Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography/Aptera

A'PTERA (Ἀπτερα, Steph. B. i. v.; Ἀπτερία Ptol. iii 17. §. 10; Apleron, Plin. iv.20; Eth. Ἀπτεραῖος Palaeokastron), a city of Crete situated to the E. of Polyrrhenia, and 80 stadia from Cydenia (Strab. I. p. 479). Herewaa placed tbe scsnoofthe legend of the cootot between tbe Siienn and the Musei, when after the victory of the latter, the Sirens lost the feathers of their wings from their shoulders, and having thus become white cast themselves into the sea,—whence the name of the city Aptera, and of hee neighbouring islands Leucae. (Steph. B. s.v.) It was at one lime in alliance with Cnossus, but was afterwards compelled by the Polyrrhenians to side with them against that city. (Pol. iv. 55.) The port of Aptera according to Strabo was Cisamos {p. 479; comp. Hierocles, p. 650; and Peutinger Tab.). Mr. Pashley (Travels, vol. i. p. 48) supposes that the ruins of Palaeokastron belong to Aptera, and that its port is to be found at or near Kalyves Diodorus (v. 64) places Berecynthos in the district of the Apteraeans. (The old reading was emended by Meursius, Creta, p. 84.) This mountain has been identified with the modern Malaxa, which from its granitic and schiatose basis complies with the requisite geological conditions for the existence of metallic veins; if we are to believe that bronze and iron were here first discovered, and bestowed on man by the Idaean Dactyls. [E. B. J.]

coin of aptera.