Civil Code of Cambodia

The Civil Code of Cambodia
Royal Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia

Adopted by Royal Kram № NS/RKM/1207/030 dated 8 December 2007.
This text in the English language is an unofficial translation of the Khmer language version. The Khmer language version is the overriding version of the document. The translated English language version was prepared by the Japan International Cooperation Agency.
Source: JICA - Technical Cooperation Projects in Cambodia

Royal arms of Cambodia.svg
THE KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA
Nation Religion King
The Civil Code of Cambodia


TABLE OF CONTENTSEdit

BOOK ONE: GENERAL RULESEdit

BOOK TWO: PERSONSEdit

CHAPTER ONE: NATURAL PERSONS
Section I: Legal Capacity
Section II: Individual Rights
Section III: Mental Capacity
Section IV: Capacity to Act
Sub-section I: Minors
Sub-section II: General Wards
Sub-section III: Person under Curatorship
Sub-section IV: Protection of Parties to Transactions with General Wards
Section V: Permanent Residence
Section VI: Management of Property in Absentia and Declaration of Disappearance
Sub-section I: Management of Property in Absentia
Sub-section II: Declaration of Disappearance
Section VII: Presumption of Simultaneous Death
CHAPTER TWO: JURISTIC PERSONS
Section I: General Provisions
Sub-section I: Definitions, Types, and Principles of Incorporation
Sub-section II: Name of Non-Profit Juristic Person
Sub-section III: Registration of Incorporation
Sub-section IV: Permanent Residence of the Juristic Person
Sub-section V: Registration of Foreign Juristic Persons
Sub-section VI: Management and Administration of Juristic Persons
Sub-section VII: Dissolution and Liquidation
Section II: Incorporated Associations
Sub-section I: Limited Liability Incorporated Associations
Sub-section II: Unlimited Liability Incorporated Associations
Section III: Incorporated Foundations

BOOK THREE: REAL RIGHTSEdit

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL PROVISIONS
Section I: Things
Section II: Real Rights
Section III: Creation, Transfer and Alteration of Real Rights
CHAPTER TWO: OWNERSHIP
Section I: Nature and Scope of Ownership
Section II: Relationship Between Neighboring Properties
Section III: Right to Demand Based on Ownership
Section IV: Acquisition of Ownership
Sub-section I: Acquisition of Ownership over Immovable
Sub-section II: Acquisition of Ownership over Movable
Section V: Co-ownership
Section VI: Indivisible Joint Ownership
CHAPTER THREE: POSSESSORY RIGHTS
Section I: General Rules
Section II: Rights to Demand Protection of Possession
Section III: Protection of Special Occupants of Immovable
CHAPTER FOUR: PERPETUAL LEASES
CHAPTER FIVE: USUFRUCT
CHAPTER SIX: RIGHT OF USE AND RIGHT OF RESIDENCE
CHAPTER SEVEN: EASEMENTS
Section I: General Rules
Section II: Easements and Prescription
CHAPTER EIGHT: OWNERSHIP AND OTHER REAL RIGHTS OF THE STATE, BUDDHIST TEMPLES, MINORITY ETHNIC GROUPS AND OTHER COMMUNITIES
CHAPTER NINE: RIGHTS CREATED BY CONCESSION

