Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Garfield, James Rudolph

GARFIELD, JAMES RUDOLPH, an American public official. Born at Hiram, Ohio, in 1865, the son of President Garfield, of the United States. After graduating from Williams College in 1885, he studied law at Columbia University and was admitted to the bar in 1888. After serving as a member of the Ohio Senate he became in 1903, Commissioner of Corporations in the United States Department of the Interior. In 1907 President Roosevelt appointed him Secretary of the Interior, a position he held until the close of Roosevelt's administration. He took a prominent part in formulating and carrying out the President's conservation policies. Upon leaving the cabinet he took up the practice of law in Cleveland, Ohio.