoða num ninth

  • ds nigoðan


niht (neaht) f night: in reckoning time the equivalent of Mod /day/ (cf sennight, fortnight)

  • gs neahte, nihtes (adv masc form due to association with dæges)
  • ds neahte
  • gp nihta
  • ap nyht


niht-helm

m cover or shade of the night


niht-rest f night's rest, couch

  • as -reste


niht-scūa m shadow of night


niman (principal parts: pret sg:nōm,nam

pret pl:nōmon,nāmon pp:numen ) 4 take, sieze

  • 3 pl nimað
  • imp 2 sg nim
  • 2 pl nimað
  • pret 3 sg nam
  • 3 pl nāmon



Niniueisc adj Ninevitish

  • gs Niniueiscre


nioðo-weard adj beneath


nīpan (principal parts: pret sg:nāp pret pl:nipon pp:nipen )

1 grow dark

  • 3 sg nīpeð


nis see:beon



nīð m hatred, envy, malignity

  • gp nīða


niþera (niþerra) comp adj lower

  • ap niþeran


nīwan (nȳwan, nīwane, nīwe, nēowan, nēen)

adv newly, recently


nīwe (nȳwe, nēowe) adj new, fresh

  • as nȳwne
  • gp nīwena
  • ap nīwan


see:



nōht see:nā-wiht


nō-hwǣðer see:nā-hwǣðer



nolde, noldon see:nyllan


norð adv north, northwards, in the north

  • comp norðor
  • supl norþmest


norðan adv from the north

  • be norðan (prep w dat) north of


Norðerne adj Northern

  • ns Norðerna


norðe-weard adj northward

  • ds -weardum
  • as -weard


Norð-hymbre pl m the Northumbrians, Northumbria

  • gp -hymbra
  • dp -hymbron



Norð-hymbrisc adj

Northumbrian

  • ds -iscum


Norð-monn m Norwegian

  • np -men
  • gp -manna


norð-ryhte adv

northward


Norþ-sǣ f North Sea


Norþ-wēalas pl m the (North) Welsh, (North) Wales (as opposed to West Wales, i.e. Cornwall)



Norþ-wēal-cynn n the (North) Welsh

  • gs -cynnes


norð-weard adj northward

  • gs -weardes, adv
  • ds -weardum


Norðweg Norway


nos-þyrel n nostril

  • ap nosþirlu


notu f office, employment

  • ds note

[nēotan]


nōuðer see:nā-hwæðer


  1. adv, now
  2. conj, now that, since


nyllan (nillan) not to will, be unwilling

  • 1 sg nylle, nelle
  • 3 sg nele
  • 3 pl nyllað, nellað
  • pret 3 sg nolde
  • 1 pl noldon
  • pret opt 3 pl noldon

[<ne willan]


nytan (nitan) not to know

  • 1 sg nāt
  • 3 sg nāt
  • 2 pl nyton
  • opt 3 sg nyte
  • pret 3 sg nyste, nysse

[<ne witan]


nyten adj ignorant

  • np nytenan

[ne witan]


nȳten (nīeten, nēten, cf nēat) n neat, domestic animal, cattle, beast

  • ns nēten
  • ds nȳtene
  • gp nȳtena
  • ap nȳtenu


nytennis f ignorance

  • ds -nysse


nytlic adj useful, profitable

[Ger nützlich]


nyttnes (nytnes)

f use, benefit

  • gs -nesse, nytnisse


nyt-wyrðe adj

useful

  • supl np -wyrðoste


nyðer (niðer) adv down


nyðerlīc (niðerlīc) adj lovely


nȳwan, nȳwe see:niwan, niwe


O


ō, oo see:ā


of prep (w dat) of, from (place and material), from, among, concerning; adv off



of-āxian WII learn by asking

  • pret 3 sg ofāxode


ofer

prep (w acc) over, across, after, above, upon, superior to, contrary to, against

  • ofer bæc backwards [(cf under bæc)]



ōfer

m shore, bank

  • ds ōfre

[Ger Ufer]


ofer-cuman

4 overcome

  • pret 3 pl -cōmon


ofer-drīfan 1

overcome

  • ger -drȳfenne


ofer-ēaca m surplus

  • as -ēacan


ofer-fēran WI traverse



ofer-frēosan 2 freeze over

  • pp oferfroren


ofer-gietan

5 forget, disregard

  • opt 3 pl -gieton


ofer-gyldan WI

cover with gold, gild

  • pp np ofergyldan


ofer-hlīfian WII over-tower

  • 3 sg -hlīfað


ofer-mægen n over-mastering might

  • ds -mægne


ofer-mētto f pride

  • dp -mēttum


ofer-mōd n overweening courage, confidence

  • ds -mōde


ofer-mōdigian WII be proud, arrogate

  • 2 pl -mōdie
  • 3 pl -mōdigað


ofer-stīgan 1 rise above, surpass

  • pret 3 sg -stāh



ofer-swiðan WI overcome

  • inf -swȳðan
  • pret opt -swīðde
  • pp -swȳðed
  • pl -swīðde


ofer-winnan

3 overcome

  • pret 3 sg -wann


ofestlīce (ofostlīce, ofstlīce) adv

hastily, quickly


ofestum (ofstum) adv hastily, quickly

[*of-ēst]


ofett (ofet) n

fruit

[Ger Obst]


of-faran 6 overtake, intercept

  • pret 3 pl -fōron


offrian WII offer, sacrifice

  • pret 3 sg offrode
  • pp geoffrod

[Lat offerre]


offrung f offering, sacrifice

  • ds -unge


of-gān demand, seek, implore

  • opt 1 pl ofgān


of-giefan (-gifan, -gyfan) 5 give up, quit, desert

  • 3 sg -gīēfeð
  • pret 3 sg -geaf
  • 3 pl gēafon


of-hrēowan 2 pity (w gen)

  • pret 3 sg -hrēow


of-linnan 3 cease

  • pret 3 sg oflan


of-lystan WI fill with desire, please

  • pp oflyst


of-munan PP recollect

  • 3 sg ofman


of-scēotan 2 shoot down


of-sēon 5 see

  • pret 3 sg ofseah


of-settan WI beset, oppress, afflict

  • pp -sett
  • ap -settan


of-slēan (principal parts: pret sg:-slōg

pret pl:slōgon pp:-slægen ) 6 strike, slay

  • pret opt 3 sg slōge
  • pp -slegen
  • as -slægenne
  • np -slægene
  • gp -slægenra



of-stingan 3 stab to death

  • pret 3 sg -stang



oft adv often

  • comp oftor
  • supl oftost


of-þrysmian WII choke

  • 3 pl -þrysmiað

[þrosm, smoke, vapor]


ō-leccan WI subdue, flatter, soothe, please

  • opt 3 sg ōlecce

[leccan, moisten]


ombiht m servant

[Ger Amt]


on

prep (w dat instr acc) on, at, during, in, into, among, against (time, place, manner, circumstance, and condition)

  • on tū into two parts
  • on dæg
  • on niht
  • on riht adv, rightly
  • on ǣr adv, formerly
  • on uppan upon
  • on emulange along


on-ǣlan WI

kindle, set on fire, consume by fire

  • pp onǣled


on-bærnan WI kindle, inspire, incite

  • pp -bærned
  • pl -bærnde, -bærnede


on-bīdan (an-) (principal parts:

pret sg:-bād pret pl:-bidon pp:-biden ) 1

  1. abide, tarry
    • imp 2 sg onbīd
  2. await (w gen)


on-blōtan (principal parts: pret sg:blēot

pret pl:-blēoton pp:-blōten ) R sacrifice


on-bregdan 3 move, bow (intr)

  • 3 sg -brygdeð


on-bryrdan WI inspire, exalt

  • opt 3 sg onbryrde
  • pp onbryrd, onbryrded

[brord, prick, point]


on-bryrdnis

f inspiration, ardor

  • ds -nysse


on-byrigan (-byrgan) WI

taste (w gen)

  • pret 1 pl onbyrigdon


on-cnāwan (principal parts: pret sg:-cnēow

pret pl:-cnēowon pp:-cnāwen ) R recognize, acknowledge, understand, know

  • 1 sg oncnāwe
  • imp 2 sg oncnāw
  • opt 3 sg oncnāwe
  • 3 pl oncnāwon


on-cweðan

5 address, answer

  • pret 3 sg -cwæð


on-cyrran WI

turn

  • opt 3 pl oncyrron


ond (and) conj and


ondettan see:andettan


ond-git see:and-giet


on-drǣdan

(principal parts: 3 sg pres:-dreord pret sg:-drēd pret pl:-drēdon pp:-drǣden ) R fear (trans, and w reflex dat of pers and acc of thing)

  • ptc pl -drǣdendan
  • 2 sg -drǣtst
  • 3 sg -drǣt
  • 2 pl -drǣdað
  • imp 2 sg -drǣd
  • 2 pl -drǣdað
  • opt 3 sg -drǣde
  • pret 2 sg -drēde
  • 1 pl andrēdon



on-drynne adj

awful, exciting, reverence


ond-swarian WII answer

  • pret 3 sg -swarade, -ode, -ede
  • 3 pl -odon, -edon


ond-weard see:and-weard


on-emn (on-efn) prep (w dat)

near, alongside of


ōnettan WI (incite), hasten, be active

  • 3 sg ōnetteð
  • pret 3 sg ōnette

[*on-hātjan]


on-fægnian WII show gladness


on-feohtan

3 fight

  • ptc onfeohtende


on-findan 3

find, find out, discover, learn

  • pret 3 sg -funde
  • 3 pl -fundon
  • pret opt 3 pl -funden


on-fōn (principal parts: pret sg:-fēng pret pl:-fēngon pp:-fangen ) R receive (w gen, dat, acc)

  • ger onfōnne
  • 1 sg (w gen, partake) onfō
  • 3 pl onfōð
  • imp 2 sg onfōh
  • opt 2 sg onfō
  • 1 pl onfōn
  • 3 pl (w gen, stand sponsor)
  • as onfongne


on-foran prep (w acc) before (time)


on-gēan (an-gēan, on-gēn, agēn) prep (w dat and acc) towards, against; adv, opposite, in the opposite direction, back

  • eft ongēan back again



ongel-cynn see:Angel-cynn


ongel-þēod f the Anglian, English people or nation

  • ds -þēode


on-ge-mong (on-ge-mang, on-mang, a-mang) prep (w dat) among

  • onmang þām, amang þām adv, while


on-gietan (-gitan, -gȳtan) (principal parts: pret sg:-geat pret pl:-geaton pp:-gieten,-giten,-gyten ) 5

perceive, understand

  • inf ongeotan
  • ger -gitanne
  • 1 sg ongite
  • 2 sg ongitst
  • 3 sg ongit
  • 3 pl ongitað
  • imp 2 pl ongitað
  • opt 3 pl ongiten, ongyten
  • pret 3 sg onget
  • pret opt 3 pl ongēaten


on-ginn (an-ginn) n beginning

  • ns ongyn
  • ds onginne, anginne, angynne


on-ginnan (principal parts: pret sg:-gonn,-gann pret pl:-gunnon pp:-gunnen ) 3

begin, attempt

  • 3 sg onginð, onginneð
  • 3 pl -að
  • opt 3 pl onginnen
  • pret 3 sg ongan, ongon
  • ap -gunnenan


on-gyldan 3

repay, suffer the penalty for (w gen)

  • pret 3 pl onguldon



on-gytenes

f knowledge

  • gs ongytenesse


on-hǣtan WI

heat

  • pp onhǣted


on-hebban 6 raise up

  • pp pl onhafene


on-hlīdan 1 uncover, open, reveal

  • pp onhliden


on-hōn R hang

  • pp anhangen


on-hrēodan 2 adorn

  • pret 3 sg onhrēad


on-hyldan WI incline

  • pret 3 sg onhylde



on-lēohtan WI light up, illuminate

  • pret 3 sg onlēohte


on-līc (an-līc)

adj like similar (w dat)

  • ns anlīc
  • np -līce
  • supl ns -līcost


on-līce adv similarly

  • sumes onlīce somewhat like


on-līcnes (an-) f likeness, image

  • ns (voc) anlīcnes
  • ds -nisse, -nysse, -nesse
  • as -nesse


on-lūtan (principal parts:

pret sg:-lēat pret pl:-luton pp:-loten ) 2 bow, incline (intr)

[Mod lout]


on-lȳhtan

WI enlighten, illuminate

  • 3 sg onlȳht
  • pret 2 sg onlīhtest


on-mang see:on-ge-mong


on-middan prep (w dat) amid, at the middle of


on-munan

PP consider worthy of or entitled to (w acc of pers and gen of worth)

  • pret opt 3 pl onmunden


ono (one, eno)

interj lo! behold!