BOOK FOUR: OBLIGATIONSEdit

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL PROVISIONS
Section I: Causes of Obligations and Definitions of Several Concepts
Section II: Types and States of Obligations
Sub-section I: Conditions
Sub-section II: Time
Sub-section III: Period
CHAPTER TWO: DECLARATION OF INTENT AND CONTRACT
Section I: Formation of Contract
Section II: Defective Declaration of Intent and Validity of Contract
Section III: Invalidity and Rescission
Section IV: Agency
Section V: Contract for the Benefit of a Third Party
CHAPTER THREE: PERFORMANCE OF CONTRACT
CHAPTER FOUR: REMEDIES FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT
Section I: General Rules Concerning Non-Performance
Section II: Specific Performance
Section III: Damages
Section IV: Termination of Contract
CHAPTER FIVE: BURDEN OF RISK
CHAPTER SIX: EFFECT OF OBLIGATION AGAINST THIRD PARTIES
Section I: Subrogation of the Obligee
Section II: Avoidance of Fraudulent Act
CHAPTER SEVEN: EXTINCTION OF OBLIGATION
Section I: Performance
Sub-section I: General Provisions regarding Performance
Sub-section II: Assignment of Performance
Sub-section III: Tender and Deposit
Sub-section IV: Subrogation by Performance
Section II: Set-off
Section III: Release
Section IV: Novation
Section V: Merger
CHAPTER EIGHT: EXTINCTIVE PRESCRIPTION REGARDING CLAIMS
CHAPTER NINE: ASSIGNMENT OF CLAIMS AND ASSUMPTION OF OBLIGATIONS
Section I: Assignment of Claims
Section II: Assumption of Obligations
Section III: Assignment of Contractual Position

BOOK FIVE: PARTICULAR TYPES OF CONTRACTS / TORTSEdit

CHAPTER ONE: SALE
Section I: General Provisions
Section II: Parties to and Goods Covered by Sale Contract
Section III: Effect of Sale Contract
Sub-section I: Obligations of Seller
Sub-section II: Obligations of Buyer
Section IV: Termination of Contract By Exercise of Repurchase Right
CHAPTER TWO: EXCHANGE
CHAPTER THREE: GIFT
CHAPTER FOUR: LOAN FOR CONSUMPTION
Section I: Definition and Formation of Loans for Consumption
Section II: Loans for Consumption with Interest
Section III: Lender's Obligation to Lend
Section IV: Borrower's Obligation to Return
CHAPTER FIVE: LEASE
Section I: General Provisions
Section II: Effect of Lease
Section III: Termination of Lease
Section IV: Profit-sharing Lease
CHAPTER SIX: LOAN FOR USE
CHAPTER SEVEN: MANDATE
CHAPTER EIGHT: CONTRACT FOR WORK
CHAPTER NINE: CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT
CHAPTER TEN: BAILMENT
Section I: General Provisions Relating to Bailment
Section II: Mingling of Objects of Bailment
Section III: Bailment for Consumption
Section IV: Bailment of Object in Dispute
CHAPTER ELEVEN: PARTNERSHIP
CHAPTER TWELVE: LIFE ANNUITY
CHAPTER THIRTEEN: COMPROMISE
CHAPTER FOURTEEN: MANAGEMENT OF AFFAIRS WITHOUT MANDATE (NEGOTIORUM GESTIO)
CHAPTER FIFTEEN: UNJUST ENRICHMENT
CHAPTER SIXTEEN: TORTS

BOOK SIX: SECURITYEdit

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER TWO: RIGHT OF RETENTION
CHAPTER THREE: STATUTORY LIENS
Section I: General Provisions
Section II: General Statutory Lien
Section III: Statutory Lien Over Specific Movables
Section IV: Statutory Lien Over Specific Immovables
Section V: Ranking of Statutory Lien
Section VI: Effect of Statutory Lien
CHAPTER FOUR: PLEDGE
Section I: General Provisions
Section II: Pledge Over Movable
Section III: Pledge Over Immovable
Section IV: Pledge Over Right/Claim
CHAPTER FIVE: HYPOTHEC
Section I: Nature of Hypothec
Section II: Creation of Hypothec
Section III: Effect of Hypothec
Section IV: Enforcement of Hypothec
Section V: Disposal of Hypothec
Section VI: Extinction of Hypothec
Sub-section I: Extinction by Demand
Sub-section II: Extinction by Prescription
Section VII: Revolving Hypothec
CHAPTER SIX: TRANSFER AS SECURITY
Section I: Definition of Transfer as Security
Section II: Formation of Security Interest Under a Transfer as Security
Section III: Effect of Security Interest Under a Transfer as Security
Section IV: Enforcement of the Security Interest Under the Transfer as Security
CHAPTER SEVEN: GUARANTY
Section I: Formation of Guaranty
Section II: Effect of Guaranty
Section III: Indemnification
Section IV: Subrogation
CHAPTER EIGHT: JOINT OBLIGATION
Section I: Creation of Joint Obligation
Section II: Effect of Events Occurring Regarding Single Joint Obligor
Section III: Indemnification
Section IV: Subrogation by Performance
Section V: Other Situations Involving Multiple Obligors

