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SPRINGFIELD, a city and county-seat of Clarke co., O. ; on the Mad river and on the Detroit, Toledo, and Ironton, the Ohio Electric, the Erie, and the Cleveland, Cincinnati, and St. Louis railroads; 45 miles W. of Columbus. It is in a rich agricultural section. Here are a United States Government building, public library, Wittenberg College (Luth.), waterworks, a sewer system, street railroad and electric light plants, numerous churches, hospitals, homes, several National and other banks, and daily, weekly, and monthly periodicals. The city is noted for its extensive manufacture of agricultural implements. The other manufactures include electric motors, motor trucks, emery wheels, gas and gasoline engines, automobile tires and tubes, etc. Pop. (1910) 46,921; (1920) 60,840.