# Characters and Events of Roman History/Index

INDEX

A

- Acrobats, the great number of, 218
- Acte, the beautiful, 114
- Actium, the mistakes of Antony at, 60; the peace after, 216
- Ægean Islands, the vineyards of the, 200
- Agriculture in Gaul, the extent of, 84
- Agrippa, the builder of the Pantheon, 103; the successor of, 165
- Agrippina, the power of, 103; the love of the Republic of, 114; miraculous escape of, 120; death of, 122
- Alaric, the destruction caused by, 258
- Alcohol, the distillers of, 26
- Alesia, the city of, 91, 94; the battle at, 197
- Alexander the Great, mentioned, 48
- Alexandria, the position of, 15
- Allier, the valley of the, 92
- Alps, the peoples beyond the, 20; :the fear of crossing the, 73
*Ambitio*of the ancients, the, 14- America, the discovery of, 71
*Amor*, the kingdom of, 25*Amores*, the, by Ovid, 151*Amours*, the, of Antony, 41*Amphore*, the wine of the, 39- Ancient Rome, corruption in, 3
*ff* - Anglo-Saxons, traits of the, 197
- Anicetus, the diabolical plan of, 119
- Antony, the history of, 37
*ff*; the love of, 40; meets Cleopatra, 44; the bewilderment of, 57 - Antifeminist reaction, the, 111
- Antioch, the departure for, 45; the marriage at, 51
- Antium, the return to, 119
- Antonines, the power of the, 246
- Aquileia, son of Julia born at, 155; the trade in, 192
- Arabia, part of, annexed, 49
- Archæological discoveries, the effect of, 259
- Archæologists, the discoveries of, 43
- Archelaus, the revolt against, 166
- Architectural effort at Rome, 134
- Argentine Republic, the mention of, 86

Arles, a large market for wines, 192

Armenia, the revolt in, 161

Arras, the district of, 90

Arrianus, the work of, 199
*Ars Armandi*, the, by Ovid, 163

Artists, the numerous, of the East, 55

Asia Minor, the addition to the Empire of, 49

Asiatic civilisation, 17

Athens, the influence of, 202

Atrides, the legend of, 138

Attalus, King, 16; the bequest of, 187

Augustus, the age of, 25

Augustus Cæsar, lectures on, 3;

*Avaritia*, the complaint of the, 14

B

Bacchante, a miserable, 155

Bacchus, the plant of, 182

Bætica, civilisation in, 72

Baiæ, the Court at, 119

Banquets, the, of ancient Rome, 7

Barbarian, the struggle against the, 34

Barbarism, the primitive, 254

Belgæ, the victory over the, 77

Beverages, in Roman history, 181 *ff*;

- the growing use of, 186

*Birrus* of Laodicea, the, 88

Bismarck, mentioned, 64; compared to Cæsar, 247

Biturigi, the, a tribe of Gaul, 86

Black Sea, the country around, 182

Borebiste, a Gætic warrior, 191
*Boulanger*, a Roman, 41

Brennus, the conspirator, 130

Britannicus, the exclusion of, 103; the death of, 115

Brutus, the cult of, 243

Buddhist, the position of the, 236

Burrhus, the political work of, 104

C

Cadurci, a tribe of Gaul, 86

Cæsar, Caius, adopted by Augustus, 158;

- the political position of, 160

Cæsar, Julius, the wisdom of, 72; mistakes of, 75

Cæsar, Lucius, adopted by Augustus, 158,

- the popularity of, 164

Cæsars, the palaces of the, 7

Caleti, the, a tribe of Gaul, 86

California, grape-culture in, 187

Caligula, the death of, 115

Calumnies, the, about Julia, 174

Campania, the cities of, 218

Canals, the construction of, 213

Capri, the monster of, 155

*Carmen Seculare*, the, by Horace, 151

Carthusian, the patience of the, 91

Castles, the Roman, on the Rhine, 192

Catiline, the conspiracies of, 130

Cato, the love of tradition of, 105;

