Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Lindsay, David (1531?-1613)

LINDSAY, DAVID (1531?–1613), bishop of Ross, was the son of Robert Lindsay of Kirkton, brother of David ninth Earl of Crawford. During travels in France and Switzerland he imbibed reformation principles, and he was one of the twelve original ministers nominated in July 1560 to the 'chief places in Scotland,' the town assigned him being Leith. He was present in December following at the first meeting of the general assembly of the kirk, and thenceforth was one of its recognised leaders. He was moderator of the assembly which met in February 1508, and subsequently held the same office on five different occasions. He visited Knox on his deathbed in 1573, and at Knox's request, though 'he thought the message hard,' went to the castle of Edinburgh to warn Kirkcaldy of Grange that unless he gave it up he 'should be brought down over the walls of it with shame and hang against the sun' (Calderwood, iii. 234; Knox, Works, vi. 657). Lindsay visited Kirkcaldy after his condemnation, and was sent by him to Mortonto intercede for his life, being empowered to offer Kirkcaldy's whole estate as a ransom. The intercession having failed, Lindsay, at Kirkcaldy's special request, attended him on the scaffold, and thus, according to Calderwood, became witness of the literal fulfilment of the doom pronounced by Knox (iii. 284). Always inclined to moderate counsels, Lindsay in 1579 took part in the successful mediation between Morton and the dissentient lords. On the arrival shortly afterwards of Esme Stuart, the secret catholic emissary from France, Lindsay, at the king's request was, on account of his knowledge of French, appointed by the kirk to attend on him with a view to his conversion to protestantism. By his nominal success, he became the unconscious tool of Stuart in his designs against Morton. After the banishment of those concerned in the Ruthven raid, Lindsay endeavoured to obtain the co-operation of Bowes, the English ambassador, to bring about a reconciliation between the two factions, but his endeavours were unsuccessful. He had gradually won considerable influence with the king, and acquired the reputation of being 'the minister whom the court liked best.' On this account he was in May 1584 selected by the ministers in and around Edinburgh to induce the king to delay his assent, until a meeting of the assembly, to certain acts circumscribing the authority of the kirk; but as he entered the palace gate was apprehended and lodged in Blackness Castle (Calderwood, iv. 63; Hist. of James the Sext, p. 205). Here he had a remarkable dream, recorded at length by Calderwood (iv. 167–8). On the fall of Arran shortly afterwards, he was set at liberty. Lindsay was the only one of the ministers of the kirk — with the exception of the 'king's own minister' — who complied with the request of the king to pray for Queen Mary before her execution.

As chaplain of the king he accompanied him in October 1589 when he set sail for Norway to bring home his bride, Anne of Denmark, and on 23 Nov. he married them at Upsala (Letter from Lindsay in Calderwood,v. 69). He and Robert Bruce crowned them in the abbey kirk, Edinburgh,on 12 May 1590. On the occasion of the baptism of the young prince Henry at Stirling, 23 Aug. 1594, Lindsay delivered a learned speech to the ambassadors in French. He came to Edinburgh from Falkland Palace in 1600 in order to assure the clergy of the truth of the official version of the Gowrie House conspiracy of 5 Aug. 1600. When the clergy declined to order a general service of thanksgiving for the king's deliverance, a service was conducted by Lindsay at the market cross (ib. vi. 16), and on the arrival of the king at Leith, 16 Aug., Lindsay also preached a thanksgiving sermon in his own church (ib. p. 50). Soon afterwards he received a special mark of royal favour by his promotion on 5 Nov. 1600, in accordance with the act for the establishment of a modified episcopacy, to the new bishopric of Ross. On the 30th he was also admitted a member of the privy council (Reg. P. C. Scotl. vi. 187).

As bishop of Ross Lindsay sat and voted in parliament, but in the assembly of the kirk the new bishoprics were not recognised till November 1602. At that date commissions were appointed for general visitation: Lindsay and the other bishops were sent as commissioners to the districts of which they were bishops, and thus, laments James Melville, 'thair was thrie bishops put in possession of thair bishoprics.' Lindsay was one of those who accompanied James to England, when he set out to take possession of the English throne. On 1 April 1604 he obtained a pension of 200l. per annum for life (Cal. State Papers, Dom. Ser. 1603–10, p. 93). At the parliament held at Perth in July of this year he was appointed a commissioner for the union with England.He died towards the end of 1613, 'having,' according to his son-in-law, Archbishop Spotiswood,'attained to fourscore and two or three years.' 'He was,' says the same authority, 'of a placable nature, and greatly favoured of the king, to whom he performed diverse good services, especially in the troubles he had with the church: a man universally beloved and well-esteemed of by all wise men.' His corpse was interred at Leith by his own direction, as desiring to rest along with that people on whom he had taken great pains in his life (Hist., Spotiswood Soc. ed., iii. 220).

By his wife, a daughter of Ramsay of Clattie, he had two sons — Jerome, who was knighted as Sir Jerome Lindsay of Annatland, and appointed Lyon king-at-arms, and who is now represented by a family in Virginia, and David Lindsay (d. 1627) [q. v.] — and a daughter, Rachel, who married John Spotiswood, afterwards archbishop of St. Andrews.

[Histories of Calderwood, Spotiswood, and Row; Knox's Works; Hist. of James the Sext (Bannatyne Club); Moysie's Memoirs (Bannatyne Club); James Melville's Diary; Reg. P. C. Scotl. vol. vi.; Lord Lindsay's Lives of the Lindsays; Lindsay Pedigree, by W. A. Lindsay, in the College of Arms; Keith's Scottish Bishops; Scott's Fasti, i. 97–9.]

T. F. H.