Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Agram


Agram (Zagrabia), also Zagrab, archiepiscopal see of the ancient kingdom of Croatia, in Austria, founded towards the end of the eleventh century as a suffragan of Kalocsa in Hungary, and made an archdiocese in 1852. Its Latin Catholic population is 1,319,367; there are 1,877 Greek Catholics, 118,304 Greek Schismatics, 9,573 Protestants, and 11,929 Jews, besides a few Mohommedans. Agram has 348 parishes, served by 615 secular and 66 regular priests. The episcopal city (20,000) is pleasantly located in a broad plain, near the Save, and is surrounded to the north and west by vine-clad hills. The castle-like residence of the archbishop and the medieval Gothic cathedral, with its sacristy (itself a church), are remarkable monuments. There are three suffragan sees: Bosnia-Syrmia (with residence at Djakovár), Senj (Zengg, Segnia), and Kriźevac (Koros, Kriz, Kreutz). The vernacular of the people is the Croatian tongue. Agram possesses a university for the southern Slavs, opened in 1874, owing chiefly to the endeavours and sacrifices of Bishop Strossmayer of Djakovár. There are also an archiepiscopal seminary and a college for boys, besides a Greek Catholic seminary and gymnasium. Among the ecclesiastical institutes of Agram is the "Piarum summarum præfectura", a fund of about one million dollars (1882), the interest of which is devoted to the support of establishments of charity and beneficence.

Nehfe, in Kirchenlex., I, 347; Battandier, Ana. Pont. Cath. (Paris, 1905), 300; Werner, Orbis Terr. Cath. (Freiburg, 1800), 90; Kerselich, Hist. Eccl. Zagrab (ibid., 1773); Farlati Illyricum Sacrum, V, 330.