- as a wine drinker, 184

Celt, the genius of the, 88

Cereals, the growth of, in Gaul, 85

Cervisia, the supplications of, 196

Champagne, the reputation of, 206

Chian, a cask of, for a banquet, 199

Christianity, the work and spreading of, 231 *ff*

Christians, the, in the time of Nero, 131

"Christofle," the making of, in Gaul, 91

Church, the position of the, 232

Cicero, the letters of, 74;

- the influence of, 172

Civil wars, the impression of the, 148
*Civis*, the Roman, 264

Classic renaissance, the, 235

Claudii, the haughty line of the, 159

Claudius, Emperor, the death of, 103

Cleopatra, the legend of, 37 *ff*;

- described, 40;
- policy, of, 58

Clodia, the famous, 74

Collège de France, the, 3, 260

Columbus, mentioned, 71
*Comitia*, the election of the, 58
*Commentaries*, the, of Cæsar, 191

Conflagration, the, of Rome, 129

Corday, Charlotte, 63

Corruption of customs, the, 3

Costumes of Rome, the, 181

Cradle of Jesus, the, 166

Crassus, the demagogy of, 249

Cultivation, in Rome, 181
*Cultus*, a Gallic term, 91

Cydnus, the river, 39

D

Dalmatia, the malcontents at, 166

Danube provinces, the, 88, 91

Dechelette, the great work of, 91

Diamonds, the importation of, 220

Diocletian, the edict of, 88

Dion Cassius, the historian, 63, 80

Dionysius, the Greek judge, 183

Dionysos, the beverage of, 183

Dithyrambics, the, of Horace, 196

Drusus, mentioned, 93;

- the exalted position of, 104

Duodecember, a fourteenth month, 79

Duruy, the apologies of, 243

Dynasty of Egypt, the, 215

E

"Eastern peril," the, 50

Economic strength, the, of Rome, 224

Economic unity, the, of the world, 236

Education, the laborious, 194

Egnatius Mecenius, the story of, 183

Egypt, the conquest of, 16, 46

Elagabalus, the splendour of, 6, 8

Elegies, the revolutionary, of Ovid, 152

Empire, the extent of the, 217

Ephesus, the city of, 219
*Euthanasia*, the death of the happy, 210

External policy, the, of Rome, 164

F

Fabius Pictor, the word of, 183

Falernian, the discovery of, 198

"First Citizen of the Republic," the, 157

Feminism, the increase of, in Rome, 108

"Festivals of Youth," the, at Rome, 124

Flavians, the power of the, 246

Flax, the cultivation of, 85
*Folies Bergères*, the, mentioned, 129
*Fortuna*, the, of the Romans 98

Forum, the impressive monument of the, 55

Franco-Prussian War, the, 202

Frankfurt, the treaty of, 202

Freedmen, the position of, 212

French Revolution, the, 205

Frontiers, the strengthening of the, 109

G

Gætic warrior, the rule of a, 191

Gæto-Thracian, the great empire of, 191

Gallia Narbonensis, the position of, 50

Gallic,

- affairs, the midst of, 73;
- roads, the network of, 213

Gallo-Roman villas, the, 87

Gambetta, the love letters of, 40

Gambrinus, the god, 202

Gaul,

- the development of, 20, 69
*ff*.; - conquest of, 72;
- the annexation of, 77;
- the wealth of, 83

Gauls,

- the irritation of the, 79;
- the genius of the, 81

Genoa, the situation of, 23

German historians, the work of, 152

Germanicus, the historical importance of, 10

Germany, conditions in, 79, 165;

- policy toward Rome, 166

Glass-making in Gaul, 90

Government, the, at Rome, 213

Governors, the position of the, 312

Gracchi, the struggle of the, 17

Græco-Latin civilisation, the, 72, 235

Grape-culture, the spread of, 186

Grape harvest, the abundance of the, 185
*Greatness and Decline of Rome*, the, 10