  • ono hwæt behold!


on-rīdan 1

ride (on a raid)

  • pret 3 pl onridon


on-sāwan R sow

  • pp onsāwen


on-scunian WII shun, avoid, detest, fear

  • ptc onscungend
  • pret 3 sg -scunede
  • 3 pl -scunedon
  • pret opt 3 sg -scunode


on-secgan WIII offer, sacrifice (trans)


on-sendan WI

send

  • opt 2 sg -sende


on-sīen (an-, -sīn, -sȳn) f appearance, face, sight, presence

  • ns ansȳn
  • ds ansīne
  • as onsīene, onsȳne, an-


on-sīgan (principal parts: pret sg:-sāh pret pl:-sigon pp:-sigen ) 1 descend

  • ptc ds onsīgendum


on-slǣpan R fall asleep, sleep

  • pret 3 sg -onslēp, onslēpte


on-springan 3 spring forth

  • 3 pl -springað


on-stāl m institution, supply


on-stellan WI place, establish, create

  • pret 3 sg onstealde


on-sund (an-sund) adj sound, whole, healthy

  • ns ansund
  • gs ansundan
  • np ansunde


on-sundnis (an-)

f soundness

  • ds ansundnysse



on-sȳn

f lack, deficiency

[sēon, 'sift']


on-tēon (principal parts: pret sg:-tēah pret pl:-tugon pp:-togen )

2 assume, take upon oneself

  • 3 pl ontēoð


on-tȳnan WI

open (trans and intr)

  • pret 3 sg ontȳnde
  • pp pl ontȳnede

[tūn]



on-ðrǣce (an-) adj dreadful

  • dp anðrǣcum


on-wæcnan WI awake

  • 3 sg onwæcneð


on-weald (an-, -wald)

m power, authority

  • ns anwald, onwald
  • gs anwealdes, -waldes
  • ds -walde
  • as -wald


on-wendan WI turn, change, amend, pervert, overturn, end (trans)

  • 3 sg -wendeð
  • imp 2 sg -wend
  • pret 3 sg -wende
  • pp -wended
  • pl -wende


on-wrēon 1

uncover, reveal

  • pp onwrigen


on-wrigennis f (uncovering) revelation

  • as -wrigenysse

[wrēon]


on-wunigan (-wunian) WII dwell, remain


on-wunung f habitation, dwelling

  • ds unge



on-ȳwan WI show, manifest

  • opt 2 sg onȳwe


open

adj open

  • as openan


openlīce adv

openly


ōr [(cf ord)] n beginning


ord n

  1. point, spear-point, spear
    • ds orde
  2. beginning
  3. front of an army, line of battle [(cf Lat acies)]


ord-fruma m beginning, author, chief


or-eald

adj very old

[Ger uralt]


orf n cattle

[weorf, weoruf]


organa f organ

  • gs organan

[Lat organum]


or-sorglīce adv without care or hindrance

  • comp orsorglīcor


or-sorh

adj free from care

  • comp np orsorgran
  • supl np orsorgoste


orþlan (oreþlan) WII breathe, aspire

[oroð]


or-þonc m skilful device or work


prep (w acc) up to, as far as, until (time and place)

  • oð ðe conj, until that, until,
  • oð ðæt conj, until that, until,
  • oð ðis conj, until that, until,
  • oð nū conj, until that, until,


oþ-beran 4 bear away

  • pret 3 sg -bær


oð-ēawian WI appear, become visible, show oneself

  • 3 sg -ēaweð


ōðer (ōðor) other, the other (one of two), another, the second, the next

  • ns ōðeru
  • gs ōðres
  • ds ōðrum, ōðre, ōðerre
  • as ōðer, ōðre, ōðerne
  • is ōðre
  • gp ōðerra
  • ns ōðer ... ōðer the one ... the other
  • ds ōðrum ... ōðrum the one ... the other
  • as ōðre ... ōðre, ōðer ... ōðer the one ... the other
  • is ōþre sīþe ... ōþre sīþe the one ... the other



oð-fæstan

WI set to (a task)

  • pp pl -fæste


oð-feallan R

fall off, decline

  • pp sg oðfeallenu


oð-flēogan 2 fly away

  • 3 sg -flēogeð


oð-rōwan R row away

  • pret 3 pl -reōwon


oð-scūfan 2 push away, move off, hasten (intr)

  • 3 sg -scūfeð


oð-standan 6 stand fixed

  • pret 3 sg -stōd


oððe conj or

  • oððe ... oððe either ... or


oð-windan 3 escape

  • pret 3 sg -wand



oð-witan (principal parts: pret sg:-wāt pret pl:-witon pp:-witen ) 1 reproach, lay to one's charge

  • pret 3 sg oðwāt

[Mod twit]


ō-wiht pron anything


P


pællen adj of purple

  • dp pællenum
  • ap pællene

[pæll <Lat pallium]


pallium m pallium

[Lat]



Panta m the Panta or Blackwater (Essex)

  • as Pantan


pāpa

m pope

  • gs pāpan

[Lat]


pāpan-hād

m papal dignity


papol-stān m pebble-stone

  • ap -stānas

[Lat papula]


paralysis f (?) paralysis

  • as paralysīn

[Gr Lat]


Paðmas Patmos


pēa (pāwa) m peacock

  • ds pēan

[Lat pāvo]


Pedride (Pedrede) the Parret (Somerset)

  • ds Pedredan


Peohtas pl m the Picts


pistol

m epistle, letter

[Lat epistola]


plega m play, festivity, pleasure

  • ds plegan


plegian WII

  1. play
  2. contend, fight
    • pret 3 pl plegodon


pleoh n

peril


plēolīc adj perilous, harmful

[pleoh]


port m

port, harbor

  • ds porte

[Lat portus]


post m

post

  • ds poste
  • as post

[Lat postis]


prass m (?) tumult (?), pomp (?)

  • ds prasse


prēost

m priest

  • np prēostas

[Lat presbyter]


prēost-hād

m priest-hood

  • gs -hādes


prica m

point, dot

  • ds prican



Pryfetes flōda m

Privet's flood, Privet (Hampshire)

  • ds -flōdan


pytt m pit

[Lat puteus]


R


racu f narrative, account, observation

  • as race


rād f ride, journey, raid

  • ds rāde
  • ap rāde


rǣd m rede, counsel, advice

  • ds rǣde
  • as rǣd


rǣdan

  1. counsel, advise, decide, R and W I
    • pret 3 sg rǣdde
    • 3 pl rǣddon
  2. read, explain, W I
    • ger rǣdenne
    • 3 sg rǣt
    • pret 3 pl rǣddon
    • pp gerǣd
    • pl gerǣdde


rǣd-bora m councillor

  • as -boran


rǣdiing f reading

  • gs -inge


radost see:hraðe


ræfnan WI

perform, undergo

[<*ar-æfnan]


rand m border, shield

  • ap randas


rāp m rope


rǣran WI

raise

[rīsan]


rārian WII cry, mourn

  • ptc rārigende


rǣsan WI rush, hasten

  • ptc rēsende
  • pret 3 sg rǣsde


raþe see:hraðe


rēad adj

red

  • ds rēadum
  • as rēad


Rēadingas

pl m Reading


rēaf n dress, armor


rēcan (rēccan) WI

reck, care (w gen)

  • 3 pl rēccað, rōhton


reccan (reccean) WI

narrate, tell, interpret

  • inf reccean
  • 2 sg recst
  • pret 2 sg reahtes
  • 3 sg rehte
  • 3 pl rehton


reccere m

ruler, teacher


rēc(c)elēas adj reckless, careless

  • np -lēase


regollīc adj according to rules, regular

  • dp regollecum



regollīce adv according to rules


reliquias ap relics

  • dp reliquium

[Lat]


rēn (regen) rain

  • gs rēnes


rēnian WII prepare

  • ger rēnigenne


rēn-scūr (regen-) m shower of rain

  • np -scūras



rēocan (principal parts: pret sg:rēac pret pl:rucon pp:rocen ) 2 reek, smoke

  • ptc as rēocendne


reord n speech, voice

  • is reorde



reordian WII speak

  • 3 pl reordiað
  • pret 3 sg reordade


rest f rest

  • ds reste


restan WI rest

  • imp 2 pl restað



reste-dæg m day of rest, sabbath


rēðe adj fierce, cruel

  • as rēðan


rīce adj powerful, of high rank and authority, rich

  • ns rīca
  • ds rīcan
  • gp rīcra
  • ap rīcan, rīce
  • comp as rīcran
  • supl ns rīcost
  • supl np rīcostan


rīce n kingdom, sovereignty, authority

  • gs rīces
  • ds rīce


ricene (ricone, rycene, recene) adv quickly, hastily, instantly


rīclīce adv

powerfully


rīcsian (rīxian) WII rule, reign

  • 3 sg rīxað
  • 3 pl rīcsiað
  • pret 3 sg rīcsode, rīxode
  • 3 pl rīcsedon


rīdan

(principal parts: pret sg:rād pret pl:ridon pp:riden ) 1 ride


ridda m

rider


riht (ryht) adj right, just, correct

  • as rihte
  • comp ns rihtre


riht (ryht) n right

  • as on riht, aright, rightly


rihte (ryhte) adv rightly, justly

  • ðǣr rihte thereupon, straightaway


riht-fremmende (ryht-) (ptc) adj right-doing, righteous


riht-ge-lȳfed (-lēfed) (pp) adj having the right faith, right-believing

  • ap -lēfedan


rihtlic adj right


rihtlice (ryht-)

adv rightly


riht-norþan-wind (ryht-) m direct north wind

  • gs -windes


rihtwīs adj righteous

  • ns -wīse


rīman WI count, number

  • pret 3 sg -rīmde

[Mod rime]


rīnan rain

  • opt 3 sg rīne


rinc

m man, warrior

  • gs rinces


rip (ryp) n

reaping, harvest

  • gs ripes, rypes


rīxian see:rīcsian


rōd f rood, cross

  • gs rōde (cf rōde-tācn)
  • ds rōde
  • as rōde


rōde-hengen f crucifixion

  • ds -hengene


rōde-tācn (-tācen) n sign of the cross (in many cases not a compound)

  • ds -tācne
  • as rōdetācn, rōde tācn, tācn þǣre rōde, ǣnre rōde tācn, þysee rōde tācen


rodor m sky, heavens

  • as rodor


Rōmāna gp m Romans, Rome

  • Rōmāna rīce



Rōmāna-burh f city of Rome

  • ds -byrig



Rōmānisc adj Roman

  • np -lace, -lacan


Rōme ds city of Rome


romm m ram

  • as rom
  • gs rommes


rōse f rose


rotian WII rot

  • 3 sg rotað



rōtlice adv cheerfully


rūm adj roomy, spacious

  • np rūme


rūm-mōd adj magnanimous, bountiful, liberal

  • np -mōde


rūn f (rune), secret meditation

  • ds rūne


rycene see:ricene


rȳmet n room, space


S


m f sea

  • gs sǣs, sǣwe, sǣ
  • ds
  • as


sācerd m priest

  • gp sācerda

[Lat sacerdos]


sacu f strife, war, battle

  • ds sæcce

[sacan]


sǣd n seed

  • gp sǣda


sæd adj sad, sated with, weary of (w gen)

[Ger satt]



sǣdere m sower


Sǣfern f the Severn

  • gs Sǣferne
  • ds Sǣferne, Sǣfern


sǣgan WI

cause to sink, settle

  • pp sǣged

[sīgan]


sāgol m

club, staff, pole

  • np sāglas


sǣ-grund m sea-bottom


sǣl m f

  1. prosperity, happiness, joy
  2. time, occasion
    • ds sǣle
    • as sǣl

[cf ge sǣlig]


sǣlan

WI bind

[sāl; Ger Seil]


sǣ-lida m sea-farer, pirate

  • as -lidan


salowig-pād (saluwig-, salu-) adj having a dark, dusky coat (of a rave)

  • as -pādan


sǣlð f happiness, blessing

  • gp sǣlða


sam conj sam ... sam, whether ... or


same adv similarly

  • swǣ same in like manner


samod see:somod


sǣ-monn

m sea-man

  • np -men
  • dp -mannum


sām-worht pp adj half-wrought, unfinished

[cf Lat semi-]


sanct m saint

[Lat sanctus]



sand f

  1. mission
    • as sande
  2. service (of food), course, repast
    • ds sande

[sendan]


sār adj sore, grievous

  • np sāre



sār m soreness, disease, pain

  • ds sāre


sārig

adj sorry, sad



sǣ-rima m sea-shore, coast

  • ds -rīman


sǣ-rinc m sea-man, pirate


sārlīc adj

sorrowful, sad

  • ds -līcre


sārnis f affliction, distress, suffering

  • ns sārnys
  • ds -nysse


sār-wracu f

sorrowful, persecution or tribulation

  • ds -wræce


sǣ-strand m sea-strand

  • ds -strande


Sātanas (Sātan) m Satan

  • ds Sātanase, Sātane

[Lat Satana, Satan]


sāwan (sǣwan) (principal parts: pret sg:sēow pret pl:sēowon pp:sāwen )

R sow

  • ger sāwenne
  • 3 sg sǣwð
  • pp gesāwen
  • pl gesāwene


sāwol (sāwl) f soul

  • ns sāwel, sāwl
  • gs sāwle
  • ds sāule
  • as sāule, sāwle
  • np sāula, sāwla
  • gp sāwla


scafan

(principal parts: pret sg:scōf pret pl:scōfon pp:scafen ) 6 shave, scrape


scanca m

shank, leg

  • np scancan


scand (sceand, scond, sceond) f shame

[Ger Schande]



sceadu (scead, n) f shadow, shade

  • ds sceade, scade
  • ap sceadu


sceaft m shaft


scealc m

servant, man, rogue

  • np scealcas

[Ger Schalk; cf Mod marshal]


sceamian (scomian) WII

shame (impers w acc of pers and gen of thing)

  • 3 sg scomað


seamu (scamu, scomu, sceomu) f

shame, dishonor

  • ds sceame, scome


scēap n sheep

  • gp scēapa
  • ap scēap


sceard adj

(broken), bereft of (w gen)

[Mod shard]


scearplīce adv sharply, quickly


scearpnis

f sharpness

  • as -nysse


scēat m

corner, lap; district or quarter (of the earth)

  • gp scēata

[Ger Schooss]


sceatt m

money, treasure, payment, tribute

[cf Mod scot-free]


scēað (scǣð) f sheath

  • ds scēaðe


sceaða m enemy, fiend, criminal

  • gs sceaðan

[sceððan]



scēawian WII see, behold, examine (trans)

  • ger scēawigenne
  • ptc scēawigende
  • 3 pl scēawiað
  • imp 2 sg scēawa
  • opt 3 sg scēawige


scēawung f seeing, surveying

  • ds -unge


Scēo-burh f Shoebury (Essex)

  • ds -byrig


sceocca (scucca) m evil spirit, demon, devil

  • gp scuccena
  • ap sceoccan

[scēoh; cf Mod shy]



sceorian WI refuse

  • pret 3 sg sceorede


scēotan (principal parts: pret sg:scēat pret pl:scuton pp:scoten ) 2

  1. shoot (trans and intr)
  2. push, thrust (trans)
    • imp 2 pl scēotað


sceppend see:slieppend


sceððan (principal parts:

pret sg:scōd,scēod pret pl:scōdon,scēodon pp:scaðen ) 6 scathe, injure (w dat)

  • 3 sg sceðeð


scieppan (scippan, scyppan, sceppan) (principal parts: pret sg:scōp,sceōp pret pl:scōpon,scēopon pp:scepen,sceapen ) 6 create

  • pret 3 sg scēop


scieppend (scippend, scyppend, sceppend) m creator

  • ns scippend, scyppend
  • gs scyppendes
  • ds sceppende
  • as scyppend


scildan WI shield, protect

  • pret 3 sg scilde


scīnan (principal parts: pret sg:scān pret pl:scinon pp:scinene ) 1 shine

  • ptc scīnende
  • 3 sg scīneð, scȳneð
  • opt 2 pl scīnon
  • 3 pl scīnen


scip (scyp) n ship

  • gs scipes
  • ds scipe, scype
  • as scip
  • np scipu
  • gp scipa
  • ap scipu, scypu, scypa


scipen (scypen, scepen) n stall, shed for cattle

  • ds scipene

[cf Mod shop; Ger Schuppen]


scip-flota m sailor, sea-man

  • np -flotan


scip-here m fleet, squadron


scippend see:scieppend



scip-rāp m ship-rope, cable

  • ap -rāpas


scīr adj sheer, bright, clear


scīr f shire, district, division

  • gs scīre
  • ds scīre (military division)
  • as scīre


Sciringes-hēal

m Sciringesheal (Norway)

