Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Paine, James (d.1829?)

PAINE, JAMES (d. 1829?), architect, only son of James Paine the elder [q. v.], was instructed at the St. Martin's Lane Academy, and exhibited ‘stained drawings’ at the Spring Gardens exhibitions of 1761, 1764, and 1790. He then appears to have travelled in Italy. On his return he sent to the exhibitions of the Royal Academy of Arts architectural drawings in 1781, 1783, and in 1788 an ‘Intended Bridge across Lough Foyle at Derry.’ In 1791 he was one of the original fifteen members of the ‘Architects' Club’ (Mulvany, Life of Gandon, 1847).

His father, by his will dated February 1786, probably left his son independent, which may account for his name not being found in later ‘Catalogues’ of the Royal Academy. In the library at the South Kensington Museum is a large volume with ‘J. Paine, jun. Archt. Rome, 1774,’ on the outside, containing fifty-seven drawings of studies at Rome, all signed by him, being plans of four palaces, views at Albano and Tivoli, measured drawings of the Ponte Rotto, and a number of statues with their measurements. In 1788 he had residences in both North End, Hammersmith, and Salisbury Street. On 12 March 1830 Mr. Christie sold the pictures, a few casts, books of architecture, &c., ‘the property of J. Paine, Esq., Architect (deceased).’ Among them were the account and other books by Nicholas Stone, sen. [q. v.], and his son, Henry Stone [q. v.], formerly belonging to Vertue (quoted in Walpole's Anecdotes), and now preserved in Sir John Soane's Museum. His portrait was included with his father's in the picture painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1764.

[Dictionary of Architecture; Sale Catalogue in Sir John Soane's Museum.]

W. P.-h.