Greece, the contact of Rome with, 185

Greek wines in Rome, 8

Gymnasium, the, at Alexandria, 55

H

Hannibal, the army of, 189

Harbours, the building of, 213

Hebrew people, the position of the, 166

Hellenist, an ardent, 58

Helvetia, customs in, 191

Helvetians, the, 74;

- the attack on the, 75

Herculaneum, the city of, 218

Heritage of Rome, the, 261

Herod the Great, the death of, 166

History, as considered by Ferrero, 65

Horace, the invectives of, 23

Houssaye, Henri, mentioned, 41

I

Ides, the days of the, 9

Ierapolis, the prosperity of, 219

Ilium, the district of Troy, 50

India, the precious metals of, 30;

- wine exported to, 200

Indo-Chinese, the commerce of the, 55

Inscriptions, the story left by the, 221

Istrian wine, the favourite of Livia, 199

J

Jerome, Saint, the story of, 78
*Jeunesse dorée*, the, of Rome, 124

Jewelry making in Gaul, 90

Jewels as a luxury, 31

Jews in France, the, 250

Jove, the temple of, 19

Judas, the mention of, 63

Judea, the revolt at, 166

Julia, the exile of, 137;

- the episode of, 150;
- discord with, 154;
- unfaithfulness of, 157;
- the accusation of, 170;
- the fate of, 177

Julian, the laws of, 151

Julian-Claudian house, the power of the, 188

Jurisdiction of property, the, in Gaul, 84

Jurists, the influence of, 230

Juvenal, passages from, 90

K

Karbin, mentioned, 50

Khorsabad, the palace of, 259

Knights, the social position of the, 212

L

Ladies, the, of Rome, 30

Langres, the district of, 90

Laodicea,

- the
*birrus*of, 88; - the city of, 219

Lares, the veneration of the, 190

Latin morals, the severity of, 61

Latin spirit, the similarity of the, 256

Laws of Julian, the, 151

Legislative reforms, the, 21

Leibach, the trade through, 192

Lepidus mentioned, 172

Letronne, the researches of, 45
*Lex de adulteriis*, the, 148
*Lex de maritandis ordinibus*, the, 147
*Lex Julia de adulteriis*, the, 169
*Lex sumptuaria*, the, 148

Libertine poet, a, in the year 8 B.C., 151

Licinius, the characteristics of, 79

Linen, the manufacture of, 219
*Litterati*, the many, 218

Livia, (also see: Istrian wine)

Livia, the House of, 7

Livy, the point of view of, 3

Lollia Paulina, the fame of, 9

Lucullus,

- the rising power of, 18;
- wine used by, 184

Lusitania, a mission to, 117
*Luxuria*, the desire of, 14

Luxury,

- of Rome, 125;
- spread of, 186

M

Macrobius, the writings of, 155

Mamertine, a kind of wine, 199

Mania, the all absorbing, of Nero, 128

Marcellus, the privileges accorded, 160

Marius, the revolution of, 18

Martial, passages from, 90

"Mass," the so-called, 182
*Mater familias*, the honour of, 39

Maurel, André, the writings of, 251

Mazzini, the great, 63

Mediterranean world, the vast, 97

Merchandise, the great interchange of, 218

Mesia, the metropolis of, 219

Messalina, the death of, 103

Middle Ages, the cathedrals of the, 140

Military power, the weakening of the, at Rome, 167

Military Republic, the, 136

Military triumph, the, of Rome, 197

Minos, the historic, 63

Mirabeau, the love letters of, 40

Mithridates, defeat of, 19;

- the conquests of, 197

Mohammedan, the position of the, 236

Mommsen, the apologies of, 243
*Morales*, the two, at Rome, 155

Morini, the, a tribe in Gaul, 86
*Mosca olearia*, a new species of, 190
*Municipia*, the splendour of the, 110

