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250. It is hereby declared to be essential to the future development of the State of California to establish and construct a statewide system of freeways and expressways and connections thereto without regard to present jurisdiction over the highways, roads, and streets that might be included. It is the intent, further, that the California Freeway and Expressway System be completed with provision for control of access to the extent necessary to preserve the value and utility of the facilities to be constructed.

(Added by Stats. 1959, Ch. 1062.)

251. It is further declared to be essential to the future development of the State of California that the deficiencies on the State Highway System not a part of the California Freeway and Expressway System and deficiencies on connections to the State Highway System be corrected simultaneously with the highways in the California Freeway and Expressway System in proportion to the relative deficiencies and the needs of traffic service.

(Added by Stats. 1959, Ch. 1062.)

252. The Legislature recognizes that the dynamic growth of this State will require periodic review of the California Freeway and Expressway System. The Legislature recognizes further that all highway planning and construction work should be correlated with a plan to provide a comprehensive system of access-controlled freeways and expressways throughout the State, and that the California Freeway and Expressway System established by this article has been selected and developed as a result of scientific studies by all levels of government in the State of California.

(Added by Stats. 1959, Ch. 1062.)

253. The California Freeway and Expressway System is hereby established and shall be composed of the highways specified in this article.

(Added by Stats. 1959, Ch. 1062.)

Section 253.1Edit

253.1. The California freeway and expressway system shall include:

Routes 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 14, 15, 18, 24, 28, 32, 34, 37, 40, 44, 47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 60, 61, 63, 65, 67, 68, 70, 71, 73, 74, 78, 80, 81, 83, 85, 87, 88, 89, 90, 93, 97, 100, 102, 103, 105, 107, 108, 118, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 134, 136, 139, 140, 145, 148, 149, 154, 156, 161, 163, 164, 179, 181, 183, 184, 199, 205, 210, 215, 217, 221, 223, 230, 232, 234, 235, 237, 238, 239, 241, 242, 247, 249, 251, 257, 258, 259, 261, 280, 330, 371, 380, 405, 505, 580, 605, 680, 710, 780, 805, 880, and 980 in their entirety.

(Amended by Stats. 1999, Ch. 724, Sec. 16. Effective January 1, 2000.)

Section 253.2Edit

253.2. The California freeway and expressway system shall also include:

Route 1Edit

Route 1 from:

(a) Los Angeles-Ventura county line to Route 101 near El Rio.

(b) Route 101 near Las Cruces to Route 227 south of Oceano.

(c) Route 101 near San Luis Obispo to San Simeon.

(d) The north limits of Carmel to the west city limits of Santa Cruz.

(e) The Higgins-Purisima Road to Route 280 south of San Francisco.

(f) Route 280 to the San Francisco county line.

(g) Route 101 near the southerly end of Marin Peninsula to the vicinity of Valley Ford.

(h) Route 128 near the mouth of the Navarro River to Route 101 near Leggett.

Route 2Edit

Route 2 from Glendale Boulevard in Los Angeles County to Route 210.

Route 3Edit

Route 3 from Route 299 near Weaverville to Route 5 near Yreka.

Route 4Edit

Route 4 from:

(a) Route 80 in Hercules to Route 99 near Stockton.

(b) Route 99 near Stockton to Route 65.

Route 12Edit

Route 12 from:

(a) Route 1 near Valley Ford to Route 101 at Santa Rosa.

(b) Route 101 near Santa Rosa to Melita Road near Santa Rosa.

(c) Route 29 in the vicinity of Napa to Route 80 near Cordelia.

(d) Route 80 near Fairfield to Route 99 near Lodi via Rio Vista.

(e) Route 99 near Lodi to Route 88 near Lockeford.

(f) Route 88 near Clements to Route 49 near San Andreas.

Route 13Edit

Route 13 from:

(a) Route 61 near the Oakland International Airport to Route 24.

(b) Route 80 to Route 61 near Emeryville.

Route 16Edit

Route 16 from:

(a) Route 505 to Route 5 near Woodland.

(b) Route 50 near Perkins to Route 49 near Drytown.

Route 17Edit

Route 17 from:

(a) Route 1 near Santa Cruz to Granite Creek Road near Scott's Valley.

(b) The south city limits of Los Gatos to Route 280 in San Jose.

Route 20Edit

Route 20 from Route 101 to Route 80 near Emigrant Gap.

(Amended by Stats. 2001, Ch. 136, Sec. 1. Effective July 31, 2001.)

Section 253.3Edit

253.3. The California freeway and expressway system shall also include:

Route 22Edit

Route 22 from:

(a) Studebaker Road in Long Beach to Route 405.

(b) Route 405 to Route 55 near Orange.

Route 23Edit

Route 23 from:

(a) Route 101 in Thousand Oaks to Route 118.

(b) Route 118 to Route 126 near Fillmore.

Route 25Edit

Route 25 from:

(a) Route 180 near Paicines to Route 156 in Hollister.

(b) Route 156 in Hollister to Route 101 near Gilroy.

Route 26Edit

Route 26 from Route 99 near Stockton to Route 12.