  • ds -hēale
  • as -hēal


scīr-monn m shire-man

  • np -men


scofettan

WI shove, push (trans)

  • 3 sg scofett


scolu

f shoal, multitude


scomian see:sceamian


scomu see:sceamu



Scōn-ēg f Skaane (southernmost district of the Scandinavian peninsula)


scop-ge-reord (sceop-) n language of poetry

  • ds -reorde


scortlīce (sceortlīce) adv shortly, briefly



Scottas (Sceottas) m pl the Scots

  • gp Scotta


scrīn

n shrine, chest

  • ds scrīne

[Lat scrīnium]


scrūd

n shroud; garment, clothing


scucca see:sceocca


scūfan (principal parts: pret sg:scēaf

pret pl:scufon pp:scofen ) 2 shove, push (intr)



sculan (sceolan) PP

shall, ought, be necessary

  • 1 sg sceal
  • 2 sg scealt
  • 3 sg sceall
  • 1 pl sculon
  • 2 pl sceole [gē]
  • 3 pl sculon (without inf)
  • opt 3 sg scyle
  • pret 3 sg sceolde [(according to report; cf Ger sollte)]
  • 3 pl sceoldon, scoldon
  • pret opt 3 sg sceolde
  • 1 pl sceoldon
  • 3 pl sceolden, scolden


scūr m

shower


scyld (scield, scild) m shield, protection; portion of a bird's plumage

  • ds scylde
  • as scyld
  • ap scyldas


scyld f guilt, offense, sin

  • gs scylde
  • gp scylda
  • ap scylda

[sculan; Ger Schuld]



scyld-burh f shield-defense; phalanx


scyldig adj guilty

  • ds scyldgan


scyld-wyrcende ptc adj evil-doing, sinful



scyll (scell) f shell, scale

  • ds scylle


scyndan

WI hasten (intr)

  • ptc scyndende


scȳne (scīene)

adj sheen, bright, beautiful

[Ger schōn]


scyppend see:scieppend


scyttel (scyttels)

m shot, missile; bolt, bar

  • ap acyttelas, scyttelsas

[scēotan]


Scyttisc

adj Scottish

  • as Scyttysc


sē (sēo, þæt) dem pron; def art

this, that, the (he, she, it)

  • m ns
  • m gs þæs
  • m ds ðǣm, þām
  • m as þone
  • f ns sēo, sīo
  • f gs þǣre
  • f ds þǣre
  • f as þā
  • n ns þæt
  • n gs þæs
  • n ds þām
  • n as þæt
  • n is (m and n) ðȳ (ðī, ðig, ðē, ðon)
  • np þā
  • gp þāra (þǣra)
  • dp ðǣm (ðām)
  • ap ðā
  • gs ðæs adv from that point of time, afterwards
  • ðæs ðe from the time that; with what; according to what, as far as, as
  • ðæs for this cause
  • tō ðæs to that extent or degree
  • is (w comp) þȳ sweotolor the more clearly
  • þȳ ... þȳ
  • þē lǣs lest
  • þon mā þē any more than
  • tō ðon to that degree
  • be þȳ hereby

[All forms are frequent as antecedents to the relative particle ðe, thus forming the usual relative pron; the particle is sometimes omitted. See further: be, for lǣs, mid, tō]


sealm m psalm

  • ap sealmas

[Lat psalmus]


sealm-scop m psalmist



sealt adj salt

  • ap sealte


Seal-sudu

m Selwood Forest (Wessex)

  • ds -wudu


searolice adv

artistically


searu (searo) n art, trick, snare

  • ap (or as) searo
  • dp searwum, adv, skilfully


Seaxe m pl Saxons, Saxony


sēcan WI

seek, strive after

  • ger sēceanne
  • ptc sēcende
  • 3 sg sēcð
  • 3 pl sēcað
  • tō him sēcað seek to them for
  • pret 1 sg sōhte


secg m man, warrior

  • gp secga
  • ap secgas


secgan (secgean) WIII say, utter, tell, discuss

  • inf secggan, secggean
  • 1 sg secge
  • 2 sg sægst
  • 3 sg segð (impers), segeð
  • 3 pl secgað
  • imp 2 sg saga, sege
  • pret 1 sg sægde, sǣde
  • 3 sg sægde, sǣde
  • 3 pl sægdon, sǣdon


sefa

m mind, mood, spirit

  • as sefan


sēfte adj

soft, pleasant

  • as sēftne
  • comp as sēftran


segel

m n sail

  • ds segle


segen (segn) m n

sign, ensign, mark, token

[Lat sīgnum]


seglian WII sail

  • pret 3 sg seglode


segnian (sēnian) WII make the sign of the cross, cross oneself

  • ptc segniende


seldan (seldon) adv seldom


seld-cūð adj seldom known, unusual, rare

  • gs -cūðan


sele m hall

[Ger Saal]


sele-drēam m joy of the hall, revelry, festivity

  • np -drēamas


sele-secg

m hero of the hall, retainer

  • ap -secgas


self (seolf, sielf, silf, sylf) pron; adj

self, selfsame

  • ns selfa, self, silf
  • gs seolfes
  • ds selfum, selfre, seolfum, sylfum
  • as seolfne
  • np selfe, selfan, seolfan


selflīce n

pride, vanity (=adj, selfish, vain, puffed up)


self-willes (sylf-) (gen) adv voluntarily


sēlla comp adj better

  • ns selle
  • supl ns sēlest
  • supl np sēlestan
  • supl gp sēlestena


sellan (syllan) WI sell, give, yield

  • inf syllan
  • ptc syllende
  • 3 sg seleð, silð, sylð
  • imp 2 sg sele, syle
  • 2 pl sellað
  • opt 3 sg selle
  • pret 3 sg sealde
  • 3 pl sealdon
  • pret opt 3 sg sealde
  • pp geseald



sellic adj seldom, choice, wonderful

[<seld-līc]


sēllīc adj better, superior

  • as sēllīcran


sendan WI send

  • 3 sg sent
  • imp 2 sg send
  • pret 3 pl sendon
  • pp sended, send


senep m n mustard

  • gs senepes

[Lat sināpi; Ger Senf]


sēo see:


sēoc (sīoc) adj

sick

  • ns sīoca
  • as sīocne


seofon (syfen, syfan)

num seven

  • np seofone


seofon-feald adj

seven-fold

  • ap -fealde


seofoða num seventh

  • as seofoðe


seolfor n silver

  • ds seolfre
  • as seolfor


seolh (siolh) m seal

  • gs sēoles, sīoles


seomian WII tarry, abide, continue (intr)

  • 3 sg seomað


sēon (principal parts: pret sg:seah pret pl:sāwon,sǣgon pp:sewen,sawen )

5 see, look

  • ger sēonne


seonað m

synod, assembly

[Lat synodus]


set n seat, entrenchment


setl n

seat, throne

  • gs setles
  • ds setle
  • as setl


settan WI

  1. set, place
    • pret 2 sg settest
    • 3 sg sette
  2. compose, write
    • pret 3 pl setton

[sittan]


si, sīe, sig see:bēon


sibb

f relationship, friendship, peace

  • ns sib
  • gs sibbe
  • as sibbe
  • gp sibba

[Ger Sippe]


sib-ge-dryht f

peaceful host


siblīc adj peaceable

  • ap siblecan


sibling m relative


siccetung f sighing, sigh

  • as -unge


Sicilia-land n Sicily

  • ds -lande


sicol m sickle


sīd adj

wide, extensive

  • as sīdne, sīde, sīdan

[cf Mod side]


sīde adv

widely


sīde f side

  • ds sīdan


sido see:siodu


sīd-weg m wide way



siendon see:bēon


sīgan (principal parts: pret sg:sāg,sāh pret pl:sigon pp:sigen ) 1

sink, settle down, approach

  • 3 pl sīgað
  • pret 3 sg sāh

[sēon, sift]


sige m victory


Sigen f the Seine

  • ds Sigene


sige-wong m plain of victory



siglan

WI sail

  • pret 3 sg siglde


sigor n m

victory

  • gp sigora


sigor-fæst adj victorious


sigor-lēan m reward of victory


Sillende Zealand


simle

see:symble


sīn reflex poss pron his


sin, sind, sindon see:bēon



sinc n treasure

  • gs sinces
  • as sinc


sin-caldu f perpetual cold

[symble; cf Ger Singrün]



sinc-gyfa m giver of treasure, lord


sinc-þegu f receiving of treasure

  • as -þege

[þicgan]


sin-drēam m everlasting joy


sin-gāl

adj constant, continual

  • ds -gālan


sin-gāllīce adv

continually


singan (principal parts: pret sg:song pret pl:sungon pp:sungen ) 3 sing, compose poetry

  • ptc singende
  • imp 2 sg sing


sīoc see:sēoc



siodu (siodo, sido) m custom, morals

  • ns sido
  • as (or ap) siodo

[Ger Sitte]


siolh see:seolh


sittan

(principal parts: pret sg:sæt pret pl:sǣton pp:seten ) 5 sit, take one's position, remain

  • ptc sittende
  • 3 sg sit
  • imp 2 pl sittað
  • opt 2 sg sitte


sīð comp adv later

  • sīð and ǣr

[Ger seit]



sīð m

  1. journey, going, motion
    • gs sīðes
    • ds sīðe
    • as sīð
    • is sīðe
  2. time, occasion
    • ōðre sīðe ... ōðre sīðe on one occasion ... on another

[sendan]


siðe-mest supl adj

latest, last

  • ns -mesða (dial)


sīð-fæt m journey


siðian WII travel, go (intr)

  • opt 1 sg siðie
  • pret 3 sg sīðode
  • 3 pl -edon


siððan (syððan, seoððan < sīððon, syþþan) adv (conj)

since, after, that, afterwards, when


slǣp m sleep

  • ds slǣpe
  • on slǣpe


slǣpan (slāpan) (principal parts: pret sg:slēp pret pl:slēpon pp:slǣpen )

R sleep

  • ptc slǣpende, slāpende
  • 3 sg slǣpð
  • opt 3 sg slāpe


slēan (principal parts: pret sg:slōh,slōg pret pl:slōgon pp:slagen,slægen,slegen ) 6

  1. strike, smite, slay
    • imp 2 sg sleah
    • pret opt 3 sg slōge
    • pp geslægen, geslegen
    • sg geslagena (smite wth an affliction)
  2. construct



slege m stroke, blow, slaughter, death

  • ds slege

[slēan]


sliht (slieht) m slaughter, destruction

  • ds slihte

[slēan]


slītan (principal parts: pret sg:slāt pret pl:sliton pp:sliten ) 1 slit, tear (trans)


slīþen (slīþe) adj perilous, grim


smæl adj small, narrow

  • comp ns smælre
  • supl ns smalost


smēagan (smēan) WIII

think, reflect upon, consider (trans and intr)

  • 3 sg smēað
  • 3 pl smēagað
  • opt 3 sg smēage
  • pret 3 sg smēade


smēaung (smēagung) f contemplation, reflection

  • ds -unga


smið m smith

  • gp smiða


smiððe f smithy

  • ds smiððan


smolt adj mild, peaceable


smylte adj mild, tranquil, peaceable

  • ds smyltre
  • is smylte

[smolt]



smyltnes f smoothness, quiet, calm

[smolt]


smyrian (smerian, smyrwan) WI anoint

[smeoru]



snāw m snow


snell adj quick, active, keen, bold

  • ns snel
  • np snelle

[Ger schnell]


sniðan

(principal parts: pret sg:snāð pret pl:snidon pp:sniden ) 1 cut

[Ger schneiden]


snīwan

WI snow

  • opt 3 sg snīwe


snotor (snottor) adj

discerning, wise

  • ns snottor
  • np snottre


snūde

adv quickly

[Ger schleunig]


snytro (snyttru) f discernment, wisdom

[snotor]


snyttru-cræft m discerning skill or might


sōfte adv softly, easily, pleasantly

  • comp sōftor


solor (solere) m soler, upper floor or chamber

  • ds solore, solere

[Lat sōlārium; Ger Söller]


somnian WII

  1. collect, gather together (trans)
    • 3 sg somnað
  2. assemble (intr)
    • 3 sg (for 3 pl ?) somnað

[Ger sammeln]


somnunga (semninga) suddenly, forthwith


somod (samod)

adv together

  • somod ætgædere


sōn m sound

  • gs sōnes

[Lat sonus]


sōna adv soon



song (sang) m n song, poem

  • gs songes
  • is songe
  • np song


song-cræft m art of song and poetry


sorg (sorh) f sorrow

  • ns sorh
  • ds sorge



sorg-full adv sorrowful

  • comp ap -fulran


sōð adj sooth, true

  • gs sōðan
  • np sōðe
  • ds tō sōðe, adv, in truth, truly
  • dp tō sōðon


sōð-cyning m true King, God


sōð-fæst adj true, faithful



sōþ-fæstnis f truth

  • gs -nysse


sōðlice

adv verily, truly, indeed


spæc see:sprecan


spāca m

spoke

  • gs spācan
  • np spācan


spǣtan

WI spit

  • pret 3 pl spǣtton


spearca m

spark

  • as spearcan


spearwa m sparrow


spēd f speed, success, riches, power

  • as spēd
  • np spēda


spēdan WI accede (w dat)

  • 2 pl spēdað

[spēd]


spēdig adj prosperous, rich, powerful


spel-boda

m messenger

[bēodan]


spell n saying, story, narrative, message

  • gs spelle
  • as spell
  • np spell
  • gp spella


spere n spear

  • ap speru


spillan WI spill, destroy


splott n splotch, blot, spot


spor n track, footprint

  • ds spore

[Ger Spur]


spōwan (principal parts: pret sg:spēow pret pl:spēowan pp:spōwen ) R succeed (impers w dat)

[cf Ger sputen]



sprǣc f speech, language, saying, discourse

  • gs sprǣce
  • as sprǣce
  • ap sprǣca


sprecan (specan) (principal parts: pret sg:spræc pret pl:sprǣcon

pp:sprecen ) 5 speak

  • ptc sprecende
  • 3 sg spricð, spriceð, sprecð
  • pret 3 sg spæc
  • 3 pl sprǣcan


sprengan WI

fly into pieces, burst, break (intr)

  • pret 3 sg sprengde

[springan]


springan

(principal parts: pret sg:sprong pret pl:sprungon pp:sprungen ) 3 spring (intr)

