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Constitution of India

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC[1] and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the [2]unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

  1. Substituted by section 2 of Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976 for "SOVEREIGN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC" with "SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC" with effect from 3 Jan 1977.
  2. Substituted by section 2 of Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976 for "unity of the Nation" with "unity and integrity of the Nation" with effect from 3 Jan 1977.