Route 29Edit

Route 29 from:

(a) Route 80 near Vallejo to Oak Knoll Avenue north of the City of Napa.

(b) The Napa-Lake county line to Route 20.

Route 33Edit

Route 33 from:

(a) Route 101 near Ventura to Route 150.

(b) Route 150 to Route 166 near Maricopa.

(c) Route 152 west of Los Banos to Route 5 near Santa Nella.

Route 35Edit

Route 35 from Route 280 to Route 1 near Daly City.

Route 36Edit

Route 36 from Route 5 at Red Bluff to Route 395.

Route 38Edit

Route 38 from Route 10 near Redlands to Route 18 near Baldwin Lake.

Route 39Edit

Route 39 from Route 5 to Route 210.

Route 41Edit

Route 41 from:

(a) Route 1 near Morro Bay to Route 101 near Atascadero.

(b) Route 46 to Route 99 near Fresno.

(c) Route 99 near Fresno to Route 180.

(d) Route 180 to Yosemite National Park.

Route 43Edit

Route 43 from Route 5 to Route 99 near Selma.

Route 45Edit

Route 45 from Route 20 near Colusa to Route 32 near Hamilton City.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 877, Sec. 15. Effective January 1, 1999.)

Section 253.4Edit

253.4. The California freeway and expressway system shall also include:

Route 46Edit

Route 46 from Route 101 in San Luis Obispo County to Route 99 near Famoso.

Route 49Edit

Route 49 from:

(a) Route 41 near Oakhurst to Route 140 at Mariposa.

(b) Route 108 south of Jamestown to Route 108 near Sonora.

(c) Route 88 near Jackson to Route 50 near Placerville.

(d) Route 80 near Auburn to Route 20 in Grass Valley.

(e) Route 20 at Nevada City to Route 89 near Sattley.

(f) Route 89 near Sierraville to Route 70 near Vinton.

Route 58Edit

Route 58 from:

(a) Route 5 to Route 43.

(b) Route 43 to Route 99.

(c) Route 99 near Bakersfield to Route 15 near Barstow.

Route 62Edit

Route 62 from Route 10 near Whitewater to Route 247 near Yucca Valley.

Route 76Edit

Route 76 from Route 5 near Oceanside to Route 15.

Route 77Edit

Route 77 from Route 93 westerly of Moraga to Route 24 near Lafayette.

(Amended by Stats. 1984, Ch. 409, Sec. 4.)

Section 253.5Edit

253.5. The California freeway and expressway system also includes:

Route 79Edit

Route 79 from:

(a) Route 8 near Descanso to Route 78.

(b) Route 371 near Aguanga to Route 15 near Temecula.

(c) Route 15 near Temecula to Route 74 near Hemet.

(d) Route 74 near Hemet to Route 10 near Beaumont.

Route 84Edit

Route 84 from:

(a) The westerly approach to the Dumbarton Bridge to Route 880.

(b) Route 880 to Route 238.

(c) Route 680 near Scotts Corners to Route 580 in Livermore.

(d) Route 580 in Livermore to Route 4 near Brentwood.

(e) Route 12 at Rio Vista to Route 50 near Broderick.

Route 86Edit

Route 86 from Route 78 near Brawley to Route 10 in Indio.

Route 91Edit

Route 91 from Route 405 to Route 215 near Riverside.

Route 92Edit

Route 92 from:

(a) Route 1 near Half Moon Bay to Route 280.

(b) Route 280 to Route 238.

Route 94Edit

Route 94 from Route 5 near San Diego to 0.3 miles east of Sweetwater Bridge.

Route 95Edit

Route 95 from Route 10 near Blythe to Route 40 near Needles.

Route 99Edit

Route 99 from:

(a) Route 5 south of Bakersfield to Route 50 in Sacramento.

(b) Route 5 in Sacramento to Route 36 near Red Bluff.

Route 101Edit

Route 101 from:

(a) Route 5 near Seventh Street in Los Angeles to near Fell Street in San Francisco.

(b) A point in Marin County opposite San Francisco to the Oregon state line north of Crescent City.

Route 110Edit

Route 110 from Route 47 to Colorado Boulevard in Pasadena.

(Amended by Stats. 1992, Ch. 1243, Sec. 28. Effective September 30, 1992.)

Section 253.6Edit

253.6. The California freeway and expressway system shall also include:

Route 111Edit

Route 111 from:

(a) The international boundary south of Calexico to Route 78 near Brawley passing east of Heber.

(b) Route 78 near Brawley to Route 86 near Mecca via the north shore of the Salton Sea.

(c) San Rafael Drive in Palm Springs to Route 10 near Whitewater.

Route 113Edit

Route 113 from Route 80 near Davis to Route 99 near Tudor.

Route 116Edit

Route 116 from:

(a) Route 181 near Forestville to Route 101 near Cotati.

(b) Route 101 near Petaluma to Route 121 near Schellville.

Route 120Edit

Route 120 from:

(a) Route 5 near Mossdale to the west boundary of Yosemite National Park.