  • pret 3 sg sprang


spyrian (spyrigean) WI; W II follow, search, inquire (intr)

  • inf spyrigean
  • 3 pl spyriað

[spor]


staca m stake

  • ds stacan


stæde-fæst see:stede-fæst



stæf m staff, rod; letter, writing

  • ds stafe

[cf Ger Buchstabe]



stæl-here m predatory, marauding army or band

  • dp -hergum


stæl-hrān

m decoy-reindeer

  • np -hrānas



stæl-wyrðe

adj stalwart, serviceable


stān m stone, rock

  • ds stāne
  • np stānas


stān-clif n stony cliff

  • np -clifu


standan see:stondan


stǣnen adj

of stone

  • ns stǣnene
  • ds stænenne
  • ap stǣnene

[stān]


stān-hleoþ (hlīþ) n stony declivity, cliff

  • ap -hleoþu


stān-scylig adj stone-shelly, stony

  • ap -scyligean

[scyll]



stæp-mǣlum (dp) adv step by step


stǣr n story, history, narrative

  • gs stǣres
  • as stǣr

[Lat historia]


stæð

n shore

  • ds stæðe, staþe

[standan; Ger Gestade]


staðelian

WII establish

  • pret 3 sg staðelode

[staðol, foundation]


stēap

adj steep, lofty, precipitous

  • as stēape


stearc adj

stark, strong


stēda m steed, stallion

  • as stēdan


stede m stead, place


stede-fæst (stæde-) adj steadfast

  • np -fæste, stæde-


stefn (stemn) f

  1. voice, sound
    • ds stefne, stemne
    • is stefne
  2. m, summons, term of military service
    • as stemn

[Ger Stimme]


stefn (stæfn) m stem, prow of a ship

  • ds stefne


stemn see:stefn



stemnettan WI stem, resist, stand firm (intr)

  • pret 3 pl stemnetton



stenc m stench, odor, fragrance

  • as stenc


steng

m stang, pole, rod, bar

  • ap stengas

[stingan]


stēor-bord

n starboard, right side of a ship


stēor-rēþra m steersman

  • ds -rēþran


steort m tail

  • ds steorte

[cf Mod start]



steppan (stæppan) (principal parts: pret sg:stōp pret pl:stōpon pp:stapen ) 6 step, advance, go


stician WII

  1. stick, stab (trans)
    • pp gesticod
  2. stick, remain (intr)
    • 3 pl sticiað


stīgan (principal parts: pret sg:stāg,stāh pret pl:stigon pp:stigen ) 1 ascend, rise, spring up

  • 3 sg stīgeð
  • opt 3 sg stigge

[cf Mod sty]


stihtan WI

incite

  • pret 3 sg stihte

[Ger stiften]


stille adj

still, fixed

  • ds stillan
  • np stille, stillu


stilnes

f stillness, quiet

  • ds -nesse



stincende

(ptc) adj stinking, of offensive smell

  • supl ns stincendiste

[stincan]


stingan

(principal parts: pret sg:stong pret pl:stungon pp:stungen ) 3 sting, stab, push through (trans)

  • imp 2 sg sting
  • pret 3 sg stang


stīð adj stiff, firm, stern, resolute, brave

  • as stīðan


stīð-hycgende (ptc) adj firm of purpose, resolute, brave


stīð-hȳdig (-hygdig)

adj firm of purpose, resolute


stīðlīce adv stoutly, boldly, severely

  • comp stīðlīcor


stoce m stock, stake

  • ds stocce


stōd-hors n stallion


stondan (standan) (principal parts: pret sg:stōd pret pl:stōdon

pp:standen ) 6 stand, occupy a place, arise (intr)

  • inf standan
  • 3 sg stent, stynt, stondeð
  • 3 pl stondað


storm m storm

  • is storme
  • np stormas
  • gp storma


stōw f place

  • ds stōwe
  • as stōwe
  • ap stōwa

[Mod stow]


strǣl m f arrow, dart

[Ger Strahl]



strand m strand

  • ds strande


strang see:strong


strangian WII strengthen

  • ptc strangende

[strong]


stranglīc adj strong

  • ds -līcre


stranglīce adv strongly


strǣt f

street, road

  • ds strǣt

[Lat strāta]


strēam m

stream

  • ap strēamas


strec (stræc) adj stern, severe

  • ns streca
  • gs strecan

[streccan]


strengðu (strengð)

f strength


strong (strang) adj strong

  • as strangne
  • np stronge, strange
  • comp ap strangran


stund f

brief period of time

[Ger Stunde]


Stūr-mere m estuary of the Stour (Essex)


stycce-mǣlum (dp) adv

piecemeal; here and there


stȳman WI steam (intr)

  • 3 sg stȳmeð

[stēam]


styrman WI storm (intr)

  • opt 3 sg styrme

[storm]


styrian WI stir, move (trans and intr)

  • pret 3 sg styredon (w refl acc)


suā see:swā



sub-dīacon (-dēacon) m subdeacon


suelc see:swilc


sūð-stæð

n south coast

  • ds -stæðe


sum pron adj

some, certain, some one, certain one (w gen)

  • gs sumes
  • ds sumum
  • ds sumre
  • as sumne
  • is sume
  • np sume, sumu
  • ap sume, suma, sumu
  • sum ... sum a part ... the rest
  • sumes adv somewhat
  • sumum ... sumum
  • sume dæge one day
  • sum hund about a hundred
  • syxa sum one of six (with five others)



sumor (sumer) m summer

  • gs sumeres (adv)
  • ds sumera


sumor-lida m

summer-army (one that does not winter in the country)

[līðan]


sun-bearo m sunny grove


sun-beorht adj

sun-bright


sundor adv apart


sund-plega m sporting in the waves, bathing

  • ds -plegan


sunnan-dæg m Sunday


sunnan-ūhta m Sunday morning

  • ds -ūhtan


sunn-bēam

m sunbeam


sunne f sun

  • gs sunnan
  • m sunna (?)


sunu m son

  • gs suna
  • as sunu, suna
  • ap suna


sūpan

(principal parts: pret sg:sēap pret pl:supon pp:sopen ) 2 sup, drink

  • ger sūpenne



sūsl n torment

  • ap sūslo


sūð adv south, southwards


sūðan adv from the south

  • be sūþan prep (w dat) south of
  • wið sūþan (w acc)


sūþerne

adj southern


sūðe-weard adj southward


sūð-rima m

south coast

  • ds -riman


sūð-rodor m southern sky


sūþ-ryhte adv southwards


sūð-sǣ m f south-sea (the sea south of England)


Sūð-seaxe pl m South Saxons, Sussex

  • gp -seaxna


suwian

see:swigian


swā (swǣ) adv (dem and rel) so, as (manner, degree)

  • swā forð so forth
  • swǣ same in like manner
  • swā ðēah however
  • ēac swā also
  • swā swā sa as, just as
  • swǣ swǣ
  • swā ... swā as ... as
  • swǣ ... swǣ swǣ so ... (just) as
  • swā swā so that
  • swā ... swā (w comp) the ... the
  • swā oft swā whenever
  • swā hwider swā whithersoever
  • swā hwā swā whosoever
  • swā hwæt swā whatsoever
  • bī swā hwaþerre efes swā on whichever side


swæcc m odor, fragrance



swālīce

adv so, thus


swan m swan

  • gs swanes


swān m swain, peasant, young man


swār (swǣr) adj heavy, grievous

[Ger schwer]


swǣs adj beloved, own

  • as swǣsne



swǣsendu pl n dainties, banquet


swāt m sweat, blood

  • is swāte


swæð n swath, track, footprint

[swaðu]


sweart adj swart, black, tawny

  • ds sweartan



swefn (swefen) n sleep, dream

[swebban]


swēg m sound, harmony

  • is swēge
  • gp swēga


swēgan WI

sound, have sound or import (intr)

  • 3 sg swēgð

[cf Mod swoon]


swegel (swegl)

n sky, heavens

  • gs swegles
  • ds swegle
  • as swegel


swegel-condel f candle or luminary of heaven

  • gs -condelle


swelc, swelce see:swilc, swilce


swelgan (principal parts: pret sg:swealg pret pl:swulgon

pp:swolgen ) 3 swallow (trans)

  • 3 sg swelgeð



sweltan (principal parts: pret sg:swealt pret pl:swulton pp:swolten ) 3 die

  • 3 sg swelt
  • opt 3 sg swelte


swencan WI trouble, molest, afflict, torment

  • 3 sg swenceð
  • opt 3 sg swence
  • pp pl geswencte, geswencede

[swincan]



sweng m stroke, blow

  • gs swenges

[swingan]



Swēo-land n Sweden


Swēom dp m the Swedes


swēora (swūra, swīra, swȳra) m neck

  • ds suīran
  • as swēoran, swūran, swȳran


sweord (swurd, swyrd) n sword

  • ds swurde
  • as sweord, swurd
  • is sweorde
  • gp sweorda


sweotol (swiotol, swutol) adj clear, manifest, distinct

[cf Goth swikunþs]


sweotole adv clearly

  • comp sweotoler


sweotolian WII make manifest

  • 3 sg sweotolað


sweotolīce (swutelīce) adv clearly


swer m

pillar, column

  • ds swere
  • as swer


swēte

adj sweet

  • as swētne
  • comp ns swētra
  • supl as swēteste
  • supl ap swētestan


swētnis f sweetness

  • gs -nysse
  • ds -nesse
  • as -nisse


sweðrian WII diminish, subside (intr)

  • 3 sg sweðtrað


swīc-dōm m deception


swift adj swift

  • comp np swiftran
  • supl ap swyftoste



swīgian (swugian, sugian, suwian)

WIII be silent

  • 3 sg swīað
  • imp 2 sg suwa
  • pp geswīged

[Ger schweigen]


swilc (swylc, swelc) pron adj such

  • ds swylcere, swylce, suelc
  • dp swylcum, swilcum, suelcum
  • as swylc swylce such as


swilce (swylce, swelce) adv conj

  1. (w indic) in such manner, thus, likewise
    • ēac swylce
    • ēac swelce
  2. (w opt) as if, as though



swimman (principal parts: pret sg:swomm pret pl:swummon pp:swummen ) 3 swim

  • 3 pl swimmað


swīn (swȳn) n swine, hog

  • gp swȳna



swincan (principal parts: pret sg:swonc pret pl:swuncon pp:swuncen ) 3 swink, labor, toil, strive (intr)

  • 3 sg swincð
  • 2 pl swincað

[swingan]



swingan (principal parts: pret sg:swong pret pl:swungon pp:swungen ) 3 whip, swinge, scourge, strike, beat

  • imp 2 pl swingað


swingel f whip, scourge

  • as swingle

[swingan]


swīnsian WII sound, make melody, sing

  • 3 sg swīnsað



swīnsung f melody, harmony

  • ds -unge


swīra see:swēora


swīð (swȳð) adj strong, active, severe

  • comp ns swīðre, swȳðre
  • comp ds swȳðran
  • comp as swīðran

[Ger geschwind]


swīðe (swȳðe) adv very, exceedingly, severely; (in supl) especially

  • for swȳðe very severely
  • comp swīþor, suīðor, swȳþor
  • suīðor þonne rather than
  • supl swīðost
  • ealles swīþost most of all
  • eallra swīþust most of all


swīðlīc adj intense, excessive

  • ds -līcre


swol

n heat, burning

  • gs swoles
  • ds swole

[swelan, /sweal/]



swongor adj heavy, inert

[Ger schwanger]


swūra see:swēora



swurd see:sweord


swuster (sweosteor) f sister

  • gs swyster
  • as swuster


swutelīce see:sweotolīce



swylc, swylce see:swilc, swilce


swylt-cwalu f agony of death

  • as -cwale


swylt-hwīl f hour of death

  • ds -hwīle


swȳn see:swīn


swȳra see:swēora



sylen f gift

  • as sylene

[sellan]



sylf see:self


sylfren adj of silver

  • ds sylfrenan

[seolfor]



syll f sill, base, support

  • ds sylle


symbel n feast, banquet

  • ds symble
  • gp symbla


symble (symle, simle) adv

ever, always

[sin + mǣl]


symle see:symble


syn-bend m f n

fetter of sin or of hell

  • ap -bendas


syn-byrþen f burden of sin

  • ap -byrþenna


synd see:bēon


synderlīce

adv specially

[sundor]


syndrig adj separate, private


syndriglīce

adv separately, specially


syn-full adj sinful

  • gs -fullan


synlīc adj sinful

  • ap -līcu


synn f sin

  • np synna
  • gp synna


synnig adj sinful


syrwan (sierwan) WI

  1. plot, machinate
  2. put on armor
    • pp gesyrwed

[searu]


Syr-ware pl m Syrians

  • gp -wara



syððan see:siððan


syx (siex, six, sex) num gp syxa


syxtig num sixty


syxtig-feald adj sixty-fold

  • as -fealdne


T


tǣcan (tǣcean) WI teach, direct

  • 3 sg tǣcð
  • opt 3 pl tǣcean
  • pret 2 sg tǣhtest
  • 3 sg tǣhte
  • 3 pl -on


tācen n token, symbol, sign, miracle

  • as tācen
  • is tācne
  • np tācno, tācna


tācnian

WII symbolize, signify, represent


tægel m tail


tǣlan WI

reprove, blame

  • pret 2 sg tǣldesð (dial)
  • pp pl getǣlde


tam

adj tame

  • np tamu
  • gp tamra


tān (tā, f) m twig

[cf mistel-tān /mistletoe/]


tapur (tapor) m taper


tǣsan WI lacerate, pierce

  • pret 3 sg tǣsde

[Mod tease]


teala see:teola


tēar m tear

  • ap tēaras


tēar-gēotende (ptc) adj tear-shedding, tearful

  • gs -gēotendre


telga m branch

  • np telgan


Temes f the Thames

  • ds Temese



tempel n temple

  • ds templ
  • as templ

[Lat Templum]


teohhian (tiohhian) WII arrange, appoint, direct, destine

  • 3 sg tiohhað
  • 1 pl tiohhiað
  • pret 3 sg teohhode
  • pp tiohhod, getiohhod

[teoh, Ger Zeche]



teola (teala, tela) adv properly, well

[til]


teolian, teolung

see:tilian, tilung


tēon (tīon) (principal parts: pret sg:tēah pret pl:tugon pp:togen ) 2 draw, betake oneself, go

  • 3 sg tīehð
  • opt 3 sg tīo


tēon (tēogan)

irreg arrange, create

  • pret 3 sg tēode

[cf teohhian]


tēonlīce

adj grievously

[tēon, /accuse/; Mod teen]