Museum, the, at Alexandria, 55

Mythology, the imagination of, 197

N

Naiads, the maidens of Cleopatra dressed as, 40

Naples, the ruins of, 92;

- the city of, 218

Naples, the Gulf of, 119

Napoleon I., mentioned, 63, 210
*Natural History*, the, by Pliny, 183

Nero, Emperor, 96,

- elected, 103;
- frivolity of, 105;
- debauches of, 114;
- the cowardice of, 121;
- careless government of, 125;
- St. Paul contrasted with, 133;
- the suicide of, 135

Newspapers, the fortunate lack of, in Rome, 173

Nile, the Roman protectorate in the valley of the, 46

Nimes, the inhabitants of, 175

Nones, the days of the, 9

Notre Dame, the cathedral of, 140

Nuptial banquets, the cost of, 9

O

Octavia, divorce of, 40;

- the wife of Nero, 124, 127

Oil, the exportation of, 218

Oligarchy, the, at Rome, 81

Olive groves, the wealth of the, 189

Olympus, the delights of, 59

Opimius, the consulate of, 198

Orient, the metropolises of the, 15

Oriental Empire, the, of Rome, 57

Oriental state, the conquest of an, 15

Orientalism, the invasion of, 225

Ostia, Tiberius starts for, 163

Ovid, the representatives of, 149;

- the work of, 150

P

Paintings, of Pompeii, the, 229

Palatine, a journey to the, 7;

- polygamy in, 118

Palestine, the annexation of, 49;

- uprising in, 166

Pandataria, Julia, exiled to, 172, 177

Pannonia, the malcontents at, 166

Pannonians, the customs of the, 193

Pantheon, the, mentioned, 103

Parthians, the Empire of the, 167
*Passum*, as a drink, 183
*Pater familias*, the power of the, 172

Paul of Tarsus, a great and simple man, 131;

- the persecution of, 134

*Pax Romana*, the, 4;

- the extent of the, 210

Pearls, the importation of, 30, 220
*Penetralia*, the, of the home, 32

Pergamon, the city, 219

Pergamus, the kingdom of, 16, 187
*Periplus of the Erytrian Sea*, the, a manual, 199

Persia, the conquest of, 44

Philosophers, the many, 209

Philosophy, the ancient, of Rome, 233
*Phylloxera*, a new species of, 190

Piedmont, the peasants of, 187

Pinon, the imperialist, 251

Pisa, inscriptions at, 164

Piso, the conspiracy of, 135

Plutarch, description of, 39

Po, the valley of the, 192

Poetry, the, of Horace, 195

Poets, the position of, 9 B.C., 146

Political barrier, the, between Gaul and Rome, 84

Political events, the, of Rome, 33
Political *personnel*, the, of Rome, 217

Polybius, the period of, 183

Pompadour, the Marquise de, mentioned, 43

Pompeii, the ruins of, 92;

- the city of, 218

Pompey, the conquests of, 19;

- the theatre of, 55

*Pontifex maximus*, the title of, 232

Pontus, salted fish from the, 8

Poppæa Sabina, the skill of, 116;

- death of, 137

*Populus*, the representatives of the, 246

Pozzuoli, the city of, 218

Prætor, the office of the, 157

Precious metals, the distribution of, 218

Prætorian guards, the, 117

Prætorians, the influence of the, 104

Princeps, the authority of the, 188

Proconsuls, the, of Rome, 182

Procurator, the origin of the office of, 212

Proprietors, the government of the, 211

Prosperity, the growing, 148

Protestant, the present position of the, 236

Provinces, the peace in the, 176

Ptolemies, the, at Alexandria, 19

Ptolemies, the kingdom of the, 46

Public finance, the lack of, 144

Punic War, the Second, 3, 214

Q

Quæstor, the office of the, 211

Quintilius Varus, the governor of Syria, 166

Quintus Metullus Celerus, the consul, 74

R

Reinach, Joseph, the historian, 63

Republic, the last century of the, 14, 198
*Respublica*, the glory of the, 264
*Revue de Paris*, the, 63