BOOK SEVEN: RELATIVESEdit

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER TWO: ENGAGEMENT
CHAPTER THREE: MARRIAGE
Section I: Formation of Marriage
Sub-section I: Requirements for Marriage
Sub-section II: Nullity and Annulment of Marriage
Section II: Validity of Marriage
Section III: Matrimonial Property System
Sub-section I: Contractual Property System
Sub-section II: Statutory Property System
Section IV: Divorce
Sub-section I: Grounds for Divorce
Sub-section II: Divorce Procedures
CHAPTER FOUR: PARENTS AND CHILDREN
Section I: Natural Parents-Children Relationship
Sub-section I: General Provisions
Sub-section II: Determination of Natural Parents-Children Relationship
Sub-section III: Acknowledgment
Sub-section IV: Suit Confirming Absence of Parenthood
Sub-section V: Suit Seeking Confirmation of Maternity
Section II: Adoption
Sub-section I: Full Adoption
Sub-section II: Simple Adoption
CHAPTER FIVE: PARENTAL POWER
Section I: General Provisions
Section II: Determination of Parental Power Holder in Case of Divorce or Acknowledgment
Section III: Rights and Obligations of the Parental Power Holder
Section IV: Suspension and Divestment of Authority of Parental Power Holder
Section V: Authority of Management of Child's Property
Section VI: Suspension and Divestment of Authority to Manage Property
Section VII: Mutatis Mutandis Application of this Chapter
CHAPTER SIX: GUARDIANSHIP
Section I: Guardianship of Minors
Sub-section I: Commencement of Guardianship of Minor
Sub-section II: Guardian of Minor
Sub-section III: Supervisor of Guardian of Minor
Sub-section IV: Duties of Guardian of Minor
Sub-section V: Release of Minor from Guardianship
Sub-section VI: Mutatis Mutandis Application to Child of Minor
Section II: General Guardianship
Sub-section I: Commencement of General Guardianship
Sub-section II: General Guardian
Sub-section III: Supervisor of General Guardian
Sub-section IV: Duties of General Guardian
Sub-section V: Termination of General Guardianship
CHAPTER SEVEN: CURATORSHIP
CHAPTER EIGHT: SUPPORT

BOOK EIGHT: SUCCESSIONEdit

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL PROVISIONS
Section I: Opening of Succession
Section II: Effect of Succession
Section III: Qualification for Succession
CHAPTER TWO: STATUTORY SUCCESSION
Section I: Successors
Section II: Succession by Spouse
Section III: Adjustment of Succession Shares
CHAPTER THREE: TESTAMENTARY SUCCESSION
Section I: Capacity to Make a Will
Section II: Forms of Wills
Section III: Matters to be Included in Will
Section IV: Revocation of Will
Section V: Effect of Will
Section VI: Testamentary Gifts
Section VII: Execution of Wills
CHAPTER FOUR: LEGALLY SECURED PORTIONS
Section I: General Provisions
Section II: Method of Abatement for Legally Secured Portion
Section III: Extinction of Claim of Abatement
CHAPTER FIVE: ACCEPTANCE AND RENUNCIATION OF SUCCESSION
Section I: General Provisions
Section II: Acceptance
Section III: Renunciation
CHAPTER SIX: MANAGEMENT AND PARTITION OF THE SUCCESSION PROPERTY
Section I: Management of the Succession Property
Section II: Partition of Succession Property
Section III: Adjustment Among Creditors
Section IV: Liquidation in Cases where there has been a Qualified Acceptance
CHAPTER SEVEN: NON-EXISTENCE OF SUCCESSORS
CHAPTER EIGHT: DEMAND FOR RECOVERY OF SUCCESSION

BOOK NINE: FINAL PROVISIONSEdit