Ter-finna gp the Terfins


tīber n

offering, sacrifice

  • ds tībre

[cf Ger Ungeziefer]


tīd f

tide, time, hour

  • ds tīde
  • is tīde
  • np tīda


tīgan WI tie

  • pp getīged


tihtan see:tyhtan


til adj good

[Ger Ziel]


tilian (teolian) WII

  1. endeavor, strive, after
    • inf teolian
    • 3 sg tiolað
    • 3 pl tiliað
  2. provide, treat, gain (w gen)
    • 3 pl tilgað opt 3 sg tilige

[Mod till]


tilung (teolung) f

tillage, husbandry

  • gs teolunge


tīma m time

  • ds tīman


timbran WI build, construct

  • pret 3 pl timbredon


tin-treg n torment

  • np tintrega
  • dp tinttregum
  • ap -trega, tyntrega, -trego, -tregu


tin-treglīc adj

full of torment

  • gs -līcan


tiohhian see:teohhian


tīr m fame, glory, honor

[Ger Zier]


tīr-ēadig adj glorious


tīr-fæst adj famous, glorious

  • as -fæste
  • as -fæst


tīr-meahtig adj of glorious might


tīðian WII

grant (w dat of pers and gen of thing)

  • ger tīðienne


prep

  1. (w dat instr) to, at, for (place, time, indirect relation, condition); conducing to, for, as; sign of gerund; w verbs to inquire, seek, learn; prep adv
    • tō ðǣm adv, to such an extent or degree, so
    • tō ðām
    • tō ðon
    • tō þon to that (time)
    • tō sōðon truly
    • tō dæg to-day
    • tō dæge
    • tō ðearfe according to what is needed (cf for benefit)
    • tō ðǣr to where; belonging thereto
    • ðǣr tō ēacan in addition thereto
  2. (w gen)
    • tō ðæs adv [(= tō ðæm) (hwon)] moreover, however



adv

too


tō-æt-ȳcan WI add

  • pret 3 sg -ætȳhte

[ēac]



tō-berstan 3 burst, break asunder

  • pret 3 sg -bærst


tō-brǣdan WI spread out

  • pp -brǣdd


tō-brecan

4 break in pieces, destroy, break through

  • opt 3 sg -brece
  • pret 3 sg -bræc
  • 3 pl -brǣcon
  • pp -brocen
  • sg -brocenan


tō-ceorfan

(principal parts: pret sg:-cearf pret pl:-curfon pp:-corfen ) 3 carve out


tō-clēofan 2

cleave asunder

  • 3 sg -clēofeð


tō-cnāwan R know, acknowledge

  • opt 3 sg -cnāwe


tō-cuman 4 come, arrive

  • pp -cumen


tō-cwȳsan WI crush

  • 1 sg -cwȳse
  • pp pl -cwȳsede

[Mod squeeze]


tō-cwȳsednis f crushed condition

  • gs -nysse


tō-cyme m arrival, advent



tō-dāl n separation, difference


tō-dǣlan WI divide, separate

  • 1 sg -dǣle
  • 3 pl -dǣlað
  • pp -dǣled


tō-emnes

prep (w dat) alongside


tō-faran 6 separate, disperse (intr)

  • pret 3 sg -fōr


tō-foran prep (w dat) before (time and place)


tō-gædere adv

together


tō-gēanes prep (w dat) toward, before


tō-ge-ðēodan WI join

  • pret 3 sg -þēodde


tō-hopa m hope

  • as -hopan


tō-lēsan see:tō-lȳsan


tō-lēsnes

f dissolution, violation, breach


tō-licgan 5 lie between, separate

  • 3 sg -līð


tō-lȳsan (-lēsan) WI loosen, relax, unhinge

  • pp tōlēsed


tō-middes prep (w dat) amidst, amongst


tō-niman 4 take apart, separate, open, lift up

  • imp 2 pl -nymað
  • pp -numen


torht adj

bright, glorious

  • ns torhte


torn n anger, indignation

[Ger Zorn]



tōscēad n distinction, difference


tō-slūpan 2 slip away


tō-smēagean (-smēagan) WIII think over in detail, inquire into, consider

  • inf -smēagian



to-stencan WI scatter, drag along

  • 3 pl -stencaþ

[stincan]



tō-teran 4 tear in pieces

  • pret 3 sg -tær



tō-twǣman WI separate

  • pp -twǣmed

[twēgen]



tōð m tooth

  • np tōðas
  • dp tōþum
  • ap tēð


tō-weard adj toward, approaching, imminent, future

  • gs -weardan
  • as -wearde
  • gp -weardra


tō-weard

prep (w dat) toward


tō-wearde adv in advance, beforehand


tō-wegan 5

disperse

  • pp -wegen


tō-weorpan (-wurpan) (principal parts: pret sg:-wearp pret pl:-wurpon

pp:-worpen ) 3 overthrow, destroy

  • inf -wurpan
  • 1 sg -wurpe



tō-wurpan see:tō-weorpan


traht-bōc f treatise

  • ap -bēc

[trahtian Ger trachten]


trēo f tree, wood

  • gs trēowes
  • ds trēowe, trēo, trȳw


trēow f

faith, pledge, agreement

  • as trēowe
  • ap trēowa


trēowen

adj of a tree, wooden

  • ds trēowenre
  • as trēowene


Trūsō an ancient city on the Drausensea


trūwa m confidence

  • as trūwan


trymm (tremm) n short distance, step

  • as trym



trymman (trymian) WI confirm, exhort

  • inf trymian
  • pret 3 pl trymedon
  • pp trymed

[Mod trim]


see:twēgen



tūcian WII ill-treat, torment, punish

  • pret 3 sg tūcode


tūdor (tūddor) n offspring, issue

  • gs tūddres
  • as tūdor


tūn m (enclosure), town, village, homestead

  • ds tūne

[Ger Zaun]



tunece f tunic, coat

  • as tunecan

[Lat tunica]



tunge f tongue

  • as tungan


tūn-ge-rēfa m town-reeve, bailiff, steward of a manor

  • ds -gerēfan


tungol

n (m) luminary, star

  • np tungla
  • gp tungla
  • ap tunglu


turf f turf

  • ds tyrf


tūwa (tūwwa twūwa trīwa) adv twice


twā see:twēgen


twēgen num m twain, two

  • n
  • nom twā
  • acc tū, twā
  • on tū in two
  • tū swā lange adv twice as long
  • f twā
  • gen (of all genders) twēga
  • dat twǣm, twām


twelf num twelve

  • nom twelfe
  • dat twelfum



twēntig num twenty


twēonian (twȳnian) WII doubt (impers)

  • 3 sg twēlonað, twȳnað


twēonung (twȳnung) f doubt

  • ds twȳnunge



twī-feald adj two-fold


tȳdernis (tȳddernis) f weakness

  • as tȳddernysse

[tūdor]


tȳdran WI beget, bring forth

  • 3 sg tȳdreð

[tūdor]


tyht (tiht) m training, instruction; motion, progress

  • ds tyhte

[tēon]


tyhtan (tihtan) WI instigate, urge, persuade, exhort

  • pret 3 sg tihte

[tēon]


tyhting (tihting) f instruction, advice

  • dp tihtingum


tȳman WI beget, engender

  • pret 3 sg tȳmde

[tēam]


tȳn (tīen) num ten


ð (þ).

þā adv; conj (dem and rel)

then, when

  • þā þā then when
  • þā hē þā ... þā when he then...then

[Ger da]


þā see:


þafian WII consent to, permit; endure, suffer

  • 3 sg þafað
  • opt 3 sg þafige
  • pret 3 sg þafode


þǣm, þām

see:


ðanc (ðonc) m grace, mercy, thanks

  • ns ðonc
  • gs ðonces
  • Godes þonces through the mercy of God
  • mīnes ðonces by my favor
  • as þanc
  • ap ðancas


ðancian

WII thank (w dat of pers and gen of thing)

  • 1 sg þancige
  • 1 pl þanciað
  • pret 3 sg ðancode


ðanon see:ðonan


ðǣr (ðār)

adv (dem and rel) there, where

  • þǣr þǣr there where
  • tō þǣr
  • to where
  • ðǣr inne
  • ðǣr on
  • ðǣr tō
  • ðǣr tō ēacan
  • ðǣr ūtan
  • ðǣr wið


þǣre, þǣra, þāra see:


ðās see:ðēs


þæs see:


þæslīce

[(cf þyslīc)] adv suitably


þæt (þætte < þæt þe) conj that, so that

  • swā þæt so that


ðe rel particle that, which; (conj) because, or; w comp, than

  • sē þe he that, that
  • þām þe see:(see sē)
  • for ðǣm ðe see:(see for)
  • oð ðe see:(see oð)
  • ðe ... ðe
  • whether...or
  • hwæðer ... þe



þē see:ðū and sē


ðēah (ðēh) conj adv

though, however, nevertheless

  • ðēah ðe


ðearf f need, behoof, requirement, benefit

  • ds þearfe
  • as þearfe

[þurfan]


ðearfa

m poor man

  • np ðearfan


þearfende (ptc) adj

being in want


ðearle adv severely


þearlīc adj severe, cruel



þēaw m habit, custom, practice, behavior

  • ap ðēawas

[Mod thews]



þeccan WI cover

  • 3 sg þeceð
  • 3 pl þeccað
  • pret 3 sg þeahte

[cf Mod thatch; Ger decken]


þegen (þegn, þēn) m

servant, thane, officer, retainer, warrior

  • ns þegn
  • as þegen, þegn
  • np þegnas, þegenas, þēnas
  • gp þegna, þēna

[Ger Degen]


ðegenlīce adv in a manner becoming a ðegen, faithfully


ðegnian (ðēnian) WII

  1. serve (w dat)
    • pret 3 sg ðēnode
  2. perform (a service), supply another with anything
    • inf ðēnian


ðēh see:ðēah


þēn see:þegen


ðencan

WI think, consider, resolve, intend

  • 1 sg ðence
  • 2 sg ðencest
  • 3 sg ðencð, ðenceð
  • pret 3 sg ðōhte


þenden conj adv while, as long as


ðēnian see:ðegnian


ðēnig-monn m serving-man

  • ap -men


þēnung (þēning) f service, ministration, office; attendants; service of a meal; book of a service

  • ds þēnunga
  • as þēnunge
  • np þēnunga
  • ap ðēnunga, ðēninga


þēod (þīod) f people, nation

  • gs ðēode
  • ds ðēode, ðīoda
  • as ðēode
  • np ðēoda, ðīoda
  • gp ðēoda

[Ger deutsch]


þēoden m chief, lord, prince, king

  • ds ðēodne
  • as þēoden


þēod-land n inhabited country


þēod-scipe

m service, discipline

  • as -scipe


ðēof m

thief

  • ap ðēofas


ðēon (principal parts: pret sg:ðāh pret pl:ðigon

pp:ðigen ) 1 thrive, prosper, succeed

  • pret 3 sg ðēah

[Mod obs thee, Ger gedeihen]



ðēos see:ðēs


ðēoster-full adj full of darkness

  • ap -fulle


ðēostro (ðīostro, ðȳstro) f n darkness

  • gs ðīostro
  • as (or ap) ðīostro, ðȳstro
  • gp ðēostra
  • dp þīostrum, ðȳstrum


ðēow (ðīow) m servant

  • ds þēowe
  • gp ðēowa, ðīowa

[cf þegen]


ðēowa m servant

  • np ðēowan


ðēow-dōm m service


ðēowian WII

serve (w dat)

  • ptc ðēowigende
  • 3 sg þēowað
  • 3 pl þēowiað
  • pret 1 sg þēodde
  • 3 sg þēode


ðēs (ðēos, ðis)

dem pron this

  • m ns ðēs
  • m ds þeossum
  • m as ðisne, þysne
  • m is ðȳs
  • f ns ðēos, þīos
  • f gs ðisse
  • f ds ðisse, ðeosse
  • f as þās
  • n ns ðis
  • n is ðȳs
  • f ds ðissum, þysum
  • np (all genders) ðās
  • gp (all genders) ðissa, ðissera
  • dp (all genders) ðiosum, þeossum
  • ǣr ðissum
  • as þis
  • oð ðis


þiccnes f thickness

  • as -nesse



ðicgan 5 receive, take, consume, eat

  • ger þicgenne
  • 3 sg þigeð
  • pret 3 pl þēgun


ðider (ðyder, ðidres) thither



þider-weard adv thither-ward


þider-weardes adv thither-wards


þīn

poss pron thine

  • ns þīn
  • ds þīnre, þi-num
  • as þīnne
  • gp þīnra
  • ap þīne


þīnen

f handmaid

  • ap þīnena

[þegen]


ðing

n thing

  • gs ðinges
  • ds þinge
  • as ðincg
  • np ðing
  • dp ðingum
  • for ðiosum ðingum for this reason


ðingere m one that pleads a cause, advocate

  • np þingeras


ðingian WII plead a cause, intercede for another (w dat)

  • 3 pl þingiað
  • opt 3 sg þingie
  • pret opt 3 sg þingode


ðingung f

advocacy, intercession, mediation

  • as -unge


þīod see:þēod


ðīostro see:ðēostro


ðīow see:ðēow


ðīowot-dōm (ðēowot-)

m service

  • ap -dōmas


ðis see:ðēs



þolian WII

  1. suffer, endure, undergo
    • ger þolianne, ðoligenne
    • pret 3 sg þolade
  2. endure, hold out (intr)

[Ger dulden]


þon see:



ðonan (ðonon, ðanon) adv thence


ðonan-weard adj on the way thence


þone see:



þonne (þænne) adv (dem and rel) then, when; w comp than

  • þonne þonne then when
  • þonne þonne ... þonne
  • þonne ... þonne


þorn m thorn

  • np þornas



þoterung f lamentation


þrāg (þrāh) f time

  • as þrāge
  • þrāge adv for a time
  • dp at times, sometimes


ðrēagean (ðrēagan, ðrēan) WIII rebuke, reprove, oppress

  • ger ðrēagenne
  • pret 3 sg ðrēade


þrēat m crowd, troop, flock



ðrī (ðrīe, ðrȳ, ðrēow, ðrīow) num three

  • nom þrȳ, þrēo
  • gen þrēora
  • dat þrīm
  • acc þrīe, ðrȳ, þrīo


þridda num adj

third

  • ns þridde
  • gs þriddan
  • ds þryddan
  • as þridde, -an


þringan (principal parts: pret sg:þrong pret pl:þrungon pp:þrungen )

3 throng, press or crowd together

  • 3 pl þringað

[Ger dringen]