Rheims, the vicinity of the city of, 206

Rhetian wine, the preference for, 199

Rhine, the river, 72

Roads, the construction of, 213

Rodi, Tiberius to go to, 162

Roman Catholic, the position of the, 236

Roman Empire, the dissolution of the, 140, 210

Roman history in modern education, 239

Roman nobility, the, 54

Roman protectorate, the, 46

Roman society, the dissolution of, 5

Romanism, the defence of, 111

Rome, in the beginning, 5

Romulus as a lawmaker, 183

Royal palaces, the closing of, 215

Ruteni, the, a tribe of Gaul, 86

S

Saint Mark, the wonder of, 140

Saintonge, the district of, 90

Savants, the, of the East, 55

Scipio Africanus, the work of, 153

Scipios, the policy of the, 226

Second Punic War, the, 3,214

Seine, the banks of the, 206

Sempronius Gracchus, a famous tribune, 56

Senate,

- the Roman, 103;
- sessions of the, 105

Seneca, the political work of, 104

Sesterces, the value of the Roman, 223

Sicily, the peasants of, 187

Sidon,

- the artisans of, 88;
- the city of, 219

Silk, the importation of, 220

Silver-plating, the art of, 228

Slaves, the abundance of, in Rome, 15

Slaves, the position of, 212

Social development, the, of the Roman Empire, 207 *ff*

Social laws, the, 148, 153

Socialists, the invectives of the, 250
*Soldi*, the hunt for, 173

Spain, the pro-consulship of, 184

Spartacus, the days of, 189

Stadium, the erection of the, at Rome, 125

State, the supervision of the, 24

Statues, the erection of, 152

Strabo, observations of, 85
*Strenua inertia*, the, 29

Suetonius, the ancient writer, 127

Sulla, the revolution of, 18

Sulmona, the birth of Ovid at, 149

Summer homes, the, at Naples, 120

Syria,

- the annexation of, 73;
- the conquest of, 16

T

Tacitus, the opinion of, 30, 152

Tarsus, Cleopatra at, 39

Terpnos, a zither-player, 105

Textile plants, in Gaul, 85

Theatres, the great demand for, 110

Theresa, Maria, mentioned, 43

Thracian slave, the escape of a, 189

Tiber, the banks of the, 203

Tiberius, (also see: Livia, Ostia, Rodi)

- a great general, 7, 30, 93, 109, 145;
- the life of, 153;
- difficulties of, 157;
- suggested retirement of, 162

Traditions, aristocratic, 153

Tributes, the,

- imposed on the vanquished, 15;
- collection of, 212

Triumvir, the fall of the great, 111

Troy, the ancient city of, 50

Tunis, grape-culture at, 187

Tyranny, the, at Rome, 135

Tyre, the prosperity of, 88, 219

Tyrian purple, the, 89

U

Undecember, a thirteenth month, 79
*Urbs*, the meaning of, 249

Usury, the pitiless, 186

V

Vladivostok, mentioned, 50

Villa, the luxury of a Roman, 194

Valtellina, the valley of the, 199 Varus, the catastrophe of, 166

Vatican field, the stadium in the, 124

Velleius, the report of, 93

Veneto, the peasants of the, 187

Venosa, an old poet from, 195

Venus, Cleopatra compared to, 39

Vices, the extent of, 27

Villas, the, of Gaul, 99

Vine-tenders, the, of Rome, 182

Vineyards, the destruction of the, 390

Virgil, the fame of, 23

Viticulture, the, of Italy, 196

W

Wine, in Roman history, 179 *ff*;

- an inferior variety made in Italy, 182;
- as a medicine, 183

Wine-dealers, the, of Rome, 182

Women of to-day and yesterday, 29

Wool industry, the, of Gaul, 90

X

Xerxes, the fame of, 63