(b) The east boundary of Yosemite National Park to Route 395 near Mono Lake.

Route 127Edit

Route 127 from Route 15 near Baker to Route 190 near Death Valley Junction.

Route 128Edit

Route 128 from:

(a) The mouth of the Navarro River to Route 101 near Cloverdale.

(b) Route 101 to Route 29 at Calistoga.

(c) Route 121 to Route 113 near Davis.

Route 132Edit

Route 132 from:

(a) Route 580 west of Vernalis to Route 99 at Modesto.

(b) Route 99 to Route 65.

(Amended by Stats. 1990, Ch. 1187, Sec. 2.)

Section 253.7Edit

253.7. The California freeway and expressway system shall also include:

Route 133Edit

Route 133 from Route 73 to Route 241.

Route 137Edit

Route 137 from Route 99 near Tulare to Route 65 near Lindsay.

Route 138Edit

Route 138 from Route 5 near Gorman to Route 15 near Cajon Pass.

Route 142Edit

Route 142 from Route 71 near Chino to Route 210 near Upland.

Route 152Edit

Route 152 from Route 101 to Route 65 near Sharon via Pacheco Pass.

Route 160Edit

Route 160 from:

(a) Route 4 near Antioch to Route 12 near Rio Vista.

(b) Sacramento to Route 51.

Route 166Edit

Route 166 from:

(a) Route 101 near Santa Maria to Route 33 in Cuyama Valley.

(b) Route 33 near Maricopa to Route 5.

Route 168Edit

Route 168 from Fresno to Huntington Lake.

Route 170Edit

Route 170 from:

(a) Los Angeles International Airport to Route 90.

(b) Route 101 near Riverside Drive to Route 5 near Tujunga Wash.

Route 178Edit

Route 178 from:

(a) Bakersfield to Route 14 near Freeman.

(b) Route 14 near Freeman to the vicinity of the San Bernardino county line.

Route 180Edit

Route 180 from:

(a) Route 25 near Paicines to Route 5.

(b) Route 5 to Route 99 passing near Mendota.

(c) Route 99 near Fresno to General Grant Grove section of Kings Canyon National Park.

Route 190Edit

Route 190 from Route 136 near Keeler to Route 127 near Death Valley Junction.

Route 193Edit

Route 193 from Route 65 near Lincoln to Route 80 near Newcastle.

Route 198Edit

Route 198 from Route 5 near Oilfields to the Sequoia National Park line.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 451, Sec. 12. (SB 491) Effective January 1, 2016.)

Section 253.8Edit

253.8. The California freeway and expressway system shall also include:

Route 227Edit

Route 227 from Route 1 south of Oceano to Route 101 near Arroyo Grande.

Route 244Edit

Route 244 from Route 80 to Auburn Boulevard.

Route 299Edit

Route 299 from Route 101 near Arcata to Route 395 at Alturas.

Route 395Edit

Route 395 from:

(a) Route 15 near Cajon Pass to the Nevada state line.

(b) Nevada state line northwest of Reno to Route 36 near Johnstonville.

(c) Route 36 near Termo to the Oregon state line.

Route 905Edit

Route 905 from Route 5 near the south end of San Diego Bay to the international boundary southerly of Brown Field.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 828, Sec. 7. Effective January 1, 1999.)

Section 254Edit

254. As specific locations are determined by the commission for portions of state highways included in the California freeway and expressway system, the commission shall designate the particular portion as a part of the California freeway and expressway system and the planning and design of such highways shall include provision for such access control as the department and the commission determine essential to protect the investment of any improvements made and to permit the ultimate development of a full freeway or an expressway when traffic and other conditions require. Such declaration by the commission shall have the effect of declaring the particular portion affected a freeway within the meaning of Section 100.2.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 777, Sec. 58.)

Section 255Edit

255. Nothing contained in this article shall prevent the department, either by acquisition or by condemnation, from terminating easements of access to any state highway not in the California Freeway and Expressway System, provided that such action by the department shall not have the effect of including the highway in the California Freeway and Expressway System.

(Added by Stats. 1959, Ch. 1062.)

Section 256.1Edit

256.1. Prior to recommending to the Legislature the deletion of a highway, or a portion thereof, from the state highway system, the commission or the department shall hold a public hearing on, and shall give written notices to the legislative bodies of the cities and counties located in the affected area of, the proposed recommendation, and shall publish notice of the public hearing in a newspaper of general circulation in the areas affected by the proposed deletion. The commission or the department may, at its own option, because of controversy or lack of local consensus, hold the hearing at a location which is reasonably convenient to the communities affected by the proposed deletion, to the general public, and to the commission or the department in the discharge of its regular business.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 828, Sec. 8. Effective January 1, 1999.)

Section 257Edit

257. For the purpose of this article only, and to distinguish between the terms "freeway" and "expressway," the word "freeway" shall mean a divided arterial highway for through traffic with full control of access and with grade separations at intersections, while the word "expressway" shall mean an arterial highway for through traffic which may have partial control of access, but which may or may not be divided or have grade separations at intersections.

(Added by Stats. 1959, Ch. 1062.)



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