þrīnnis

f trinity

  • ds þrȳnnysse


þrīst (þrīste) adj

bold, confident, resolute, rash, presumptuous

  • np ðrīste

[Ger dreist]


ðrī-tēne (ðrēo-, -tȳne, ðrēottȳne) num

thirteen


ðrītig (ðrīttig, þrīttig) num thirty

  • gs þrītiges, ðrītigra


þrītig-feald adj thirty-fold

  • as -fealdne



ðrīwa adv thrice


þrotu f throat

  • ds þrotan


ðrōwian WII suffer

  • ger ðrōwianne
  • ptc þrōwiende, þrōwigende
  • 3 sg ðrōwað
  • pret 2 sg þrōwodest
  • 3 sg -ade


ðrōwung f suffering

  • ds -unge


þryccan WI oppress, afflict

  • pp þrycced

[Ger druecken]



þrymlīce adv gloriously


þrymm m multitude, host, strength, force, renown, glory

  • ns þrym
  • gp þrymma



þrym-sittende

(ptc) adj sitting in glory

  • ds -sittendum


þrȳð (þrȳðo) f

might, majesty, copiousness

  • np þrȳþe
  • dp multitude


ðū

second pers pron thou

  • gs ðīn
  • ds ðē
  • as ðec, ðe-
  • dual nom git (gyt)
  • dual gen incer
  • dual dat inc
  • dual acc incit (inc)
  • np
  • gp ēower
  • dp ēow, īow
  • ap ēowic (ēow), ēow, īow
  • gyt būtū both of you


þunor m thunder

  • gs þunres


þurfan

PP need, be required, have occasion

  • 2 sg þearft
  • 3 sg þearf
  • 1 pl þurfe wē
  • opt 2 sg þurfe
  • 3 pl þyrfen
  • pret 3 sg ðorfte
  • 3 pl ðorfton

[Ger duerfen]


ðurh prep (w acc) through (condition, agency)

  • ðurh þæt þe


þurh-flēon 2 fly, fly through

  • opt 3 sg -flēo


þurh-scēotan 2 shoot through, pierce

  • 3 sg -scēoteð
  • pp p -scotene


þurh-slēan 6 smite through

  • 3 sg -slyhþ


þurh-tēon 2 (draw through), fulfil, accomplish


þurh-wadan (principal parts:

pret sg:-wo-d pret pl:-wōdon pp:-waden ) 6 go through, penetrate


ðurh-wunian WII continue, be steadfast

  • ptc -wuniende
  • pret 3 sg -wunode
  • 3 pl -odon



þurst m thirst


ðurstig adj thirsty

  • ds ðurstigum


ðus adv thus



ðūsend n thousand

  • gp þūsenda
  • ap þūsende



þwēan (principal parts: pret sg:ðwōh pret pl:ðwōgon pp:ðwægen ) 6 wash

  • pret 3 sg ðwōh


þwyrnis (þweorhnis) f perversity

  • ds -nysse
  • dp -nyssum

[ðweorh]


þȳ see:



þȳdan WI submit

  • opt 1 kpl þȳdon

[ðēod]



ðyncan WI seem, appear

  • 3 sg ðynceð
  • opt 3 pl ðyncen
  • pret 3 sg þūhte
  • pret opt 3 sg þūhte
  • pp geðūht
  • 3 sg ðyncð, ðynceð, ðincð
  • mē ðyncð methinks
  • opt 3 sg ðince
  • pret 3 sg þūhte


ðyrstan WI thirst after (w gen)

  • opt 3 sg ðyrste

[ðurst]


þyslīc (þuslīc, þæslīc) pron adj such

  • np þyslīco


ðȳstro see:ðēostro


U


ufan adv from above, above


ufe-weard adj

upward, upper, higher up

  • ds -weardum


ufor adv further away


ūhta m dawn

  • gp ūhtna



ūht-song m morning song; matins

  • ds -songe
  • as -song



un-ā-berendlīc adj intolerable

  • as -līce


un-ā-secgendlīc adj unspeakable

  • ds -līcum


un-ā-ðroten

(pp) adj unwearied, indefatigable

  • np -ðrotene

[ðrēotan]


un-ā-wendendlīc

adj unchangeable


un-be-boht adj (ptc) unsold

  • gp unbebohtra

[bebycgan]


un-be-fohten (pp) adj unopposed

  • np -fohtene


un-bryce adj imperishable

[brecan]


uncer see:ic



un-coþu f disease

  • as uncoðe


un-cūð adj unknown, uncertain


un-cyst f vice, wickedness

  • ds -cyste
  • ap -cyste


under prep (w dat and acc)

  1. under (w dat)
  2. (w acc)
    • under bæc adv backwards [(cf ofer bæc)]


under-be-ginnan (principal parts: pret sg:-gonn pret pl:-gunnon pp:-gunnen ) 3

undertake

  • ger -ginnene


under-fenge m undertaking


under-fōn (principal parts: pret sg:-fēng pret pl:-fēngon pp:fangen ) R undertake, receive, assume

  • ger -fōnne
  • ptc -fōnde
  • 3 pl -fōð
  • opt 3 pl -fōn
  • pret opt 3 sg -fēnge


under-gietan (-gitan -gytan) 5 perceive

  • pret 3 sg -geat


undern m mid-morning, morning


under-scēotan (principal parts:

pret sg:-scēat pret pl:-scuton pp:-scoten ) 2 support

  • pp pl -scotene


under-stondan 6 understand

  • inf -standan
  • 3 sg -stent


under-ðēodan see:under-ðīedan


under-ðīedan (-ðȳdan, -ðēodan, -ðīodan) WI subject to

(w reflex acc and dat)

  • pret opt 3 pl -ðīodden
  • pret 3 sg -ðēodde
  • pp -ðīed, -ðēod, -ðdēoded
  • pl -ðēodde


under-ðīodan see:under-ðīedan



un-drēfed (pp) adj untroubled, undisturbed, undefiled (of water)


un-earg (-earh) adj not cowardly, brave

  • np -earge


un-ēaðe adv not easily, with difficulty


un-ēaðelīce (-ȳðelīce, -ēðelīce) adv

with difficulty



un-fæger adj not fair, unsightly, foul


un-feor adv

not far, near


un-for-bærned (pp) adj unburned


un-for-cūð adj reputable, excellent, brave



un-forht adj fearless, undaunted

  • np -forhte


un-forht-mōd adj fearless


un-friþ m hostility

  • ds unfriþe


un-gearo adj unprepared, unready

  • gs -gearowes


un-ge-cyndelīc adj unnatural, terrible

  • ap -cyndelīce, -cyndelīco


un-ge-endod (pp) adj endless

  • as -endode
  • ap -endodan


un-ge-fōge adv excessively


un-ge-frǣglīce adv

(to an unheard of degree), unquestionably, incredibly


un-ge-fullod (pp) adj unbaptized


un-ge-hīrsum adj disobedient



un-ge-lǣred (pp) adj unlearned, ignorant

  • np -lǣredan


un-ge-lǣrednes f want of learning, ignorance

  • ds -nesse


un-ge-lēaffull

adj unbelieving

  • np -fulle
  • ap -fullan


un-ge-lēafulnes f unbelief

  • ds -nesse


un-ge-līc

adj unlike (w dat)


un-ge-limplīc adj unfitting, shameful

  • ap -līco


un-ge-metlīce adv immoderately


un-ge-rād adj

at variance, discordant

  • np -gerāde


un-ge-rēdelice (-rǣdelīce -rȳdelīce) adv insecurely

  • supl -līcost


un-ge-sǣlig adj unhappy

  • ns -sǣliga
  • np -sǣlige


un-ge-sǣlð f misfortune

  • gp -sǣlða


un-ge-scēadwīs adj undiscerning, unintelligent, irrational

  • ds -wīsum
  • np -wīse


un-ge-sewenlīc adj invisible

  • np -līca


un-ge-trum adj weak, infirm

  • np -trume


un-ge-þwǣre adj at variance, discordant


un-ge-þyldig adj

impatient

  • np -þyldige


un-ge-wemmed (pp) adj undefiled, pure


un-ge-wuna m evil habit

  • gs -wunan



un-ge-wyrded (pp) adj uninjured


un-glēawnes f want of discernment


un-hāl

adj not hale, ill

  • dp -hālum


un-hēanlīce adv

not ignominiously, nobly

[Ger Hohn]


un-lǣred (pp) adj unlearned, ignorant

  • np -lǣrde


un-lybba m poisonous drug

  • as unlybban


un-mǣte adj immeasurable


un-mihtig adj without might, weak

  • ns -myhtig



un-myltsiendlīc adj unpardonable


unnan PP grant, favor (w dat of pers and gen of thing)

  • 3 sg an
  • pret 3 sg ūðe
  • pret opt 3 pl ūþon


un-nēdig adj without compulsion or restraint; of one's own volition

  • np -nēdige

[nēad]


un-nytt (-nett) useless

  • ns -nyt, -net

[nēotan]


un-ofer-swīðelīc adj unconquerable

  • np -līce


un-orne adj old


un-rǣd m

evil counsel, folly

  • dp (adv) -rǣdum


un-riht adj wrong, wicked, unjust

  • np -rihte, -rihtan
  • dp -ryhtum


un-riht n

wrong, sin, injustice


un-rihtlīce adv wrongfully


un-rihtnes f wrong, unrighteousness

  • ds -nesse


un-riht-wīsnes f unrighteousness, injustice

  • gs -ryhtwȳsnysse


un-riht-wyrhta m evildoer

  • np (voc) -wyrhtan


un-rīm n countless number


un-rōt adj

sad, disconsolate


un-rōt-mōd adj sadhearted


un-rōtnes f sadness, contrition



un-scæððig adj innocent

  • gs -an


un-sceaðfulnes f innocence

  • as -nesse


un-scyldig

adj guiltless, innocent

  • gs -scyldgan
  • as -scyldigan
  • ap -scyldge


un-smēþe adj not smooth, uneven, rough

  • gs -smēþes


un-spēdig adj poor

  • np un-spēdigan


un-staðol-fæst adj unstable, unenduring

  • np -fæste



un-stille adj moving

  • np unstillu


un-stilnes

f disturbance

  • as -nesse


un-tela adv

improperly, wrongly


un-trēowsian WII deceive

  • pp pl geuntrēowsode


un-trum adj weak, infirm, ill

  • as -truman
  • gp -trumra
  • ap -trume, -truman


un-trumnes (-try-) f weakness, illness

  • ds -nesse
  • np -nyssa
  • dp -nyssum
  • ap -nyssa


un-ðanc-wurðe adj ungrateful, unacceptable


un-ðēaw m

evil practice, vice

  • np -ðēawas
  • gp -ðēawa
  • ap -ðēawas


un-wāclīce adv unwaveringly


un-wær adj unwary

  • np -waran
  • comp ns -wærre


un-wærlīce

adv unwarily, rashly


un-wærscipe m carelessness, folly


un-wealt adj

not 'walty,' steady

  • comp np unwealtran



un-weaxen (pp) adj

not grown, young


un-wemme adj undefiled, pure


un-wierðe (-wyrðe) adj unworthy of

(w gen)


un-windan (principal parts: pret sg:-wond pret pl:-wundon, pp:-wunden ) 3 unwind, uncover



un-wīs adj unwise

  • np -wīse
  • ap -wīse


un-wīs-dōm m unwisdom, ignorance

  • ds -dōme


un-wit-weorc n foolish work

  • dp -weorcum


un-wið-metenlīce adv incomparably


un-wlitigian WII change the appearance of beauty of anything

  • 3 sg -wlitegað


un-wrecen (pp) adj unpunished

[wrecan]


un-wrītere m incorrect writer


ūp (ūpp, upp) adj up, upwards

  • wið upp above, upwards


ūp-ā-hafenes f exaltation

  • ds -nesse


ūp-ā-hebban 6 exalt, lift up

  • 3 sg -hefeð
  • pp dp hafenum


ūp-ā-rǣred (pp) adj exalted

  • ns upp-


ūp-ā-stīgnes f ascension

  • ds -nesse


ūp-ā-wend pp directed upward

  • dp -wendum



ūp-gang m

  1. rising (of the sun)
    • ds -gange
  2. way up, approach
    • as -gang


ūp-lǣdend (ptc) adj

towering

  • gp -lǣdendra


ūp-līc adj upper, heavenly

  • gs upplīcan, ūplīcan


uppe adv up, above

  • uppe on lande up into the land


uppon prep (w dat) upon

  • on uppan



ūpp-stīgan 1 rise, spring up

  • ptc as -stīgendne


ūp-stige m ascension

  • ds ūp-stige


ūre

poss pron our

  • gs ūres
  • ds ūrum
  • as ūrne, ūre
  • np ūre
  • gp ūra


urnon

see:yrnan


ūs see:ic


ūser poss pron our

  • np ūsse


ūsic see:ic



ūt adv out, without


ūtan adv from without, outside


ūtan-bordes

(gen) adv abroad


ūte adv out, outside, without


ūter-mere m

outer, open sea


ūtera (ūterra, ȳtra, ȳttra) comp adj outer

  • ns ūterre
  • ap ȳttran
  • supl uttermost, extreme, last
  • supl ap ȳtmæstan


ūte-weard

adj outward, outside

  • ds -weardum


ūt-gong m

departure, exodus

  • ds -gonge



uton see:wuton



ūð-wita m wise man, philosopher

  • as -witan
  • np -wiotan


W


[(cf wēa)] m

  1. woe
  2. interj
    • wālāwā alas
    • wēi lā wēi


wāc adj weak, pliant, insignificant, mean

  • ds wācum
  • as wācne


wæcce f watch, waking

  • ap wæccan


wācian WII become weak, waver


wāclīc adj weak, mean

  • ds -līcum


wācnis f weakness; insignificance

  • ds -nysse


wacol adj awake, vigilant

  • comp ns wacolre


wacollīce adv vigilantly


wadan (principal parts:

pret sg:wōd pret pl:wōdon pp:waden ) 6 wade; advance, go, travel


wǣdl (wǣðl, wēðl) f poverty, want

  • ns wēðel
  • gs wǣdle


wǣdla

m poor man


wǣdlian WII be poor, beg

  • ptc wǣdligende
  • opt 2 pl wǣdlion


wǣfels m n covering, dress

  • ds wǣfelse


wǣfer-sȳn f spectacle, display

  • ds -sȳne


wāfian WII be agitated or astonished

  • 3 pl wāfiað


wǣg (wēg) m wave

  • gp wǣga
  • ap wǣgas

[wegan; Ger Woge]


wagian WII wag, move (intr)

  • pret 3 sg wagode


wæl n

  1. body of the slain, slaughter, carnage
  2. battle-field

[wōl 'pestilence'; cf Mod Valhalla]


wæl-feld m field of slaughter

  • ds -felda


wæl-gīfre adj greedy for slaughter

  • np -gīfru


wæl-hrēow adj slaughterhouse, murderous, cruel

  • ns -hrēowa
  • ds -hrēowan


wæl-rēaf n spoil of the slain, of the destroyed


wæl-rest (-ræst) f

bed of slaughter

  • as -ræste


wæl-sleaht (-sliht) m slaughter

  • ns -sliht
  • gp -sleahta


wæl-spere n

deadly spear


wæl-stōw f place of slaughter, battle-field

  • gs -stōwe
  • ds -stōwe

[cf Ger Wahlstatt]


wæl-wulf m slaughter-wolf, warrior

  • np -wulfas


wamb see:womb


wǣn (wægn) m

wain, wagon

  • gs wænes
  • as wǣn


wandian

WII waver, hesitate

  • pret 3 sg wandode

[windan]



wandrian WII wander, vary, change

  • ptc wandriende
  • opt 3 sg wandrige



wan-hāl (wann-) adj unhealthy, weak, ill

  • dp wann-


wan-hȳdig adj heedless, rash


wanian WII wane, diminish, fade, perish (intr)

  • 3 sg wanað
  • 3 pl waniað


wan-spēdig adj

destitute, poor

  • ap -spēdigan


wǣpen n weapon

  • ds wǣpne
  • as wǣpen
  • np wǣpen
  • gp wǣpna


wǣpen-ge-wrīxl n conflict (exchange) of weapons

  • gs -wrīxles


wǣr f security, covenant, trust

  • ap wǣra


wǣre, wǣron see:bēon


wǣr-fæst adj covenant-keeping, faithful



warian WII guard, protect, attend

  • 3 sg warað


warnian (wearnian)

WII take warning, take heed

  • imp 2 pl warniað


waroð (waruð, wearoð) m

shore

  • ds waroðe

[Ger Werder]


waru f

defence

  • ds ware


waru f ware, article of merchandise

  • as ware


wæs see:bēon


wæstm

m (n) growth, fruit, product, result, benefit

  • ds wæstme
  • as wæstm
  • np wæstmas
  • ap wæstma

[weaxan]


wæstm-bǣre adj

fruit bearing, fruitful


wæstmian WII grow, increase


wǣt n drink

  • gs wǣtes


wæter n water

  • gs wæteres
  • ds wætere
  • as wæter
  • np wæter
  • ap wæteru


wæter-fæsten n water-fastness, place protected by water

  • ds -fæstenne


wāð f motion, going, flight



waðum m wave

  • gp waðema
  • dp waðeman



see:ic


weald m weald, forest

  • ds wealda
  • as weald
  • np wealdas


wealdan (principal parts: pret sg:wēold pret pl:wēoldon pp:wealden ) R wield, control, direct, govern (w gen)

  • 3 sg welt
  • opt 3 sg wealde
  • 3 pl wealden


wealdend (waldend) m ruler, lord

  • ns waldend
  • np waldend


Wealh-ge-fēra (or -ge-rēfa) m commander of the troops on the Welsh border (or, reeve of the King's Welsh serfs)


wealh-stōd m interpreter, translator

  • gp -stōda
  • ap -stōdas


weall

m wall, rampart

  • ns weal
  • gs wealles
  • ds wealle
  • as weall
  • np weallas



weallan (principal parts: pret sg:wēoll pret pl:wēollon pp:weallen ) R be agitated, well, boil

  • ptc weallende
  • ds -endum


weal-steall m wall-place, foundation

  • as -steal


wealwian WII wallow, roll

  • ptc wealwigende
  • opt 3 pl wealowigen
  • pret 3 sg wealwode


weard

m ward, guard, keeper

  • ns gs weardes


weardian WII

guard, keep, occupy

  • 3 sg weardað
  • 3 pl weardiað


wearm

adj warm


wearmian WII become warm

  • 3 pl wearmiað


wēa-tācen n token of woe


weaxan (wexan) (principal parts: pret sg:wōx,wēox

pret pl:wōxon,wēoxon pp:weaxen ) 6 and R wax, grow, increase

  • ptc as wexendne
  • 3 sg wexð weaxeð
  • 3 pl weaxað
  • opt 3 sg wexe
  • pret 3 sg wēox



webbian WII weave; contrive

  • ger webgenne


weccan WI wake, arouse (trans)

  • inf 3 sg wecceð


wecg m wedge

  • ds wecge


wēdan

WI be mad, rage

  • pret 3 sg wēdde

[wōd]


weder

n weather


weder-condel f (weather candle) sun


weg m

way

  • as weg
  • dp wegas
  • ap wegas
  • gs weges
  • his weges his way
  • on weg away
  • aweg away [(< on weg)]
  • ealne weg always see:(see eall)


wēg see:wig


wegan (principal parts: pret sg:wæg pret pl:wǣgon pp:wegen )

5 carry


weg-farende ptc adj wayfaring


weg-nest n m

provisions for a journey; viaticum

  • is -neste


wel adv well

  • ēac wel likewise abundantly
  • wel hwǣr almost everywhere


wela m

weal, prosperity, riches

  • gs welan


wel-dǣd f good deed

  • dp


weler m lip

  • ap weleras


welig adj wealthy, prosperous, rich

  • np welige
  • dp welegum
  • ap welegan


wel-willende (ptc) adj

well-willing, benevolent

  • ds -willendum


wēn f hope, expectation, supposition

[Ger Wahn]



wēnan WI ween, hope, expect, suppose, imagine, think

  • inf ger wēnanne
  • 1 sg wēne
  • 2 sg wēnst
  • 3 sg wenð
  • 1 pl wēnað
  • 2 sg wēne
  • 3 pl wēndon



wendan

WI

  1. wend one's way, turn, go, change (intr; refl acc)
    • 3 sg went
    • opt 3 sg wende
    • pret 3 sg wende
    • 3 pl wendon
  2. turn, change, translate (trans)
    • 3 sg went
    • opt 3 sg wende
    • 1 pl wenden
    • 3 pl pret
    • 3 pl wendon

[windan]


wennan

WI [(wenian W II)] accustom, entertain (trans)

  • wenian mid wynnum entertain joyfully
  • pret 3 sg wenede
  • wenede tō wiste feast


wēofod see:wīg-bed


Weonod-lund (Weonoð-) n Wendland

  • ns Weonoð
  • ds -lande


weorc n work, action, deed

  • gp weorca
  • ap weorc


weorold see:woruld


weorpan (wurpan)

(principal parts: pret sg:wearp pret pl:wurpon pp:worpen ) 3 throw, cast

  • opt 3 sg wurpe



weorþ (wurþ) n worth, value

  • ns wurþ
  • as wurþ


weorðe (weorð, wyrðe) worthy (w gen or dat)

  • ns wyrðe
  • gs wyrðes (w dat)
  • comp as wyrðran
  • supl np weorðoste


weorðan (wurðan) (principal parts: pret sg:wearð pret pl:wurdon pp:worden ) 3 become (pass aux)

happen (intr)

  • 2 sg wurþest
  • 3 sg wyrð
  • 3 pl weorðað
  • opt 3 sg weorðe
  • 3 pl weorðen
  • pret 3 sg
  • pret opt 3 sg wurde

[Ger werden]


weorðian (wurðian) WII honor, worship

  • 3 sg wurðað
  • 3 pl weorðiað
  • opt 3 sg weorðige
  • pret 3 sg wurðode


weorðlīc adj worthy, honorable

  • as -līcne


weorðlīce (wurðlīce) adv worthily, honorably


weorð-mynd (wurð-mynt) f m honor, reverence, glory

  • ns wurðmynt
  • gs wurðmyntes
  • ds wurðmynte
  • as wurðmynt


weorð-scipe m honor, dignity


wēpan

(principal parts: pret sg:wēop pret pl:wēopon pp:-- ) R weep

  • ptc dp wēpendum



wer m man

  • gs weres
  • ds were
  • as wer
  • np weras
  • gp wera

[Goth wair; cog Lat vir; cf Mod Werwolf]


werian WI

  1. defend (w refl acc)
    • pret 3 sg werede
    • 3 pl weredon
  2. clothe
    • pp pl werede

[Mod wear]


wērig adj weary, dejected

  • as wērigne
  • np wērige



wērig-mōd adj spirit-weary

  • ns


werod (wered, weorod) n

band of men, army, host

  • ds werode
  • is werode werede weorode
  • gp weoruda
  • dp weorodum

[wer]


wesan see:bēon


west adv west; west, westwards


westan adv from the west



westan-wind m west-wind

  • gs -windes


wēste

adj waste, desolate


wēsten n waste, desert

  • ds wēstenne, wēstene
  • as wēsten


west-dǣl m west quarter or region

  • ap -dǣlas


west-lang adj extending west


West-sǣ m f

West-sea (the sea west of Norway in opposition to the East-sea ie the Baltic Sea)


West-seaxe pl m the West-Saxons; Wessex

  • gp -seaxna, -seaxena
  • dp -seaxan


wēðel see:wǣdl


wīc m f n

wick, dwelling-place, camp


wicg n horse

  • ds wicge


wīc-ge-fēra (or better, -gerēfa) m bailiff, or reeve, of a wick or village


wīcian WII dwell, lodge, encamp

  • 3 pl wīciað
  • pret 3 sg wīcode
  • 3 pl -odon


wicing m viking, pirate

  • as gp wīcinga
  • ap wīcingas


wīc-stōw f dwelling-place

  • ds -stōwe


wīde adv widely

  • sīde and wīde far and wide



wīd-gill adj broad, extensive

  • as -gillan


wīd-sǣ

f open sea


wif n wife; woman

  • gs wīfes
  • ds wīfe
  • as wīf
  • gp wīfa
  • ap wīf


wīf-cȳþþ f (home or) company of a woman

  • ds -cȳþþe


wīf-hād m woman-hood

  • gs -hādes


wīfian WII marry (intr)

  • pp gewīfod


wīg m n war, battle

  • ns gs wīges
  • ds wīge


wīg (wīh, wēg) m altar

  • as wēg

[cf Ger weihen]


wiga m warrior

  • as wigan
  • gp wigena


wīg-bed (wīh-bed, wēobed, wēofod) n altar

  • as wēofod
  • ap wīgbed, wīgbedo

[-bed < bēod 'table']



wīgend m warrior

[Ger Weigand]


wīg-haga (wīh-) m (war-hedge), line of battle, phalanx

  • as wīhagan


wīg-heard adj resolute in battle

  • as -heardne


wīg-plega m (war-play), battle

  • ds -plegan


wīg-smið m (war-smith), warrior

  • np -smiðas


wiht (wuht) f n wight, person, creature; whit, thing, anything

  • ns wuht
  • gs wuhte
  • ds wuhte
  • as wihte wuht
  • nǣnig wuht adv not at all


Wiht f Isle of Wight


wilde adj

wild

  • ns wilda
  • np wilde wildu
  • ap wildan


wildor n wild beast or animal, reindeer


wil-ge-dryht f willing retinue



wil-giefa m gracious giver, lord


willa m will, determination, purpose, desire, pleasure

  • ds willan


willan irreg will, be willing, wish, be about to

  • 1 sg wille
  • 2 sg wilt, wylt
  • 1 pl willað
  • 3 pl wyllað
  • opt 2 sg wille
  • 3 sg wile
  • pret 1 sg wolde
  • 2 sg woldes
  • 3 sg wolde
  • 3 pl woldon
  • pret opt 3 sg wolde
  • 3 pl wolden woldon woldan

[w neg see nyllan (= ne-willan)]


will-sele m delightful dwelling


will-wong m plain of delight

  • ds -wonge


wilnian

WII desire, wish (w gen or acc)

  • ptc wilnigende
  • 1 sg wilnige
  • 3 sg wilnað
  • 3 pl wilniað
  • opt 3 sg wilnie
  • pret 2 sg wilnadest
  • 3 sg wilnode


wilnung f wish, desire

  • ds -unga


wil-sum adj desirable, delightful

  • dp -suman


wil-sumnes f willingness

  • ds -nesse


Wil-tūn m Wilton (Wiltshire)

  • ds -tūne


wīl-wendlīc see:hwīl-wendlīc


wīn n wine

  • ds wīne


Win-burne f Wimborne (Dorsetshire)

  • ds -burnan


wind m wind

  • gs windes
  • ds winde
  • as wind
  • np windas


windan

(principal parts: pret sg:wond pret pl:wundon pp:wunden ) 3

  1. wind, twist, brandish (trans)
    • pret 3 sg wand
  2. turn, go, fly (intr)


windig

adj windy


wine m friend, lord

  • ap winas

[wynn]


Winedas pl m Wends; country of the Wends



wine-dryhten (-drihten)

m friendly lord

  • gs -dryhtnes
  • as -drihten


wine-lēas adj friendless

  • ns


wine-mǣg

m friendly kinsman

  • gp -mǣga
  • ap -māgas


winnan (principal parts: pret sg:wonn pret pl:wunnon pp:wunnen ) 3 fight, strive (intr)

  • 1 pl winnað
  • imp 2 sg wyn
  • pret 3 sg wann


wīn-sæl n wine-hall

  • np -salo


Wintan-ceaster (Winte-)

f Winchester

  • ds -ceastre Winteceastre


winter m

winter (in reckoning time, the equivalent of Mod year)

  • gs wintres
  • adv ds wintra
  • as winter
  • gp wintra


winter-cearig adj full of the care of years



winter-ge-wǣde n weed, garment or covering of winter


winter-ge-weorp n winter storm


winter-scūr

m winter shower


winter-tīd f winter-tide

  • ds -tīde


wiota see:wita


wiotan see:witan


Wir-hēal m Wirral (Cheshire)

  • ds Wīrhēale


wis

adj wise

  • ds wīsan
  • is wīse
  • np wīse


wīs-dōm m wisdom, learning

  • gs -dōmes
  • ds -dōme
  • as -dōm


wīse f

wise, manner, condition, idiom; matter

  • as wīsan


wīsian WII direct, guide

  • pret 3 sg wīsode


Wīsle f the Vistula



Wīsle-mūða m the mouth of the Vistula

  • as -muðan


wīslīc

adj wise


wīs-monn m wise man

  • ns -mon


wisnian WII wither, waste away

  • pret 3 sg wisnode

[weornian]



wissian WII direct, guide (w dat)


wist f

food, provision, feast

  • ds wiste
  • np wista
  • ap wiste

[wesan]


wist-fullian WII feast (intr)

  • opt 2 sg -fullige


wit, wyt see:ic


wita (wiota) m

wise man, councilor

  • np witan wiotan
  • dp wytum
  • gp witena wiotona

[witan]


witan (wiotan) PP know

  • ger witanne, wiotonne
  • 1 sg wāt
  • 2 sg wāst
  • 3 sg wāt
  • 1 pl witon
  • imp 2 sg wite
  • opt 1 pl witen
  • 2 pl wite gē
  • pret 1 sg wiste
  • 3 sg wisse
  • 3 pl wiston
  • pret opt 3 sg wisse
  • 1 pl wissen

[w neg, see nytan (= ne-witan)]



wīte n

punishment, torment, injury

  • gs wiites
  • as wīte
  • np wītu

[Ger Verweis]


wīte-dōm m prophecy


wītega (wītiga, wȳtega, wītga) m

seer, prophet

  • ns wȳtega wītga
  • as wītegan wītgan
  • np wītgan
  • dp wȳtegum

[cf Mod wiseacre]


wītegian WII prophesy

  • pret 1 sg wītegode
  • 3 sg wītgode


Wīt-land n

Witland (in Prussia, on the Baltic Sea)


wītnian WII punish, torment, injure

  • 3 sg wītnað
  • 3 pl wītniað
  • pret 3 sg wītnode

[wīte, cf Mod twit]


wītnung f

torment, punishment


witodlīce adv truly, indeed


wið prep (w gen dat acc)

  1. with (w gen) toward, to (motion, direction)
  2. with (w dat) toward, for, against (direction, exchange, opposition) prep adv
  3. with (w acc) toward, along, with, against (motion, direction, location, extension) (association, contrast, opposition);
    • wið ēastan adv to the east
    • wið upp upwards, above
    • wið ēastan prep (w acc) east of


wiþerian

WII oppose

  • pres ptc wiþerigende


wiþer-lēan n

requital, reward

[cf Mod guerdon]


wiþer-sæc n hostility, opposition

  • ds -sæce

[sacan]


wiðer-weardlīce (wyðer-werdlice) adv in a hostile manner


wiðer-winna (wȳðer-wynna) m

adversary

  • ns wyðerwynna
  • as wyðerwynnan


wið-hogian

WII disregard (w gen)

  • pret 3 sg -hogode


wið-innan

adv from within; within


wið-metan (principal parts: pret sg:-mæt pret pl:mǣton pp:meten ) 5

measure or compare with (trans)

  • 1 pl -mete wē


wið-metenes f

comparison

  • ds -nesse


wið-sacan 6 strive against, renounce (w dat)



wið-stondan (-standan) 6 withstand, resist (w dat)

  • inf -standan wyðstandan



wið-ūtan adv from without; without



wlanc see:wlonc



wlencu f pride

  • np wlencea

[wlonc]



wlītan (principal parts: pret sg:wlāt pret pl:wliton pp:wliten ) 1 look (intr)

  • 3 pl wlītað


wlite m appearance, countenance, beauty

[wlītan; cf Ger Antlitz]



wlitig adj beautiful, fair, pleasing

  • comp ns wlitigra


wlitig-fæst adj of enduring beauty


wlitigian WII beautify, adorn

  • 3 sg wlitegað


wlonc (wlanc) adj proud

  • ds wlancan
  • as wlancne
  • np wlance


wōd adj

mad, raging

[Mod obs wood; Ger Wut]


Wōdnes-dæg m Wednesday


wōdnis f

madness

  • ds -nysse


wōh (wōg, wō) adj crooked, wrong

  • as noun, wrong, perversion
  • ds tō wōge
  • as wōh, on wōh, on wōn


wōh-dǣd f wrong deed

  • np -dǣda

[wōlīcum]


wōhlīc (wōlic) adj wrongful


wōhlīce (wōlīce) adv wrongly, amiss


wōhnes (wōnes) f wrong, error, wickedness

  • np wōnessa
  • dp wōnessum


wolcen n cloud

  • ds wolcne
  • np wolcen

[Mod welkin]


wōlīc, wōlīce see:wōhlīc (-līce)


wōma

m noise, alarm, terror


womb (wamb) f belly

  • as wambe

[Mod womb]


womm (wamm) m stain, defilement, sin


wōnes see:wōhnes



wong (wang) m plain, field

  • gs wonges


wonn (wann) adj dark

  • ns won


wōp

m weeping, lamentation

  • ds wōpe

[wēpan]


word

n word

  • ds worde
  • as word
  • np word
  • gp worda


wōrian WII move, totter, crumble to pieces

  • 3 pl wōriað


worn m large number, multitude



woruld (worold, weoruld, world) f

  1. world
    • ns weorld, world
    • gs worulde, worolde
    • ds worulde, weorulde
    • as woruld, weoruld
  2. long period of time, cycle, eternity
    • ds tō worulde, in worulde
    • as and gp on worlda world



woruld-ār (worold-) f worldly honor

  • as woroldāre


woruld-caru

f worldly care

  • ap -cara


woruld-cund adj

worldly, secular

  • gp -cundra



woruld-frēond (world-) m

worldly friend

  • gp worldfrēonda


woruld-ge-sǣlig adj worldly prosperous


woruld-ge-sǣlð (weoruld-) f worldly fortune

  • np weoruldgesǣlða



woruld-ge-strēon n worldly riches


woruld-hād (weoruld-) m secular life

  • ds weoruldhāde
  • as -hād


woruldlīc (worold-, world-) adj worldly

  • ap woroldlecan
  • gp -līcra
  • ap worldlīcu


woruld-rīce (world-) n kingdom of the world, world

  • ds world-rīce



woruld-rīce (world-) adj having worldly power or riches

  • gp worldrīcra


woruld-ðing (worold-)

n worldly thing or affair

  • gp -ðinga, worold-
  • ap ðing


woruld-wela (worold-) m worldly weal, prosperity, riches

  • gp woroldwelena
  • ap -welan


woruld-wisdōm m worldly wisdom


wōð-cræft m art of song

  • is - cræfte

[wōd]


wræc-hwīl f period of exile or of distress

  • ds -hwīle


wræc-lāst m track or path of exile, exile

  • ap -lāstas


wræc-sīð m journey of exile or of peril, exile

  • ds -sīðe
  • as sīð


wracu f persecution, cruelty, distress

[wrecan]



wrǣtlīc adj ornamental, splendid, wondrous

  • np -līce

[wrǣtt, 'ornament']



wrǣtlīce adv splendidly, wondrously


wrāð adj wroth, angry, hostile

  • gp wrāþra


wraðu f support, sustenance

  • as wraðe


wrecan (principal parts: pret sg:wræc pret pl:wrǣcon pp:wrecen ) 5

banish, persecute, wreak, avenge, punish

  • 1 pl wrecað
  • opt 3 sg wrece
  • 3 pl wrecen (w dat)
  • pret opt 3 sg wrǣce


wrēgan WI accuse

  • 3 pl wrēgað
  • opt 3 sg wrēge
  • pret 3 pl wrēgdon

[wrōht]



wrenc m wrench, bending, twist, trick, deceit; modulation

  • gp wrenca

[Ger Rank]



wrīdan 1 grow

  • 3 sg wrīdeð


wrīdian WII grow, flourish

  • 3 sg wrīdað


writ

n writ, writing

  • np writu


wrītan (principal parts: pret sg:wrāt pret pl:writon pp:writen )

(1) write

  • 1 pl wrītað
  • opt 3 sg wrīte
  • pret 3 pl wreoton
  • pp gewryten


wrītere m writer

  • ds wrītere
  • ap wrīteras


wrīxendlīce adv

in turn


wrīxlan WI change, exchange

  • 3 sg wrīxleð (of the play of colors)

[wrīxl, Ger Wechsel]



wrōht m f persecution, accusation, strife, enmity

  • ap wrōhtas

[Goth wrōhs, Ger Ruge]


wucu (wice, weoce) f week

  • gs wucan
  • gp wucena


wudu m wood, forest

  • gs wuda
  • ds wuda
  • as wudu
  • np wudas


wudu-bēam m tree of the forest or grove

  • gp -bēama


wudu-bearo m forest, grove

  • gs bearwes
  • ds bearwe


wudu-blǣd (blēd) f blossom of the grove

  • ap -blēda



wudu-fæsten n forest-fastness, place protected by woods

  • ds -fæstenne


wudu-holt m n forest, grove


wuduwe (widuwe, wydewe) f widow

  • gs wydewan
  • as wydewan


wuht see:wiht


wuldor n glory, honor, dignity

  • ds wuldre
  • as wuldor


wuldor-cyning m glorious King


wuldor-fæder m glorious Father



wuldor-fæst adj immutable in glory

  • ns -fæsta


wuldor-full adj glorious

  • ns -fulla
  • ds fulre


wuldor-fullīce adv gloriously


wuldor-gāst m glorious Spirit



wuldor-torht adj gloriously bright


wuldor-þrymm m glorious might or excellence

  • ap -þrymmas


wuldrian WII glorify

  • ptc wuldrigende
  • imp 2 pl wuldriað


wulf m wolf


wund f wound

  • as wunde
  • np wunda
  • ap wunda


wund adj wounded


wundor n wonder, marvel

  • gp wundra
  • ap wundra


wundorlīc adj wonderful, wondrous

  • ds -līcum


wundorlīce adv wondrously

  • comp wundorlīcor



wundrian WII wonder at a thing (w gen)

  • ptc wundrigende
  • 3 pl wundriað
  • pret 1 sg wundrode, -ade
  • 3 sg -ode
  • 3 pl -odon



wunian WII dwell, remain, continue, live (intr)

  • ptc wunigende
  • 3 sg wunað
  • imp 2 sg wuna
  • (w. local acc.) pret 3 sg wunode, -ade



wunung f dwelling, abode, 'living'

  • as -unge
  • ap unga


wurma m (murex?) phenicine, purple red, or crimson

  • dp wurman


wurpan see:weorpan


wurð, wurðian see:weorð, weorðian


wurð-mynt see:weorð-mynd


wuton (uton) opt 1 pl of wītan: "go"; used to introduce an imperative or an adhortative clause, "let us"


wylla (wiella, willa) m

well, spring, fountain

  • as willan
  • np wyllan

[weallan]


wylle-ge-spryng m n well-spring


wylle-strēam m fountain-stream

  • gp -strēama
  • ap -strēamas


wylm (wielm, welm) m f welling, boiling, surging, fervor

  • ds wylme, welme
  • as wylm

[weallan]


wynlīc

adj joyful, pleasant


wynlond n land of joy


wynn (wyn) f

joy, delight; w gen crowning joy, the best

  • gs wynne
  • gp wynna

[Ger Wonne]


wyn-sum adj winsome, delightful

  • np wynsumu
  • gp -sumra
  • ap -sume
  • comp ns -sumra


wynsumlīc adj

winsome


wyn-sumnes f winsomeness

  • ds -nesse


wyrcan (wyrcean) WI work, make, perform, do

  • 3 sg wyrcð, wircð
  • imp 2 sg wyrc
  • opt 3 sg wyrce
  • 3 pl wyrcen
  • pret 3 sg worhte
  • 3 pl worhtun


wyrd f weird, fate, destiny

  • gs wyrde
  • ds wyrde
  • as wyrd
  • gp wyrda

[weorðan]


wyrhta m wright, worker, maker

  • np wyrhtan


wyrm m worm, serpent

  • gs wyrmes
  • gp wyrma


wyrm-līca m figure of a dragon (?); serpentine ornamentation (?)


wyrnan WI

deny, refuse, withhold (w dat of pers and gen of thing)

  • pret 3 sg wyrnde
  • 3 pl -don

[wearn 'refusal'; Mod warn]



wyrsa, wyrrest see:yfel


wyrt f wort, root, plant, herb

  • np wyrta
  • gp wyrta

[Ger Wurz]


wyrt-truma

m root

  • as wyrtruman


wyrðe see:weorðe



wȳscan WI wish (w dat of pers and gen of thing)

  • pret 3 sg wȳscte


Y


ȳdel see:īdel


yfel

adj evil, bad

  • as yflan
  • np yfle, yflan
  • gp yflena
  • dp yflan
  • comp ns wyrsa
  • comp np wyrsan
  • supl dp wyrrestum
  • supl ap weorstan, wyrstan


yfel n

evil, wickedness, mischief

  • gs yfeles
  • ap yfelu
  • dp yflum


yfele adv badly, miserably


yfelnis f wickedness

  • as -nysse


yfel-willende (ptc) adj willing evil, evil-minded


yfel-wyrcende (ptc) adj evil-doing


yflian WII wrong, injure

  • 3 sg yflað
  • pret 3 sg yflode


ylca see:ilca


ylding f tarrying, delay

  • ds yldinge

[eald]


yldo (yldu, yld, ieldu, ield) f age

  • gs ylde
  • as ylde, yldu

[Mod eld]


yldra (ieldra) m ancestor, parent

  • np ieldran, yldran
  • gp yldrena
  • ap yldran

[eald]


ymbe (ymb, embe)

prep w acc; adv around, about (place, time); concerning


ymbe-sprǣc f comment, remark, criticism

  • as -sprǣce


ymb-fōn R grasp, seize

  • 3 sg -fēhð


ymb-hwyrft m circuit


ymb-hȳdignis (-hygdignis) f reflection, anxiety

  • ds -nysse


ymb-sellan WI encompass

  • pret 3 sg -sealde


ymb-settan WI surround

  • 3 sg seteð
  • pp pl -sette


ymb-sittan 5 besiege

  • pret 3 pl -sǣton


ymb-ūtan adv about, around


yrfe-numa m

heir

  • np yrfenuman


yrfe-weard m heir


yrhðu (-yrhðo) f cowardice

  • as yrhðo

[earh]


yrmð (yrmðo, iermð, ermð) f poverty, care, hardship, misery

  • ns yrmðu
  • ds yrmðe

[earm]


yrnan (iernan, irnan) (principal parts: pret sg:arn pret pl:urnon pp:urnen ) 3

run

  • inf irnan
  • ptc yrnende (of a ship; also of years)



yrre (ierre) n anger


yrre (ierre, eorre) adj angry, enraged



ys see:bēon


ȳsen see:īsen


ȳsle f

ashes

  • np ȳslan


ȳst f storm


yteren adj of an otter

  • as yterenne

[otor]


ȳtmæst see:ūtera


ȳttra see:ūtera


ȳð

f wave

  • np ȳða


ȳðan WI

lay waste (trans)

  • pret 3 sg ȳðde


ȳð-faru f

wave-course, flood

  • ds -fare


ȳð-mere m ocean of waves